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Full text of "The orygynale cronykil of Scotland. By Andrew of Wyntoun. Edited by David Laing"

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Edinburgh : Printed by Thomas and Archibald Constable, 










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<J2tohm tjx&i Xnnoceni the <Sc 
aff the (Emprgotore >thyx 

A.D. T71 

407. JD OUE hundyr wyntyre and thare-tyll sevyn 

Efiftyre that borne wes God off Hewyn, 

The fyrst Innocent Pape off Eonie, 

And kepare off all Crystyndome, 

Fyftene yhere and twa dayis 

Held that se, as Frere Martyne sayis. 

The pax that tyme ordanyd he 

At all Mess to gyvyn be 

Ilk[a] day, bot quhen the Mes 

Swngyn for Crystyn sawlys wes : 4030 

He ordanyd als quhen men suld de 

Anoynted wyth haly oyhle to be : 

He ordanyd to fast the Settyrday, 

Syne in hys graff Cryst that tyme lay. 

The Empryowre that tyme, Schyr Archad, 
To wyff a wykkyd woman had, 
Scho callyd wes Ewxodia ; 
Off hyr-selff than gert scho ma 


Ane ymage, all lyk hyr propyrly 

In till all fassowne off [hyr] body ; 4040 

The doytyd qwennys off that land, 

And damysellys yhong and awenand, 

Befor that ymage ilk[a] day, 

Scho gert cum to dawns and play. 

Quhen Jhon Crysostome, the gret clerk, 

In hys prechyng cald that werk 

A foule wyce off mawmentry, 

Scho gert that cunnand clerk, for-thi, 

Off Constantynopyllys cyte", 

Quhare-off byschope that tyme wes he, 4050 

Be put owte and banysyde qwyte, 

In till gret ire and in dyspyte ; 

And for Archad gave his assent 

To that, this Pape Innocent 

This Empryowr in till gret hy 

He cwrsyd hym solemply, 

For that he tholyd that haly man 

Fra hys se be banysyd than. 

Jowys and Hethin that tyme he 

Gert condampne and banysyd be. 4060 

Befor Mychalmes alsua 

Ordyrys he bade the byschapys ma. 

Quhen this Innocent wes dede 
Zozimus sat in that stede 
Aucht moneth and twa yhere 
And fywe and twenty dayis clere. 
Clerkkys that tyme forbade he 
Tavernaris fra theyne to be. 

In to that tyme Honorius 

And yhongare Teodosius 4070 

F. 111. b. Stude Empryowrys fyftene yhere ; 


In Eome regnand the Gotys were. 

This Empryowr Honoryus 

Till gud Teodosius 

All lyk wertwus in governale, 

And off his tresore liberal, 

Till ilk man famylyere, 

In all aport he couth hym bere. 

Quhen it wes gy vyn hym to consell 

Thame to sla that wes rebell 4080 

Till hym and his state agayne, 

He sayd he wald be blyth and fayne, 

Ony man gyff that he mycht 

Eays be powere or be slycht 

Fra dede to lywe, and hald thame swa, 

And na man efftyr that to sla. 

Pelagyus borne in to Brettane, 
A clerk was and a wykkyd man, 
Proponyd that tyme heyly 

Conclusyownys off gret herysy. 4090 

Off hys conclusyownys ane this was, 
Man mycht be sauff, but Goddys gras, 
Off propyr will man mycht in mede 
In alkyn rychtwysnes precede, 
He sayd, and barnys abortywe, 
And barnys borne yhong hawand lywe, 
Wes all fre qwyt and hale 
. Fra the auld syne orygynalle ; 
Na the baptysme, he sayd, in dede, 
Dyd noucht bot ekyd thame thaire mede. 4100 
On this a Cownsall gret wes sene, 
Thre hundyr byschopys and threttene 
In Cartage gadryd ; that tyme thare 
Thir herysyis all condampnyt ware. 


Than deid this Pape Zozimus ; 
Neyst hym Bonifacius 
Succedyt Pape, and twa yhere, 
And to that aucht moneth clere. 
Quheu he wes deyd than dayis nyne 
That se wakyd, than Celestyne 4110 

Pape off Rome wes aucht yhere 
And ane and twenty dayis clere. 
Judica me Deus ay 
He ordan[yd] the prest for to say 
Eevestyd to the Mes, before 
Or thai begyne Confiteor 
Saynt Jerome that time the Doctore 
Than deyd in Bethleem wyth honore. 
Saynt Austyne alsua in tha days 
Deyde, as the story sayis, 4120 

That wes byschope off Yppone. 
That tyme wes ordanyd to be done 
Off Saynct Petyr the fest alsua 
F. 112. That we now call ad wincula ; 
Ilk[a] yhere that fallys ay 
Ewyne apon the Lammes day. 

A.D. Tjl 

423. Jj OURE hundyr twenty yhere and thre 

Efftyre the blyst Natyvyte" 
This Celestyne Pape off Rome 
And kepare off all Crystyndome 4130 

Send Saynt Patryk in Irland, 
And Saynt Pallady in Scotland, 
In thai landis for to preche, 
And men in Crystyne fay to teche. 
Than yhowngare Teodosius, 


Quhen deid wes gud Honoryus, 

Wes to this pape contemporane, 

And wyth hym Valentynyane, 

Empryowrys ware twenty yhere 

And sevyn cure to rekyn clere. 4140 

In the He that time off Crete", 
That lyis wythin the Mekill Se, 
[Bot] now that He is cald Candy, 
The devyll apperyd thare bodyly 
Till the Jowys, and sayd he wes 
That haly man thai callyd Moyses, 
And gert thame trowe that tyme that he 
Sauff suld bryng thame oure the Se, 
And all thaire gate to mak thame dry ; 
In that dyssayt wes tynt mony, 4150 

For all that folowyd hym that tyme thare, 
In [to] that depe se drownyd ware. 

Off Constantynopolys cyt than 
The byschope wes a wykyd man, 
Nestorius cald he wes be name. 
Off oure Lady this deffame 
He set, and sayd that werraly 
Scho bare noucht God off hyr body, 
Bot he sayde that sympylly than 
Off hir body scho bare bot man. 4160 

Twa hundyr byschopys than onone 
Gadryd in till Ephesone 
Befor this Celestyne, in hy 
Condampnyd this fals herysy, 
And Otheotocos thai ordanyd all 
Oure Lady haly kyrk to call : 
That is the modyr propyrly 
Off God and man bath werraly. 


Quhen dede wes this Pape Celestyne, 
Aucht yhere and day is nyne 4170 

Syxt the Thrid held that stede : 
And effyre that, quhen he wes dede, 
Leo wes mad Pape off Rome, 
And byschope off all Crystyndome, 
Twa moneth and thretty yhere 
And sevyn and twenty dayis clere. 
He wes a solempne clerk, 
F. 112. b. And dyd mony a clerklyk werk. 
Tyll the empryowre Marcyane 
That wes till [him] contemporane, 4180 

And till hys wyff the gret Emprys, 
He wrate and send full fayre tretys, 
To draw thare hart to Crystyne fay, 
And thare-in to be stedfast ay. 
And off Crystys natyvyte* 
Solempne sermownys sere mad he. 

Quhill this Pape Leo wes 
Syngand on Pask day hys Mes, 
A fayr woman at the offerand 
Wyth othir come and kyssyd hys hand ; 4190 

Off that kys all snddanly 
Thare ras a lust off hys body. 
He feld off that temptatyowne 
Hys hand was the occasyowne ; 
He gert stryk off that hand, for-thi, 
Qwyte fra [the] arme off hys body. 
Swa efftyr that gret murmwr wes 
That he oysyd noucht to say his Mes ; 
For that deffame devotly 

Prayer he mad till oure Lady, 4200 

Wyth gret [walkyng] and fastyng, 


For till relewe hym in tyll sum thyng, 

And tyll sauff hym fra that deffame 

That he sustenyd noucht swylk schame. 

Than Mary myld, oure Lady fre, 

Apperyd till hym that he mycht se, 

And till hys stwinp scho set a hand, 

Ewynly mete and rycht gaynand, 

And abyll hym mad till say his Mes. 

Eestoryd thus till hele he wes, 4210 

And prechyd efftyr hely[ly] 

This myrakill off oure swete Lady, 

And lowyd hyr [on] mony wys 

And oblysyt hym till hyr serwys. 

For the gud dedys he oysed to wyrk 

He is yhit lowyd in haly kyrk ; 

On Petyr and Paulys evyn ay 

Ilk[a] yhere [is] hys fest day. 

The Sleparys sevyn than ryssyn were 
That slepand lay thre hundyr yhere 4220 

And sevynty yhere thare-till and twa 
Ekyd thare-till ware alsua. 

Fra the decys off Decyus 
Till yhoungare Teodosius 
Till Leo this Pape contemporane, 
Valentyne and Martyane, 
Off the empyre held the state 
Sevyn yhere, as Frere Martyne wrate. 

The Saxonys off Duche-land 

Arrywyde that tyme in Ingland. 4230 

Merlyne alsua mystyly 
That tyme made hys Prophecy. 
F. 113. How Vortygerne wytht hys falshede 
Off Brettane made the kyngis dede ; 


How Utere and Awrelius, 

Till surname cald Ambrosius, 

Off Ingland passyt prewaly than, 

And efftyr bad in Less-Brettan ; 

And the Saxonys wyth thare slycht 

In Yngland come, and ay thare mycht 4240 

Wes ekyd, that [in] multitude 

Thare wes slayne downe the Brettis bind ; 

And Ingland thare-efftyre ay 

Thai hawe yhit haldyn to this day, 

The Brwte tellys opynly : 

Thare-for I lewe now that story. 

The Saxonys in Ingland ware, 
Quhen Teodosius the yhoungare 
Off the empyre held the state, 
As in the buk befor I wrate. 4250 

Quhen this Leo the Pape wes dede, 
Saynt Hylare sat in to that stede 
Thre moneth and sex yhere 
And ten dayis oure-passyt clere. 
Efftyr hym Simplicius, 
The thryd Felix, and Gelasius 
Off Rome war Papys successy we, 
Ilkane till othir in thare lyve : 
Sevyn and twenty [yhere] thir thre 
In Rome held the Papys se. 4260 

Quhen thir Papys thre were than 
To the empryowre contemporane, 
The Empryowre [the] fyrst Leo, 
Till [hym] succedyt Schyr Zeno. 
Thir twa in to thare lywe 
Held the empyre successywe 
Thretty yhere full and ma ; 


[And] Anastasius efftyre tha 

Twenty thre yhere lord and syre 

Held the state off the erapyre. 4270 

And quhen this Leo wes Empryowre, 
Kyng off Brettane wes Arthowre, 
That wan all Frawns, and Lumbardy, 
Gyane, Gaskoyn, and Normandy, 
Burgoyne, Flawndrys, and Braband, 
Henawnd, Holand, and Gotland, 
Swes, Swethryk, and Norway, 
Denmark, Irland, and Orknay ; 
And all the Ilys in the Se 

Subject ware till hys powste : 4280 

And all thir landis everilkane 
To the Crowne off Gret Brettane 
He ekyd hale, and mad thame fre 
Bot subdyt till hys ryawte, 
Wyth-owte serwys, or homage, 
Or ony payment off trewage 
F. 113. b. Mad, to Eome as befor thai 
Lang tyme oysyd for to pay. 

Quharefor the state off the empyre 
Hely movyt in to gret ire 4290 

The hawtane message till hym send, 
That wryttyn in the Brwte is kend : 
And Huchown off the Awle Ryale 
In till hys Gest Hystorialle 
Has tretyd this mar cwnnandly, 
Than suffycyand to pronowns am I. 

As in oure matere we procede, 
Sum man may fall this buk to rede, 
Sail call the Autour to rekles, 
Or argwe perchans hys cunnandnes ; 4300 


Syne Huchowne off the Awle Eyale 
In till hys Gest Hystoryalle 
Cauld Lucius Hiberius empryoure, 
Quhen Kyng off Brettane was Arthoure. 
Huchowne bath and the Autore 
Gyltles ar off gret errore. 
For the Autor [is] fyrst to say, 
The storyis quha that will assay. 
Off Iber, Frere Martyne, and Vincens 
Storyis to cwn dyd diligens, 4310 

And Orosius, all foure, 
That mony storys had sene oure, 
Cald noucht this Lucyus Empryoure, 
Quhen Kyng off Brettane wes Arthoure. 
Bot off the Brwte the story sayis, 
That Lucyus Hiberius in hys dayis 
Wes off the hey state Procurature, 
Nowthir cald Kyng, na Empryowre. 
Fra blame than is the Autore qwyte, 
As befor hym [he] fand, to wryte ; 4320 

And men off gud dyscretyowne 
Suld excuse, and love Huchowne, 
That cunnand wes in literature. 
He made the gret Gest off Arthure, 
And the Awntyre off Gawane, 
The Pystyll als off Swete Swsane. 
He wes cury ws in hys style, 
Fayre off facund, and subtille, 
And ay to plesans and delyte 
Made in metyre mete his dyte, 4330 

Lytill or nowcht nevyrtheles 
Waverand fra the suthfastnes. 
Had he cald Lucyus Procurature, 


Quhare that he cald hym Empyrowre, 
That had mare grevyd the cadens, 
Than had relevyd the sentens. 
Ane empryoure in propyrte 
A comawndoure suld callyd be : 
Lucyus swylk mycht have bene kend 

F. 114. Be the message that he send. 4340 

Here suffycyand excusatyownys 
For wylfull defamatyownys. 
He mon be war in mony thyng 
That will hym kepe fra mysdemyng. 

Off Arthowris gret douchtynes, 
Hys wyrschype and hys prys proues, 
His conqwest, and hys ryalle state, 
As in this Buk befor I wrate, 
How he held in till hys yherys 
Hys Tabyll Rownd wyth hys Dowchsperys ; 4350 
How that he tuk syne hys way age, 
Fra Lucyus had send hym the message, 
Till Ytaly wyth hey mychtys 
Off kyngys, lordys, and off knychtys, 
And discumfyte the Empryowre, 
And wan gret wyrschype and honoure 
Off Frawns nere the bordwrys sete, 
In were as thai togyddyr mete ; 
And off tresowne till hyrne done 
Be Modred hys systyr sone, 4360 

Quharfor in hast he come agayne, 
And wyth hym fawcht in till Brettayne, 
Quhare he and hys Rownd Tabyll qwyte 
Wes wndone, and discumfyte ; 
Huchown has tretyd curyowsly 
In Gest off Broyttys auld story. 


Bot off hys dede and hys last end, 

I fand na wryt, couth mak that kend : 

Syne I fand iiane, that thare off wrate, 

I wyll say na mare, than I wate. 4370 

Bot quhen that he hade fowychtyn fast, 

Efftyre in till an He he past 

Sare woundyt, to be lechyd thare, 

And efftyre he wes se[yn] na mare. 

Bot in hys tyme Schyr Constantyne 
Schyr Cadorys sown, hys awyne cusyne, 
That wes Duk off Corn wale, 
He wes made Kyng off Brettane hale, 
And set apon hys hevyd the crowne, 
And gave hym full possessyowne. 4380 

A.D. -ri 

522. Jj EA the byrth off our Lorde dere 

Fyve hundyr twa and twenty yhere. 
In this tyme I tauld off thus 
The Pape off Kome, Gelasius, 
In tyll hys devotyonys 
Ympnys mad and wrysownys, 
And the preface off the Mes, 
That syne for conioune oysyd wes. 
The byschope Mamert of Vyen 
The thre day is gert be fastyd then, 4390 

And haldyne the processyowne 
Before the Ascensiowne, 
That now mony natyownys 
F. 114. b. Callys the Eogatyownys, 

For gret erddyn and felowne 

Strak howssys and gret towrys downe. 

Wytht-in the cyt6 of Wyen 


The wolwys wylde than werryd men : 

For this caus that tyme he 

G-ert prayerys and this fastyng be, 4400 

As yhe may yhit ilke" yhere 

Se the oys and the manere. 

A comowne woman in pwtry, 
That lyvyd in Rome than lustely, 
Sevyn barnys bayre at anys, 
Quyk in fleysch, [and] blud, and banys. 
By a stank at a gate syde, 
Quhare that men oysyd [for] till ryde, 
Scho layd [thir] barnys prewaly ; 
Swa fell the kyng off Lumbardy 4410 

Come wyth hys court off cas rydand, 
Quhare thai barnys thai saw sprewland, 
Wyth hys spere he turnyd ane, 
That chyld than wyth hys hand has tane 
That spere, and held it wychtly ; 
The kyng than luch, and sayd heyly, 
" May this chyld lyve, he sail, but drede, 
Cum till gret state and manhede." 
He gert that chyld be takyn than 
And fostryd wp quhill he grew man, 4420 

And wes hys ayre off Lumbardy, 
Kyng and led it rychtwysly. 

Quhen Leo the fyrst wes dede, 
Empryowre in to that sted 
Leo [the] Secund, hys sone, ras, 
And Empryowre than hot a yhere was. 
And efftyre hym off the empyre 
Zeno was full lord and syre, 
And stude in to that state sevyntene yhere, 
And made in that tyme lawys sere. 4430 


He set hym thraly, wyth a trayne, 

Yhong Leois sone for till have slayne, 

For caus he thoucht he wald defere 

As ayre the state off the empire 

The modyre off this barne, for-thi, 

Set tyll dyssayve hym hyr study. 

Ane othire barne in hys figure 

Scho gert gyve to the empryowre, 

And that barne wyth-owt remede 

He gert in hy be put to dede. 4440 

Schyr Leoys sone all prewaly 

The modyr at scule held off clergy, 

Quhill that Justyne, lord and syre, 

Eas to the state off the empyre. 

Teodoryk, a mychty kyng, 
That Gotland had in governyng, 
Till this Zeno made homage, 
And gave hym hys sone in hostage, 
P. 1 15. That callyd wes tiU hys fadyr lyk 

In propyr name Teodoryk. 4450 

That chylde bade wyth the empryowre, 

Haldyn in till gret honowre, 

Till he wes auchtene yhere auld, 

That he mycht wappyn and armys wald. 

This Zeno send hym till Ytaly 

Wyth hys awyne Gottys mychtyly, 

For a tyrawnd, Odonater, 

Held all that land tyll hym off were 

Agayne the mycht off the empyre. 

Zeno thare-for in till gret ire 4460 

Gert this chyld pas, as I hawe sayde, 

Wyth banare in hys oyst displayde, 

Fra Constantinopill throwch Bulgary 


And on swa furth throwch Pannony ; 

And swa furth wyth hys ost he past, 

Quhill nere Eome he come at the last. 

Swa quhare he lay apon a nycht, 

Odonater come wyth hys mycht, 

And fawcht wyth hym thare stalwartly 

And [he] defens mad manlyly. 4470 

Odonater in to that fycht 

Discumfyte wes, and tuk the flycht 

To Rome, hot thare, na way mycht he 

Till succoure sauff resayvyd be ; 

Quharfore he sped hym till Wyen 

And thare wes he ressayvyd then, 

Quhare this Teodoryk off were 

Assegyd hym wyth hys powere, 

And wan hym syne wyth-oute remed 

And hym thare put till schemfull dede. 4480 

Till Home syne wyth gret reawte* 

He pas[si]t, and ressayvyd wes he, 

And haldyn in till gret honowre, 

Lutenand to the Empryoure. 

Thus fyrst the Gottys cummyn were 
In till Eome wyth thaire powere. 
Bot the [king] Teodoryk 
Gret tyrand wes and herytyk : 
Boece, mast off the senatowrys, 
That than wes lywand in hys flowrys, 4490 

Becaus that in all tyme he 
Agayne stud hys inyqwyte, 
Haldand fowrme off rychtwysnes, 
Off crymys fals accusyd wes ; 
Throwch tyrandy in to that quhille 
He put off Eome [was] in hard exile, 



And in the cyte" off Pawy, 
Off comfort off phylosophy, 
He wrat thare the bukys fyve 
To rewle men in to stedfast lyve. 4500 

F. 1 15. b. Tyll the Pape Gelasius, 
The secund Anastasius 
Succedyt, and twa yhere he 
Held in Home the Papys Se, 
And as this Pape callyd was 
The Empryoure wes Anastasias 
Callyd, the neyst successowre 
Till Zeno before Empryowre. 
Herysys he favoryd ay 

And supprysyd [the] Crystyne fay; 4510 

The Pape Anastas for-thi 
Cursyd hym [full] solempnely. 
That empryowre this Anastas, 
But hape or grace swa lyvand was, 
That na tyme off hys innymyis 
He wes worth to wyii victoryis, 
Bot wes at wndyre throwch thame ay 
In dowt and dule tyll hys enday. 

Off Cartage than Olimpius 

The byschape held off Arryus 4520 

In all hys tyme the fals fay ; 
Swa in hys [berthe] apon a day, 
Wyth dispytws wordys he 
Deffamyd the Haly Trinyte* : 
Ane angyle in to flammand fyre 
Wes send schwtand a dart off ire, 
And slwe that herytyk in hy 
Wyth that scharpe schot suddanly. 

Ane othire Any an e than was, 


A byschape callyd Barrabas, 4530 

As he baptysyd a man 

Thir ware the wordys he sayd than, 

Baptizat te Barrdbas per Filium in nomine 

Patris et Spiritu Sancto. 
For he dyd noucht the sacrament 
Wyth detfull wordys and intent, 
The wattyr off the fownt for-thi 
Qwyt wes away rycht suddanly ; 
And he that baptyzyde suld have bene 
This myrakyll fra he had sene, 
Off ane othir in gud intente 

[He] tuk that haly sacrament. 4540 

The Pape Hormysda tyll hym sowne 
Legatys send, quhen this was downe, 
Till monest hym awfully 
For till leve hys heresy : 
Till thame wald he noucht appere, 
Na nathyng off thare message here ; 
This herytyk than certanly 
Wes brynt wyth fyrflawcht suddanly. 
Quhen Anastas the Pape wes dede, 
Symacus sat in [til] that sted 4550 

Fyftene yhere and monethys sevyn 
And twenty dayis to mak all ewyn, 
Gloria in Excelsis he 
Ordanyd in hys tyme to be 
P. lie. Sayd or swngyn at the Mes, 
As syne than the manere wes. 

The Almayhnys that tyme off were 
Come in Frawns wyth gret powere. 
Godoveus that tyme kyng, 
That Frawns all hade in governyng, 4560 


Come wyth his ost in gud aray 

Agayue the Almayhnys on a day, 

And awowyd devotly 

To God thare, for the wyctory, 

For to becummyn Crystyn man, 

And lelly to serwe God fra than. 

Wyth that the Almayhnys tuke the flycht, 

The kyng than wan the feld in fycht, 

And syne tuk baptysme devotly 

Off the byschop Saynt Eemy ; 4570 

Saynt Leonard, as sayis oure buke, 

Syne off that kyng the baptysme tuke, 

And off the byschope Saynt Eemy, 

That browcht hym wp syne tendyrly. 

In Symacus electyowne 
Thare ras gret dissentyowne, 
The ta part chesyd Symacus, 
The tothir part Laurentius, 
The pupill and the clergy 

In this discordyd vylausly. 4580 

Before Teodoryke the kyng, 
That Eome than had in governyng, 
In to the cyte* off Eaven 
The Eomanys all assemblyd then ; 
Thare this Symacus gert he 
Chosyn and confermyd be. 
Bot Symacus efftyre this 
Defamyd wes off gret crimys, 
All off fallsed and inwy ; 

Be that Laurentius wes prewaly 4590 

Intrusyd in the papys se, 
And thare-in wes defendyt he ; 
Swa the folk and the clergy 

CH. xii.] 



F. 116. b. 

Agayne discordyt wylausly. 

A Senyhe solempne than was sene, 

Twa hundyr byschopys and fyftene, 

Off all thir crymys mare and less, 

This Symacus thare purgyd wes, 

And wyth honowre syne wes he 

Agayne restoryd till hys Se, 4600 

And Lawrens wyth hys companownnys 

Tholyd thare condampnatyownys. 

Quhen Symacus this Pape wes dede, 
Hormysda nyne yhere held that stede ; 
In fowrme he rewlyd hys clergy, 
He techyd the pepyll wertwysly. 
And in the tyme that he Pape was 
The Empryowre deyd Anastas, 
And Justinus Empryowre 

Neyst till hym wes successoure : 4610 

He favoryd all tyme Crystyn fay, 
And herytykys supprysyd ay. 
This Pape Hormysda till hym wrate 
For to releve the Crystyne state, 
That he wald the byschopys all 
Agayne to thare kyrkys call, 
That befor hym exylyd was 
Fra thaire seys, but trespas ; 
To this he consentyd sone, 

And has the byschopys byddyng done, 4620 

The kyrkys that held off hethyn lay 
Sone he restoryd to Crystyne fay. 
Teodoryk the kyng, for-thi, 
Wrat till hym dyspitusly 
Till heretykys for till restore 
The kyrkys fra thame he tuk before 


Or than wyt he certanly 

He suld hald fra hym all Ytaly, 

And Crystyn men all suld he sla, 

That he mycht in hys rayk cure ta. 4630 

Quhen Justynus the Empryoure 

The charge had hard off the errowre, 

In hart set he was movyd then 

For pyte off the Crystyne men, 

And, at the Papys thra prayere, 

He mad curtas and fayre answere. 

Bot or this message come agayne 

To this tyrand, he gert be slayne 

Boece and mony Crystyne men, 

In ire as he wes wedand then. 4640 

Efftyre this Pape Hormisdais dayis 
The fyrst Jhon, as Frere Martyne say is, 
Twa yhere held the Papys se. 
Thys tyraud throwch hys craalte* 
Tuk this pape and held in pyne, 
Till Constantynopill he send hym syne ; 
Justynus the Empryowre 
Thare hym ressaywyd wyth honowre, 
Wyth sauff condyte send hym fre 
Agayne hame till his awyne se. 4650 

Throwche this tyrand nevyrtheles, 
This pape agayne yhit [takyn] wes 
And pwt in till a depe downgeowne ; 
Swa deyd this pape in hys persowne. 
Sown efftyr that this kyng wes dede, 
And condampnyd but remede, 
Ane haly heremyt nere thare by, 
That led hys lyff relygyowsly, 
Saw the sawle off this tyrand 


F. 117. p w t in this pape Jhonys hand, 4660 

And rycht hastyly he kest it down 
In till Vulcanus holl caldrown, 
Quhare Bellyallys baruys ware brulyhand 
And rwtowrys raggyd rech royhland. 

Saynct Bryd that tyme in Scotland 
Wes in hyr flowrys than lywand. 
All Frawns that tyme tuk Crystyri fay 
And that trowth held thare-efftyre ay. 

In till this tyme the bewt 

Off Antyoche, the fayre cyte", 4670 

Suddanly wes castyne down 
Be fors off erddyn and fellowne. 

Saynct Genoveffe the madyn fre, 
In till hyr virgynyte, 
Lyvyd that tyme in Parys, 
And in a collegye place thare lyis 
Off blak chanownys regulare ; 
Devotly scho is honoryd thare, 
And obserwaunce [is] kepyt ay 
Thare off relygyowne to this day. 4680 

Quhen this fyrst Pape Jhon wes dede, 
Felix the ferd in to that stede, 
Syne the secund Boniface 
Successoure neyst till hym was ; 
Sex yhere into thare lyve 
Ware Papys ilkane successyve, 
And Justynyane Empryowre 
Neyst till Justyne successoure. 
Effytre the secund Bonifas 

Jhon the Secund twa yhere was 4690 

Pape off Eome ; quhen he wes dede 
Agapitus syne held that stede 


Ten mcmeth ; than Sylverius ; 
Neyst till hym Vigilius 
Sevyntene yhere held that se ; 
In till hys tyme ordnayd he 
In till the est end ilke day 
Off the kyrk the Mes to say. 

In till a cyte* off Sycylle 

Thare wes a clerk calde Teophyle 4700 

That feld hym grevyd wrangwsly 
Be hys byschape ; he thoucht, for-thi, 
Movyd in gret yre and tene 
Revengyd off hym till have bene ; 
Hale hys purpos he set than 
For to becum the Devillis man. 
Apon this hys procurature 
A Jowe he made, and medyature, 
And sone there-on a tryst wes set ; 
The Devyll and he togyddyr met, 4710 

F. 117. b. And thare in to the fyrst band 

That wes made in thare cunnand, 

Hys Crystyndome this clerk forsuke, 

And the Dewyll hys lorde he tuke, 

Fra God he drwe hym, and Mary, 

And forsuk thame [aljuterly ; 

And off this promissyowne 

He wrate hys obligatyowne, 

And selyd it wyth hys awyne hand, 

Off all this heycht and this cunnand. 4720 

Swne efftyre all thir cunnandys made, 

In hart this clerk gret sorowe had, 

For he swa wnhappyly 

Forsakyn had God and myld Mary. 

Off that he fell in gret langure, 


In menyng sare and hard dolure, 

And in aue chapyll nere thare-by, 

That halowyd wes off oure Lady, 

Fourty dayis in till fastyng, 

In thra pray ere and walkyng, 4730 

Before the ymage off oure Lady 

He baid, and askyd her mercy. 

Oure Lady till hym at the last 

Apperyd, and reprowyd [him] fast 

Off hys wnreulyd wilfulnes, 

And off hys rwyd wncownnandnes, 

And off the dowtws gret peryle 

Off hys saule. Than Teophile 

Wyth gret repentance askyd mercy, 

And that grantyd myld Mary. 4740 

And thare scho gert the Dewill appere, 

And hym reprowyd off hys manere, 

That he set hym ay to confownde 

Crystyne men, and bryng thame to grownd, 

And wyth hys wyle thame to supprys, 

That made hyr Sone and hyr serwys. 

Thare scho gert hym that restore, 

The obligatyowne that before 

He had gottyn fra that clerk 

Quhen he begouth this dowtus werk, 4750 

And forgave all gane by, 

And tuk this clerk till hyre mercy, 

And purchesyd hym forgyffnes 

Off all that done till that tyuie wes 

Off Jhesu Cryst hyr awyne sone. 

Efftyre that this all thus wes done, 

This clerk to the byschope past, 

And mercy askyd hym rycht fast, 


And rehersyd the proces 

And pptenyd forgyffnes, 4760 

F. us. And prechyd in kyrkis heyly 

This myrakill ofif oure suet Lady, 
And mad hyr serwys all fra than 
And deyd thare-efft [gud] Crystyne man. 

This Pape off Eome, Vigilius, 
Wes archedene till Sylveryus, 
Hys predecessore immedyate, 
And all tyme yharnyd the papys state, 
And [in] till that covatys 

He anherdyde till ane emprys, 4770 

Teodora callyd be name, 
A wykkyd qwene off fellowne fame. 
For this Silveryus the Pape 
Wald noucht restore a fals byschape, 
That wes condampnyd for heresy, 
Till hys state agane, for-thi, 
This kerlyng gert this pape be drawyn 
A quhill wyth hors, syne fra his awyne ; 
[And him] off Rome [gert] banysyd be 
Throuch hyr fell inyquyte. 4780 

Than deyd this Pape in that exile, 
Till hym succedyt this Wigille, 
And for that ilke' cans he 
This emprys gert hym takyn be, 
And layd abowt hys nek a rape, 
To dede swa gert scho draw that Pape. 
Swa throwch hyr inyquyte" 
Dede scho gert twa Papys be. 
And set this ilke* Pape Vigille 
Entryde in to that stede wyth gyle, 4790 

Stedfast he wes in Crystyne fay, 


And in repentans deyd werray. 

To thire sex Papys contemporane 
Empryowr wes Justiniane. 
The Pape Agapitus be prechyng 
Hym drw fra herrytykys fals techyng. 
He abbregyd than the lawys 
That thai off Eome held in thaire dawys, 
The Code and the Digest welle 
TiU end he furthryde ilk[a] delle : 4800 

Thai are bukys off Cyvylle 
Gud, solempne, and sutylle. 
In hys tyme all halyly 
Off Pers the Mndys and Medy 
He wane [agane] to the empyre, 
And thare-off he, bathe lord and syre, 
To mak lawys set hys intent, 
And thame to hald wes diligent. 
Efftyr that he had wonnyn Pers, 
As yhe befor herd me rehers, 4810 

All Affryk he wan off were, 
And mad it to Eome tributere. 
The state grew weille off the empyre 
Quhill he thare-off wes lord and syre. 

Thare fell in hys tyme suddanly 
A gret hungyre in Ytaly, 
That the modrys, for fawte off mete, 
Thare barnys wald for hungyre ete. 

In Constantinopill, hys cyte, 

Thare fell a gret mortalyte, 4820 

For that cans with devotyone 
The [fest callit the] Purificatione 
Off oure Lady done to be 
Was ordanyt wyth solempnyte, 


As yhe se yhit ilk [a] yhere 

Haldyne the oys and the manere. 

Thre tytlys materyalle 

Is off that fest pryncipalle : 

The purificatyowne of Mary, 

Clengyng that is propyrly 4830 

Off wemen, efftyre that thai have borue 

The byrth that thai ware wyth beforne. 

The purificatyowne oure Lady 

Ressawyd in hyre full mekly, 

Bot off it scho had na nede, 

Scho consawyd but mannys sede ; 

Efftyre the byrth that scho had borne, 

Scho madyne clene was as beforne, 

The wertu off the Haly Gast 

Mad that may off mychtys mast, 4840 

Gret wame wyth barne, and borne wes he 

Wnfylyd hyre virgynyte", 

[Al] qwyt and fre sa scho wes 

Era that lauche off awlde Moyses. 

Noucht for-thi it wes hyr wille, 

The lauch at all poynt to fulfille, 

Syne scho hym bare off hyr body 

That wald the lauch hald fullyly. 

The secund titill princypalle 

Makand this matere festywalle 4850 

Is Ipapanti Domini, 

That metyng off God is propyrly 

In oure twng, that is to say. 

In the Tempill, evyn that day, 

Symeon mete hys Salwyoure, 

Hys barne, hys beld, and hys succoure, 

And in hys armys that awld man 

[. xii.] OF SCOTLAND. 29 

Hym tuke, and sayd thire wordys than, 

Nunc dimittis, Domine, 

Servum tuum in pace. 
F. 119. The thryd titill is Candilmes, 

That fyrst begouth throuch hethynes. 4860 

Or thai off Eome tuk Crystyne fay, 

Stedfast in nakyn trowth war thai, 

Bot in fretys and reverys 

Makand to develys offt sacrifyis. 

Thai inyskend thaire Creature 

And lowyd ma goddys than nature, 

Or ony wertu -mycht comprys 

Inspyryd or be wyt rychtwys. 

The god off wyne thai callyd Bachus, 

Off wynd thai callyd god Eolus, 4870 

Mars wes god cald off bataille, 

In nakyn thyng mycht he awaylle, 

Neptwne thai cald the god off se, 

Bot lyff or saule yhit nevyr had he : 

To thir thai oysyd to mak serwys, 

And tynt thaire sawlys in swylk reverys. 

Than wes thaire oys and thaire manere 

The fyrst day and nycht off Fewreyhere, 

Wyth bleisys lycht and gret tortys, 

Syngand and dawnsand wyth melodys, 4880 

Abowte the cyte* for to ga, 

In honowre off Dame Februa ; 

For thai sayd that scho modyr wes 

Off Mars, and a gret goddes. 

Yhit [than] wes thare othir ma 

That swa dyd for Proserpyna ; 

Thai sayd that scho modyr wes 

Off Pluto, and a gret goddes. 


Pluto, as thai sayd, wes felle, 
Swa thai hym cald a god off helle. 4890 

Bot efftyre that quhen Grystyn fay 
Illumynyd thaiin in trewth werray, 
Syn it wes hard for till forbere, 
As clerkys sayis, a wont manere, 
Sergyus, a Pape off Rome, 
In bettyr chawngyd this custome 
Be hys decrete he ordanyd then, 
That all kynd off Crystyne men 
Suld bryng candlys brynnand clere 
In to the kyrk on fayre manere, 4900 

And at the Mes in to thare hand, 
Syne gywe thame wp in till offerand 
The secund day off Februere, 
In honoure off that madyn clere 
That wes kyrkkyd as that day, 
The modyr off God and Man werray ; 
And fra theyne Candillmes 
Off that fest a tityll wes. 
Yhit besyd thire tytlys thre 

F. 119. b. Mony thyngys may fundyn be 4910 

To be sayd off this matere, 
That I leve now to wryt in here. 

Till the Pape Yigilius 
Succedyt nest Pelagius, 
He Pape off Rome wes foure yhere 
And ten moneth to rekyn clere. 
Saynct Benet the haly man 
Wes in hys flowrys prechand than ; 
In to Frawns Saynct Mawre he send, 
Crystyne trowth thare to mak kend. 4920 

Saynct Benet gert stryk all downe 


Kwthlys that in devotyoune 

Carlys oysyd on thare wys 

In lowyn off fals mawmentrys. 

The tempyll he gert off Appollyne 

Be halowyd a kyrk off Saynct Martyne, 

And off Saynt Jhon the Baptyste he 

Ane awtere thare-in gert halowyd be. 

For gret wertuys off hym sere 
That men saw in hym appere, 4930 

Men trowyd in hym werraly, 
Sa spyryt he wes off prophecy ; 
And to. prove gy we it wes swa, 
The kyng off Gotys, Totyla, 
Cled ane rybald in clethyng, 
Swylk as afferyd till a kyng, 
And bade hym that he suld pas 
Quhare that he trowyd Benet was, 
And say hym that he wes Totile. 
That come to hym hys schryfft to ma. 4940 

On hys way than als[a] fast 
Thus arayid the rybald past, 
Wyth hym twa carlys chargyd was 
To se and here and bare wytnas. 
And quhen Benet saw hym sa nere 
That he mycht welle hys spekyng here ; 
" Put off, put off," he sayd, " leve swne 
That clethyng on thi body dwne ; 
For till me it is welle knawyne 
That thai clathys ar noucht thi awyne ; 4950 

It afferys noucht to the" 
Prouddare than thi state to be." 
At thai wordys thire thre men 
Gretly wes abaysyd then, 


And askyd at hym thare mercy, 
And past agayne hame spedely, 
And to the kyng thai tauld rycht sone 
Per ordyr all that thai had done. 
This Totila the kyng past than 
To speke wyth this gud haly man, 4960 

And to that kyng he sayd rycht sone 
That he had mekyll ewyll done, 
F. 120. And yhyt to do swa couth not ces : 
Hys counsall was yhit nevyretheles 
Swylk ewyll dedys to forbere 
And lyve thare-efft in gud manere. 
" Nyne yhere kyng yhit sail thow be," 
He sayd, " and pas swne oure the Se, 
The tend yhere thow sail be slayne." 
Off this the kyng was na thyng fayne, 4970 

Nevyrtheles yhit [sa] it fell, 
As this haly man couth hym spell. 
This kyng past owre the se, 
In trawalle thare nyne yhere was he, 
The teynd yhere agayne he come 
And wan off fors the towne off Eome, 
And the land off Ytaly 
He drew hale till his senyhowry. 
For that caus the empryoure 
To sauff hys state and hys honoure, 4980 

Schyr Narses off that land 
He made off caus hys lutenand. 
And he the cyte wane off were ; 
The Gottys als wyth hys powere 
He exylyd owt off Ytaly, 
And tuk thare kyng dispytwsly, 
And slwe that kyng cald Totila ; 


The prophesy fullfillyd wes swa 

Off Benet the haly man. 

All thus off were that land he wan, 4990 

And wes to the empryoure 

Off that land lele procuratoure. 

This Narses wes a nobill knycht, 

In pres off were, bathe stowte and wycht, 

He wes off natyowne a Eoman, 

Off lyve a gud haly man ; 

He wan mare prowes and renowne 

Wyth prayerys and devotyowne 

Than he dyde wyth fors off fycht, 

Be pres off powere, or off [mycht,] 5000 

Thare wes na thyng in to dede 

That in hys tyme agayne hym yhede. 

Quhen Pelagius Pape wes ded, 
Twelffe yhere, the thryd John held that stede 
Ellewyn moneth and twenty 
And sevyn dayis evynlykle. 
Saynct Mawre deyd in hys dayis, 
And lyis nere Parys, as men sayis. 
The secund Justyne Empryoure, 
Till fyrst Justyne successoure, 5010 

Ellewyn yhere lord and syre 
Held the state off the empyre. 
Hys wyff the Emprys, a lady 
Cald be name wes Dame Sophy ; 
Dispytwus and rycht fell scho wes 
120. b. Till the gud knycht Schyre Narses, 
That wes, as I sayd, procuratoure 
Till hys lord the empryoure 
Off all the landys off Ytaly, 

Calabyre, Poyle, and Lumbardy. 5020 

VOL. n. c 


Scho gert this knycht accusyd be 

Off gret and fell inyqwyte" 

Before hyr lorde the Empryoure, 

That he excedyt all mesoure 

Off ill and rwyd extorsyownys, 

And grevous imposityownys ; 

Off that scho mad sa gret deray 

That scho gert all the Romanys say 

That bettyr had bene mony wys 

For till have made thare wont serwys 5030 

To [the] Gottys, than for to be 

Wndyre that geldengys erudite" : 

Thai cald that gud knycht a geldyng, 

For he wes chast in thare hethyng. 

Quhen thus the gud knycht Schyr Narses 
For inwy accusyd wes 
Be thranes off that Emprys, 
He wes deprywyd off hys offys, 
For Justyne the secund Empryowre 
Than put that knycht fra hys honoure, 5040 

That befor that mony wys 
Had made hym lele and gud serwys. 
Thus quhen he wes fra hys state 
Removyd, the Emprys till hym wrate, 
And sayd scho gyff wald till hym fe 
Till Constantinopyll, gyff that he 
Wald cum and lellely till hyre heycht, 
Be mesoure and be evyn weycht, 
To gywe hyr wemen tow to spyn, 
And yharne sponuyn to tak in. 5050 

He wrat agayne to that Lady, 
And sayd, he heycht hyr trewly 
To that web that he suld wewe, 


Bath tow and yharne he suld hyr rewe, 
And swylk a pryne he wald hyr wynd 
That thare suld lytill leve behynd 
Off warpe, or weffte, to mak hyre clath, 

Set scho and all hyre kyn ware wrath. 

Wyth that he past in Pannony, 

That marchand lyis nere Wngary : 5060 

The Lumbardyis in to that quhille 

Thare wes bydand in exile. 

Wyth thare kyng Arbwre fermly 

He made a band off cumpany : 

Wyth that Kyng agayne he come, 

The cyt4 be fors he wan off Eome, 

Tuskane hale, and Ytaly, 
F. 121. Allmaylme', and all Lumbardy 

He wan and drew fra the empyre, 

And made off thame bath lord and syre 5070 

Schyr Arbwre, that than as kyng 

The Lumbardys had in governyng, 

And ilkane efftyr othire successy we 

Off Lumbardy kyng in thare lywe 

Held all thai landys in herytage, 

Till thame and [to] thare lynage, 

Fra the empyre twa hundyre yhere 

And ma, gyff all wele reknyd were, 

Till the kyng off Frawns Pypyne, 

Wyth the Empryowre Constantyne, 5080 

Eas and wan wyth thare powere 

Agayne the landys all off were, 

As yhe may [heyr] here-efftyre swne, 
\ Quhen all the lave till it is dwne. 

Lo ! here a worthy wyff to wale, 

All suld the devyll have delt hys dale, 


Set wp hyr quheyll, let hyr ga spyn, 

Scho can biyng owt that is browcht in, 

Spend but sparyng may hyr spows, 

Swa huld a hwsy that can hows ; 5090 

He spurnyd offtyr than he spede 

That blyslys bryde that browcht to bede 

This empryoure owre lychtly 

Tynt throwch hys wyff all Ytaly, 

And othir mony landys sere 

That I before have reknyd here, 

Bot he mycht have bettyr done 

Till do as Catowne kend hys sone ; 

Trow noucht thi wyff on thi serwand 

Quhen scho ys wantownly hym wrethand; 5100 

The wyff offt hatys, on gret manere, 

Hym that hyr husband haldys dere. 

Saynct Brandane in to that quhille 
Travalyd on s4 fra ile tyll ile. 

Saynt Colnie that tyme off Irland 
Come, and prechyd in Scotland : 
Brud-Mechonysswn, the kyng than 
Off Pechtys, he made Crystyne man, 
And baptyzid hym in to that quhille, 
And gert hym trowe to the Ewangille. 5110 

A.D. T71 

565. JD YVE hundyre fywe and sexty yhere 

Efftyre the byrth off oure Lorde dere, 
Quhen Justyne the yhownge wes Empryoure, 
And had ellewyn yhere that honoure, 
The nynth yhere fra this Brude wes kyng, 
And tuk the Peychtys in governyng. 
Garnak-Makdownach neyst hym syne 


Wes kyng, and fowndyde Abyrnethyne 

In [to] Strathlierne, in that tyde, 

In till the honoiire off Sanct Brycle. 5120 

The fyrst tyme may be notyd here, 

Conwertyde quhen the Pechtys were. 

Nest off the Peychtis regnyd then 
The Kyng Kynell-Makluthren. 

Efftyr that hys dayis wes dwne, 
Kyng wes Nectane Fodis swne. 

Brud, Golarg, and Golargan, 
Nest efftyr this Nectan, 
Ilkane till odyr-in thare lywe 
Twenty yhere were successywe. 5130 

Garnat-Makdownald, and Drust hys brodyr, 
Brud-Bylys swne, befor othire 
Kyngis ware in till Scotland 
Atoure the Peychtys than regnand. 

And off Ycolmkyll than 
Abbot wes Saynct Adamane. 

And [qwhen] this thyrd Jhon wes dede, 
Saynct Serffe sevyn yhere held hys sted, 
He wes off lyff ane haly man 
The kyngis sone off Kanaan. 5140 

Hys fadrys landys off herytage 
Fell till hym be clere lynage, 
And lauchfull lele befor all othire : 
That gave [he] till hys yhowngare brodyre. 
All swylk cumbyre he forsuke, 
And till haly lyff hym tuke. 
God send hym a swet angelle 
To gyve hym comfort and conselle : 
And wyth that angell alsa fast 
Fyrst till Alysandyre he past ; 5150 


Till Constantynopill syne he come, 

And to the cyte* fra theyne off Rome. 

Thare than wakyd the Papys se ; 

And chosyn syne till it wes he. 

Than governyd he that sevyn yhere. 

And quhen all thai oure-passyde were, 

The Angell, that hys leddare was, 

Sayd, hym behowyd fra Rome to pas ; 

For God ordanyt noucht, that he 

Langare in that land suld be. 5160 

Than, [ap]on a solempne day, 
Or he begowth to tak hys way, 
He made a predycatyowne 
And a solempne fayre sermowne 
To the Romanys, that he gert call 
Befor hym ; and thare at thame all 
Hys leve he tuk but mare delay. 
Wyth thare blyssyng he past hys way, 
And wyth that angell wpon chans 
Fra theyne, throwch the rewme off Frawns, 5 1 70 
Strawcht to that Se departand 
Off Frawns the kynrykys and Ingland. 
F. 122. Schyppyng thare he gat redy, 

"Wyth hym ane hwndyr in cumpany : 

In thai schyppys he made entre", 

Syne tuk wp sayle, and held the se. 

Wyth wynd at wyll ay furth thai past 

In Forth quhill thai come at the last, 

And arrywyd at Incheketh, 

The ile betwene Kyngorne and Leth. 5180 

Off Ycolmkill the abbot than 

Saynt Adaman, the haly man, 

Come tyll hyme thare, and fermly 


Mad spyrytualle band off cumpany, 

And tretyd hym to cum in Fyffe, 

The tyme to dryve oure off hys lyffe. 

Than till Dysard hys menyhe 

Off that counsalle fwrth send he. 

Syne at Kynnell he come to land. 

Thare oure the wattyr he kest hys wand 5 1 90 

That suddanly grewe in a tre, 

And bare off appyllys gret plente ; 

And that stede efftyre ay 

Morglas [was callit] mouy day. 

And oure the wattyr, off purpos, 

Off Forth he passyd till Culros : 

Thare he begowth to red a grownd, 

Quhare that he thowcht a kyrk to fownd. 

Brwde Dargardys sowne, in Scotland 
Kyng oure the Peychtyis than regnand, 5200 

Was movyd in gret crwallte" 
Agayne the Saynct, and his menyhe" : 
He send fellowne men for-thi 
To sla thame all dowue but mercy. 
Bot this kyng ourtakyne wes 
Suddanly wyth gret seknes ; 
And at the prayer specyalle 
Off Saynt Serffe he wes mad hale. 
The kyng than fell fra that purpos, 
And gave till Saynt Serffe all Culros, 5210 

Wytht allkyn profytis ay frely. 
Syne till hys prayeris devotly 
He hym commendyt, and hys state, 
And put away allkyn debate ; 
And ressaywyd wyth honeste 
Saynt Serff thare and hys menyhe'. 


Thare fyrst Saynt Serffe tuk hys reset 

To lyve off that, that he mycht get. 

And thare he browoht wpe Saynt Mongowe, 

That syne wes byschape off Glasgowe. 5220 

Syne fra Culros he past ewyn 
To the Inche off Lowchlewyn. 
The kyng Brad off devotyoune 
F. 122. b. Mad till Saynct Serff donatyowne 
Off that Inche, and he duelt thare, 
Till sewyn yhere oure-passyd ware. 

In Twlybothy ane evil spyryte 
A Crystyn man that tyme taryit. 
Off that spyryte he was than 

Delyveryd throuch that haly man. 5230 

In Twlycultry till a wiffe 
Twa swnnys he rasyd fra dede to lyff. 
This haly man had a ram, 
That he had fed wp off a lame, 
And oysyd hym to folow ay, 
Quhare-ewyre he passyd in hys way : 
A theffe this schepe in Athren stall, 
And ete hym wp in pesis small. 
Quhen Saynct Serff hys ram had myst, 
Quha that it stall, wes few that wyst : 5240 

On presumptyowne nevyrtheles 
He, that it stall, arestyd wes ; 
And till Saynt Serffe syne wes he broucht. 
That schepe, he sayd, that he stall noucht. 
And thare-till for to swere an athe, 
He sayd, that he wald noucht be lathe. 
Bot sone he worthyd rede for schame 
The schepe thare bletyd in hys wame. 
Swa wes he tayntyd schamfully, 


And at Saynt Serff askyd mercy. 5250 

In Dovyn off [his] devotyoune 
And prayere, he slwe a fell dragowne : 
Quhare he wes slayne, that plas wes ay 
The dragownys den cald to this day. 
Quhill Saynt Serffe in till a stede 
Lay efftyre Maytynis in hys bede, 
The Devill come, in full intent 
For till fand hym wyth argument, 
And sayd, " Saynt Serffe, be thi werk 
I ken, thow art a connand clerk." 5260 

Saynt Serff sayd, " Gyve I'swa be, 
Foule wreche, q'uhat is that for the* ?" 
The Dewyll sayd, " This questyowne 
I ask in oure collatyowne ; 
Sa, quhare wes God, wat thow oucht, 
Befor that hewyn and erd wes wroucht ?" 
Saynct Serff sayd, " In hyni-self stedles, 
Hys Godhed hampryd nevyr wes." 
The Devell than askyd, " Quhat caus he hade 
To mak the creaturys that he made ?" 5270 

To that Saynt Serff answeryd thare, 
" Off creature mad he wes Makare : 
A makare mycht he nevyr be, 
Bot gyve creaturys mad had he." 
The Dewyll askyd hym, " Quhy God off noucht 
F. 123. Hys werkys all full gud had wroucht ?" 
Saynt Serff answeryd, that, " Goddys will 
Wes nevyr to mak hys werkys ill : 
And als, inwyus he had bene sene 
Gyff noucht bot he full gud had bene." 5280 

Saynt Serffe the Dewill askyd than, 
" Quhare mad God Adam the fyrst man ?" 


" In Ebron Adam fowrmyd was," 

Saynt Serff sayd. And till hyrn than Sathanas 

Sayd, " Quhare wes he efft, that for hys wyce 

He wes put owt off Paradice ?" 

Saynt Serff sayd, " Quhare he wes mad." 

The Devill askyd, " How lang he bade 

In Paradice efftyr hys syne?" 

"Sevyn howrys," Serff sayd, "he bade therein." 5290 

" Quhare wes Eve mad ?" sayd Sathanas. 

" In Paradyse mad," Serff sayd, " scho was." 

At Saynt Serffe the Devill askyd than, 

" Quhy God let Adam the fyrst man 

And Eve syne in Paradyce ?" 

Saynt Serffe sayd, that, " Mony wys 

God wyst welle, and wndyrstude, 

That thare-off suld cum my kill gud : 

For Cryst [tuk] fleysch man-kynd to wyne, 

That wes to payne put for that syne." 5300 

The Devill askyd, " Quhy mycht noucht be 

All man-kynd delyveryd fre 

Be thame-selff, set God had noucht 

Thame wyth hys precyows Passyowne boucht ?" 

Saynt Serffe sayd, " Thai fell noucht in 

Be thame-selff in to thaire syne ; 

Bot be [the] fals suggestyowne 

Off the Devill, thare fa fellowne. 

For-thi he chesyd to be borne 

To sauff man-kynd, that wes forlorne." 5310 

The Devill askyd at hym than, 

" Quhy wald noucht God mak a new man, 

Man-kynd [for] to delyver fre?" 

Saynt Serffe sayd, " That suld noucht be : 

It suffycyt well than, man-kynd 


Anys suld cum off Adamys strynd." 
The Deville askyd, " Quhy that yhe 
Men ar qwyte delyveryd fre 
Throwch Crystys Passyowne precyows boucht, 
And we Devillys swa ar noucht ?" 5320 

Saynt Serffe sayd, " For that yhe 
Fell throwch youre awyne inyqwyfce : 
And throwch oure-self we nevyr fell ; 
Bot throwch youre fellowne fals consell 
And for yhe Devillys war noucht wroucht 
Off brukyll kynd, yhe wald noucht 
F. 123. b, Wyth rewth off hart for-thynk youre syn, 

That throwch yhoure-self yhe war fallyn in ; 

Thare-for Crystys Passyowne 

Suld noucht be yhoure redemptyowne." 5330 

Than sawe the Dewyll, that he cowthe noucht 

Wyth all the wylis, that he sowcht, 

Ourecum Saynct Serif; he sayd than, 

He kend hym for a wys man ; 

For-thi he thare gave hym qwyte, 

For he wan at hym na profyte. 

Saynct Serff sayd, " Thow wrech ga 

Fra this stede, and noy na ma 

In to this stede, I byd the." 

Suddanly theyne passyd he : 5340 

Fra that stede he held hym away, 

And nevyr wes sene thare till this day. 

Efftyre all this Saynct Serffe past 
West on till Culros als fast. 
And be hys state quhen that he knewe, 
That till hys endyng nere he drewe, 
The wrechyd warld he forsuke. 
Hys sacramentys thare all he tuke, 


Wyth schryffte, and full contrityowne. 
He yhald wyth gud devotyowne 5350 

Hys cors till halowyd sepulture, 
And hys saule till the Creature. 
Brude-Dargartson deyd than : 
And hys brodyre Schyre Nectan 
Wes oure the Peychtys kyng regnand 
Intill the kynryk off Scotland. 
Garnath-Makfreath ; and Oengus than, 
Fergus-Fynnyssown ; syne Nectan ; 
Oengus Frwndsowne ; syne Alphyne ; 
Brwde-Maktenegus regnyd syne. 5360 

Efftyr that all thir regnyd thus, 
Alpyne ras Maktenegus. 
Durst-Maktalarge nest thame than. 
Efftyre thire kyng wes Talargan. 


JFFTYR that Saynt Serff has past 
Fra Eome, Benet the fyrst als fast 
Tuk and twa yhere held that se, 
And nest thare-efft quhen deyd wes he 
Secund Pelagyus yheris fywe 
Led in to that state hys lyve. 5370 

Sa in hys tyme gret raynis fell 
Wytht thyk ythand schowrys [and snell], 
That the spatys and the flud 
The wallys off Rome a part ouryhud, 
Gret hey howssys it kest down, 
And mony drownyd with-in the town, 
Off men and wemen [and] barnys bath, 
F. 124. In Rome this rayne than dyd the skayth, 
For serpentys gret and a dragowne 


Dysesyd all that [hail] regyown; 5380 

For quhare thai bestys dede ware lefft, 

For stynk the ayre movyd thaire-efft 

Sa gret a mortalyte*, 

That nere all wast wes the cyte*. 

Pape Pelagius deyd than, 
Bot till [hym] contemporane 
Tyberius wes Empryoure 
And held sevyn wyntyr that honoure. 
He wes a gud Crystyne man, 
The tresore off the empyre than 5390 

He delt to pure folk largely : 
The emprys, hys wyff, for-thi, 
Eeprowyd, and cald hym a wastore 
That swa dystroyid the tresore 
Off the empyre, quhare-for that he 
Suld off the lauche depriwyde be 
Off hys stayte, and he agayne 
Sayd he deserwyd noucht that payne, 
Bot he thowcht till have reward 
Off God that wes hys soverane lard, 5400 

The quhilk suld ger that tresore lie 
All tyme habowndand in plente, 
For the tresore gyvyn thare 
Wes delt to thaim that had mystare, 
Thare wes he dettyd till succoure 
Off that that he wes procuratoure. 
As on a day he gangand was 
In a chawmbyr off hys palas, 
Wndyrnethe hys fete he sawe, 

I Grawyn in fyne inarbyr law, 5410 

Off the Cors a takyn welle, 
Portrayid at [ilk] poynt ilk[a] delle. 


This takyn, he sayd, men suld set 
In to the heycht off thare foret, 
And nevyr suld ly in to that sted 
Quhare man wyth fete mycht on it tred. 
Quhare-fore thare in gud intent 
Wpe he gert tak the pathement, 
And quhen wyth that he swa had done, 
That ilke takyn he saw sone 5420 

Lyand lauch wndyr that plas 
Quhare the fyrst Cors fundyn was, 
Lyk to the fyrst in allkyn gre ; 
Wp that he gert takyn be, 
[And] wndyr that the thryd alsua, 
And that he gert sone wp-ta, 
And, lawch wndyrneth that thryd, 
He fand a hwrde off fyne gold hyde. 
With that he ekyd the tresore 

F. 124. b. That he in almows gawe before, 5430 

And fwndyd abbays relygyus ; 
And dyd gret dedys off almws. 


telU0 xrff 
(Jtohjlom* to** the fet 

A.D. T71 

592. JJJFFTYK that Jhesu Cryst wes borne, 

To sawffe oure lyff that wes forlorne, 
Fywe hundyr wyntyr and nynty 
And twa to rekyn fully [ly], 
Neyst Pelagyus, Saynct Gregore, 
That wes the gret solempne doctor, 


Pape off Eome wes thretten yhere, 

And rewlyd that state in gud manere. 5440 

He made mony omelys 

That declerys on quhat wyis 

We suld the wangell wnderstand, 

And wyth that he tuk on hand 

For to declere opynly 

Ezechyellys prophecy. 

The buk off Job he tretyd hale, 

In clerklyk manere and morale, 

Till wndyrstand oppynly 

The wordys that Job spak mystyly. 5450 

Off the Pask candill the halowyng he 

Dytyd and syne gert songyn be 

On Pask evyn ilk^ yhere, 

As yhit is oysyd the manere ; 

Dyalog and rygystyre, 

And othir mony ma to thire, 

That now may noucht reknyd be. 

Trajanys saule redemyd he 

Fra the lestand pyne off hell 

As before yhe have herd tell. 5460 

And in the tyme that he wes Pape, 
He send in Ingland ane byschape ; 
R Saynct Austyne he wes cald be name : 

And wyth hym mwnkys off gud fame, 
Crystyne trowth thare for to preche, 
And the Saxonys for to teche 
To ressawe, and kepe that fay 
For sawffte off thare sawlys ay. 
Swa he conwertyd Ingland, 

That blynd in hethynes wes layand, 5470 

Fra the Saxonys had wonnyn fre 


To thare natyowne that cuntre. 

The Kyng off Brettane Lucyus 
Wrat till Elewtherius, 
That in hys tyme was Pape off Some ; 
And sayd, he wald tak Crystyndome 
In hym and in hys natyown 
In hope off thare salvatyown. 
That pape send twa clerkys than, 

F. 125. And thai conwertyd all Brettan 5480 

jg 2 ' Ane hundyr twa and sexty yhere 
Efftyr the byrth off oure Lord dere. 
That fay the Brettownys than held clene 
Ane hundyr wyntyr arid sextene, 
Qwhill that Dyoclytiane, 
And hys falow Maximiane, 
Tuk the state off the empyre. 
And Crystyne men slwe in thare ire. 
And efftyr that ane hundyre yhere 
Sevynty and thre oure-passyd clere 5490 

The Brettownys held that fay but dowt, 
Till the Saxonys put thame owt. 
And, fra that the Saxonys blud 
Ingland wyth thare pyth oure-yhud, 
Thai ressaywyd na Crystynedome, 
Quhill that Gregore wes Pape off Eome 
597 Fywe hundyr yhere nynty and sewyn 
Efftyre the byrth off God off Hewyn. 
Swa the Saxonys in Ingland 

In fals errowrys war lyand 5500 

Ane hundyre sevyu and fourty yhere 
Fra in the land thai cummyn were, 
Till the tyme off Saynct Gregore, 
All ordanyd as yhe herd before. 


Quhen conwertyd he had that land, 
The Appostill thai cald hym off Ingland ; 
For that offys he dyd welle 
In that conversyown ilk [a] delle. 

Saynct Awstyne gert thame off Ingland 
The rewle off Pask welle wndyrstand, 5510 

That befor thai had in were, 
Quhill he thare-off made knawlage clere. 

And in this tyme Saynct Mongowe 
Wes byschap lyvand off Glasgowe. 

In Saphat, nere Jherusalem, 
Crystys kyrtill noucht sowyd wyth seme 
Wes fwndyn, as Frere Martyne sayis, 
And till Jherusaleme in thai dayis 
Wes browcht, and in a coffyre closyd, 
Thare for a relyk wes reposyd. 5520 

And Morys that tyme lord and syre 
Wes twenty yhere off the Empyre ; 
He wan bathe Pers and Armany, 
And rewlyd hys empyre wertusly. 
He dowtyd Gode on gret manere, 
And all tyme askyd in hys prayere 
That he suld noucht de before 
That here [he] tholyd hys purgatore. 
In the heycht than off hys yhete 
'F. 125. b. In a welle mad rowme wes set 5530 

A[ne] ymage off the Trinyte 
That men gret plesans had to se, 
For perfytly mad it was, 
And welle polyst all off bras. 
In till hys slepe, apon a nycht, 
Downe he sawe that ymage lycht 
And tuk hys set in a cheyare 



All lyk a juge he semyd thare ; 

Off hevynnys spyry tys he wndyrstude 

That he saw thare a multitwde. 5540 

Swne that juge bad ane call 

That Empryowre before thaim all ; 

Quhen he apperyd the Trinyte 

Bade hym chese gyve that he 

Wald suffyre in this warld, before 

Or he deyd, hys purgatore, 

Or he walde byde wyth hys consent 

Goddys rychtwys jugement, 

Era that the saule frely 

Departyd wes fra the body. 5550 

Era that the juge [ap]on this wys 

Had sayd, the Empryowre, than Morys, 

Sayd, " Lord God, that schawys the* 

Luwand man-kynd in all kyn gre, 

Thow grawnt me in this warld, befor 

Or that I de" my purgatore." 

Till Phocas than the Trinyte 

Bad [that] he suld delyweryd be. 

Owt off hys slepe quhen he [wes] browcht 

Off this dreme he had gret thoucht; 5560 

Swa had he ane specyalle man, 

That cald be name wes Phylipe than ; 

He speryd at hym gyff a knycht was 

In tyll hys cowrt thai cald Phocas. 

" Yha," he sayd, " I ken that knycht 

Off were a manly man and wycht, 

And lycht off all condytyowne, 

Till allkyne folys redy bowne." 

The Empryowre than petwysly 

Tald till Philipe opynly 557 

CH. xiii.] OF SCOTLAND. 51 

All hys dreme, and mad hym bowne 
For hys cas wyth devotyowne. 
It hapnyt that efftyre this on were 
Assemblyd he had a gret powere ; 
Throwch all hys ost than gert he cry 
That na man suld be swa hardy 
Ony gud, but prys, to ta, 
Bot redy payment thai suld ma. 
Off thare wagys redyly 

He made na payment ; thai, for-thi, 5580 

F. 126. Murmwryd till Schyre Phocas, 

And he throwch thame swa movyd was, 
That he hym cled in pourpowre, 
And tuk till hym the hale honowre 
Off the Empyre. Than Mawrys 
Sawe hys state turnyd on this wys, 
Till a wode nere by he fled 
And hyd hym in a prewa sted 
Wyth hys swnnys and hys wyff; 
Thare fell the endyng off hys lyff, 5590 

Thare was he slayne be fell purchas 
Off hys successowre Schyre Phocas. 
Neyst Saynct Gregore, Fabyane 
Wes Pape off Eome na yhere bot ane. 
Till hym the thryd Bonifas 
Pape off Eome aucht moneth was. 
The ferd Boniface, quhen that he 
Wes deyd, sex wyntyr held that Se. 
Than Schyre Phocas, lord and syre, 
Held the state off the empyre, 5600 

And gawe till this Bonifas 
Panteon, that that tyme was 
In Eome a gret tempill made 


That the Eomanys in honoure had. 
Ane ymage in cheffe thare-in wes set 
Off Komule, that wes the gret mawmet 
In Eome, and in that tempill by 
Off ilk mawment, syndryly, 
There wes made a gret ymage 
Off ilke rewme that aucht homage, 5610 

Or trewage payid, and be gilry 
Off the dewy 11 that wes slychty 
Sum ymage thare offt wald set 
And twrne the bak on the mawmet 
Off Eome, that thai oysyd all 
In propyre name than Eomule call. 
Fra thai than couth thare knawlage get 
Off quhat cuntre was that mawmet 
That till Eomule turnyd hys bak, 
Than suddane counsall thai wald tak 5620 

Till gadyre thaire ost and mowe thaire were 
Agayne that land wyth gret powere : 
Thai thowcht that land wald conspyre 
Agayne the state off the empyre, 
Be the takyn that that ymage 
Had turnyd fra Eomwle hys wysage. 
Quhen Pantyon, this tempill, was 
Gyvyn to this Pape Bonifas, 
He halowyd it wpe in hy 

In a kyrk off oure Lady, 5630 

Mary myld, that clene wyrgyne, 
And off all othir halowys syne, 
F. 126. b. And purgyd it off all dewylry 
That hethynes oysyd oppynly : 
This the fyrst mater wes 
Off the fest we call Allhalowmes. 


Efftyre the dede off this Phocas 
Heraclyus wyth hys sone was, 
That Constantyne wes callyd be name, 
Bath mychty lordys off gret fame, 5640 

Empryowrys bath successyve, 
And thretty yhere in to thare lywe 
Thai governyd that state stowtly, 
And gert the Jowys devotly 
Turnyd be to Crystyne fay, 
And herrytykys abandonyd thai. 
Quhen this Heraclius, lord and syre, 
Held the state off the empyre, 
Cosdroe, a fellowne kyng, 

That Pers than had in governyng, 5650 

Set hym to wast halyly 
The landys off the Jowery. 
Jerusalem, and othir sere 
| Placys that in gret honowre were, 

He brynt wp in hys fellown ire 
And dystroyd wyth fellown fyre, 
And hade wyth hym that Croys away 
That Cryst deyd on on Gud-Fryday, 
And wytht hym it broucht in to Pers. 
This Heraclius, I herd rehers, 5660 

Slwe this tyrand mandely, 
And swa delyveryde all frely 
Hys captywys that in hys persowne 
Ware than, and wyth devotyowne 
That haly Croys he tuk away, 
In lowyng off the Crystyne fay. 
In this tyme gret Machomete, 
That Sarracenys thaire prophete 
Held, than ras to state and hycht, 


And was a man off mekill slycht. 5670 

Offt he tuk the falland ille, 
And quhen that acces come hym tille 
That he wes as dede lyand, 
Than wald thai say he wes spekand 
Wyth ane angell spyrtually, 
That wald than tell hym suthfastly, 
All thyngys that he wald say 
Suld fall efftyre that he seke lay. 
The Exaltatyowne festyvalle 

Off the Croys wes usualle 5680 

Tane and drawyn off that story, 
And done in kyrk devotly, 
F. 127. And yhit it is oysyd ilke" yhere 

In plesand and solempne mauere, 
Off Eraclius wictoryis 
And Cosdroys tyrandryis. 

Quhen dede wes the ferd Boniface, 
Pape neyst Dominus Dedit was, 
Nyne dayis and yheris thre 

For Pape off Eome he held that se. 5690 

Neyst hym the fyrst Boniface 
Fywe yhere off Rome Pape he was. 
Honorius the fyrst and Severyn, 
Jhon and Teodoryk, syne 
Off Rome war Papys in thare lywe 
Ilkane till othir successywe. 
, And to thire Papys all tyme than 
Eraclius contemporane 
Wes hale lord and Emprioure, 
And held that state in gret honoure. 5700 

Quhen this Eraclius wes deyde 
Constantyne, in till hys sted, 


Hys sone hale Empryoure wes, 
A man all gyvyne to wykky tries. 
And Martyne wes Pape than 
Off Rome till hym contemporane ; 
Sex yhere he held that se, 
Ane haly man off lyffe wes he. 
Apon a day quhen that he was 
Buskand for till say his Mas, 5710 

A fellowne man by hym standand 
Hys swerd to slay hym wes drawand, 
Bot that man wes blynd than suddanly 
And cryit on kneys, " Lord, mercy," 
And confessyd hys trespas, 
And quhen throwch that he chargyt was, 
This Empryowre syne Constantyne 
Gert slay this haly Pape Martyne. 
For he pwnysyid herysyis 

That he faworyd mony wyis ; 5720 

Slayne syne wyth hys awyne wes he 
For hys fell inyqwyte", 
And thai that pwt hym till dede 
Rassyd wp ane othire in his sted, 
>, Merentyns, a manly knycht, 

Bot that state fell noucht be rycht 
Till hym : Constantyne, for-thi, 
Hys sone that slayne wes fellownly, 
And off hys fadyre bare the name, 
A manly knycht and off gud fame, 5730 

Fra Constantynopill suddanly 
Be nawyne to Rome come, and manly 
F. 127. b. Merentyus he slwe in fycht, 

And all thai syne to dede he dycht 
That had hys fadyre put to dede, 


And ras syne in [his] fadyre stede 
In purpowre cled imperyall, 
And it in honowre governyd hale. 

Quhen Martyne the Pape wes dede 
Ewgenius twa yhere held that stede ; 5740 

Neste hand hym Wytalyane 
Threttene yhere wes Pape and ane ; 
Syne wes othir papys sere 
That spedys noucht to rekyne here. 
Constantyne the ferd than, 
And efftyr hym Justynyan, 
Empryowrys wer successywe 
Ilkane till othir in thare lywe. 
The secund Leo ten yhere 

And oure sevyntene day is clere 5750 

In Eome he held the Papys se, 
And at the Mes than ordanyd he 
Agnus Dei that we suld say, 
And Pax to be gyvyn ay. 

Quhen this Leo had tane the dede 
Benedict sat in [tyll] that sted, 
Jhon the thryd, and syne Conon, 
Sergyus neyst thaim onon 
Nyne yhere wes Pape off Eome 
And kepare off all Crystyndome. 5760 

Justynyane the secund than 
Wes Empryowre contemporane. 
Nest this Pape Sergyus 
Jhon, Jhon, and Sysynnyus, 
Constantyne, and Gregore efft, 
Ilkane efft othir Papys lefft. 
Constantyne and Justynyane, 
Leo, and Tiberius than, 


Justyane and Philippus, 

Anastas and Teodosius 5770 

Lordys ware off the empyre, 

Bot off thaim mast lord and syre 

This Leo wes, off fellowne will, 

And in hys tyme dyd mekill ille. 

Off haly halowyis the ymagys he 

Brynt in till hys tyme gert be ; 

This secund Gregore Pape, for-thi 

Cursyd than hym solemply. 

The Duke off Frysis wes noucht than 
Crystynyd, hot wes hethyn man, 5780 

Bot off a byschape nere hym by 
Tretyd he wes [rycht] thraly, 
F. 128. Off baptysme, wyth gud entent, 
To tak that haly sacrament ; 
Tretyd he was to this sa fast 
That he consentyd at the last. 
The byschape and he than in gret hy 
To the kyrk passyt bodyly ; 
Thare the fwnt wes halowyd swne, 
The duk fra hym hys clathys has dwne. 5790 

f Quhen he hys a fwte had pwt in 

The fwnt, he speryd than off hys kyn 

Quhethir ma in hell wes or in hewyn ? 

Answeryd he was than, wyth hey stewyn, 

That fere ma was than in till hell ; 

Wyth thai he chesyd hym to dwell, 

And sayd, He dowtyd for to be 

Keprowyd wnkynd, gyff that he 

Suld wyth-draw hym [in to] dede 

Fra hys kyn till ane wncouth lede ; 5800 

Till strawngerys fra hys awyne kyth, 


Quhare he wes nwrysyd and browcht wp wyth, 

Quhare nevyre nane wes off hys kyne, 

Anld na yhowng, mare na rnyne, 

That [n]evyr wes blenkyd wyth that blame : 

Ab-renuncio, for-thi, that schame 

He sayd, and off the fwnt he tuke 

Hys fute, and hale he thare forsuke 

Crystyndome evyr for to ta, 

For till hys frendys he wald ga, 5810 

Wyth tham stedfastly to duell 

Ewyre mare, in the pyne of hell. 
^' 16 ' Sevyn hundyr wynter and sextene, 

Quhen lychtare wes the Virgyne clene, 

Pape off Eome than Gregore 

The Secund, quham off yhe herd before, 

And Anastas than Empryowre, 

The fyrst yhere off hys honowre, 

Nectan Derly[ng] wes than regnand 

Owre the Peychtis in Scotland. 5820 

In Eos he fowndyd Eosmarkyne, 

That dowyd wes wytht kyngys syne, 

And made was a place Cathedrale 

Be-north Murrave severalle ; 

Quhare chanownys ar seculare 

Wndyr Saynt Bonyface lyvand thare. 

The tyme off this fundatyown 
600 ^ es enC tyre the Incarnatyowne 

To be reknyd sex hundyr yhere, 

Quhether mare or les, bot thare-by nere, 5830 

F. 128. b. Quhen Schyre Morys wes Emprioure, 

And held that state in gret honowre. 






[ 61 ] 


F. 128. b. i. v^WHEN the Were begowth betwen the Scottis 

and the Peychtis. 

ii. Quhen the Empyre was translated into Charlys. 
iii. Quhen the Pape Leo wes demenbryd. 
iiii. Off a story off Frawns. 
v. Off sere Papys successy we. 
vi. Off a Pape that wes a woman, 
vii. Off Constantyne, and off Hwngus dayis. 
viii. Quhen the Kyng Alpyne wan Galaway. 
ix. Quhen the Kyng Gregore wan Yngland. 
x. Off a Kyng that mad hym Keld[e] in Sanct- 


xi. Off the Empreowre Schyre Oto. 
xii. Off Silvestere that become the Dewillys man to 

be Pape. 

xiii. Off a spyryte off a dede Pape. 
xiiii.Off a Legate, that come fra the Court into Frawns. 
xv. Off the sext Pape Gregore. 
xvi. Off the Kyng off Scotland Duncan Malcolmys 


xvii. Off the slauchtyre off Edmwnd Yrnesyd. 
xviii. Quhen Makbeth Fynlake ras. 
xix. Off the begynnyng off the Lauche of Clan-Makduff. 
xx. Quhen Saynct [Edwarde] come owt off Normandy 

in Ingland. 




Proloug off tfie %txt 
In tfjis next Cfjaptter gje lufc. 

LyLEEKYS sayis that prolixyte*, 
That langsumnes may callyd be, 
Gendrys leth mare than delyte. , 
Off this Tretys for-thi the dyte 
Here drawys in a dystynctyowne ; 
As efftyr that dyssentyowne, 
That betwene the Scottis felle 
And the Peychtis rycht crwelle, 
The Peychtis ware put owt off the land, 
F. 129. Quharin befor thai ware duelland 10 

A thowsand sexty yhere and ma. 
Owt off this land thai ware put swa, 
That nowthyre remanys off thame lynage, 
Na nakyn takyn off thare langage. 

The Scottis fowndyd off thare rycht, 
But ony helpe off owtwart mycht, 
Recoweryd swa thaire herytage 
Ewyr to lest wyth thare lynage ; 


And cure Kyng to halde hys state 

Off God hym-selff immedyate : 20 

Swa for hys warde and hys releffe 

Trete he wyth God : he is [his] cheffe, 

And nane othir meyne persowne. 

Hald this aferme conclusyowne : 
By this all othire argument 
Precede, or than byd jugement. 
For this fredwme wyth diligens 
And Goddis helpe mak we defens. 
Quha this wald argwe wylfully, 
Lat hym be answeryd rycht lychtly. 30 

The Pape oure fadyre is spyrytualle : 
Devote hys swnnys we ar halle : 
And redy aly till hys byddyng 
In lefull and in honest thyng : 
And yhit inare indyfferent 
We ar all tyme obedyent : 
Swa has owre eldrys all tyme bene. 
Be gret wytnes that has bene sene 
Off thame, that recoweryde oure land 
To thame and thayris wyth stalwart hand. 40 

It is my purpos nowe till hast 
Throwch wertu off the Haly Gast, 
[And] be werray relatyowne 
Thare personale successyowne, 
That has ws in that fredwme sete. 
Gywe it ware wilfully foryhete, 
It wald be repute wnkyndnes, 
Wan wyt, or than reklesnes. 


CH. i.] OF SCOTLAND. 65 


in gpd tatxt the 
3n <totlanb, tear togth the 

A.D. Q .. 

724. KJEWYN hundyre twenty yhere and foure 

Fra borne wes oure Sawyoure, 

And the tend off this Gregore 

The secund, quham off yhe herd befor, 

The nynd off this curst Empryowre 
F. 129. b. Leo, that lywyd in fals erroure. 

Oure the Scottis the Kyng Ewan, 

Wyth the Peychtis, regnyd than 

In till the kynryk off Scotland, 

[The] Peychtis tharein than duelland. 10 

That State he governyd stoutly : 

Wryttyn it is off hym for-thi 

In Cornyklys awld, the fyrst wes he 

That oure the Scottis had powste', 
' Quhen the Peychtis war regnand 

In [to] the kynryk off Scotland. 
A.D. Sevyn hundyr fourty yhere and ane 


Fra Jhesu Cryst had manhad tane, 
This Ewanys dayis war all done. 

Mwrthak succedyt till hym his sone, 20 

And oure the Scottis yheris thre 
That State as kyng welle governyd he. 
A bataill that tyme wes betwene 
The Scottis and the Peychtis kene. 

A hundyr yhere yhit nevyrtheles 
Efftyre that the Peychtis wes 


In the kynrik off Scotland 
In thare myelitis ay duelland. 

The thryd Gregore than wes Pape, 
And off the warld mast byschape ; 30 

And this Leo yhit Empryowre 
Lyvand in hys fals erroure 
This Pape tretyd bysyly 
Till honowre ymage devotly 
Off All Halowys in generalle, 
Era this he dyssentyd hale, 
And forsuk hys counsell qwyte, 
And dyd till ymage gret dispyte. 
This Pape Gregore the thryd for-thi 
Cursyd hym than solemply, 40 

And entyrdytyd all trewage, 
All serwys fra hym, and homage 
Off all the landis off Ytaly, 
And off the Empyre halyly : 
And mony [othyr] natyownys sere 
Offt wencust hym and hys powere : 
And he na had in nakyn thyng 
Hape till honest governyng ; 
Bot deyd curst in that errure, 
And gat nane halowyd sepulture. 50 

This Pape off Eome the thryd Gregore, 
Quham off yhe have thus herd before, 
Gert a Senyhe solempne be sene, 
Eour hundyr byschapys and awchtene, 
And fere ma prelatis regulare, 
F. 130. Wyth mony a gret clerk seculare 
In till hey solempne greys 
Awawnsyd be syndry faculteys. 
Thare thai decleryt oppynly, 


That all men suld devotly 60 

Do till ymage all honowre, 

Syn thai schawyd the fygowre 

Off Halowys, that war ay plesand 

To God, quhill thai war qwyk lywand : 

For swa thai spendyt thare serwys, 

Thare sawlys ar nowe in Paradys. 

Quhen this Gregore the thryd wes dede, 
Zacharyas, set in hys sted, 
Succedyt, and ten wynter he 
Held in Eome the Papys se. 70 

Ewan the secund in hys dayis, 
Murthakis swne, oure story sayis, 
Wes oure the Scottis than regnand 
In to the kynryke off Scotland. 

A.D. Sevyn hundyr wynter and fourty 

And fyve to rekyn f ullyly, 

Sternys in the ayre fleand 

Wes sene, as flawys off fyre brynnand, 

The fyrst nycht off Januere, 

All that nycht owre schynand clere. 80 


tlte <&mpic& fra thz <0>r*kjj0 

A.D. Q 

749. KJEVYN hundyre fourty yhere and nyne 

Fra lychtare wes the swet Virgyne, 
Stevyn the secund in to lyve 
Pape off Eome wes yheris fyve. 
Asstulphe than Kyng off Lunibardy 


Supprysyd the kyrk dyspytwysly. 

This Stewyn than Pape sowcht succoure 
At Constantyne the Empryowre 
In till the last yhere off hys Se, 
For Empryowre that tyme wes he. 90 

Bot to the Pape inclynyd he noucht, 
As off det he suld and mocht, 
Na for the kyrk mad na defens 
Wyth helpe, consalle, na diligens ; 
Na the Papys lele desyre 
He dyde noucht. Thare-for the Empyre 
This Pape translatyd fra Grekis ay, 
To byde wyth Almayhnys fra that day 
Ewyr, and that translatyowne 
Wes mad in Charlys awyne persowne, 100 

A.D. Sewyn hundyre fywe and fyffcy yhere 
F 130 b Efftyr the byrth off cure Lord dere, 

Quhen Charlys wes in hys yhowthade 

Growand wp to rype manhade. 

Venerabilem twychys nere 

The Decretale this matere, 

That the thryd Innocent 

Pape made in that intent, 

Pryncys to ken, how thare powste" 

Thai had, and thare awtoryte. 110 

The oyhle is halowyd off the Pape, 

Or wyndyr hym off a byschape, 

Quhare-wyth kyngis and empryowris 

Are oyhntyd takand thare honowris, 

Thaire ryng, thaire sceptyre, and thare crownys 

With haly prayere, and orysownys 

Off byschapys [that] ar devotly blest, 

Or thai in to thaim be addrest. 


Thus it accordis till resowne, 
That all examynatyowne 120 

Off thai persowyns propyrly 
The kyrk suld hawe in gret party, 
For to refws, or to comend, 
As swylk inqweystis may mak kend, 
Or swylk statys to thaire greys 
Itelewyd be in dignyteis. 
Or than in cas it mycht fall lyk, 
Sum hethyn man, or herytyk 
Mycht wsurpe Crystyn feys, 

And wyn and joys swylk dygnyteis. 130 

- That war abhomynatyowne, 

And owttragews transgressyowne 
Agayne all poynt off Crystyn fay. 
For-thi pryncys suld alway 
The kyrk honowre devotly, 
And tret the mynystrys reverendly. 

This Pape Stevyn yhit lyvand, 
And Scottis Cornyklys accordand, 
Twa yhere regnand Schyr Ewan 
As Kyng off Scottis endyt than. , 140 

And efftyr that he than dede wes qwyte, 
As kyng succedyt than Hed-Qwhyte. 
r In the meyne tyme this Stevyn wes dede 

The secund, and Paule in hys stede 
Nest wes Pape, and ten yhere he 
In honowre held the Papys se. 
He wes a man off almows grete, 
Bath off mone", and off mete. 
Ilk nycht in [to] priwate" 

F. 131. He wald wyte the iiecessyte 150 

Off all, that nede had nere hym by : 


For he wald wysyte bodyly 
All thaire herbrys, and se welle, 
And relewe thame ilke* delle 
Off weddowys, and helpe thame wald fra scathe, 
That fadyre and modyr wantyd bathe. 
In Burgoyhne that tyme wes a man, 
That Gengulphus cald wes than ; 
He wes a man off gret pyte : 

Bot a wykkyd wyff had he, 160 

That lyvyd in till adultery, 
And had a lemman specyally, 
That for till have at wyll that wyffe, 
Eefft fra hyr husband sowne the lyff : 
And efftyr that he wes dede, he wroucht 
Myrakylys, bot yhit scho trowyd noucht 
That hys wyff; bot scho sayd ay, 
Als offt as scho herd say, 
That efftyre hys dede he wroucht swilk thyng, 
' Swth' scho sayd in hyr hethyng ; 170 

' My maystyr wes kend off gret pyte ; 
Ane haly man, I wyst, wes he, 
And a man off gret meryte ; 
I trowe hys sawle fra hell is qwyte : 
Quhen he doys myrakylis, or swylk thyng, 
Than oysys myn ers,' scho sayd, ' to syng.' 
In publyk placis, fra that day, 
Scho wes behynd trumpand ay : 
Sa wes scho schamyd in [ilk] sted, 
Quhill in this warld hyr lyffe scho led. 1 80 

Quha that luwe wald per drwry, 
He suld have chosyn this lady : 
In welth he ware that wenche to wede, 
That couth sa blyth bere hyr in bede. 


To this Paule dede nest hym syne 
Succedyt the secund Constantyne ; 
Stewyn the thryd, syne Adryane, 
And Leo, Papys were ilkane, 
Quhen Empriowre [was] Constantyne, 
And off Frawnce wes Kyng Pypyne, 1 90 

And gret Charlys lord and syre 
To rys begouth in the empyre. 
Thir Papys war gud haly men, 
And oysyd the trowth to folk to ken. 


ICwr flap* to&5 
be the lixmtantjs fofrrolgt. 

F" 1 R1 V> d 

A.D. ' I^EWYN hundyre wynter and nynty 
798. And auc ht to rekyn ewynlykly, 

Quhen Stewyn the thryd, and Adryane 

Papys kyndly dede had tane, 

Leo the thryd Pape thare-efft 

Lywand in to that Se wes lefft : 200 

He techyd the Eomanys Crystyn fay, 

Bot fowllyly hym demembryd thai : 

Off hys throt thai tyt owt qwyte 

Hys twng, and syne in till dyspyte 

Thai put owt hys eyne twa, 

And banysyd hym demembryd swa 

Owt off Eome the Papys se. 

Eestoryd yhit till hys state wes he, 

And be myrakill nevyrtheles 

He spekand welle, and seand wes. 210 


Than Charlys gud, that lord and syre 
That tyme ras to [the] empyre, 
Thir dyspytws traytowris fell, 
That demembryd, as yhe herd tell, 
This Leo, that wes Pape off Eome, 
This Charlys wald be lauchfull dome 
To schamful dede have put thame thare, 
Na ware the Papys thra prayare. 
Nevyrtheles yhit gert he 
Thaim [punyst,] and syne banysyd be. 220 

Than worthy Charlys the Empryoure 
Grew in state, and in honowre ; 
And gert the Unyversyte" 
Fra Eome to Parys drawin be, 
That the Eomauys befor than 
Be mycht owt off Athenys wan, 
A famows cyte quhill off Grece, 
Quhen Eomanys mast wes off prowes. 

In all this tyme the Peychtis 
In Scotland dwelt by the Scottis. 230 

This Empryowre Schyr Charlys, than 
Empryowre, wes gud Crystyne man : 
He honoryd God, and haly kyrk, 
And oysyd gud dedis ay to wyrk : 
Sa mony Abbays fowndyde he, 
As lettyrys ar in the A, B, C ; 
And ay a lettyr capytale, 
To byde thare testimonyale, 
Off fyne gold per ordyr made, 
As he thai abbays fowndyt had, 240 

Worthe ane hundyr pownd Towrnayis, 
That per ordyr thai abbayis 
Mycht be kend in [thar] fundatyowne, 


Ilk ane be thare successyowne. 
Archebyschaprykis twys twa 
F. 132. In Almayhne fowndyt he allsua, 

Trevere, Coloyne, [and] Maguntyne, 
Salysbwrg, and dowyd thame syne 
Wyth gret landis and ryches. 

All Spaynyhe* he wan fra Sarracenes, 250 

Quhare slayne [was] Eoland in tresown 
Be the fals traytowre Gamelown. 

He wes a men off gret strenth ; 
Hys berd a fwte wes large off lenth. 
Ane hare offfc he luwyd till ete, 
For he wes off mekill mete. 
At the erd apon hys hand 
Ane armyd knycht he wald gere stand, 
And syne lyfft hym evyn wp-rycht 
Off hys browys rycht to the hycht. 260 

He leryd hys sonnys to ryd on hors, 
And armyd offt till oys thare fors, 
And alsua till assay thare pyth ; 
Gret curtasy he kend thame wyth. 
Hys dochteris he kend to wewe and spyn, 
As pure wemen thare met to wyn, 
That thai suld noucht for ydilnes 
Fall in till iwyll thowlysnes. 
He wes off gret devotyoune ; 

For all tyme wyth-owt the towne 270 

A myle, quhen he made hym to cum 
To the cyt off gret Ewme, 
Off hys hors than wald he lycht, 
And on hys fute he wald ga rycht 
To the kyrkis in to the towne, 
And thare do hys devotyowne. 


Gret Gestis ar mad off hys prowes ; 
Bot noucht sa gret, as thare caus wes. 
At Aqwysgrayne hys body lyis : 
Hys saule he send to Paradys, 280 

A-D. Aucht hundyr wyntyr and fourtene 
Era lychtare wes the Virgyne clene, 
Off hys kynryk the fowrtyde yhere 
And the fyft to rekyn clere ; 
Empryowre yhit nevertheles 
Bot fourtene off thai he wes. 


tjce t0 a <Stxrq) 
Jfrxt tolmnbt in thi Cthapttm. 

JL HE Gestis off Frawns orygynale 
Tretyd thus sayis Hystoryale, 
That thare wes a prynce cald Pypyne, 
That gat apon hys concubyne 290 

F. 132. b. A swne callyd Charlys Martel, 

A hawtane knycht and a crwelle: 

All Almayhne he wan off were, 

Swavyn, Saxon, and Bawere, 

Bowrgowne, Provynce, and Gyen, 

Twryn, Awstryche, he wan then. 

He spendyd sa fast in hys travayle, 

That hys gold begouth gretly to fayle, 

To hys knychtis swa thaire fe 

Lytill or noucht offtsyis had he : 300 

For sic delyte, as he wes in, 

He spendyt mare, than he couth wyn. 

CH. iv.] OF SCOTLAND. 75 

Fra the kyrk the tendis then 
He refft wyth mycht, and gawe his men. 
Thus quhen he had travelyd fast, 
Hys dede oure-tuk hym at the last. 
Than with solempne and hey serwys 
He wes enteryd in Saynt Denys. 

Ayrys till hym succedyt twa : 
Karoloman wes ane off tha ; 310 

Be byrth he wes the eldast brodyre : 
Neyst hym Pypyne wes cald the tothyre. 
To this eldare Charoloman 
Twryne and Awstryche fell to than : 
Bot Bowrgowne and Provynce to the tothyre 
Fell, Pypyne, the yhongare brodyre. 

And efftyre this mony day, 
The graffe, quhare this dede Pypyne lay, 
Thai rypyd, and the body soucht ; 
Bot thare-off cowth they fynd rycht noucht, 320 
Bot a serpent all wgly, 
That breyd thame all standand thare-by, 
Fell, apperand, [and] venenows, 
Till all, that saw it, rycht dowtows. 
That delff thai stoppyd hastyly, 
And away sped thame rycht spedyly. 

This eldest brodyre Karoloman 
Till halynes all gawe hym than, 
And tuk in till hys devotyowne 
The habyte off relygyowne, 330 

And drew hym fra all besynes, 
A mounk ly vand in wildyrnes, 
And fowndyd [gud] abbays twa : 
Off Saynt Andrew was ane off thai, 
Off Saynt Sylvester wes the tothir. 


This Pypyne than, the yhongare brodyre, 
Worthyd tiU tak till hym all hale 
Off Frawns that tyme the governale. 

In all this tyme Schyr Hilderyk 
Had in possessyowne the kynryk 340 

Off Frans ; bot yhit he wes than 
F. 133. In hys deyd bot a dasyd man, 
In nathyng repute off valu, 
Na couth do na thyng off wertu : 
He had bot nomen sine re ; 
Comendyt the les for that wes he. 
The statis off Frawns soucht for-thi 
Till the Pape than Zachary, 
And prayid hym be hys consaille 
To decerne for thare governale, 350 

Quhether he war worth till hawe the crown, 
That had be vertu the renowne 
Off manhad, helpe, and off defens, 
And thare-till couth gyve diligens ; 
Or he that lay in lythyrnes 
Worth to nakyn besynes. 

For the cornoune state than he 
Decretyd hym thar kyng to be, 
That wes lyk to mak defens 
For hys land wyth dyligens ; 
Bot the possessoure to procure 360 

He gave thame byddyng wyth honoure 
And abowndans off ryches. 

Wyth Hilderyk swa done it wes : 
Than past he by till ane abbay, 
And led hys lyff till hys enday. 
And Pypyne for hys gret renowne 
Kyng wes made, and bare the crowne. 

CH. iv.] OF SCOTLAND. 77 

And in lele maryage efftyr that 

He to swne gud Charlys gat, 370 

That succedyt be that chans 

Kyng till all the rewme off Frans, 

And syne deyd [gud] Empryoure, 

As yhe have herd, wyth gret honoure. 

Be this ensawmpill yhe may ken, 
That offt wertu relevys men. 
Honowre drawys till dygnyteis 
Be wertu oftsys, as men seys. 
Dignyte wyth-owt wertu 

Is litill repute off walu : 380 

This is the sentens off Boes, 
That a wys clerk commendyt wes. 

In this mene tyme the kyng cald Hed 
Off Scottis deyd. Than in hys stede 
Hys swne ras, thai callyd Fergus. 
Bot this Hed that cald wes thus, 
Wes cald Hed-Fyn in Scottis lay. 
In Inglys Hed-Qwhyt that is to say. 
'This Fergws Hed swne, quhen he wes awlde, 
Had a swn, wes cald Sewald 390 

(Sum men cald that swne Cokall), 
I That kyng wes oure the Scottis all. 

Hys sown Dowgall gat Alpyne. 
F. 133. b. Kyned Mak- Alpyne gat he syne. 

Hed and thir kyngys were 
Before Alpyne fyfty yhere. 



Chapiter tdlis here 

wWHEN Charlys dayis war all done, 

Lowys nest hym, hys awyne sone, 

Twenty yhere he wes and fyve 

Empryowre nest successyve. 400 

And this Leo Pape than dede, 

Stevyn the ferd thare tuk hys stede. 

Syne Pascale, and Ewgenius, 

Valeriane, and Gregorius 

The ferd, held the Papys se. 

The Sarracenys wyth thaire menyh^ 
The cyt off Eome than oure-yhud : 
Sa mony thai war in multitud, 
That all the land thai tuk off fors, 
And stabilid in kyrkys thare thaire hors. '410 
In till Eome all this tyme wes 
The Crystyne men in gret dystres : 
For sum fals Crystyne men, that war than, 
Wrat owt off Eome till the Soldan, 
And sayd, gyve he wald cum in hy 
Till Eome, he mycht wyn [all] Ytaly. 
Apon that he come on were, 
And wastyd all wyth hys powere 
Tuskane, Eome, and Ytaly. 

The Empryowre Lowys wyth gret hy 420 

The Lumbarddys gaddryd als[sa] fast 
Till hym, and to Eome he past : 

CH. v.] OF SCOTLAND. 79 

Wyth thai Sarracenys faucht he then, 

Quhare mony ware slayne off Crystyne men ; 

Bot off the Sarracenys slayne war ma. 

Owt off the land he gert thame ga, 

Bot as thai past in to that quhille, 

All Poyhl^ thai wastyd and Sycille. 
A gret fyreflawcht and a felle 

Than hapnyd in Borne, as I herd telle, 430 

All a nycht atoure fleyand 

Lyk till dragownys fyr schutand. 

A mayden als in that cuntre", 

But mete or drynk, lyvyd yheris thre, 

And all that tyme in a full streyuth. 

Off haylstanys than ane fell off leynth 

Off mannys fute met fyftene, 

And awcht fute brayd, that wes well sene. 
Quhen this Pape deyd the ferd Gregore, 
| Quham off yhe last herd here before, 440 

The secund Sergyus yheris thre 

Wes Pape full[y] and held that se. 

In that tyme he crownyd thare 
F. 134, The Empryowre, that than wes cald Lothare. 

Leo the ferd nest Sergyus 

Off Eome wes pape, quhen Adulphus 

Off Ingland kyng, Frere Martyne sayis, 

Past off hys land in to tha dayis, 

As in gud haly pylgrynage 

Till Eome takand hys wayage. 450 

Eessaywyd he wes thare curtaysly, 

And festyd offt delytably. 
I Befor this Pape off Eome Lyowne 

Be wow and clere devotyowne 

To the kyrk ilk[a] yhere 


Off Eome he heycht a denere 

To pay (a penny that is to say) 

Off ilk fyre hows fra that day 

In Yngland to the Kyrk off Eome 

Evyr mare to the day off Dome 460 

For hym and hys ayris all. 

The rekpenny thai oysyd to call 

In all landis that payment, 

That this kyng dyd in gud intent. 


dDff a fj opt, that teas than 
Jfhora be nante, attb teas E0matt. 

this Leo the ferd wes dede, 
A woman occupyd that sted 
Twa yhere as Pape full, and mare. 
Scho wes to wantown off hyr ware. 
Scho wes Inglis off natyowne, 
Eycht wyly off condytyowne, 470 

A burges dochtyr, and hys ayre ; 
Pryve, plesand, and rycht fayre : 
Thai cald hyr fadyr Hob off Lyne. 
Fra fadyr and modyr and all hyr kyne, 
Wyth hyr luwe scho past off land, 
A woman yhong till eyld growand ; 
And at Athenys in study 
Scho bayd, and leryd ythandly : 
(And nane persayvyd hyr woman, 
Bot all tyme kythyd hyr as man) 480 

And cald hyrselff Jhon Magwntyne. 


Yha wyt yhe welle, a schrewe fyne. 

Swne agayne fra Grece to Home 
As a solempne clerk scho come, 
And had off clergy sic renowne, 
That be Concorde electyowne 
Pape scho wes chosyn thare : 
Yhit fell [it] that hyr cubiculare 
By hyr lay, and gat a barne : 

That all hyr clergy couth noucht warne. 490 

In till processyown on a day, 
F. 134. b. As scho past in till the way, 
Hyr chyld-ill all suddanly 
Travalyd hyr sa angyrly, 
That suddanly thare wes [scho] dede, 
And erdyd in that ilk stede 
Wyth-owt prayere, or orysown, 
Or ony kyn devotyown, 
And but all othir honeste", 
Solempne, or in priwate*. 500 

Benedict neyst that Wyff 
Twa yhere Pape wes, in hys lyff. 


xrff f)dtti0, the 

A.D. A 

815. AWCHT hundyr wyntyr and fyftene 

Fra God tuk fleysch off Mary schene, 
Leo and Charlys bath ware dede, 
And Lowys than in Charlys stede. 
The kyng off Peychtis Constantyne 



Be Tay than fowndyd Dwnkeldyne, 
A place solempne cathedrale, 
Dowyd welle in temporalle. 
The byschape and chanownys thare 
Serwys God and Saynct Colme, seculare, 
Off oure byschoprykis, off renowne 
The thryd, and reputatyowne. 


iFTYE that Natyvyte", 
That wes the matere off oure gle*, 
Aucht hundyr wyntyr and twenty, 
Quheyn ma, or les, bot few [thar]-by, 
Be Saynct Andrew spyrytualy 
He confordyde hym rycht heyly : 
Hwngus the Kyng off Peychtis than 
Faucht agayne Adhelstan, 
And wan hym off fors in fycht, 
And browcht hym, for all hys mycht, 
Till Elstanfurd by Hadyngtown ; 
And mad hym accusatyown, 
That he dyde a gret dispyte 
Till hys men, and na condyte 
Wald hald, na kepe to thaim his fay, 
Quhill prisownyd wyth hym war thai. 
Swa, for hys gret falshede 
Thare he gert stryk off hys hede ; 
And on a spere gert heyly 
Than bere it to the Qwenys-ferry : 
In to that crage he gert but lete 
That hewyd apon a stayke be sete. 
Than fwrth in hys devotyowne 
[He] ekyd the dotatyowne 

CH. vm.] OF SCOTLAND. 83 

Off Saynt Andrewys Kyrk in fe 

F. 135. Wyth landis in regalyte. 540 

Syne Sanctandrewys relykis thare 
Wytht honowre gret ressaywyd ware. 
Era [that] done all hys dayis were, 
The Peychtis ware noucht twenty yhere 
Wyth-in the kymyk off Scotland 
In powere or off mycht bydand. 


D0to Qlpgnt ioan in dmlfomg ; 

Jtttb hxrto <aBnt Gobmtmhe toe* slagtte abmg. 

A.D. A 

840. jtjLWCHT hundyr wyntyr and fourty 

Fra God wes borne off oure Lady, 
Alpyne kyng wes yheris thre. 
Wyth the Peychtis swa faucht he, 550 

That mony off thame wyth fors off hand 
Owt he pwt than off Scotland. 
He wan off were all Galluway : 
Thare wes he slayne, and dede away, 
Quhen Lowys wes Empryoure, 
Charlys sowne, in gret honoure, 
A.D. Aucht hundyr wyntyr fourty and thre 
Efftyr the blyst Naty vyte. 

Quhen Alpyne this kyng wes dede, 
He lefft a sowne was cald Kyned : 560 

Dowchty man he wes and stowt. 
All the Peychtis he put owte. 
Gret bataylys than dyde he 
To pwt in fredwme hys cuntre. 


Fra the Peychtis left the land, 
Sextene yhere he wes lyvand. 
' Owt off Ergyle the Scottis 

He browcht, and quhare that the Peychtis 

Had before than thaire duellyng, 

He gert thame duell, and wes thare kyng: 570 

And tretyd the Scottis favorably, 

And thame defendyd manlyly. 

Lawys he mad that efftyre syne 

War cald the lawys Mak-Alpyne. 

At Fortevyot hys lyff tuk end. 

Till Ikolmkill than wes he send : 

Thare enteryd yhit he lyis 

Wndyr epitaphe on this wyis : 

Primus in Albania fertur regnasse Kynedus, 
Films Alpini, prelia multa gerens. 

Expulsis Pictis regnaverat octo bis annis : 
Et post Fortevyot mortuus ille fuit. 

A.D. Aucht hundyr fyfty yhere and nyne 

Fra lychtare wes the swet Virgyne, 580 

Saynt Edmwnd off Est Ingland 
F. 135. b. Tuk all the kynryk in hys hand. 
And that ilke yhere, wes dede 
The King off Scottis this Kynede. 

Downald hys brodyre, in Scotland 
Wes efftyre hym as kyng regnand 
Foure yhere ; and syne at Skwne 
Be slawchtyr wes hys dayis dwne. 
In Ikolmkill lyis he : 

Thare thir wers wryttyne men may see : 590 

Rex Donaldus erat in Scotia quatuor annis : 
In lello miles strenuus ille fuit. 

CH. viii.] OF SCOTLAND. 85 

Regis predicti f rater fuit ille Kynedi, 
Qui Scone fertur subitus esse neci. 

Quhen dede wes Donald, Constantyne 
Nest efftyr hym kyng wes syne 
Fyftene wyntyr in Scotland, 
And wyth the Norwayis than fychtand 
Wes slayne in till Verdofatha. 
In Ykolmkill he lyis alsua : 
Oure hys grawe yhit to rehers 
Wryttyne men may fynd thir wers ; 

Jam Constantinus fuerat Bex quinque ter annis: 
Regis Kynedifilius ille fuit. 

In bello pugnans Dacorum corruit armis : 
Nomine Nigra specus est, ubi pugna fuit. 

This Constantyne than regnand 
Oure the Scottis in Scotland, 600 

Saynt Adriane wyth hys cumpany 
Come off the land off Hyrkany, 
And arrywyd in to Fyffe, 
Quhare that thai ehesyd to led thar lyff. 
At the kyng than askyd thai 
Leve to preche the Crystyn fay. 
That he grantyd wyth gud will, 
And thaire lykyng to fullfille, 
And [leif] to duell in to his land, 
Quhare thai couth ches it mayst plesand. 610 

Than Adriane wyth hys cumpany 
Togydder come tyl Caplawchy. 
Thare sum in to the He off May 
Chesyd to byde to thare enday. 
And sum off thame ehesyd be northe 
In steddis sere the Wattyr off Forth. 
In Invery Saynct Monane, 


That off that cumpany wes ane, 

Chesyd hym sa nere the s 

Till lede hys lyff : thare endyt he. 620 

Hwb, Haldane, and Hyngare 
Off Denmark this tyme cummyn ware 
In Scotland wyth gret multitude, 
And wyth thare powere it oure-yhude. 
F. t36. In hethynnes all lyvyd thai ; 
And in dispyte off Crystyn fay 
In to the land thai slwe mony, 
And put to dede by martyry. 
And apon Haly Thurysday 

Saynt Adriane thai slwe in May 630 

Wyth mony off hys cumpany : 
In to that haly He thai ly. 

Than past thai furth in Ingland 
Fast Crystyne men thare slayand. 
That tyme thare thai browcht to grownd 
The kyng off that land, Saynct Edmwnd 
A.D. Aucht hundyr wyntyr and sevynty 
And aucht to rekyn fullyly. 

Hed regnyd bot a yhere, 

This Constantynys brodyr dere : 640 

Bathe war thai sownnys off Kynede 
Mak-Alpyne. Gregore slwe this Hede ; 
And efftyre hym neste wes he kyng, 
And Scotland had in governyng. 
In Ycolmkill lyis hys body 
Wndyr this epitaphy ; 

Ejusdem f rater regnaverat Alpius Hedus, 
Qui Greg-Makdougall saucius ense peril. 

Hie, postquam primum regni compleverat annum, 
In StratTi-haline vitam vulnere finierat. 

CH. ix.] OF SCOTLAND. 87 

Thai off Denmark in this qwhylle 
In Ingland wes in gret peryle, 
Sum off thaim than for thaire syne 
The erd opnyd and s welly d in : 650 

And off that folk he wes ane, 
That be name wes cald Haldane. 
Quhare he swa peryst is nowe na grene, 
Bot a blak loucht, that yhit is sene : 
And that blak lowcht, as I herd telle, 
Cald is thare yhit Haldanys Welle. 


(irgg all Injjlanb toatt, 
xrff (Sanriattbratoi* fflisthze than. 

A.D. A 

881. ^i_WCHT hundyre yhere foure score and ane 

Fra God off Mary flesch had tane, 
Pape off Some than Nycholes 
Nyne yhere in that sege wes ; 660 

And Lowys the secund Empryoure 
Wes twenty yhere in that honowre. 
This Gregor kyng, that slayne had Hede, 
Kyng wes regnand in hys stede 
Auchtene wyntyr, and than he 
In gret state held that reawte". 
The Kyrk off Scotland, befor hys dawys 
That grevyd wes be the Peychtis lawys, 
F. 136. b. He relewyd in gret fredome, 

Fra in the kynryk kyng he come. 670 

All Ingland he wan off were, 
And Irland nere, wyth hys powere. 


He lyis als in Ycolmkill : 
Hys epitaphy red quha will : 

Greg sua jura gerens annis deca Rex Jit et octo. 
In Dundorne prdbus morte retentus erat. 

Hie dedit Ecclesie libertatem Scoticane, 
Que sub Pictorum lege redacta fuit. 

Hujus ad imperium fuit Anglia tota subacta, 
Quod non leva dedit sors sibi bella terens. 

This Greg, that I spak off beforne, 
Tuk hys endyng at Dwndorne. 

All thus this kyng, hys KYNG that kend, 
Had grace in hap hys tyme to spend. 
For he luwyd God, and Haly Kyrk, 
Wyth wyt he wan hys will to wyrke. 680 

Thoucht and deidhe mad bath ewyn, 
And send hys spyryte syne till hewyn. 

Pryncys yharnand hey honoure 
This kyng suld hald tyl thaire myrowre. 
To luwe fyrst God, and Haly Kyrke, 
Gywe thai thaire will wyll wysly wyrke. 
Quha God to greve will [hafj na drede, 
He sail offt spwrne, quhen he wald spede, 
And at hys last end wrechydly 
Sail be condampnyd perpetually. 690 

Off Saynt Andrewys byschape than 
Wes Kellawch, cald a haly man, 
Quhen that kyng wes this Gregore, 
Quham off yhe herd me spek before. 

Neyst this Pape Nycholes 
Pape off Eome fywe wyntyr wes 
Haldand that Se Schyre Adryane. 
He send Legatis in Brettayne 
To renew thare Crystyn fay, 

CH. x.] OF SCOTLAND. 89 

That takyn before lang had thai. 700 

Jhon the auchtand Pape wes syne. 
Till hym succedyt the Pape Martyne : 
8 g 5 ' Aucht hundyr yhere four score and fywe 
Martyne this Pape endyde hys lywe. 

Charlys than, a kyng off Frans, 
Hapnyd be a fellowne chans 
To be rywyn wyth a bare 
In hwntyng ; swa he deyd thare. 

Quhen Gregorys dayis ware all dwne, 
Donald, Constantynis swne, 710 

Wes kyng in Scotland off powere, 
And held that state ellewyn yhere. 
In Murrawe syne he murthrysyd was 
In till that towne is cald Foras. 
In Ycolmkill lyis he : 
F. 137. Owth hym thir wers yhit men may se ; 

Post hunc in Scotia regnavit Rex Do[ve]naldus : 
Hie Constantini filius ortus erat. 

In villa fertur Rex iste perisse Forensi, 
Undecimo regni sole rotante sui. 


the Ipgng Cxmstzmtitt* 


908. 1> YNE hundyr wyntyr and aucht yhere, 

Quhen gayne all Donaldis dayis were, 

Heddis sowne cald Constantine 

Kyng wes [thretty] yhere : and syne 720 

Kyng he sessyd for to be, 


And in Sanctandrewys a Kylde. 
And thare he lyvyd yheris fywe, 
And Abbot made, endyd hys lyre. 
Off hym thare-fore wes this wers 
In Latyne wryttyn to rehers ; 

CoTistantinus item, cujus pater Hedfuit Albus, 
Bis deca Rex annis vixerat atque decem. 

Andree Sanctifuit hie quinquennis in urbe : 
Eeligionis ibi jure fruens obiit. 

Bot in the Pape Jhonys dayis 
The auchtand, as Frere Martyne sayis, 
Charlys the thryd than Einpryoure 
Bad a yhere owre in that honowre 730 

[And] monethys to tha thrys thre. 
Abbays mony fowndyd he, 
And kyrkis of relygyowne : 
Swa hys tyme in devotyoune 
Wes spendyd and in halynes. 
Flawndrys in hys dayis wes 
Relevyd till ane erldwme 
Wyth custymabill honoure and fredwme ; 
Quhare before that tyme it wes 
Bot a land off gret sympilnes : 740 

The grettest befor lyvand thare 
The Kyng off Frawncis forsteris ware. 
The Dwclie* off Normawndy 
Than fyrst to state ras halyly. 

Quhen this Charlys the thryd wes dede, 
Arnwlphus twelff yhere in hys stede 
Lord wes hale off the Empyre, 
And governyd it as off it Syre. 
Syn byttyne he wes wyth lyis to dede : 
For that he cowth get na remede. 750 

CH. x.] OF SCOTLAND. 91 

Till Jhon the auchtand the Pape Marty ne 
The secund a yhere Pape wes syne. 
In till hys tyme ordanyd he 
In fredwme the Pape to chosyn be : 
Empryoure tharein till hys sete 
Nothir hys helpe, na nakyn lete ; 
Bot that electyowne to be ay 
F. 137. b. In all kyn fredwme fra that day. 

Empryowris and Papys sere 

I leve no we to wryt in here ; 760 

For all thare dedis to record 
Wald lenth the tyme wyth-owt conforde. 

A.D. Nyue hundyr wyntyr fourty and thre 

Efftyr the blest Naty vyt6, 
Quhen dede wes the Kyng Constantyne, 
Kyng off Scotland nest hym syne 
Malcolme-Makdonald yheris thre ; 
And syne in Murrawe slayne wes he. 
In Ycolmkill hys body lyis : 
Hys wers are wryttyn on this wyis ; 770 

Huic Rex Malcolmus successit ter tribus annis, 
Eegis Donaldi filius illefuit. 

Interfecerunt in Wlru Moravienses. 
Gentis apostatice fraude doloque cadit. 

Nest this Malcolme wes regnand 
Indulff nyne yhere in Scotland. 
Fodawche the byschape banysyd he 
Owt off Sanctandrewys hys awyne Se. 
Yhit this byschape nevertheles 
Aucht yhere efftyr that lyvand wes. 
He made a tysstyre in that qwhylle, 
Quhare-in wes closyd the Wangylle, 


Platyd oure wyth silvyre brycht, 

On the hey awtyr standand rycht 780 

At the north end : thare to rehers 

Wyth Scottis hand gravyn ar thir wers ; 

Hanc Evangelii thecam construxit aviti 

Fodawch, qui Scottis primus Episcopus est. 
[In] till Sayntandrewys off Scotland 
Kyrk cathedrale yhit standand 
This tystyr ilke man may se, 
As befor now herd hawe yhe. 

This kyng Indulff faucht sa fast 
Wyth the Norwayis, quhill at the- last 
He wes at Colly slayne in fycht. 
In Ycolmkill syne wes he rycht 790 

Enteryd : and thare to rehers 
Owth hym wryttyn were thir wers ; 

Post liunc Indulfus totidem regnaverat annis 
Ens Constantini filius Heddhayde. 

In hello pugnans ad fluminis hostia Collyne 
Dacorum gladiis protinus occubuit. 

Quhen Indulf kyng wes dede away, 
Dwlff wes kyng efftyre hys day : 
In Murrawe dede efftyr he was 
In the towne murthrysyd off Foras, 
And karyd out off that towne wes he 
Dede on a nycht in priwate" 
Till a wattyr by rynnand, 

That cald is Fyndarne in Scotland: 800 

In till a pwle wndyr the bryg 
Thai kest hym downe, and lete hym lyg. 
F. 138. Bot thare wes newyre Sowne schenand 
Thare sene, quhille he wes thare lyand : 
And be the takyn off that thyng 

CH. x.] OF SCOTLAND. 93 

Men trowyd that thare than lay the kyng. 

Than thai rypyd thare sa fast, 

Quhill he wes fowndyn at the last. 

Owth hym, quhare hys body lyis, 

Thir wers ar wryttyn on this wys ; 810 

Quatuor et semis Eex Duff regnavit aristis, 
Malcolmo natus, regia jura gerens. 

Hunc interfecit gens perfida Moraviensis. 
Cujus erat gladiis cesus in urbe Foras. 

Sol dbdit radios, ipso sub ponte latente, 
Quofuit absconsus, usque repertus erat. 

Quhen this kyng Duff ded wes then, 
Nest hym ras the kyng Culen. 
As kyng regnyd yheris fowre 
In Scotland, [and] ane half yhere owre. 

In to this kynryk wes a man, 
Eodard be name that cald [was] than : 
He hade a dochtyr fayre and yhyng 
And rycht plesand ; quharfore this kyng 
Kewysyd hyr. Eodard for-thi 
Slw this kyng in hys foly ; 820 

As is nottyd be thire wers, 
Oppynly to mak rehers ; 

Filius Indulfi totidem quoque Rexfuit annis, 
Nomine Culenus ; virfuit insipiens. 

Fertur apud Lovias ilium truncasse Rodardus 
Pro rapta nata, quam sibi Rex rapuit. 

To this Kyng Culen dede, 
Malcolmys sowne the Kyng Kynede 
Wes oure the Scottis in Scotland 
Twenty yhere and foure regnand. 
The Erie off Angws in hys dayis 
Conquhare cald, the story sayis, 


Had a dochtyre Fynbelle cald, 

The quhilk had a sone yhong and bald : 830 

At Dwnsynane this Kyned 

The kyng put this man to dede. 

Fra thine hys modyr had ay in thowcht 

To ger this kyng to dede be browcht ; 

And for scho cowth noucht do that be mycht, 

Scho made thame traytowyrs be hyr slycht, 

That, the kyng befor than wend, 

For hys lele legis hade bene kend. 

As throw the Mernys on a day 
The kyng was rydand hys hey way, 840 

Off hys awyne curt [al] suddanly 
Agayne hym ras a cumpany 
In to the towne off Fethyrkerne : 
To fecht wyth hym thai ware sa yherne, 
F. 138. b. And he agayne thame faucht sa fast ; 
Bot he thare slayne was at the last. 
And off this makand rehers 
Owth hym wryttyn ar thire wers ; 

Post quern rexfertur Scotis regnasse Kynediis 
Malcolmi natus guatuor et deca bis. 

Isle Fethyrkerne telis fit et arte peremptus 
Nate Cuncari Fimbel fraude cadens. 

Quhen Constantyne Kyng Culynys swne 
The Kyng Kyned to dede had dwne, 850 

At the wattyr hed off Awyne 
The Kyng Gryme slwe this Constantyne. 
He wes bot othire half yhere kyng, 
Quhen all thus hapnyd hys endyng. 
Swa wryttyne owth hym ar thire wers 
In Latyne, that yhe may rehers ; 

CH. x.] OF SCOTLAND. 95 

Rex Constantinus Culenifilius ortus, 

Ad caput amnis Awyne ense peremptus erat. 

[In jus regale regens vno rex et semis annis 
Ipsum Kenedus Malcolomida ferit.} 

Quhen Constantyne wes slayne, neyst hyme 
The selff slayare the Kyng Gryme 
Succedyd, and aucht yhere than regnand 
In to the kynryke off Scotland. 860 

The Kyng Malcolme fellownly 
.Slwe this kyng in Bardory. 
Hys epitaphy than in wers 
Wryttyn thus men may rehers ; 

Annorum spatio Hex Grym regnaverat octo 
Kynedi natus, qui genitus Duf erat. 

Quo truncatus erat, Bardorum campus habetur, 
A nato Kyned nomine Malcolomi. 

Quhen dede wes thus this Kyng Gryme, 
Malcolme ras kyng, that slayne had hyme : 
And thretty wyntyre in Scotland 
Kyng this Malcolme wes regnand. 
He wes in deyd a manly knycht, 
Bawld, and stowt, worthy, and wycht. 870 

In to the Glammys on a day, 
For he had rewyst a fayre May 
Off the land thare lyand by, 
Thar ras agayne hym suddanly ; 
Mony off thame thare gert he de, 
And mony als ware threte to fle ; 
Bot yhit fechtand nevertheles 
Slayne in to that feld he wes. 

Quhen that thus all hys dayis wes dwne, 
Efftyre hym he lefft na swne ; 880 

Bot a dochtyre Bethok fayre 


He lefft off kynd to be hys ayre : 
Scho wes to Cryny in hyre lyffe, 
The Abbot of Dunkeldynys wyffe, 
To bere wytnes ar thir wers 
F. 139. Thar-off made now to rehers ; 

Rex quoque, Malcolmiis deca ter regnaverat annis : 

In pugnis miles victoriosus erat. 
In vico Glammys rapuit quandamque puellam. 

Sub pede prostratis hostibus ille perit. 
Abbatis Cry ni, jam dicti,filia Regis 
Uxor erat Bethok, nomine digna sibi. 


d^tohen the @mprg0tor.e <Dt0 
0zt anb stab in 

A.D. AT 

990. IX YNE hundyr wyntyr and nynty 
Fra God wes borne off myld Mary, 
Benet the secund wes Pape off Borne 
And Kepare off the Crystyndome, 890 

And Oto the secund Empryowre 
Aucht wyntyr wes in that honowre : 
He wes in deyd a dowchty knycht, 
Stowt off manhad and off mycht. 

Off Agare and off Barbary 
Twa gret ostys hawtanly 
Come in Calabyre all off were 
Arayid welle wyth gret powere : 
Wyth fyre and arrays thai broucht downe, 
And wastyd all that regyowne. 900 

Agayne thaim off Romanys 


He gadryd, and off Almahnys ; 

Wyth thai strawngeris he fawcht sa fast, 

That thai hym vencust at the last. 

Bath hys ostis fra hym flede, 

Fewe bydand in to that sted 

"Wyth hym ; hot, as hym behowyd, 

Owt off the feld he hym removyd : 

And till a schype, that nere wes by, 

And [to] sayle made all redy, 910 

He come rynnand in gret hast, 

As owt off pres he had bene chast, 

And fenyheyd hym a sympill knycht, 

That eschapyd fra that fycht, 

And sayd, to pas in pylgrimage 

He thare wes in hys wayage 

To the bwrch off Jerusalem, 

And fra that syne to Bethleem. 

For-thi he made thame fayre prayare, 

Owre S6" that he mycht wytht thame fayre. 920 

All thus he gate be fayre trete* 

In thare [galay than] entre*. 

And as thai ware on se sayland, 
In Grewe [he] hard thame thare sayand, 
That thai wald hald on in that trade 
Tyl Constantynopill, and in that rade 
F. 139. b. Thai wald stryk, and thare tak land, 
And mak off that knycht a presand, 
For reward wyth gret honoure, 
Till hym, that than wes Empryoure 930 

Off Constantynopill. Quhen he this herd, 
In till hys hart he wes aferd : 
For he wndyrstud [rycht] welle 

Off Grewe the langage ilke delle : 



Bot the schypemen trowyd noucht, 

Off that twng that he cowth owcht. 

Swa, he be-thowcht hym off a wyle, 

How thai schypmen he mycht begylle. 

The mastyre than in prewate" 

He cald, and sayd till hym, that he 940 

All hys gold had in that He, 

That thai ware sayland by, Sycyle, 

For-thi, he sayd, it ware hys will, 

Gyff thai wald gyff consent thare-till, 

Apon the land thare to be set, 

Hys gold that he had than to get ; 

And swne he suld than cum agayne. 

Thai grawntyd him this, for thai war fayne, 

And trowyd rycht welle than, that he 

Off gold had a gret quantyte" ; 950 

All that thai thowcht fra hym to ta, 

And mak hym presonare alsua. 

Apon land thai set hym rycht, 

And fra he gat owt off thare sycht, 

He sped hym in gret hy to Eome. 

And thidder efftyr that he come, 

All thai schypmen he gert spy, 

Quhill thai agayne come : than in hy 

He gert thai traytoures ewyre ilkane 

Arestyd be, and qwyke all tane, 960 

Fourty thai ware in sowme and ma ; 

Thare hedys all he tuk thame fra, 

And qwyt thaim swa thare warysowne, 

That wald have done hym this tresowne. 

OH. xii.] OF SCOTLAND. 99 


.Siltestgr the 0*omfo than 
to be $opt, the ibtotlU0 man. 


1004. r EA that Natyvyte" past oure 

A thowsand yhere and thare-to foure, 

Fra that dede wes this Benet, 

Nest hym foure Papys had thaire det 

Payd off kynd, and tane thare dede. 

Thare succedyt in thare stede 970 

The secund Silvestyr, and yheris foure 

Wes Pape off Rome, and mare atoure, 
F. 140. A Frankys man be natyowne, 

A mownk yhit be professyowne 

Off the Abbay Floryacens 

In the byschapryke off Aurelyens. 

Bot prewaly he stall away 

A nycht owt off hys abbay, 

And worthyd ane apostata. 

And qwhill that he [was] lyvand swa, 980 

He desyryd oure mesoure 

Hey statis wytht honowre : 

Apon that in prywate" 

Wyth the Dewill he had tret4, 

And mad hym full homage. 

And he thare heycht hym avawntage ; 

That wes, relevyd that he suld be, 

Or he deyd, in the Papys Se ; 

And in the meyne tyme wyth-all 

Till othir statis that mycht fall. 990 


The byschapryke off Eeyns swne 
Fell vacand ; in it than wes he dwne. 
The Archebyschapryke off Eawen 
Wakyd efftyr ; that gat he then. 
Efftyre that wakyd the Papys Se ; 
Chosyne to that swne wes he. 
Fra state to state thus ras he fast, 
Pape qwhill he wes at the last. 

Hys promotowre oft hym assayid, 
How off hys state he held hym payid ? 1 000 

All wele, he awnsweryd blythely, 
And thankyd hym off his curtasy. 

Quhen he was in hys state heyast, 
In till hys thowcht ay wald he cast, 
Efftyr-hend hys statis all 
How the latere end suld fall. 
Than at hys falow, on a day, 
Togyddyr quhen thai war in thare play, 
He askyd hym, how lang that he 
In till that state suld ly wand be. 1010 

The Dewill awnsweryd till hym agayne, 
That in all ese, wyth-owtyn payne, 
He suld lyve in prosperyte", 
Jerusalem quhill he suld se, 
And in till it syng hys Mes. 
This Pape than blyth off this word wes. 

[And] it fell efftyr on a day, 
As in till oys the Pape had ay, 
Wyth the Collage throwch the towne 
To gang intill processyowne. 1020 

Than sone till a kyrk thai come, 
That thai Jerusalem cald in Eome ; 
And quhen the Pape rewestyd wes 


Be the custwme to syng the Mes, 
He herd abowt hym wgsum dyn, 
F. 140. b. As mony dewillys had bene thare in. 

Than speryd he, quhat thai oysyd to call 

That kyrk. Than thai awnsueryd all, 

Jerusalem in Vy Laterane. 

Than sychys made he mony ane ; 1030 

And made a predicatyowne 

Off hys obligatyowne ; 

And offt cryid Allace ! alias, 

That ewyre off hys modyr borne he was ! 

Bot ay [he] trowyd lelely, 

Off hym that Gode wald have mercy. 

Than gert he fyrst hys twng owt tak, 

That wyth the Dewill the wordys spake : 

He gert stryk off hys twa handys, 

That festnyng wes off the cownandys : 1040 

And hys twa fete in to deyde 

He gert stryk off, syne thai yheyd 

To the Dewill in to that place, 

Quhare festnyd all thare cownandys was. 

Swa off hys menbrys he mad dewyce, 

That serwyd the Dewill off thaire office. 

All tha till hym in lyff he yhawld : 

Tak thame till hym, gywe he wauld. 

Bot he comendyd till endure 

Hys spyryt till the Creature. 1050 

Swa, mony trowyd than, that he 

Wyth Halowys tuk hys sawffte. 

This Silvester in yhowthade 
To name Gerbert be baptysyne hade : 
And off hym was made thire wers, 
As he was greyd till rehers ; 


" Transit ab R Gerbertus in It, fit Papa vigens JR." 
(Quia fuit promotus ab archiepiscopatu Ramen- 
si ad archiepiscopatum JRavenensem, et ultimo 
ad Papam Romanum.} 
He had twa lordys at lare, 

That hys yhong scolarys sumtyme ware, 

Schyr Oto the fyrst Empryoure, 

And Kobert, that Kyng wes wyth honowre 1060 

Off Frawns. And he Pape lyvand thus, 

Made wes Sancti Spiritus 

Assit nobis gratia ; 

That sequence, wyth othir nia 

Wersys, men oysis for to say 

like yhere on Wytsonday, 

Befor the Wangell in the qwere 

At the Hey Mes like yhere. 

The Denmarkis wyth stalwart hand 

Dystroyid the so wth than off Inglaud, 1070 

All Cawntyrbery, and Lyncolnsyre, 

Wyth armys, wapnys, and wyth fyre. 

Men, barnys and women 

Thai sowmyd ay be ten and ten : 
F. 141. The tend part thai kepyd qwyk ; 

The lawe thai wald all sla and styk, 

Sparand na condytyown, 

Seculare, na off religyown. 

Aucht hundyr sowmyd than ware kend 

Off persownys sauffyd for the tend, 1080 

And foure monkys : bot fellownly 

The lawe ware slayne downe but mercy. 
Off Ingland that tyme the barnage 

Payid to the Denmarkis gret trewage, 

Foure and fourty thowsand pwnde 


Off' wsuale mone, gud and rownd. 

And for Saynct Elpheg wald noucht pay 

Thre thowsand pownd off that monay, 

Bot for the kyrk of Cawntyrbery 

Till hald it fre he stwde fennly, 1090 

Quhare-off he wes byschape than, 

Thire tyrandys tuk this haly man, 

And held hym lang in till herd pyne : 

A lurdane off thame slwe hym syne, 

That he confermyd in Crystyn fay 

Befor that oure-gane bot a day. 


n that a Pajw foftcrr 
ftottbgn jstanfcanfo in a 

A.D. A 

1014. jt\. THOWSAND wyntyr and fourtene 

Fra God wes borne off Mary clene, 

The awchtand Benet tuk the Se 

Off Eome as Pape, and that yhere he 1100 

Owte off that sege wes pwtand downe : 

And ane othir in till it swne 

Wes set, and gret scyssme" swa 

Eas that tyme betwene tha twa. 

Bot that Pape Benet dede, 

And ane othir set in hys sted, 

As Petyre Damyane thare-off sayis, 

Thare was a byschape in thai dayis, 

That on a blak hors saw rydand 

This Pape bodyly thare sittand. 1110 

This byschape wnabayssytly 


Spak to that spyryte than stowtly, 
And sayd, " Is thow noucht that Benet, 
That quhylome held the Papys set ? 
And now we wat welle, that thow art dede, 
Ane othir haldand that ilk stede." 
" That sary Benet," [he] sayd, " am I, 
That led that state wnworthyly." 
" Fadyr," he sayd, " thow tell me nowe 
Thi state." And he sayd, " Yhit I trowe 1 1 20 
Owt off thir [Hie] paynys frely 
To be delyweryd be mercy 
Off my rychtwys Creatoure, 
Be prayere off the Madyn pwre, 
F. 141. b. That is my helpe and my succoure. 
Ga thow till Jhon my successoure, 
And byd hym sek this certane plas 
Be name, for in it sum tyme was, 
And yhit is, off gold a sowme lyand. 
Byd hym, that he be off that gyvand 1 130 

Till pure men all, for in na thyng 
That I delte in my lyvyng, 
Helpys me nowe ; for be thyfft, 
Oppyn reffe, or wrangwys gyft, 
Or wyth falshad, all I wan 
The gud, that I dyspendyd than." 

This byschape dyd hys byddyng welle, 
And fullfiUyd ilke deUe ; 
And lefft hys byschapryk that day, 
And rendryde hym mownke in ane abbay: 1140 
Swa, entryd in religyown, 
He deyd in till devotyown. 

Quhen Benet the auchtand Pape wes dede, 
Jhon the twentyd tuk that sted. 


Nest hym Benet the nynd : than he 
Fourtene wyntyr held that Se. 
Gret ryotis, as Frere Martyne sayis, 
Fell in till this Benetis days. 
For off that state quhille he, qwhill he, 
Off syndry persownys, held that Se. 1150 

Bot this Pape the nynd Benet 
Till Benet the auchtand, that that set 
Held before, wes newow nere. 
Bot efftyre that he wes broucht on bere, 
Till a bysyn best all lyke 
Sene he wes besyd a dyke, 
That nere hand a myll wes made. 
For bath hewyd and tale he had 
As a hors, and hys body 

All till a bere wes mast lykly. 1 160 

He, that hym saw, wes than sa rad, 
That, for the dowt, he wes in stad, 
He wald rycht fayne have bene away. 
Bot than that best begowt to say, 
" Hawe na dowt, bot I pray the", 
Thow byd a qwhille, and spek wyth me. 
As thow art now, I wes a man 
Sum tyme ; bot I bare me noucht than, 
As I suld hawe dwne off dete ; 
Bot fra that I as Pape wes sete 1170 

In Sege, I bare me all bestly, 
And led my lyff all lustyly : 
Swa, am I now, as thow may se. 
Bot yhit I trow to sauffyd be 
Be helpe off the Virgyne pure 
The Modyre off my Creature." 
Henry the fyrst, and Conrade 


F. 142. In this meyne tyme the Empyre hade ; 
Til Henry Conrade successywe : 
He mad gret lawys in hys lywe. 1180 

Quhat evyre he wes, that brak his pes, 
Off qwhat condytyown sa evyr he wes, 
He suld thole the payne off dede, 
But ony manere off remede. 

An Erie than was nere hym by, 
That slwe a man in hys felny ; 
And for that payne, as hym behowyd, 
Prevely he hym removyde 
Till a forest nere thare-by : 

And for till lyve thare qwyetly 1 1 90 

Wyth hys wyff on his tresore, 
That he had gaddryd lang before, 
A nianer plas thar byggyd he 
For hym, hys wyff, and hys menyhe. 

The Empryoure than on a day 
Rad in hwntyng hym to play, 
And trawelyd sa lang in that forast 
In gamyn, quhill all that day oure past, 
And the myrk nycht [al] suddanly 
Hym partyd fra hys cumpany. 1200 

And in that myrk nycht wawerand will, 
He hapnyd off cas for to cum till 
That ilke new byggyd plas, 
Quhare that Erie than duelland was. 
Thare he ressayvyd that Empryowre 
Wyth gret reverens and honowre, 
And herbryd hym all that nycht, 
Qwhill on the morne that day wes lycht. 
That ilke nycht, as hapnyd thare, 
The Erlys awyn wyffe wes lychtare 1210 


Off a knawe barne befor day. 
The Empryowre than, quhare he lay, 
Herd a woce twys or thrys 
Oppynly say and on this wys, 
" This chyld now borne Empryowre 
Sail be, and nest successoure 
Till this Conrade, that is syre 
And lord now all hale off the Empyre." 
Era this the Empryoure had herd, 
In till hys thoucht he wes afferde : 1220 

And on the morne rycht ayrly, 
Quhen till hym come hys cumpany, 
Twa men he bad in prewete" 
To wayt ane oportunyte", 
And steyle that barne, and wyth it ga 
To the wode, and thare it sla ; 
And the hart syne till [hym] bryng, 
That he mycht wyt be that taknyng, 
That the barne all dede suld be, 

F. 142. b. And swa ware brokyn destyne*. 1230 

The twa men the chyld tuke sone, 
The Empryowris byddyng for till have done : 
Bot pyte swa movyd thare thoucht, 
That byddyng thai fulfillyd nowcht ; 
Bot in thare gamyn thai slwe a hare : 
The hart off it thai wyth thame bare, 
And gave it to this Schyre Conrad, 
And sayd, thai dyd, as he thame bad ; 
That wes, that thai slwe the child, 
And lefft hym in that forast wild. 1 240 

It hapnyd a Duk to cum rydand, 
Quhare that that child wes qwyk lyand : 
That chyld he tuk, and bare it hame, 


And till hys wyf than sayd he, " Dame, 

Bryng wp this barne now, I pray the ; 

For he may hapnyn oure ayre to be, 

Syne we ar lyk na barne till hawe, 

Nothir madyn child, na knawe." 

The barne scho tuk than blythly, 

And browcht hym wp rycht tendyrly. 1250 

Lang efftyre this, in pylgrinage 
This ilke Empryoure hys wayage 
Tuk, and in till his way 
Wyth this Duk he ete a day. 
Before [the burde] than standand thare 
The Dukis brede this childe than schare ; 
For he wes yhowng, and avenand, 
And till all lordys rycht plesand. 
Be sum consayt yhit than agayne 
The Empryowre wald he had bene slayne. 1260 
Than to that Duk in prewete* 
He sayd, ane erand gret had he 
Foryhet, that the Empryce 
Behowyde to do on onywys : 
Quharefore he made hym than prayere, 
That that chyld mycht a lettyr bere 
Til hys wyff in prewyte". 
The Duk hym lewyd, and than he 
Wrat in that lettyr on this wys, 
Be stray t byddyng the Emprys, 1270 

Scho suld ger that chyld be put to ded, 
Bot ony maner off remed : 
Gyff scho had gert that lettyr rede, 
Thir wordis thare war wryttyne in dede : 
" Visa litera, lator illius morte moriatur" 

Quhen this child thus lewyd was, 

CH. xiii.] OF SCOTLAND. 109 

He buskyd hym hys way to pas, 
And wyst rycht noucht off this perylle. 
Bot it hapnyd in that qwhille, 
Wyth a prest in till his way 1280 

He ete, and bad wyth hym a day. 
F. 143. And as he wes than thare slepand, 
A fayre purs he had hyngand : 
The prest that purs opnyd swne, 
And fand in it that lettyr dwne, 
That he opnyd, and red the payne, 
The berere off it for to be slayne. 
That lettyr away than pwte he qwyte ; 
And sone ane othir than couth he wryte, 
As send fra the Empryowre 1290 

To the Empryce wyth honowre, 
Sayand, " Visa litera, Filia mea latori tradatur." 
" This lettyr sene, my Dochtyre dere, 
Sone thow spows wyth the berere." 
He closyd this lettyr curywsly, 
And in the purs all prewely 
He pwt it, quhare the tothir was. 
The child fra slepe thare-efftyr ras : 
Off all this dede wyst he rycht noucht, 
Bot on hys trawale set hys thoucht, 1300 

And on hys wayage furth he past. 
To the Emprys at the last 
He come, and present wyth honowre 
That lettyr, fra the Empryowre, 
He sayd, wes send : and honestly 
Scho hym resayvyd, and hastyly 
That lettyr scho gert till hyre rede. 
And efftyr that rycht sone in dede 
Scho gave to that child hyr Dochtyr fayre 


Till hys wyff, syne scho wes ayre 1310 

Till hyr lorde the Empryowre, 
As off that lettyr the tenowre 
Bad, that al swa suld be done. 

The Empryowre thare-efftyr sone 
Hapnyd to cum hame suddanly. 
The child remowyd hym prewely, 
Quhill that he mycht here, or se, 
Gyff that all mycht sykkyre be. 
The Empryoure thare-efftyre sone 
Speryd, how that scho had done 1320 

Off that lettyr, that he [hir] send. 
Than tald scho hym fra end till end ; 
And sayd, scho had fullfillyd welle 
All hys byddyng ilka delle. 
And fra he herd [that] this wes done, 
He trowyde he wes the Dukys sone, 
He held hym [payit] off that spowsall, 
And gave that child full governale 
Off hys land wyth hys dochtyr fayre : 
Destyne* swa mad hym ayre 1330 

Till Conrade this Empryoure, 
And tyll hym hys neyst successoure. 

Gyff destyn^ be ony thyng, 
I comend to thare demyng, 
That clerkys are, for nane am I. 
F. 143. I). That me forthynkys inkyrly. 

Swa, qwhen this Conrad wes dede, 
Thys chyld succedyt in hys stede, 
Tytlyde the secund Henry, 
And governyd the Empyre wertusly. 1340 

CH. xiv.] OF SCOTLAND. Ill 


ten fnr ^lorne comz a 
In Jfratonce, io 0e the ^grkt0 0tate. 


N this meyne tyme, wpon chans 
Thare come in to the rewme off Frans 
A Legate send a latere, 
For till wysyd, and till se, 
How the Byschapys governyd ware, 
And led thare state and thare poware. 
Swa, this ilk Legate fand, 
That a Byschape off that land 
Gat that state wyth symony, 
And led hys lyff wytyusly, 1350 

Cowatows, and incontynent. 
This Legate thare-for in jugement, 
Or syttand in chapytere, 
This Byschape he cald, and gert appere ; 
And sayd hym, be publik fame 
Thare put till hym wes gret blame, 
That [he] entryd be symony, 
And lywyd alsua rycht wytyusly. 
This Byschap was a wyly man : 
All thai he had corrumpyd than 1360 

Wyth gret gyfftis, than that he 
Hys accusatowris trowyd to be. 
Quhill this Legate was syttand thare, 
Thare wes na man that wald contrare 
This Byschape in till word or deyde. 
This Legate swa cowth noucht proceyde 


Be ony accusatyowne 
In to that wysitatyowne : 
Bot yhit he trowyd nevertheles, 
All wytyows that this Byschape wes. 1370 

Than sayd the Legate, " Syn I na kan 
' Precede be help off ony man, 
Be Goddis wertu in to dede 
On this wys now I will precede. 
Be [the] Haly Gast now let Be", 
Gyff in thi state wes thi entre", 
Say, Gloria Patri, et Filio, et Spiritui Sancto" 
" Gloria Patri, et Filio" 
The Byschape sayde, and thare mad ho : 
And that rehersyd he offtsys ; 
Offtare yha than anys, or twys ; 1380 

Bot Spiritui Sancto be na way 
Mycht he wyth hys lyppys say. 
The Byschape than confessyd, how he 
Off hys byschapryk gat entre", 
That wes all wyth symony ; 
And led hys lyff all wytyously, 
F. 144. Bath covetows, and incontynent. 
The Legate thare, in jugement, 
Assolyhyd hym off all cursyng, 
And pwnysyd hym for hys lewyng. 1390 

In this meyne tyme in Eome thai fand 
A body off a ded Gyand : 
Fra hewyd to fute, as thai hym mete, 
Gyff he on fwte mycht have bene sete, 
Lyk it war, that he had bene 
Heyare, than than off Eome wes sene 
The wallys all off that cyte", 
The heyast, that than mycht jugyd be. 

CH. xiv.] OF SCOTLAND. 113 

A wound wes sene in till hys syde 

Four fute off lenth, and mar, that tyde. 1400 

And in hys graff wes sergis twa 

Brynnand clere, and ane off tha 

Wes brycht brynnand at his hewyd, 

The tothire at hys fete wes levyd, 

In evynlyk lycht brynnand clere, 

That mycht be sloknyd on na manere 

Be wattyr, na be wyndis blyst : 

Bot gyve a man wald in thame thryst 

A scharpe brode, or than wald styke 

In to thai sergis a scharpe pryke, 1410 

Quhare the ayre mycht hawe entre* ; 

Swa sloknyd mycht thai lychtis be. 

His epitaphy to rehers 

Thus wryttyn thare thai fand thir wers ; 

Filius Evandri Paulas, quern lancea Tumi 

Militis occidit, more suo jacet hie. 
This Geand in till hys tyme was 
Be [name] than callyd Paulas : 
Turmis, the sowne off E wander, 
Before had slayne hyme wyth a spere : 
In to this graffe heyr dede he lyis, 
As yhe all se now on this wys. 1420 

In till Appule, as off a man 
A gret ymage sen wes than 
Off marbyr ; bot a cerkill was 
Sene apperand, as off bras ; 
And all wryttyn thare wyth-owte 
That cerkyll than wes rede abowte, 
" The Kalendis off May, the sowne rysande, 
My hevyd sail be off gold glytterande." 
Sa was thare than a Sarracene, 



That lang tyme presownare had bene ; 1430 

He tuke swilk resowne off this wryte, 
That he thoucht helpe till get off it. 
Swa wayttyd he the fyrst day, 
As the sowne than ras, off May : 
The hewyd he brak off that ymage, 
And thare-off wan he sic a wage, 
That gold he gat in swilk foysowne. 
That it payid all owt hys rawnsowne, 
And mad furth honest governale 
Till hym and hys perpetualle. 1440 

F. 144. b. In this ilke tyme in Frans 

Till a lord hapnyd a fell chans ; 

As he wes syttand at the mete, 

Wyth myis he wes swa wmbesete, 

That wyth hym and hys menyhe" 

He mycht na way get sawffte", 

Na wyth stawys, na wyth stanys, 

Than thai wald clew apon hys banys : 

Na kyn wapnys, that men mycht get, 

Mycht thai myis fra hys body lete ; 1450 

Schype, na bayt, na yhit galay 

Mycht be sawffte" ony way : 

Kowthir on wattyr, na on land, 

Mycht this lord hym get warand. 

Than, bwt ony kyne remede, 

Thir mys pwt this lord to dede. 

The auchtand and the nynd Benet 
In Rome haldand the Papys set, 
Malys in Scotland, a wys man, 
Wes off Saynctandrewys byschape than 1460 

Aucht wyntere. And quhen he 
Wes dede, than Kellawch tuk that Se, 

CH. xv.] OF SCOTLAND. 115 

And held it twenty yhere and fywe. 
He secund Kellauch in hys lywe 
Wes titlyd. And quhen dede wes he, 
The secund Malys tuk that Se. 
Till hym succedyt Schyr Malmore. 
Off thire is gud to mak memore. 


ten the 0ext dre&ore be juijemettt 
fCete 01a thame, that reft the ligrk rent. 

this Benet the nynd wes dede, 
Gregor the sext than tuk that stede, 1470 

And twa yhere held that Se. 
Bot ywill arayid than fand it he ; 
For litill or noucht that tyme he fand, 
That till hys state wes suffycyand ; 
For mony Papys befor his dayis 
Ware rekles, as Frere Martyne sayis, 
For in defawt off gud defens 
Off wertu, or off negligens, 
Gret possessyownys thai tynt qwyte 
Be mysdoarys, that had delyt 1480 

Pylgrymys to tak, and [tulye,] 
Or ony lele men wald dyspoyle. 
Or qwha his cursyng wald noucht drede, 
Agayne thame swa he wald precede, 
As to be takyn, and to be slayne, 
Or in presowne to thole the payne 
Off dede, be jugement off the lawe, 
And sum to hang, and sum to drawe. 


A fellown tyrand he wes for-thi 
Cald, and murmwryd oppynly. 1490 

F. 145. Swa in hys last infirmyte', 

Quhen noucht wes, hot he suld de, 
The Cardynalys sayd oppynly, 
And hym decleryd wnworthy 
Till hawe halowyd sepulture, 
Syne he wes off hart sa dure, 
That he gert sla men, but mercy, 
And spylt gret blud [aboundandly]. 
Off this quhen he herd thare decrete, 
In till hys seknes lyvand yhete, 1 500 

Befor hym than gert he call 
The Cardynalys, and the pepill all ; 
And thare rehersyd thare sentens, 
And sayd, Off gud conscyens 
All that wes done, that he gert do, 
Na nakyn blame suld fall thare-to, 
Na he [dejserwyd na defame, 
Suppos thai oysyd swa hym to schame. 
" Gyff God will, (he sayd,) for-thi 
Se for me swa, quhea ded am I, 1510 

That I may hawe halowyd sepulture 
Wyth-owtyn schame and dyshonure, 
Be yhe noucht sa obstynate 
Till hendyre, or supprys my state." 
The Cardynalis yhit nevertheles, 
Era he wes dede in this seknes, 
Wald noucht lat hym hawe entre* 
In to the kyrke : bot thai gert be 
All the durys stekyd fast. 

Bot off wynd a suddand blast ] 520 

All the durys brak wp sone. 

CH. xv.] OF SCOTLAND. 117 

Be myrakill than thai trowyd that done, 
And swa than made hys entre" 
In the kyrk wyth solempnyte* : 
Devotly syne wyth gret honure 
Thai mad hym halowyd sepulture. 

In this nieyne tyme Athelred, 
Edgare the pessybill sowne, we rede, 
Off Ingland tuk possessyowne, 
Sceptyr, and coronatyowne, 1530 

Quhen the Denmarkys wes wedaud, 
Wytht fyre and slawchtyr dystrwyand. 
Sparande nothire wyff na man ; 
That stwde agayne thare purpos than. 
Ane erlys dochtyr, hys fyrst wyffe, 
Till hym a sowne bare in hyr lyffe : 
Edmwnd Irnesyd cald wes he ; 
He grewe a man off gret bownte*. 

Sone efftyre that this wyff wes dede, 

F. 145. b. He bade noucht lang in wedowhede : 1540 

The Dukys dochtyr off Normandy, 
Dame Erne* be name cald oppynly, 
(And Eychard wes hyr fadyr name, 
A manly knycht and off gud fame) 
This Ethelred tuk till hys wyff, 
And on hyr gat in till hys lyff 
Bodyly thire sownnys twa : 
And the eldast swne off tha 
Wes be name cald Ethelrede ; 
Saynt Edward the tothire wes in-dede. 1550 

Bot a fals traytoure cald Godwyne 
This Ethelrede betraysyd syne, 
And hym murtherysyd swykfully 
In till the cyte" off Ely. 


Be the alyawns off Normandy 
Ethelred hym trowyd the mare forsy : 
Swa gert he all apon a day 
Be slayne to dede and pwte awaye 
The Denmarkys, that tyme that he fand 
The kynryk wastand off Ingland. 1560 

The Denmarkys than, beyhond the Se 
That duelland ware in thare cuntr6, 
Fra thai had herd the slawchtyr done, 
Wyth a gret nawyne thai come sone : 
In all the havenys off Ingland 
Thai arry vyd, and tuk land. 
Than thai forbare nowcht to do skayth 
Till abbays, and till kyrkys bayth. 
Awld and yhowng, bath man and wyff, 
Thai sparyd noucht to rewe the lyff. 1570 

Swanus, and Knowt hys swne, then 
Chefftanys ware, and maste oure-men 
Off that straynge natyowne, 
That mad this felle dystructyowne 

Bot Ethelred mad gret deffens, 
And to thare felny resystens, 
And mellayid offt on feld in fycht, 
Quhare mony dowre to ded wes dycht. 
And for mare drede and gret perylle 
Till Normandy in to that qwhylle 1580 

Hys wyff and hys sown fyrst he send : 
Swne thidder he folowyd efftyr-hend. 
And thare thai bade, qwhill that Schyre Swane 
Owretakyn wes wyth dede subytane. 
As sum men demyd, be Edmwnd 
Irynesyd he wes browcht to grwnd 
Be slawchtyr, or be sum othir dede. 

CH. xvi.] OF SCOTLAND. 119 

The Inglis men than Ethelred 
F. 146. Fechyd owte off Normandy, 

And hym restoryd honestly 1590 

Till hys State. Bot ay Schyr Knowte, 

This Swanys sowne, set hym in dowte. 

All tyme als lang as he 

Lyvyd, and held that ryawte. 

In Londyn endyd syne hys lyff. 

This weddyt this Schyr Knowt hys wyff, 

The Dukys dochtyr off Normandy, 

Dame Erne*, a qwene off gret felny. 


en lijmij iSptmcatie in <S.c0tlanbe, 
JEalc0lmt0 fafcir*. to*0 rfljnanb.e. 

A.D. A 

1034. J\. THOWSAND wyntyr and thretty 

I And foure by-past fullyly 1600 

Efftyre the blyst Natyvyte", 
That wes the matere off oure gle, 
Malcolme the Kyng off Scotland ded, 
Hys dochtyr sowne in till hys stede, 

I Dwnkane be name, in till Scotland 

Sex vyntyr full wes kyng regnand. 
He gat twa sownnys off lauchfull bed : 
Yhit nevyrtheles in hys yhowthede, 
As he past apon a day 

In till huntyng hym till play 1610 

Wytht honest court and cumpany, 
Off his gammyn all thochty, 
The stable, and the setys sete, 


Hym-selff wyth bow, and wyth wersslete, 

Fra slak till hyll, oure holme and hycht, 

He trawalyd all day, quhill the nycht 

Hym partyd fra hys cumpany : 

Than wes he will off hys herbry. 

Yhit nevyrtheles, swa wawerand will, 

Off hapnyng he come to the myll 1620 

Off Fortewyot. The mylnere 

Hym thare resaywyd on gud manere 

Till mete, and drynke, and till herbry, 

And serwyd hym rycht curtasly. 

This milnare had a dowchtyr fayre, 
That to the Kyng had offt repayre. 
That till hyr fadyr dysplesyd noucht : 
To be relewyd for-thi he thowcht 
Off that repare, bathe he and scho : 
Hys wyll the bettyre wes thare-to. 1630 

Swa scho browcht hym a presend, 
That scho trowyd till hym plesend. 
Hire, and hyr presend, thankfully 
He ressaywyd, and curtasly, 
F. 146. b. And tuk, and chesyd that woman 
To be fra thine hys luwyd lemman. 

That ilke nycht, that the Kyng 
Tuk wyth the mylnare hys gesnyng, 
In to bede wyth hyr he lay, 

And gat on hyr a sowne or day, 1640 

That wes Malcolme, off Scotland 
Thare-efftyre crownyd Kyng regnand. 

This woman he wald hawe put till hycht, 
Till gret state, and till mekill mycht. 
Bot Makbeth-Fynlak, his systyr sowne, 
That purpos lettyd till be downe, 

CH. xv.] OF SCOTLAND. 121 

And othir grettare purpos als : 

For till hys erne he wes rycht fals, 

That browcht hym wp rycht tendyrly, 

And relewyd hym heyly. 1650 

He murthrysyd hym in Elgyne : 

Hys kynryk he wsurpyd syne. 

Off this matere are thire wers 

In Latyne wryttyne to rehers ; 

Ex ilia genuit Durikanum nomine natum, 
Qui senis annis Rex erat Albania 

A Fynlake natus percussit eum Makabeda ; 
Vulnere letali Rex apud Elgyne obit. 

Thus, this Kyng Dunkane dede, 
Hys lemman will wes off gud red. 
Bot scho a batward efftyr that 
Till hyr spowsyd husband gat, 
And off land in heritage 

A peys till hyr and hyr lynage : 1660 

Efftyre that mony day 
The Batwardys Land that callyd thai. 

Syne be generatyowne, 
And lynyalle successyowne 
Fra that milnare discendand 
Dame Mawld the Empryce quhille lywand 
Wes bot in the ferd [dejgre", 
The stok noucht reknyd for to be. 
Yhit fra that mylnare discendand 
Kyngys come, that ware regnand 1670 

Off Scotland, and Ingland, successywe, 
As we kan rekyn in oure lywe, 
Fra Malcolme, that oure Kyng quhylome was, 
And Henry : quhen that Saynt Thomas 
Wes martyryde, he wes Kyng rygnand 


In to the kynryk off Ingland. 
And yhit for to rekyn mare 
Dyscendand ewyn fra that mylnare, 

Malcolme oure Kyng had dochtrys twa ; 
Off Malde the eldest come all tha, 1680 

That syne ware kyngys off Ingland. 
F. 147. Off Mary the yhoungare discendand, 
That off Boloyne wes Cowntays, 
Honorabill in till hyre dayis, 
Be lyneall successyown 
Come mony a faniows gret persowne. 
Clement the sevynd Pape off Kome 
Be lyne off that lady come. 
Swa it wes, that be that lyne 
This Pape Clement wes cusyne 1690 

Till Robert oure secund Kyng, 
That Scotland had in governyng 
Contemporane, quhen that he 
In Avynyown held the Papys Se. 
Swa Pape and Kyngys cummyn ware, 
As yhe have herd, off this mylnare. 


s (Ehapitm schall teile ihz 


1039. THOWSAND wyntyr thretty and nyne, 

Era lychtare wes the suete Virgyne, 

As trewsown than wes in Scotland, 

All qwyt off that wes noucht Ingland. 1700 

For in Dwnkane oure Kyngys dayis, 


Accordand as the story sayis, 

In Ingland Edmwnd Irnesyd 

Wes Kyng. Schyr Knowt in to that tyde 

Stowtly held hym wpon were. 

Togydder oft wyth gret powere 

In feld thai mellayid in till fycht, 

Quhare mony a man to dede wes dycht. 

Sa, on a day at the last, 

In feld as thai ware fechtand fast, 1710 

Schyr Knowt, that wes a wyly knycht, 
As he saw lykly in the fycht, 
Dowtyd to be supprysyd sone 
Or in the batalle all wndone : 
Than send he message off trette 
Till Schyr Edmwnd, [and] that herd he. 
Be cownsalle than thai trettyd swa, 
All Ingland to be delt in twa : 
The halff suld Schyr Edmwnd have ; 
Till Schyre Knowt syne all the lave 1720 

Suld fall. Swa thai consentyd than, 
And mad apon this a ragman 
Wyth mony sellys off lordys, thare 
That that tyme at this trette* ware. 
Quhen this thus thai all done hade, 
Hame ilkane to thare awyne rade. 

And efftyr that a traytoure kene, 
That thowcht relevyd till have bene 
Be this Schyre Knowt, than waytyd he 
Quhen that the Kyng to the prewe* 1730 

Yhed for to do thare hys ese : 
F. 147. b. Nere lurkand by this traytoure wes, 
And thare murthrysyde he the Kyng 
Edmwnd, and broucht hym till endyng 


In to the fyrst yhere, that he 
Tuke off hys rewme the reawte". 

Dame Em, thai sayd, that in hyr lyff 
Hys stepmodyr wes, and Knowtys wyff, 
The Dukys dochtyr off Normandy, 
Be slycht gert cast this jwperty. 1740 

Till Schyr Knowt than als fast 
Blythely this traytoure past, 
And thowcht rewardyt for to be : 
On this wys than hym haylyssyd he ; 
" Off all Ingland my Lord the Kyng, 
Now Cryst mot grawnt yhow his blyssyng." 

Schyr Knowt than askyt, how that wes : 
And he than tald hym all the cas, 
How Edmwnd Irnesyd he hade slayne. 
Suppos Schyr Knowt in hart wes fayne, 175Q 

Yhit he dyssymylid nevyrtheles : 
This to that man hys answere wes ; 

" Syne thow has pwt away my fa, 
The heyast man I sail the* ma 
Off all Ingland ; dowt thow noucht." 

Than gert he in gret hy be wroucht 
The heyast gallows, that man mycht se : 
And on the heyast toure than he 
Off all Lundyn wyth-owtyn lete 
He gert that gallows hey be sete : 1 760 

And that traytoure thare-on he, 
Fyrst drawyn, syne gert hangyd be. 

Efftyr that all thir ware done, 
A Cownsalle he gert gadyr sone : 
Thare askyd he, gyff ony thare 
Wyst, quhat kyn cownandys ware, 
Or gyve ony conwentyown 


Wes trettyd off successyowne, 

Or mad befor in ony tyde 

Betwene hym and Edmwnd Irnesyde, 1770 

Be wertu off thare fewte", 

He bade that suld declaryd be. 

Amang thame wes fals flechowrys than, 
That sayd, thare wes na lyvand man, 
That Edmwnd wald, fra he ware dede, 
Prefere till Knowt in till hys stede 
To rynge, na be successyowne 
Before Schyre Knowt till bere the crowne. 

Quhat be falshad and flechyng, 
The crowne he gat, and hale wes King. 1780 

And all thai, that befor than ware 
In the cownsale till hym contrare, 
[And] all, that he cowth be knawlage, 
F. 148. Wes to the crowne nere be lynage, 
He gert be slayne all to dede, 
Bwt ony maner off remede. 

Edmwnd Irnesydys sownnys twa, 
Edmwnd and Edwarde cald war tha, 
Wytht in the kynryk than duelland. 
He lete nowcht slay thame in Ingland. 1790 

For till eschewe reproffe, and blame, 
And be colowre to pwt by schame, 
To the Kyng off Swetheryke 
In to the frawde and fals swyke, 
Syne he to Knowt wes cusyne kend, 
Tha barnys to be slayne he send. 

That ilke kyng for pure pyte, 
That off thai barnys than had he, 
Wald noucht thame slay, na do thame skayth ; 
Bot alsa fast he send thame bayth 1 800 


To the Kyng off Hungary. 
He ressayvyd thame thankfully, 
And gert thame \vyth gret honeste* 
Fyrst browcht wp and tretyd be ; 
And wyth Schyr Edmwnd, the eldast brothir, 
He weddyt hys dochtyr : syne the tothir 
The yhowngast Edward wyth honowre 
Till Henry, that tyme Empryoure, 
He send Edward, that weddyt was 
Wyth hys dochtyr Dame Agas. 1810 

Bot Schyr Edmwnd, the eldare brodir, 
That weddyt had before the tothir 
The Kyngys dochtyr off Hwngary, 
Deyd rycht swne and hastyly, 
And gat na barne in to hys lyff 
On that lady hys weddyt wyff. 
Bot on the Empryowrys dochtyr fayre 
Schyr Edward gat, to be his ayre, 
A sowne cald Edgare Ethlyng, 
Off Ingland for till have bene Kyng. 1 820 

On hyr he gat als dochtrys twa ; 
Margret and Crystyane cald war tha. 
Margret wes oure Kingys wyff; 
Crystyane chesyd to led hyr lyff 
In habyte off relygyowne, 
A nwn mad be professyown : 
That scho held till hyr endyng, 
Syne yhald hyr sawle till Hevynnys Kyng, 
Schyr Knowt all this tyme led hys lyffe, 
Wyth Dame Em, hys spowsyt wyff, 1830 

The Dukys dochtyr off Normandy : 
On hyr he gat bodyly 
Hard-Knowt, that wes hys sowiie, 


Sown efftyr that wes hys dayis downe. 
F. 148. b. This Hardknowt on his modyre syde 
Till Saynt Edward wes that tyde 
Halff brodyre. Hys lyff sone tuk endyng. 

Off Ingland the Statys, to be thare Kyng, 
Send till Saynt Edwarde in Normandy 
Message for to cum hastyly 1840 

In Ingland, for to ta [the] crowne, 
Full state thare, and possessyowne. 

Fra Ingland now I turne my style, 
Off Scotland for to spek a qwhille. 


Jlttb rcijtiattb in till S,c0tlmb toa0. 

J.N this tyme, as yhe herd me tell 

Off trewsone that in Ingland fell, 

In Scotland nere the lyk cas 

Be Makbeth-Fynlayk practykyd was, 

Quhen he mwrthrysyde hys awyne erne 

Be hope that he had in a dreme, 1850 

That he sawe quhen he was yhyng, 

In hows duelland wyth the Kyng, 

That fayrly trettyd hym and welle, 

In all that langyd hym ilke delle : 

For he wes hys systyr sone, 

Hys yharnyng all he gert he done. 

A nycht he thowcht, in hys dremyng, 
That syttand he was besyd the King, 
At a sete in hwntyng swa, 


In till a leysh had grewhundys twa, 1860 

He thowcht quhile he was swa syttand, 

He sawe thre wemen by gangand, 

And thai weinen than thowcht he, 

Thre werd Systrys mast lyk to be ; 

The fyrst he hard say gangand by, 

" Lo, yhondyr the Thayne off Crwmbawchty ! " 

The tothir woman sayd agayne, 

" Off Morave yhondyre I se the Thayne." 

The thryd than sayd, " I se the Kyng." 

All this he herd in his dremyng ; 1870 

Sone efftyre that, in hys yhowthad, 

Off thyr Thayndomys he Thayne was made, 

Syne neyst he thowcht to be Kyng, 

Fra Duncanys dayis had tane endyng. 

The fantasy thus of his dreme 
Movyd hym mast to sla hys erne, 
As he dyd all furth in dede, 
As befor yhe herd me rede, 
And Dame Grwok hys emys wyff 
Tuk and led wyth hyr hys lyff, 1880 

And held hyr bathe hys wyff and qweyne, 
As befor than scho had beyne, 
Till hys erne qwene lyvand 
Quhen he wes Kyng wyth crowne ryngnand ; 
F. 149. For lytyll in honowre than had he 
The greys off affynyte*. 
All thus quhen his erne wes dede 
He succedyt in his stede, 
And sevyntene wyntyr full rygnand 
As Kyng he wes than in till Scotland. 1890 

All hys tyme wes gret plente* 
Abowndand bath in land and se. 

CH. xviii.] OF SCOTLAND. 129 

He wes in justice rycht lawchfull, 

And till hys legis all awfull. 

Quhen Leo the Tend wes Pape off Home 

As pylgryne to the Curt he come, 

And in hys almus he sew sylver 

Till all pure folk that had myster ; 

And all tyme oysyd he to wyrk 

Profytably for Haly Kyrke. 1900 

Bot as we fynd be sum storys, 

Gottyne he wes on ferly wys. 

His modyr to woddis mad offt repayre 
For the delyte off halesum ayre. 
Swa scho past apon a day 
Till a wod hyr for to play, 
Scho met off cas with a fayr man, 
Nevyr nane sa fayre, as scho thowcht than, 
Before than had scho sene wytht sycht ; 
Off be wte plesand, and off heycht 1910 

Proportyownd wele in all mesoure, 
Off lym and lyth a fayre fygowre, 
In swylk aqweyntans swa thai fell 
That shortly thare-off for to tell 
Thare in thaire gamyn and play 
That persown be that woman lay, 
And on hyr that tyme to sowne gat 
This Makbeth ; that efftyr that 
Grew till thir statis and this hycht, 
To this gret powere and this mycht, 1920 

As befor yhe have herd sayd. 
Fra this persowne wyth hyr had playd, 
And had the jowrne wytht hyr done, 
That he had gottyne on hyr a sone, 
And he the Dewill wes that hym gat, 



And bad hyr noucht fleyd to be off that, 
Bot sayd that hyr sone suld be 
A man off gret state and bownte, 
And na man suld be borne off wyff 
Off powere to rewe hym hys lyff, 1930 

And off that dede in taknyng, 
He gave his lemman thare a ryng, 
And bad hyr that scho suld kepe that welle, 
And hald for hys luve that jowele. 
Efftyr that oft oysyd he 
Till cum till hyr in prewate", 
And tauld hyr mony thyngis to fall 
F. 149. b. Set trowyd thai suld noucht hawe beue all. 

At hyr tyme scho wes lychtare, 
And that sowne that he gat scho bare, 1940 

Makbet-Fynlake wes cald hys name, 
That grewe as yhe herd till gret fame. 
This was Makbethys ofspryng 
That hym efftyr mad oure Kyng. 
As off that sum story sayis, 
Set off hys get fell othir wayis, 
[And] to be gottyn kyndly, 
As othir men ar generaly, 
And quhen fyrst he to rys began, 
Hys emys sownnys twa lauchfull than 1950 

For dowt owt off the kynryk fled. 
Malcolme noucht gottyne off lauchfull bed, 
The thryd, past off the land alsua, 
As banysyd wyth hys brethyr twa, 
Till Saynt Edward in Ingland, 
That that tyme thare wes Kyng ryngnand. 
He thayme ressawyd thankfully, 
And trettyd thame rycht curtasly. 


And in Scotland than as Kyng 
This Makbeth mad gret steryng, 1960 

And set hym than in hys powere 
A gret hows for to mak off were 
Apon the hycht off Dwnsynane. 
Tymbyr thare-till to drawe and stane 
Off Fyfe and off Angws he 
Gert mony oxin gadryd be. 
Sa on a day in thare trawaile 
A yhok off oxyn Makbeth saw fayle, 
Than speryt Makbeth quha that awcht 
The yhoke that faylyd in that drawcht. 1970 

Thai awnsweryd till Makbeth agayne, 
And sayd, " Makduff off Fyffe the Thayne 
That ilk yhoke off oxyn awcht 
That he saw fayle in to the drawcht." 
Than spak Makbeth dyspytusly, 
And to the Thayne sayd angryly, 
Lyk all wrythyn in hys skyn, 
Hys awyn nek he suld put in 
The yhoke, and ger hym drawchtis drawe. 
Noucht dowtand all hys kynnys awe, 1980 

Fra the Thayne Makbeth herd speke 
That he wald put in yhok hys neke, 
Off all hys thowcht he mad na sang, 
Bot prewaly owt off the thrang 
Wyth slycht he gat, and the spensere 
A laffe hym gawe till hys supere; 
And als swyne as he mycht se 
Hys tyme and oportunyte* 
Owt off the curt he past and ran, 

F. 150. And that layff bare wyth hym than 1990 

To the^wattyre off Eryne. That brede 


He gawe the batwartis hym to lede, 

And on the sowth half him to sete, 

But delay or ony lete 

That passage cald wes efftyre than 

Lang tyme Portnebaryan, 

The Hawyn off Brede, that suld be 

Callyd in tyll propyrte". 

Owre the wattyre than wes he sete 

Bwt dawngere or bwt ony lete. 2000 

At Dwnsyuane, Makbeth that nycht, 

As sone as hys supere wes dycht, 

And hys marschalle hym to the halle 

Fechyd, than amang thaini all 

Awaye the Thayne off Fyffe wes myst, 

And na man quhare he wes than wyst; 

Yhit a knycht at that supere, 

That till Makbeth wes syttand nere, 

Sayd till hym it wes hys part 

For till wyt sowne quhethirwart 2010 

The Thayne off Fyffe that tyme past, 

For he a wys man wes off cast, 

And in hys deyd was rycht wyly. 

Till Makbeth he sayd, for-thi, 

For na cost that he suld spare 

Sowne to wyt quhare Makduffe ware. 

This heyly movyd Makbeth in dede 
Agayne Makduffe than to procede. 
Yhit Makduff nevyrtheles 

That set besowth the wattyre wes 2020 

Off Erne, than past on in Fyffe 
Till Kennawchy, quhare than hys wyffe 
Dwelt in a hows mad off defens, 
And bad hyr wyth gret diligens 


Kepe that hows, and gyve the Kyng 
Thiddyr come and mad bydyng, 
Thare ony felny for to do, 
He gave hyr byddyng than that scho 
Suld hald Makbeth in fayre trette" 
A bate, quhill scho suld sayland se, 2030 

Fra north to the sowth passand, 
And fra scho sawe that bate sayland, 
Than tell Makbeth the Thayne wes thare 
Off Fyffe, and till Dwnsynane fare 
To byde Makbeth, for the Thayne 
Off Fyfe thowcht or he come agayne 
Till Kennawchy than for till bryng 
Hame wyth hym a lawchfull kyng. 
Till Kennawchy Makbeth come sone, 
And felny gret thare wald have done, 2040 

F. 150. b. Bot this lady, wyth fayre trette", 
Hys purpos lettyde done to be, 
And sone fra scho the sayle wp-sawe 
Than till Makbeth, wyth lytill awe, 
Scho sayd, " Makbeth, luke wp and se, 
Wndyr yhon sayle forsuth is he, 
The Thayne off Fyfe, that thow has sowcht ; 
Trowe thowe welle and dowt rycht nowcht 
Gyve evyr thow sail hym se agayne 
He sail the' set in tyll gret payne, 2050 

Syne thow wald hawe put hys neke 
In till thi yhoke. Now will I speke 
With the na mare, fayre on thi waye, 
Owthire welle or ill as happyne may." 
That passage syne wes comownly 
In Scotland called the Erlys-Ferry. 
Off that ferry for to knawe 


Bath the statute and the lawe, 

A bate suld be on like" syde 

For to wayt, and tak the tyde, 2060 

Till mak thame frawcht, that wald be 

Fra land to land beyhond that se. 

Fra that the sowth bate ware sene 

The landys wndyre sayle betwene 

Fra the sowth as than passand 

Toward the north the trad haldand, 

The north bate suld be redy made 

Towart the sowth to hald the trade : 

And thare suld nane pay mare 

Than foure penny s for thare fare, 2070 

Quha-evyr for his frawcht wald be 

For caus frawchtyd owre that s&. 

This Makduff than als fast 
In Ingland apon cowndyt past, 
Thare Dunkanys sownnys thre he fand, 
That ware as banysyd off Scotland, 
Quhen Makbeth-Fynlake thare fadyr slvve, 
And all the kynryk till hym drwe. 
Saynt Edward Kyng off Ingland than, 
That wes off lyff a haly man, 2080 

That trettyd thir barnys honestly, 
Eessayvyd Makduff rycht curtasly, 
Quhen he come till hys presens, 
And mad hym honowre and reverens, 
As afferyd till the Kyng, 
He tauld the caus off hys cummyng. 
The King than herd hym movyrly, 
And awnsweryd hym all gudlykly, 
And sayd, hys wyll and hys delyte 
F. 151. Wes to se for the profyte 2090 


Off tha barnys ; and hys wille 
Wes thare honowre to fullfille. 
He cownsalyd this Makduffe for-thi 
To trete tha barnys curtasly. 
And quhilk off thame wald wyth hym ga, 
He suld in all thame sykkyre ma, 
; : As thai wald thame redy mak 

For thare fadyre dede to take 
Revengeans, or wald thare herytage, 
That to thame fell be rycht lynage, 2100 

He wald thame helpe in all thare rycht 
Wyth gret suppowale, fors, and mycht. 

Schortly to say, the lawchfull twa 
Brethire forsuke wyth hym to ga 
For [dowt] that thai tholyd that peryle, 
That thare fadyre sufferyd qwhille. 
Malcolme the thryd, to say schor'tly, 
Makduff cownsalyd rycht thraly, 
Set he wes noucht off lauchfull bed, 
As in this buke yhe have herd rede : 2110 

Makduff hym trettyd nevertheles 
To be off stark hart and stowtues, 
And manlykly to tak on hand 
To bere the Crowne than off Scotland : 
And bade hym thare-off hawe na drede, 
For kyng he suld be made in dede : 
And that traytoure he suld sla, 
That banysyd hym and his bredyr twa. 
Than Malcolme sayd, he had a ferly, 
That he hym fandyde sa thraly 2120 

Off Scotland to tak the Crowne, 
Qwhill he kend hys condytyowne. 
Forsuth, he sayde, thare wes nane than 


Swa lycherows a lyvand man, 

As he wes ; and for that thyng 

He dowtyde to be made a kyng. 

A kyngys lyff, he sayd, suld be 

Ay led in till [gret] honeste" : 

For-thi he cowth iwyll be a kyng, 

He sayd, that oysyd swylk lyvyng. 2130 

Makduff than sayd till hym agayne, 
That that excusatyowne wes in wayne : 
For gyve he oysyd that in dede, 
Off women he suld have na nede ; 
For off hys awyne land suld he 
Fayre wemen [have] in gret plente. 
Gyve he had conscyence off that plycht, 
Mend to God, that has the mycht. 

Than Malcolme sayd, " Thare is mare, 

F. 151. b. That lettys me wyth the to fare : 2140 

That is, that I am sua brynnand 
In cowatys, that all Scotland 
Owre lytill is to my persowne : 
I set nowcht thare-by a bwttowne." 
Makduff sayd, " Cum on wyth me : 

In ryches thow sail abowndand be. 

Trow wele the kynryk off Scotland 

Is in ryches abowndand." 
Yhit mare Malcolme sayd agayne 

Till Makduff off Fyffe the Thayne, 2150 

" The thryd wyce yhit mais me lete 

My purpos on thys thyng to sete : 

I am sa fals, that na man may 

Trow a worde that evyre I say." 
" Ha, ha ! Frend, I leve the" thare," 

Makduff sayd, " I will no mare. 


I will na langare karpe wyth the", 

Na off this matere have trette* ; 

Syne thow can nothire hald, na say, 

That stedfast trowth wald, or gud fay. 2160 

He is na man, off swylk a kynd 

Cummyn, bot off the Dewyllis strynd, 

That can nothyr do na say 

That langis to trowth, and [to] gud fay. 

God off the Dewyll sayd in [a] quhille, 

As I hawe herd red [in] the Wangyle, 

[He] is, he sayd, a leare fals : 

Swylk is off hym the fadyre als. 2170 

Here now my leve I tak at the, 

And gyvys wp halyly all trette". 

I cownt noucht the tothire twa 

Wycys the walu off a stra : 

Bot hys thryfft he has said all owte, 

Quhani falshad haldis wndyrlowte." 

Till Makduff off Fyff the Thayne 
This Malcolme awnsweryd than agayne, 
" I will, I will, (he sayd) wyth the" 
Pas, and prove how all will be. 2180 

I sail be lele and stedfast ay, 
And hald till ilke man gud fay. 
And na les in the" I trowe. 
For-thi my purpos hale is nowe 
For my fadrys dede to ta 
Eevengeans, and that traytoure sla, 
That has my fadyre befor slayne ; 
Or I sail dey in to the payne." 

To the Kyng than als fast 

To tak hys leve than Malcolme past, 2190 

Makduff wyth hym hand in hand. 


This Kyng Edward off Ingland 
F. 152. Gawe hym hys lewe, and hys gud wyll, 
And gret suppowalle heycht thame tille, 
And helpe to wyn hys herytage. 

On this thai tuke thane thaire wayage. 
And this Kyng than off Ingland 
Bad the Lord off Northwmbyrland, 
Schyr Sward, to rys wyth all hys mycht 
In Malcolmys helpe to wyn hys rycht. 2200 

Than wyth thame off Northumbyrland 
This Malcolme enteryd in Scotland, 
And past oure Forth, syne strawcht to Tay, 
Wp that wattyre the hey way 
To the Brynnane togyddyr hale. 
Thare thai bad, and tuk cownsale. 
Syne that herd, that Makbeth aye 
In fantown fretys had gret fay, 
And trowth had in swylk fantassy, 
Be that he trowyd stedfastly, 2210 

Nevyre discumfyt for to be, 
Qwhill wyth hys eyne he suld se 
The wode browcht off Brynnane 
To the hill off Dwnsynane. 

Off that wode than ilka man 
In till hys hand a busk tuk than : 
Off all hys ost wes na man fre, 
Than in his hand a busk bare he : 
And till Dwnsynane alssa fast 
Agayn[ys] this Makbeth thai past, 2220 

For thai thowcht wytht swylk a wyle 
This Makbeth for till begyle, 
Swa for to cum in prewate* 
On hym, or he suld wytryd be. 


Off this quhen he had sene that sycht, 
He wes rycht wa, and tuk the flycht : 
The flyttand wod thai callyd ay 
. That lang tyme eftyrehend that day. 
And owre the Mownth thai chast hym than 
Till the wode off Lunfanan. 2230 

This Makduff wes thare mast fell, 
And on that chas than mast crwelle. 
Bot a knycht, that in that chas 
Till this Makbeth than nerest was, 
Makbeth turnyd hym agayne, 
And sayd, " Lurdane, thow prykys in wayne, 
For thow may noucht be he, I trowe, 
That to dede sail sla me no we. 
That man is nowcht borne off wyff 
Off powere to rewe me my lyffe." 2240 

The knycht sayd, " I wes nevyr borne ; 
F. 152. b. Bot off my modyre wame wes schorne. 
Now sail thi tresowne here tak end ; 
For to thi fadyre I sail th send." 

Thus Makbeth slwe thai than 
In to the wode off Lwnfanan : 
And his hewyd thai strak off thare ; 
And that wyth thame fra thine thai bare 
Till Kynkardyn, quhare the Kyng 
Tylle thare gayne-come made bydyug. 2250 

Off that slawchtyr ar thire wers 
In Latyne wryttyne to rehers ; 

Rex Macabeda decem Scotie septemquefit annis, 
In cujus regno fertile tempus erat : 

Hunc in Lunfanan truncavit morte crudeli 
Duncani natus, nomine Malcolomus. 



^hagne .off Jfeff for ht0 botonte 
the Hang thtngt0 to. 

WWHEN Makbeth-Fynlayk thus wes slane, 

Off Fyffe Makduff that tyme the Thane 

For his trawaille till his bownte 

At Malcolme as Kyng askyd thire thre. 

Fyrst, till hys sete fra the awtare 

[That he sulde be the Kyngis] ledare, 

And in that set thare set hym downe 

Till tak his Coronatyowne, 2260 

For hym and hys posteryte", 

Quhen-evyre the Kyng suld crownyd be. 

Efftyre that, the secownd thyng, 

Wes, that he askyd at the Kyng 

Till hawe the waward off hys bataylle, 

Quhat-evyr thai ware, wald it assaylle : 

That he and hys suld hawe always, 

Quhen that the Kyng suld banare rays. 

Or, gyff the Thayne off Fyff in were, 

Or in till ost wyth hys powere 2270 

Ware, the waward suld governyd be 

Be hym and his posteryte. 

Efftyre this, the thryd askyng 

That he askyt at the Kyng, 

Gyve ony be suddane chawdmelle 

Hapnyd swa slayne to be 

Be ony off the Thaynys kyne, 

Off Fyff the kynryk all wyth-in, 


Gyve he swa slayne wer gentill-man, 
Foure and twenty markys than; 2280 

For a yhwman twelf markys ay 
The slaare suld for kynbwt pay, 
And hawe full remyssyowne 
Fra thine for all that actyowne, 
Gyve ony hapnyd hym to sla, 
That to that lawch ware bwndyn swa : 
F. 153. Off that priwylage evyrmare 
Parties suld be the slaare. 
Off this lawch are thre capytale ; 
That is the Blak Prest off Weddale, 2290 

The Thayne off Fyffe, and the thryd syne 
Quha ewyre be Lord off Abbyrnethyne. 

Gywe thare be ony that lykis 
The lawch for to se led off this, 
Quhen be crye the day is sete, 
As fallys to be done off dete, 
To Cowpyr in Fyffe than cum he : 
Welle led that lawch thare sail he se. 

Efftyre all this, that ilke yhere, 
That this Makbeth wes browcht on bere, 2300 
Lulawch-Fule ras, and he 
As Kyng regnyd monethis thre. 
This Malcolme gert sla hym syne 
Wyth-in the land off Straybolgyne, 
As is wytnyssyd in the wers 
All thus in Latyne to rehers ; 

Mensibus infelix Lulauch tribus extiterat Rex : 
Armis ejusdem Malcolmi cecidit. 

Fata virifuerant in Strathbolgyne apud Esseg ; 
Heu sic incaute Rex miser occubuit. 


For mony off thir Kyngys lyis 
In Ykolmkill, on this wyis . 
Wytnes berys thir twa wers 

Off Latyne, as I will now rehers ; 2310 

Hos in pace viros tenet Insula lona sepultos, 
In Tumulo Regum, Judicis usque diem. 

Quha will befor thire Bukys rede, 
This proces as I hawe led in dede 
Era Adam throwch the Yryschery, 
Sail fynd discendand lynealy 
Na persowne, that I fand, foryhete 
Till Malcolme the spows off Saynt Margret. 
[Fra] this Malcolme regnyd, the tend persowne 
Be dyscens lynealle ewyn down 
Wes Eobert the Secund, quhylum oure Kyng 
That Scotland had in governyng. 2320 

All this I dar noucht swth awowe, 
As wryttyn is in thir bukys nowe : 
Les lykly thyng suth mycht be. 
Demyd be possybylyte. 
As fra the warldys begynnyng 
Till Eobert the Secownd, quhylum oure Kyng, 
To rekyn the tymys successywe, 
like persowne generatyve 
Suld lytill oure-pass sexty yhere, 
But foure or fywe, or thareby nere. 2330 

Nowe be Saxonys, or yhe blyne 
To reknyn is Saynt Margretys kyn. 
F. 153. b. The last end off the Fyrst Buke 

Tellys, quha will it rede and luke, 
In till a clere Genealogy 
Down discendand lynealy 

CH. xix.] OF SCOTLAND. 143 

Era Sem the eldast off tha thre, 

That ware the sownnys off Noe", 

Till that Lord, wes cald Woden : 

Fadyre he wes off mony men. 2340 

In till Saxon quhylum he 

A god wes cald in that cuntre" ; 

In till honowre off hym for-thi 

Weddnesday thai held haly. 

And thare a lady cald Frea ; 

Fryday wes halowyd till hyr alsua. 

Syne in to the Secownd Buke 

A Genealogy is, quha will it luke, 

Till Ine and Inglis fra Woden, 

That fadyr wes callyd off mony men. 2350 

Now in Genealogy to precede 
Name be name is hard in dede. 
For till mak, or wryt in ryme, 
As thai ware lyvand, tyme be tyme. 
Bot in my bukys I fand nyne 
Succedand persownys efftyre Ine, 
Till a Kyng cald Alvered : 
Thretty yhere he wes in dede 
Off all Ingland Kyng wyth crowne, 
And joysyd in possessyowne. 2360 

A hundyr and foure score off yhere 
Thire nyne kyngys regnand were. 
Efftyre thir nyne kyngys owre, 
To reknyn, I fand kyngys fowre, 
That thretty wyntyr war rengnand 
In to the kynryk off Ingland 
Befor Edgare full off pes : 
Till Ethelrede he fadyre wes. 
This Ethelred gat gud Edmwnde 


Irnesyd, that [was] browcht to grownd 2370 

Be the traytoure, quhen that he 
In murthyr hym slwe on the prewe*. 
This Edmwnd Irnesyd had sownnys twa ; 
Bathe in Swetheryke send war tha. 
And deyd in Hungary the eldast : 
Schyr Edward neyst hym the yhowngast 
Wyth the Empryowrys dochtyr weddyd was, 
Cald be name than Dame Agas : 
This Edward gat than on hys wyff, 
Quhill he wyth hyr than led hys lyff, 2380 

A sowne cald Edgare Ethlyng ; 
He suld off Ingland hawe bene Kyng. 
This [Edward] gat dochtrys twa ; 
F. 154. The eldast Saynt Margret wes off tha. 
Swa till Saynt Margret efftyre syne, 
As till Malcolme in ewyn lyne, 
All oure Kyngys off Scotland 
Ware in successyowne discendand, 
Be wertu off the lawchfull get 
Off Malcolme oure Kyng and Saynt Margret. 2390 


rrtot xrff JJormanM 
Come in Inglanb 


1042. jti. THOWSAND twa and fourty yhere 

Era lychtare wes the Wyrgyne clere, 
Era Knowt wes dede, and hys swne 
Hardknowt had all hys dayis dwne, 
Saynt Edwarde owt off Normandy 

CH. xx.] OF SCOTLAND. 145 

In Ingland come, thar honorably 

Kessaywyd he wes wyth honeste. 

On Pask day crownyd syne wes he : 

Archebyschapys thare was twa ; 

Off Cawntyrbyry and Yhork war tha : 2400 

The Statys gret off all Ingland 

Thare gaddryd war to that semblande, 

Solemnely in till Wyntowne 

This Kyng tuk coronatyowne. 

Twenty wyntyr than and thre 
Kyng off Ingland hale wes he, 
And all hys tyme led haly lyff 
In chastyte", wy th-owtyn wyff ; 
Set weddyd, as thai said, wes he, 
He deyde yhit in virgynyte', 2410 

As all men had oppynyowne, 
That wyst off his devotyowne. 
Mare he sawffyd wyth prayere 
Hys land, than wyth pres off were. 
Off ire, felny, and crabytnes 
All tyme he wes sene parties : 
Pryd, falshad, and covatys 
He held at wndyr, and awarys ; 
And his land all tyme in pes 
He held, quhill he Kyng ryngnand wes. 2420 

In to the tyme he held this state, 
Till the Empryoure than he wrate, 
In Ingland that he wald ger send 
Tha, that he rycht ayrys kend 
To the kynryk off Ingland, 
That than war wyth hym conversand ; 
For all tyme conscience had he 
For till hald the reawte, 



Syne he wyst, be rycht lynage 
That othire suld have that herytage. .2430 

F. 154. b. Schyr Henry, than the Empryoure, 
Ressayvyd the lettrys wyth honowre, 
And gert lay schyppys to the ae* ; 
Welle stuffyd syne he gert thame be 
Wyth wyttaylle, and wyth othire thyng, 
That esfull ware to thare lykyng 
Till mystare, or till thare profyt. 
In thai schyppys than gert he tyte 
Edward wyth hys wyff Agas, 
Edgar Ethlyng that thaire sowne was, 2440 

And this Edgarys systrys twa, 
Margret and Crystyane cald war tha, 
Wyth hys leve and hys benysowne 
Till pas to thaire awyne natyowne, 
Entre" mak, and hald thaire way. 
Wyth wynd at wyll the trad held thai, 
And in Ingland come rycht swyth ; 
Saynt Edward off thare come was blyth, 
And ressaywyd thame curtasly, 
And tretyd thame rycht honestly. 2450 

Efftyr that few dayis gane 
Saynt Edward kyndly dede had tane. 
In the Westmynyster wyth honowre 
He wes in halowyd sepultoure 
Layd. The Statys off Ingland 
Wes all in dolowre hard murnand : 
Thare mellody all chawngyd wes 
In gretyng, and in hevynes ; 
For thai war will, quha suld be kyng, 
Syne that Edgare Ethlyng, 2460 

Wes lytill for yowthhad off walu, 


He na wes to governe off wertu. 

Quhill thai ware in this hoveryng, 
All will, quha suld be thare kyng, 
Harald, that ane erle wes than, 
Bath mychty and a wily man, 
Off Denmarkys be natyowne, 
Off traytourys be generatyowne, 
Till hym than tuk off Ingland 
The state thare to be rengnand, 2470 

That fell hym noucht be lele lynage, 
Na be na rycht off herytage. 

Than Williame Bastard off Normandy, 
Fra he gat wyttyng werraly, 
That Harald occupyid the land, 
He come on wyth stalwart hand, 
And slw this Harald in to fycht, 
That usurpyd agayne all rycht 
The kynryk, in dysherysown 
Off thame that suld, wyth all resown, 2480 

Have had the Crowne off herytage, 
Be lauchfull and be lele lynage. 
This William Bastard in Ingland 
F. 155. Than en try d thare to be rengnand. 

Quhen this Edgare Ethlyng, 
That off lawch suld hawe bene Kyng, 
The kynryk saw dystrowblyd swa, 
Off cownsale wyth hys systrys twa 
A schype he gat, and tuk the SB*. 
[For] to pas agayne thowcht he, 2490 

And arryve in the Empyre, 
Quhare-off than lord wes hys gud-syre. 
And as thai ware on s^ sayland, 
The wynd swa skant wes than blawand, 


And all the weddrys in thaire fayre 

Wes to thare purpos all contrayre, 

That off fors, as wynd thame movyd, 

Come in the Fyrth as thame behowyd, 

And in Saynt Margretys Hope belyve 

Off propyre nede than till arryve. 2500 

On this manere Saynt Margret 

In till the kynryk apon thret 

Come off hapnyng in Scotland, 

Quhen Malcolme in it wes Kyng ryngnand. 

Alwyne that tyme yherys thre 
Wes Byschape off Saynctandrewys Se. 
Maldowny-Makgillandrys than 
(Off lyff [he] wes a haly man) 
Wes Byschope sevyn and twenty yhere 
Off Sanctandrewys. Quhen he on here 2510 

Wes brocht, efftyr hym than Byschape 
Twalda wes ; and that tyme Pape 
Off Eome the secownd Nycholas ; 
Empryoure the thryd Henry was. 

[focplidt li 








F. 156. b. &|je ^roloug off tfje Se&jmtie 
next folofoantr gije lufce. 

JL HE gloryus doctor Saynt Jerome, 

(Nothir byschaype gret, na Pape off Rome, 

Bot prest tytlyd Cardynale) 

That be hys study wyrtualle 

The Bybill in Latyne off Hebrewe 

Translatyd ; and fowrmyd syne on newe 

All the ordyre off the qwere, 

As now is oysyd the manere ; 

Trowyd hym in hys besynes 

Bakbyttyn to be wyth byttyrnes 10 

Off inwyows brynnand men, 

That offtare will reprove, than ken. 

Quhat wondyre is it than, that I, 

A wrech lyvand synfully, 

Dowt reprovyd for to be 

Off foly or off nycete", 

To trow off wertu mare my wyte, 

Than in effect abowndis it ? 


Swa my wan wyt preswmptwus, 

Noucht plesand, na solatyws, 20 

A matere gud suld blok or spy lie. 

That cwnnande men cowth welle bryng till, 

Alkyn gud conwenyens, 

But erroure, wyth gud consciens. 

Than suld I worth red for schame, 
And wyn, till succoure me fra blame, 
The gyrth off excusatyowne, 
Gud will pretendand for resowne, 
That I awcht off det to spend 
At thare instans, that me kend 30 

Thaire awyne impossybylyte. 
Swa erare will I now ches me 
To be reprowyd off sympilnes, 
Than blame to thole off wnkyndnes. 

Off my mysdedys now for-thi 
Forgyve [me], for youre curtasy 
And favowrys, now to renowne 
The bles[si]t generatyowne, 
That come be the lauchfull get 
Off Malcolme Kyng, and Saynt Margret. 40 

Throwch thare wertws medfull dedys 
In state and honowre yhit thare Sed is. 
Swa now remanys my delyte 
Thare successyowne for to wryte, 
Till Eobert oure secownd Kyng 
Hys dayis had drevyn till endyng. 

(Sxplirit $)nrlcrjjti0 : indpit lEi 


^gtlgs of tije Sefognti i3ufc 
Jfalofoantie next sal gfje lufc. 


'WHEN Malcome was crownyt. 
ii. Qwhen Wilyam Bastarde coym in Inglande. 
iii. Qwhen Malcome weddit Sanct Margret. 

Off Wilyam Eede Kyng off Inglande. 
iiii. Off the Kyng Edgar. 

v. Off the fyrst Kyng Alexander Malcolmys son. 
vi. Off the fyrst Kyng David dede. 
vii. [Off a fellone gret Iniquyte'.] 
viii. Off the Kyng Wilyam of Scotlande. 
ix. Off Alexander the Kyng Wilyaniys son. 

Off the byrthe of the thride Alexander. 
x. Qwhen the thride Alexander was crownyt. 



F. 156. (Jgtolutt Jttakolms owe* l*B n 9 tok *he Ctraun 
ff <SXJtIanb tojjth yo&sz&swnn. 

A.D. A 

1056. J\. THOWSAND sex and fyfty yhere 
Efftyre the byrth off oure Lord dere, 
Makbeth-Fynlayk and Lulawch-Fule 
Oure-drevyn had all thare dayis in dole, 
The Kyng Malcolme Dunkannys sowne 
Come wyth ane honest court to Skowne ; 
Thare wyth gret solemnyte 
Hys Coronatyowne than tuk he, 
And Scotland in herytage 

Till hym fra thine and hys lynage, 1 

And wyth athe off thaire fewte" 
All thare homage than tuk he, 
That awcht homage to the Crowne. 
Swa entryd he in possessyowne, 
And joysyd sevyn and thretty yhere 
That state wyth honowre and powere. 
In the Crystyndome, I trow, than 
Wes noucht in deid a bettyr man, 
Na ly vand a bettyr knycht 
Na mare manly, stowt and wycht. 20 

Amang all othir famows dedis 
Mony men thus off hym redis ; 
That in hys court thare wes a Knycht, 
A lord off powere and off mycht, 
That set hym till hawe slayne the Kyng, 
Hys purpos gyve he till end mycht bryng. 


In to the Kyngys court than 
Thare wes duelland a lele man, 
That tald the Kyngys awyne persowne, 
That that lord set hym be tresowne 30 

To sla the Kyng, gyve that he 
Mycht wyt hys oportuiiyte". 
This lord that tyme wes noucht present 
In to the court, hot wes absent, 
Bot swne agayne he come, wyth ma 
Than he wes wont, the Kyng to sla. 
Wyth curtasy yhit nevyretheles 
Than, as befor, ressayvyd he wes. 
The Kyng than warnyd hys menyhe" 
Wyth hym at hwntyng for to be : 40 

And to that knycht. he sayd alsua, 
That wyth hym-selff he wald hym ta 
By hym to syt at that huntyng : 
The knycht consentyd to the Kyng. 
Than on the morne wytht-owtyn let, 
The setys and the stable sete, 
The Kyng and that lord alsua 
Togydder rad, and nane bot tha, 
K. 156. b. Fere in tlie wode, and thare thay fand 

A fayre brade land and a plesand, 50 

A lytill hill off nobill ayre, 

All wode abowt bathe thyk and fayre. 

Than thus the Kyng sayd to the knycht, 
" On fwte at lykyng thow may lycht, 
Or- on hors gyve thow will be, 
As the" thynk best, now ches thow the". 
Horsyd and armyd als welle 
As I am, thow art ilke dele. 
Thi wapnys ar scharpe, and mare redy 


Than ony in to this sted hawe I, 60 

Dergat, spere, knyff, and swerd, 

Betwene ws dele we now the werd ; 

Here is best now to begyn 

Thi purpos, gyve thow will honowre wyn ; 

Here is nane, that may ws se, 

Na help may owthir me, or the* : 

For-thi [fande] now wyth all thi mycht 

To do thi purpos, as a knycht. 

Set thow hawe fadyt thi lawte", 

Do this dede yhit wyth honeste*, 70 

Gyve othir thow may or dare, or wille. 

Fenyhe the" nowcht to fulfille 

Thi heycht, thi purpos, and thine athe : 

Do fourth thi dedys, and be noucht lathe. 

Gyve thow thynkys to sla me, 

Quhat tyme na nowe may bettyr be 

Wytht fredome, or wyth mare manned ? 

Or gyve thow wald put me to dede, 

Wyth venowme, or wytht scharpe poysowne, 

That is a wyffis condytyown. 80 

Or gyve thow wald in to my bede 

Prevaly put me to dede, 

That war as in adultery 

Murthrysyd to be wnhonestly. 

Or a knyff gyve thow wald hyd 

Prewely, and thi tyme abyd, 

Quhill thow mycht at ese me sla 

A murtherere mycht do na war than sua. 

For-thi do, as suld a knycht. 

Ga we togyddyr, God dele the rycht ! 90 

Wyth oure foure handys, and no ma : 

Thare-on mot all the gamyn ga." 


Wyth this the Knycht all changyd hewe 
Lyk hys purpos all to rewe ; 
And hys wysage worthyd wan, 
As he had bene rycht a mad man. 
Thare fell he downe, and askyd mercy, 
For all hys purpos wes foly ; 
And sayd, hys Lord mycht, wyth the lawe, 
Hym, as he wald, bathe hang and drawe. 100 

And swa he yhald hym till hys will 
F. 157. On hym hys lust all to fulfill, 
Bwt ony kyn condytyowne. 

The Kyng than all his actyowne 
Forgawe the Knycht thare qwytly, 
And tuk hym all till his mercy : 
And thare he become his man 
Mare lele, than he wes befor than. 
And the Kyng, that wes hys lord, 
Let na man wyt off thare discord, 110 

Quhill the Knycht hym-selff this cas 
Tald, in all as hapnyd was. 


SEillegham JJa0tarbe in Injjlanb 
thatr* to he r.egnattb.e. 

FF Ingland, as the story sayis, 
Willame Bastard in thir dayis 
Wyth fawoure off the Statis hale, 
Thare help, thare will, and thare counsale, 
The State tuk, and the reawte, 
Thare homage wyth athe off fewte, 


That awcht homage to the Crowne, 

And swa joysyd possessyowne. 120 

And to the mare sykkyrnes, 

Off lordis, that mast mychty wes, 

Thaire eldast barnys, and thare ayris 

Off erlys, baronys, and off marys, 

For ostage gret he tuk alsua, 

And dely veryd till hym war tha : 

He send thame all in Normandy. 

Thare tretyd thai war wntendyrly ; 

For sum off thame thare poysownyt ware, 

Sum deyd in cald and huiigyr sare. 130 

Swa mony lordys deyd sownles ; 

And mony be rycht lyne deyd ayrles ; 

And mony a lord, that had nane 

Ostage, bot hym-selff allane, 

Deyd in Normandy in that qwhille 

Stad and set in gret peryle. 

And Willame Bastard all thare landis 

Gawe till hys kyn than, the Normandis. 

The Lordis, that [than] in Ingland ware, 
Feld thame off this agrevyd sare, 140 

In peryle and in hard dowt stad, 
Off a gud rede all mate and made. 
Thame all dyssay vyd thai wndyrstude : 
A prynce thai wend till have had gud, 
And a kyng, to governyd be 
Wndyr hym wytht lauch and lawte : 
And saw, thai war supprysyd sua, 
In to thare hart set thai war wa, 
And nowthire be powere, na be slycht, 

F. 157. b. Thai mycht get helpe agayne his mycht, 150 

Bot menyd thame lede wyth gret dyspyt, 


He set nowcht by thare mane a myte. 

Bot throwch the kynryk all he rade ; 

A powere gret wyth hym he had : 

And in like famows pi as, 

That seculare or relygyows was, 

He rypyd, and saw thare gret tresore 

Off jowellys, that thai had lang before : 

And all that was off mast valu, 

And precyows jowellys off wertu, 160 

All tha till hym-selff tuk he, 

And stuffyd gert swa hys tresore be. 

Be this the Statis dowtyd sare 
For till hawe bene supprysyd mare : 
And for drede off fellare chawns 
Sum off thame than fled in Frawns ; 
Sum sowcht succoure in Scotland, 
Quhare Malcolme than wes [Kyiig] rygnand, 
That war gret and hey persowyns, 170 

Byschapys, erlys, and barownys. 
Owre Kyng gert thame ressayvyd be, 
And dyd thame gret humanyte, 
And gert procure thame rycht welle 
In all thare lykyn ilk[a] delle. 

Willame Bastard had sownnys thre ; 
Robert Curtoys the eldast he 
Wes, and Willame Rede the tothir, 
Henry wes the yhowngast brodyr. 
This Willame Bastard, that tyme Kyng, 
Thus ordanyd thir thre thare lyvyng ; 1 80 

Till Robert Curtoys halyly 
The Duche he gave off Normandy ; 
For he wes eldast in lynage, 
He gave that, wes hys herytage. 


Till Willame Rede he gave Ingland 

Thare-in to be Kyng ryngnand ; 

For he hys sowne wes mydlest, 

He gawe thare-for hys conqwest. 

Till Henry he gave hys tresore 

All, that he gadryde had before. 1 90 

This Robert than, be name Curtos, 
Till hawe past set hys purpos 
In till the Haly Land : for-thi 
Till hys brodyr yhong Henry 
A part sawld off hys duche* 
For a gret sowme off mone. 
Bot quhen he had the mon^ tane, 
Land till his brodyr than gawe he nane ; 
For his fadyre halyly 

Held fra hym the land off Normandy, 200 

Na off that gave he hym na thyng, 
As he had heycht, till hys lyvyng. 
F. 158. This Robert Curtoyis nevyretheles 
Past owre se, as hys purpos wes, 
Quhen Gregore the Sevynd wes Pape off Rome 
And kepare off the Crystyndome, 
And Henry the thryd as lord and syre 
Governyd that tyme the Empyre. 
Godthre, Duk than off Lorrane, 
Wes pryncypalle and mast chyfftane. 210 

The Erlys off Flawndrys, and off Saynt Gyle, 
And off Blese in to that quhylle 
Past in ost and gret batayle 
For till mak helpe and suppowalle, 
And till defend the Haly Land 
Abowt Jerusalem than lyand. 
Wytht thire than Robert the Curtos 

CH. ii.] OF SCOTLAND. 161 

Past, as he wes off purpos, 

Quhare comendyt welle wes he 

Off manhad, and off gret bownt^ ; 220 

For worschype gret wes prowyd thare, 

And lordys welle comendyt ware. 

On the Pask ewyn dewotly 
The Crystyne men thare halyly 
Prayid to God, that he wald send 
A takyn off fyre to mak thame kend, 
Quhat lord thai suld ches to be kyng, 
Fra thine till have the governyng 
Off Jerusalem : and efftyr sone 
That this devotyowne thai had done, 230 

And rysyn had fra thare prayere, 
Tha saw on Robert Curtoys spere 
A bles off fyre lemaiid lycht. 
Wyth that thai lowyd God off mycht, 
And chesyd this Robert, befor the lawe, 
Jerusalem as Kyng till have. 
Bot that honoure forsuk he, 
For he yharnyd, and thowcht till be 
Off the kynryk off Ingland 

Kyng nest hys fadyr than regnand. 240 

Bot, as offt faylhys fwlys thowcht, 
All to purpos that come nowcht. 
How-ewyre hapnyd off hys endynge, 
Bot dowt, he deyd, or he wes Kyng. 




totbbjrt .Sagttct 
hx>to in .Snjtlanb zcho toes stt. 

A.D. A 

1067. J\. THOWSAND sexty yhere and sewyn 

Era Cryst wes borne the Kyng off Hevyn, 
The sevynd Gregore, Pape off Eome, 
And kepare off the Crystyndome, 
And Henry the Thryd than Empryowre, 
F. 153. b. That lang tyme lyvyd in that honowre, 250 

Willame Bastard wes fell wedand, 
Sare hys le[i]gys supprysand 
Be gret grewows exactyownys, 
And owtrageows extorsyownys. 
Off like hyd that tyme off land, 
In to that kynryk that he fand, 
Sex schyllyngys he tuke off swilk mcne", 
As than wes oysyd in that cuntre*. 

In that ilke tyme wes set 

In till Scotland Saynt Margret, 260 

As is wryttyn in to this Buke, 
Quha will befor it rede and luke. 
Hyr systyr than Dame Crystyane 
Off relygyowne the wale had tane ; 
In the Newe-Castell apon Tyne 
Scho wes mayd nwne, and deyd virgyne. 
Malcolme oure Kyng than till hys wyff 
Weddyd Saynt Margret : wyth hyr hys lyff 
In lele spowsale he thowcht to lede, 
Departyd quhyll thai suld be wyth dede. 270 

On. in.] OF SCOTLAND. 163 

Off Saynt Andrewys the byschape than 
The secund Fothawch, a cunnand man, 
Devotly mad that sacrament, 
That thai than tuk in gud intent. 

Malcolme Kyng be lawchfull get 
Had on hys wyff Saynt Margret 
Sownnys sex, and dowchtrys twa. 
Off thir sownnys thre off tha 
Wes Edmwnd, Edward, Ethelrede : 
Kyng off thire nowcht ane we rede. 280 

Bot Edgare, Alysawndyre, and Dawy yhyng, 
Ilkane off thire wes crownyd a kyng, 
As yhe sail here here-efffcyre sone, 
Quhen all the lave till it is done. 
To thire thai had dowchtrys twa : 
Maid the eldast wes off tha ; 
And nest this Maid than the eldast 
Mary cald wes the yhowngast ; 
Howe thire dochtrys weddyd ware, 
Yhe sail here sone forthirmare. 290 

A.D. A thowsand and sevynty yhere, 


Malcolme past wytht hys powere 

Tylle the He off Haly-Eland 
The land befor hym dystroyand. 

A.D. A thowsand twa and sevynty yhere, 


Wyllame Bastard wyth hys powere 

In Scotland come, and wastyd syne, 
And rade al throwcht till Abbyrnethyne. 
F. 159. Bot agayne as he past hame, 

Swa he fleyd wes at Durame, 300 

And wes stade in swa gret drede, 
That sowth he fled on full gud spede. 
Off Eveshame than mwnkys thre, 


Comendyd men off honeste", 

Come, and ordanyd in tha dayis 

Thre solempne and gret abbayis, 

Durame, Yhork, and syne Qwhytby, 

Eelygyws to be perpetually. 
A.D. A thowsand sevynty yhere and nyne, 

1079- The Kyng Malcolme rad to Tyne 310 

The wattyr, befor hym all wastand 

Wyth hys powere in[to] Ingland. 
A.D. A thowsand foure score and sevyn yhere 
1087> Efftyre the byrth off oure Lord dere, 

Willame Bastard tuk his dede. 

Till hym succedyd Willame Eede, 

That in Westmonastere tuk wnctyowne, 

Sceptyr, and coronatyowne. 

Betwene hym and oure Kyng than wes 

Nowthire qwyete, rest, na pes. 320 

Malcolme swa oure Kyng off were 

In Ingland past wyth hys powere, 

And wastyd all Northwmbyrland. 

As he till Alnevik wes rydand, 

Thare he deyd slayne off cas, 

And hys sowne [that] wytht hyme was, 

Edward the eldast : swa bathe thai 

Ware slayne in Alnevyke on a day. 
As this dede all thus wes done, 

Come wyttyng till Saynt Margret sone 330 

Be revelatyoune, that wes mast 

That scho had off the Haly Gast. 

Than wyth devote and gud intent 

Scho tuk the haly Sacrament 

Off Goddys body blyst werray, 

Wyth the last wnctyowne : and that day 

CH. m.] OF SCOTLAND. 165 

Off all chargys scho yhald hyr qwyte, 
And till the Creatoure hyr spyryt, 
In till Edynburch the Castelle. 
Hyr swne Ethelrede, quhen this felle, 340 

That wes hys modyr nere than by, 
Gert at the west yhet prewaly 
Have the cors furth in a myst, 
Or mony off hyr endyng wyst ; 
And wyth that body thai past syne 
But ony let tyll Dwnfermelyne, 
F. 159. b. Before the Ewde awtare wyth honowre 
Wes layd in halowyd sepultoure. 

Thare hyre lord wes layd alsua, 
And wyth thame hyre sownnys twa, 350 

Edwarde the fyrst, and Ethelred. 
Bot Edmwnd, [now] as we rede, 
That wes a man off gret wertu, 
He levyd and deyd in Mowntagu : 
Thare off Cluny wes a eel, 
Quhare this lord oysyd for to duelle : 
In to that relygyus plas 
He deyd, and enteryd was. 

Saynt Margretys body a hundyr yhere 
Lay befor the Ewd awtere 360 

In to the Kyrk off Dwnfermlyne ; 
Bot scho wes translatyd syne 
In to the qwere, quhare scho now lyis, 
Hyr spyryt in till Paradys. 
And off that translatyowne, 
Made wyth weneratyowne, 
The fest yhit is haldyne ay 
Before Mydswmyr the fyft day. 

Quhen Malcolme the Kyng thus was dede, 


Hys brodyre Downald than his sted 370 

Fandyde to wyn, and tak. Than he 
Banysyd hys brodyr barnys thre, 
Edgare, Alysawndyr, and Dawy. 
Thai fled fra thare emys felny. 

Thai had a brodyr off purchas, 
That Malcolmys bastard sowne than was, 
Duncane cald, and wes duelland 
Wyth Willame Eede, that off Ingland 
As Kyng that tyme bare the crowne, 
And herd off this presumptyowne, 380 

That hys erne than tuk on hand. 
In to the kynryk off Scotland 
He come wyth powere off thys Kyng, 
That Ingland had in governyng : 
Hys erne than he chasyd swa, 
That the flycht he gert hym ta, 
And fra hym qwyt than wan the land, 
And wes a yhere in it wedand 
And ane half. The Erie than 
Off the Mernys, a manly man, 390 

Agayne Duncane wyth hys powere 
Eas wyth Downald in to were, 
And slwe this Duncane swne to dede, 
Hys erne restoryd till his stede, 
That before as Kyng had he. 
That state he held than yherys thre. 

Thus thai twa persownys fyve yhere 
F. 160. Mad all the kynryk than on stere, 
Quhill Edgare ras, that wes eldest, 
And that tyme to the Crowne nerrest 400 

Off all than ly vand off the get, 
That Malcolme had off Saynt Margret. 

CH. iv.] OF SCOTLAND. 167 

On Downald he folowyd than sa fast, 
Quhill that he tuk hym at the last, 
And in presowne perpetualle, 
Quhill end his lyff thare had fynale. 

The Saxonys and the Scottys blude 
In natyownys twa before than yhud. 
Bot the barnetyme off that get, 
That Malcolme had off Saynt Margret, 410 

Togyddyr drw full unyowne 
To pas syne in successyowne. 

Off Saynt Andrewys Byschape than 
Turgot wes, a cunnand man : 
Off Durame before he wes Prioure, 
And than Saynt Margretys confessoure. 


e r^jngt in .Srcrtknb*, 
Jtnbe th.e fgrst D-enrj) in 

A.D. A 

1098. J\. THOWSAND and foure score off yhere 

And auchten fra the Madyn clere 

Had borne the byrth off hyr body, 

That causyd all oure mellody, 420 

Edgare the eldast than lyvand, 

And to the Crowne nerrest off Scotland, 

Tuk the sceptyr, and the crowne 

Reale, and full possessyowne ; 

And nyne wyntyr wes regnand 

Kyng crownyd off Scotland. 

He wes a man off fayre havyng, 

And dyde [in] hys tyme bot lefull thyng. 


Coldyngame than fowndyd he, 

And rychely gert it dowyt be, 430 

Off Saynt Eb, a swet Halow : 

Saynt Cuthbert thare thai honowre now. 

The Abbay off Cystews in Burgownd 
In his tyme thai begouth to fownd. 

Mawnys, that [off] Norwa than 
Wes Kyng, the Owt Ylys wan, 
And ekyd thame till his crowne 
To byd ay in possessyown. 

A.D. A 

1100. J\_ THOWSAND and a hundyr yhere 

Eftyr the byrth off cure Lord dere, 440 

Kyng off Ingland Willam Rede 
Reklesly wes slayne to dede : 
For in huntyng as he past 
On a day in the Neu Forast, 
Wyth a rekles schot off cas 
A knycht hym slwe at the wanlas. 
Henry than, hys brodyr yhing, 
F. 160. b. Crownyd wes, and sone mad Kyng : 

The Byschope off Lundyn, Schyr Morys, 
Crownyd hym wyth solempne serwys. 450 

Oure Kyng Edgare, be fayre trette, 
Gert Maid hys systyr weddyt be 
Wyth this Lord Henry yhyng, 
Off Ingland that tyme crownyd Kyng. 
The Archebyschape off Yhork than, 
A famows and [a] wertuows man, 
Crownyd wyth solempnyte" 
Dame Maid, that suet lady fre. 
Swa, fra crownyd scho wes sene, 

CH. iv.] OF SCOTLAND. 169 

Maid scho wes cald the gud Qwene. 460 

Thare made wes a gret mawngery, 

Quhare gaddryd ware the mast worthy, 

And lordys off the grettast gre, 

That kend ware in that cuntre". 

Swa, thare wes ane awlde knycht sete 

Amang thame that day at the mete, 

And thir wordys than said he ; 

" Now in the rwte is set the tre 

Bathe frwyt and floure all lyk to here." 

Bot fewe wyst thare-off the manere. 470 

Than thai reqwyryd hym that wes by 

Sittand, to say per cumpany, 

Quhat sygnyfyid that mystyk word, 

That he swa spak than at the horde. 

The knycht than sayd thame curtasly 

He wald declere it oppynly. 

" Quhille," he sayd, " I wes steward 

Till my Lord the Kyng Edward, 

And I before hym wes standand 

At his mete, and he syttand, 480 

As he oysyd wyth gret honowre, 

Thare wes a suspect traytoure, 

Set swa he wes nowcht prowyd in dede, 

Yhit swilk he provyd, or thine he yhed : 

By the Kyng than at the mete 

He wes at his tabill sete ; 

In his hand a pes off brede 

He had, that rycht thare made his dede. 

For to the Kyng this wes hys word 

That day syttand at the bord, 490 

' My lord, offt yhe have herd, off me 

That yhe suld betresyd be, 


And that I suld be tresowne 
Sla, and wndo yhoure persowne. 
Gyve evyr I thowcht for to do sua, 
I pra God, hyne I newyre ga ; 
Bot at this ilk pes of bred 
Here at yhoure bord be now my dede, 
And off it nevyr a crote, 

Quhill I be wyrryd, owre-pas my throt.' 500 

F. 161. That brede than he begouth till ete; 

Bot owre hys throt it mycht noucht get. 

Swa, suddanly rycht at the borde 

He wyrryd, and spak newyre a word 

Mare, than he spak off that bred, 

Before that he deyd in that stede. 

The Kyng than gert hym doggydly 

Be drawyn owt, and dyspytwsly 

Oure a hewch gert cast hym downe, 

Doggys till ete his caryowne. 510 

My Lord," he sayd, yhit syttand 

As in a study [than] musand, 

And efftyr that all this was done, 

As yhe have herd, than sayd he sone, 

As vaknyd owt off his study. 

" I wes," he sayd, " in Normandy 
Bydand, as yhe wyst, a quhille 
Owt off this land in gret exyle : 
And swa, thare wes twa cunnand men, 
That offt to me repayryd then, 520 

My specyall famylyerys, 
Off plesand and off fayre manerys. 
The state off Ingland on a day 
Be thare word sare menyd thai, 
And sayd, Ingland wes lyk to be 

CH. iv.] OF SCOTLAND. 171 

Confowndyd for gret inyqwyte', 
That wes done in to that land ; 
For few in it wes than lyvand, 
That wes commendyd all wertuws ; 
Bot iwill, and fals, and lycherus. 530 

[And] nowthir lauch, na [yhit] lawte 
Wes oysyd, na done in that cuntre* ; 
And lordys be thare awarys 
The sympill folk wald ay supprys : 
Byschapys, prestys, and prelatys 
In hawtayne pryd ay led thare statys, 
Swa, lyk war, that inyqwyte" 
Suld all wndo this hale cuntre*. 
I askyd," he sayd, " than, qwhat remede 
This mycht helpe, or stand in sted. 540 

Ane off thame than awnsweryd me, 
And sayd, ' Swilk help may fall to be, 
As be this ryddill I will th say, 
Fra the" or [I] pas away. 
A grene tre fra the rwte wes sawyn, 
And fra it a space wes drawyn, 
As men for till wndyrstand, 
Large thre akyre leynth off land. 
This tre may happyn for to get 
The kynd rwte, and in it be set, 550 

And sap to recovyr syne, 
Bath [the] leyff, and flewowre fyne, 
And the froyte the tre oure-sprede. 
Than is to lyppyn sum remede.' " 
F. i6i. b. Than the knycht sayd, " Now I se 
In to the kynd rwte set the tre" ; 
This tre* yhe may wndyrstand 
To be the kynryk off Ingland, 


That in honowre, and ryches, 

And in gret welth abowndand wes. 560 

The rwte, yhe trow, kyngys sede, 

Quhare-off all kyngis come on dede, 

That awcht the kynryk off Ingland, 

Be lyne, and lynage discendand, 

All tyme regnand, efFtyr that 

It Locryne fra his fadyr gat, 

That wes Brwttus, that wan the landys, 

As yhe have hard, fra Geandys. 

The space off twa thowsand yhere 

Kyngys off kyngys cummyn were, 570 

Quhill Harald, Bastard, and Willarae Rede, 

That now in mwld ar lyand dede, 

Off that state interruptyowne 

Mad be thare intrusyowne. 

Thir ware the akyr-leynthis thre, 

That before rehersyd we : 

Ilkane off thir wyth thare streynth 

Fychyd the tre ane akyr-leynth 

Now gottyn has that tre the rwte 

Off kynd, oure confort, and oure bute, 580 

All lik to bere bath frwyt and floure 

In till oure helpe and oure succoure. 

Syne Saxon and the Scottys blude 

Togyddyr is in yhon frely fwde, 

Dame Maid, oure Qwene, and oure lady, 

Now weddyd wyth oure Kyng Henry." 

This knycht syttand at the borde 
All this rehers[it] word be word. 

In this tyme the translatyowne 
Wes done wyth weneratyowne 590 

Off Saynt Cuthbert till Durame, 

CH. v.] OF SCOTLAND. 173 

Be prelatys off commendyt fame, 

Fra the Kyrk off Haly-Eland, 

Quhare he before than was lyand : 

Thare, off grettare state than othir, 

Wes Alysawndyre oure Kyngys brodyr 

Edgare, and syne wes Kyng 

Nest, quhen hys brodyr had made endyng. 

At Durame than the byschapis Se 

Fra thine wes ordanit for to be. 600 


the fgrst to0 
(Sortlanb hafo in 

A.D. A 

1107. -ft. THOWSAND a hundyre yhere and sevyn 

Fra Mary bare the Kyng off Hevyn, 
Off Edgare, oure nobill Kyng, 
The dayis wyth honowre tuk endyng : 
Be north Tay in till Dunde" 
F. 162. Tyll God the spyryte than yhald he. 
And in the Kyrk off Dwnfermlyue 
Solemply he wes enteryd syne. 
Lemman had he nane, na wyff ; 
Bot clene and honest wes hys lyff, 610 

And gratyws [was] hys endyng. 

Nest efftyre hym wes crownyd Kyng 
Alysandyr hys brodyr than, 
That wes a fulle hey-hartyd man. 
Kyng he ryngnyde sevyntyne yhere 
In honowre and in gret powere. 
Till wyff he weddyt in that quhille 


A fayr lady, Dame Sybille : 

Willamys dochtyr, scho wes plesand, 

The quhilk be conqwest wan Ingland. 620 

This Alysandyre wes rycht manly : 
Alysandyr the Fers for-thi 
He was cald be this resowne. 
In Inwergowry a sesowne 
Wyth ane honest court he bade, 
For thare a maner-plas he hade, 
And all the land lyand by 
Wes hys demyd than halyly. 
Swa, suddanly apon hym then 
A multitude off Scottys men 630 

[Come] in entent to sla the Kyng. 
Thai swne persayvyd he gat wyttyng : 
The bak thai turnyd rycht swne, and flede, 

t > 

And oure the Mownth rycht fast thame spede 

The Kyng wytht hys court symply 

Folowyd on thame rycht fersly, 

Owre the Stokfurd into Eos. 

Thai gaddryd agayiie on [set] purpos, 

Q why 11 thai ware than he fere ma, 

In al gud will hym for to sla, 640 

Quhen the s wytht a gret spryng 

At the Stokfurd mad stoppyng, 

All lyk to lete men for to ryde. 

The Kyng rad oure it in that tyde, 

And wyth his court apertly 

On thame he chasyd ; and cowartly 

Hys fays turnyd the bak, and fled. 

Efftyr thame he fast hym spede, 

Quhill he oure-tuk thame at the last, 

And tuk, and slwe thame, or he past 650 


Owt off that land, that fewe he lefft 
To tak on hand swylk purpos efft. 
Fra that day hys l&gys all 
Oysid hym Alysandyr the Fers to call. 

Syne he sped hym wytht gret hy 
Hame agayne till Inwergowry. 
And in devotyowne movyd, swne 
The Abbay he fowndyd than off Scwne. 
Fra Saynt Oswaldys in Ingland 
Chanownys he browcht, to be serwand 660 

F. 162. b. God, and Saynt Mychaell, Eegulare 
In till Saynt Awstynys Ordyr thare. 

Fra theyne he had in gret delyt 
Haly placys till wysyte, 
And thame till honowre in ornamentys, 
Jowellys, bukys, and vestymentys. 
In that entent and swilk gud will 
Saynt Andrewys cyte* he come till 
Thare in hys devotyoune 

He ordanyd to be relygyowne, 670 

And stedfastly that to be done. 
Robert, that Priore wes off Scone, 
Byschape off Saynt Andrewys Se 
He ordanyd als that tyme to be, 
Wyth consent off Dawy yhyng 
Hys ayre, nest for to be Kyng, 
Hys brodyr, and Erie off Huntyngtown, 
At Sanctandrewys religyowne 
Fra thine to be gave his gud will. 
And this purpos to fulfill, 680 

The Barys Rayk in regale 
To the Kyrk the Kyng gave hale ; 
The quhilk the chanownys wyth his entent 


Suld hawe had ; hot the consent 
Off the byschape mycht nowcht be 
Gottyn to that in na kyn gre*. 
For-thi twa yhere thai let oure-pas 
Or he confermyd, or blyssyd was. 

In wytnes and in taknyng 

That in this purpos stud the Kyng, 690 

And on full condytyown, 
At Saynctandrewys to be relygyown, 
Befor the Lordys all the Kyng 
Gert than to the awtare bryng 
Hys cumly sted off Araby, 
Sadelyd and brydelyd costlykly, 
Coveryd wyth a fayre mantlete 
Off precyows and [of] fyne well vet, 
Wyth hys armwrys off Turky, 
That pryncys than oysid generaly, 700 

And chesyd mast for thare delyte, 
Wyth scheld and spere off sylvyr qwhyt, 
Wyth mony a precyows fayre jowele, 
That now I leve for caus to tele. 
Wyth the Eegale, and all the lave, 
That to the Kyrk that tyme he gave 
Wyth wsualle and awld custwmys, 
Eychtys, essys, and fredwmys, 
In byll titlyd, and thare rede, 
Wyth hors arrayid he gert be lede. 710 

Wyth the consent off Dawy yhyng, 
F. 163. Hys brodyr, and trowyd for to be Kyng, 
He mad this devote offerand 
Bath to God and man plesand. 
The Byschape off Sayntandrewys town 
Mast be this condytyon 

CH. v.] OF SCOTLAND. 177 

Joysys the Eegale in sic fredwme, 
As thai yhit oysys, and cwstwme. 

Than ordanyd wes als, that the Kyng, 
Na na lawyd patrowne, be staff, na ryng, 720 

Suld mak fra thine collatyowne, 
Or suld gyve iristitutyowne 
Off byschaprykis, or abbasyis, 
Or ony kyrkis benyfyis ; 
Bot barly that the patrowne 
Suld gyve hys presentatyowne. 
A.D. A thowsand a hundyr and twenty yhere 

And twa thare-till to rekyn clere, 
The Byschope Kobert, that before 
Off Scone qwhylum wes Priore, 730 

Off the Archebyschape off Yhork had 
Confirmatyowne, and wes mad 
Byschape off Sanctandrewys towne, 
Wndyr protestatyowne, 
That na kyn scayth, na prejwdice 
Suld to the Kyrk off Scotland rys : 
Till ilke kyrk [the] rycht suld stand, 
Off Ingland evynlyk, and Scotland, 
And in Eome off the Papys Se 
Before all sawffyde the dygnyte. 740 

He stud as Lyte twa yhere owre, 
And Byschape thretty yhere and foure. 

In this mene tyme Henry yhyng, 
In till Ingland crownyd Kyng, 
Wyth Dame Maid hys weddyd wyff, 
And crownyd Qwene, than led hys lyff. 
He gat a dowchtyr, that wes cald, 
As hyr modyr wes, Dame Maid. 
The Empryoure, Schyre Henry 



The Ferd, weddyd that lady, 750 

That wes crownyd than Empryce 

Wyth hey and solempne serwyce. 

Barne gat he nane off hyr body. 

Quhen he wes dede, in Normandy 

Scho till hyr fadyr come, ryngnand 

Kyng that tyme crownyd off Ingland : 

And wyth the Erie off Angew he 

Gert hyr efftyr weddyd be ; 

The quhilk gat on hyr body 

A swne, that efftyr wes cald Henry. 760 

Wndyr that Kyng Henry Saynt Thomas 

Done to dede, and martyryd wes. 

This Henry, fyrst Kyng off Ingland, 
Quhill he wyth crowne wes thare regnand, 
Ordanyd thewys for to be 
F. 163. b. Hangyd apon [a] galow tre : 
He ordanyd alsua that stownd 
Hys mona to be cwnyhede rownd. 

Than Trent and Temys war sa schawlde, 
That a barne off twelff yhere awlde 770 

Mycht wayd oure thame, and na spate 
Than mycht mak thaire kneys wate. 

A.D. A thowsand a hundyr and sewyntene yhere 


Fra the byrth off oure Lord dere, 

Erddyn gret in Ytaly 

And hugsum fell all suddanly, 

And fourty dayis fra thine lestand : 

Gret howssys off stane and hey standand 

To the erde fell all downe, 

And in that ilk land a towne 780 

Wes flyttyd owt off that ilke plas, 

Quhare it fowndyt and byggyt was ; 

CH. v.] OF SCOTLAND. 179 

And the Mone all rede wes sene 
Blwdlyk, as it all blud had bene. 
A.D. A thowsand and a hnndyre yhere 
And awchtene to rekyne clere, 
Gedword and Kelsowe, Abbayis twa, 
Or Dawy wes Kyng, he fowndyd tha. 

A - D - And in the nest yhere efftyr than 

The Ordyr Premonstrens began ; 790 

That are to say, Chawnownys Quhyt, 
For swa hewyd is thare habyt. 
A-D. A thowsand and a hundyr yhere 


And twenty to till rekyn clere, 
Henry, than Kyng off Ingland, 
Wyth Maid his wyff in it regnand, 
Had a swne than Willame cald, 
That wes a stowt man and a bald. 
This Willame had a bastard brodyr. 
Thai bredyre twa, wyth mony othir 800 

Men and wemen, noblis gret, 
In till Ingland at Barbeflete, 
And bukys a hundyr and fourty, 
And schype-men wyth thai full fyfty, 
And off thai schyppys mastrys thre 
Happenyd at anys to drownyd be. 
A.D. A thowsand and a hundyre yhere 


And ane and twenty to thai clere, 

Eanwlff, Byschape off Durame, 

Fwndyd hys Castell off Norame. 810 

The Qwene off Scotland, Dame Sybille, 
Alysandrys wyff, deyd in that qwhille. 



(Qtolun the fgr0t ilatoti) toes regnanb, 
Jttakxrlmi0 0xriu, in till 

A.D. A 

1124. J\_ THOWSAND a hundyre twenty and foure 

The yheris off grace nere past oure, 
F. 164. The Kyng Alysawndyr in Strevylyng 

Deyd, and [wes] browcht till Dunfermlyng ; 
Quhare he wes wyth gret honoure 
Enteryd in halowyd sepultoure. 

Luwand he wes, and rycht wertwus, 
Till clerkys, and all relygyus ; 820 

Till hys legis he wes curtays ; 
In justice lawchfull he wes allwayis. 

And efftyr, sone as he wes dede, 
Dawy hys brothir in till his sted 
Succedyd nest, and tuk the crown, 
Sceptyr, and full possessyowne. 

He wes the beld off all hys kyn : 
Wyth wertu he supprysyd syn. 
He chastyd thaim that war wytyows : 
He relewyd all werteows : 830 

Hys lyff wes fowrme off all meknes : 
Merowr he wes off rychtwysness : 
Ensawmpill he wes off chastyte* : 
Mare luwand a man wes nane than he. 
Quhen mysdoarys for thare trespas 
Convyct, and to dede demyd was, 
Set that the lawch hym behowyd 
To do, yhit wes hys hart swa movyd, 

CH. vi.] OF SCOTLAND. 181 

That he wald wyth hevy chere 
. Mak for this man swa gret prayere, 840 

As he had bene his curature 
Hym till have had in till his cure. 
He illumynyd in his dayis. 
His landys wyth kyrkys and wyth abbayis. 
Byschaprykys he fand bot foure or thre ; 
Bot, or he deyd, nyne lefft he. 
Abbays he [founddit] nyne or ten, 
And set in thame relygyws men. 
Melros, and Holmcultrane, 

And Newbotill in Lowthyane, 850 

Kynlos in Murawe, South-Berewyke, 
Till Cystews all in ordyr lyk ; 
Halyrwdhows he byggyd syne, 
Cambyskynell nere Strewelyne ; 
All thir abbays fowndyd he, 
And rychely gert thame dowyt be. 
Off Cawntyrbery in Dunfermlyne 
Mwnkys he browcht, and put thame in, 
And dowyt thame rycht rychely, 
Wyth gret possessyownys and mony. 860 

This Kyng Dawy had gret delyte 
Kyrkys and abbays till wysyt. 
Off swylk delyte and swilk gud wylle 
Off Saynctandrewys the cyt4 till 
He come, and his sowne the Erie Henry, 
And wyth thame lordys rycht mony. 
F. 164. b. Off Saynt Andre wys the Byschape than 
Eobert, that wes a wertwus man, 
Eessayvyd the Kyng rycht honorably, 
Rewestyd welle wyth hys clergy. 870 

There the Kyng wes all that nycht 


Quhill on the morne the day lycht ; 

Than herd he Mes, and mad offerand 

Bathe lyk till man and God plesand. 

And efftyr all this, that thus wes dwne. 

The Kyng yhede to the clostyr swii ; 

Swylk a clostyr, as than wes, 

Nowcht swylk, as now is off larges ; 

For nothir wes than mad the dorture, 

Na swilk, as now is, the frature, 880 

Na swylk a kyrk, as now yhe se, 

Swa large wes mad in qwantyte. 

The Kyng in to the clostyr thare, 
And lordys that than by hym ware, 
Conferryd a qwhill off syndry thyngys, 
As offt is oysyd in swylk gadryngys : 
Syne the cans, quhy he come thare, 
He tald thame all, that by hym ware. 
The Byschape Eobert, that gud man, 
He conwenyd before hym than, 890 

And argwyd hym rycht scharply, 
That he furtheryd oure slawly 
His cwnnand, and his awyne dete ; 
That wes, he suld gere thare be set, 
And fowndyd off devotyown, 
In that stede a relygyown, 
And Chanownys to bryng in Eegulare, 
To serve God and Saynt Andrew thare. 
Alysandyr his brodyre Kyng 

Off that befor hys last endyng 900 

Stablysyd, and mad ordynance, 
He sayd, and full delyverance. 

Apon this be syndry wys 
Betwene thame cawsyd wes contraversys. 

CH. vi.] OF SCOTLAND. 183 

' The Byschape sayd, be rycht resowne 
He mycht nowcht till relygyowne 
The rentys gyve off the byschapryk : 
Set hys will war to do sic 
Almows, perchawns his successoure 
Wald thame retrete wyth gret raddowre, 910 

And dyspoyle thame halily, 
And sclawndyre, as gyvyn wrangwsly. 

The Kyng than mad hym this awnsuere 
On movir and on fayre manere, 
And sayd, that land, thai oysyd all 
The Barys Rayk all tyme to call, 
Wes gyvyn on that condytyowne. 
To fownd thare a relygyowne. 

The Kyng, and his sowne Henry, 
And all the lordys nere hym by, 920 

F. 165. Swa than favoryd that trette", 

That thai gert the chanownys be 

(The quhilk ware browcht befor fra Scone, 

And in Saynt Andrewys Kyrk war done) 

Chartryd off that land hale, 

That thai have in thare Eegale. 

The Kyng off hys devotyoune 

Gave thare-on confirmatyowne ; 

And hys swne the Erie Henry 

Consentyd thare-till wilfully. 930 

All thus illumynyd he hys land 
Wyth kyrkys and abbays rycht plesand. 
And othir stedys off renowne, 
Seculare, and off religyowne, 
That, or Malcolme hys fadyre 
Had weddyd Saynt Margret his modyr, 
Ewyd and sympill all tyme wes, 


Bot lyk a blynd wyld hethynes. 

Oure Lord this ilka KyDg Dawy 
To wyff weddyt a fayre lady, 940 

The quhilk to name than had Dame Maid, 
(As wes the Qwene hys systyr cald) 
The Erlys dochtyr off Hwntyntowne 
Willame, than haldyne off gret renowne, 
And hys ayre. On hyr body 
He gat a sown, wes cald Henry, 
Fadyre-lik in all his dedys, 
Quha that hys tyme seis, or redis : 
He wes Erie off North wmbyrland ; 
All Hwntyntown wes in his hand ; 950 

And full Erie he wes swa 
Off tha erldomys inychty twa. 
Till hys wyff he weddyt syne 
The Erlys dowchtyr off Warwyn ; 
Scho be name wes cald Dame Ade. 
Sownnys thre on hyr he had, 
Malcolme, Wyllame, and Dawy ; 
Thir thre sownnys gat Henry 
On hys spowsyd wyff Dame Ade. 

At Hadyntown scho gert be made 960 

And fowndyd a gret Nwnry ; 
Thare ladyis to lyve relygyowsly. 
A.D. A thowsand a hundyr twenty and sewyn 

Era Mary bare the Kyng off Hewyn, 
Dawy, than Kyng off Scotland, 
And hale the Statys off Ingland 
At Lundyn all assemblid ware. 
The Kyng off Scotland Dawy thare 
Gert all thai Statys bundyn be 
Till the Emprys in fewte, 970 

CH. vi.] OF SCOTLAND. 185 

Hys systyr dowchtyr ; [Dame] Maid 

Be name that tyme scho wes cald. 

On the Circumcysiowne day 

This athe off fewte thare swore thai. 
F, 165. b. The Erie than off Flawndyrlande, 

Devotly at hys Mes sittand, 

Wes in to that Lentryne slayne 

Be falshad, and a suddane trayne. 

Quhen he wes dede, swa be that werd 

Nest Erie wes Willame Lang-Swerd ; 980 

Eobert-Curtoys swne he wes, 

A famows man off gret prowes. 
A.D. A thowsand a hundyr and twenty yhere 

And awcht to thai to rekyne clere, 

Fowndyd wes [the] Halyrwdhows 

Fra thine to be relygyows. 
A.D. A thowsand a hundyr thretty and twa, 

The Abbay off Eewaws wes mad alsua. 
A.D. A thowsand a hundyr thretty and fyve, 

Henry past out off this lyve, 990 

That Kyng wes that [tyme] in Ingland, 

And to the gud Qwene Maid husband. 

Nest till hym, quhen he was dede, 

Hys nevow Stevyne in till his sted 

Wes mad Kyng, and tuke the crowne. 

And at hys coronatyowne 

[The] Pax foryhet wes at the Mes 

For to be gyvyn ; fra theyne he wes 

Nevyre in pes, qwhill he wes Kyng, 

Na till the day off his endyng. 1000 

A.D. A thowsand and a hundyr yhere 

The sext and threttyd to tha clere, 

Off the Kyng Dawys set purpos 


Wes fowndyd the Abbay off Melros. 

Northwmbyrland and Cwmbyrland 
Till the Kyng Dawy off Scotland 
Ware gyvyn agayne that like yhere. 
And efftyr swyne frendyt were 
The Kyng Dawy off Scotland 
And Stewyn Kyng than off Ingland. 1010 

Northwmbyrland be that trette 
Till Stewyn the Kyng wes gy vyne Ire ; 
Bot Cumbyrland all halyly 
Remanyd wyth oure Lord the Kyng Dawy. 
A.D. A thowsand and a hundyre yhere 


And awcht and thretty to tha clere, 

Off Ingland and off Scotland twa 

The kyngys war discordand swa, 

That Dawy oure Kyng in till were 

North wmbyrland wastyd wyth hys powere ; 1020 

And a gret bataille wes betwene 

The Scottys and the Inglis kene, 

Quhare mast part off the Scottis qwyt 

Ware in that battayle discumfyt, 

And mony fled, that in that chase 

In depe lowchys drownyd was. 

F. 166. A thowsand a hundyr thretty and nyne 

A D * 

1 139. Yherys fra the swete Wyrgyne 

Had borne hyr Sowne, bath God and man, 

Dame Maid the Qwene off Ingland than 1030 

Trettyd betwene the kyngys twa, 

Off Scotland and Ingland bathe war tha, 

That [thai] accordyd fullyly 

To gyve Northwmbyrland till Henry, 

Oure Kyngys sowne. Be that trett^ 

Off Northwmbyrland than Erie wes he. 

CH. vi.] OF SCOTLAND. 187 

The Empryce than, owre story sayis, 
Come in Ingland in tha dayis, 
In that land to ger be dwne, 

And to be mad Kyng hyr swne 1040 

Henry, the qwhilk owre Kyng Dawy, 
And till hym lordys rycht mony, 
Kend hyme nerrast ayre to be 
Than off all that reawte". 
The Erie off Angew Schyr Godthray 
Till this Stevyn wes contrare ay, 
For qwhat he dyd, he trowyd dwne 
In till prejwdice off his swne, 
The ayre off Ingland, Schyr Henry, 
On the Emprys gottyn bodyly. 1050 

This rnovyd the Kyng Dawy to rys 
Agayne Stevyn, as he dyd offtsys. 
And swa, in swylk dyssentyowne 
The Kyng Dawy wan till his crown 
All fra the Wattyr off Tese off brede 
North on till the Wattyr off Twede, 
And fra the "Wattyr off Esk the est 
Till off Stanemore the Eere-Cors west. 

This Stevyn, that gert all this be dwne, 1060 
Till the Kyng Henry wes systyr swne, 
A dowchtyre Willame Bastardys get. 
He to be Kyng all hale hym set. 
Quhen he wes Erie off Marytane, 
The Erie off Boyloynys douchtyr than 
Weddyt, that wes lauchfully 
Gottyn on Cowntays Dame Mary, 
That come off that lawchfull get 
Off Malcolme oure Kyng [and] Saynt Margret : 
This ilke Stewynnys wyff wes cald, 


As wes hyr awnt before, Dame Maid. 1070 

Scho be hyr trette" mad concord 
Betwene hyr erne Dawy and hyr lord 
At Durame, quhare Stevyn, than the Kyng, 
Mad fyftene dayis hys dwellyng : 
And in the New-Castell than Kyng Dawy 
Off Scotland dwelt than comownaly. 
Thare thai accordyd fullyly 
To gyve Northwmbyrland till Henry 
Dawys sowne. Be that trette 
Off North wmbyrlaud Erie wes he, 1080 

And off Hwntyntown alsua : 
F. 166. b. Swa wes he Erie than off tha twa. 
[And] for the erldome wes lyand 
Off Hwntyntown than in till Ingland, 
He suld for it his herytage 
Till the Kyng off Ingland mak homage. 
A.D. A thowsand a hundyr and fourty yhere 

Efftyr the byrth off oure Lord dere, 
The Kyng Stevyn off Ingland 
In bataile takyn wes fychtand 1090 

Evyn apon the Candylmes day 
In till Lyncolne, the suth to say. 
Era that Purificatyowne 
Haldyn he wes in till presowne 
Till the Rwd day nest foluand. 

Dame Maid the Qwene than off Ingland, 
That ilke Kyng Stevyunys wyff, 
For till succoure hyr Lordys lyff 
Sa fast scho travalyd, and sa yherne, 
The Erie Robert off Glowerne 1 1 00 

Scho gert be takyn, and mad changyng, 
For he hyr Lord had in kepyng : 


Than chawngyd for hyr Lord wes he, 

And bathe delyveryd off presowne fre. 
A.D. A thowsand [a hundyr] and fourty aucht yhere 

Era the byrth off oure Lord dere, 

Efftyr that all this wes done, 

Saynt Waldeve, oure Kyng Dawys sone, 

And the Erie Henrys awyne brothire, 

Abbot off Melros wes mad the tothir ; 1110 

And of the Ordyre Premonsterlyk 

Qwhyt Chanownys come than till Alnewyke. 
A.D. A thowsand a hundyre fourty and nine 

Era lychtar wes the suet Wyrgyne, 

The Erie off Angew, than Henry, 

Gottyn on the Empryce bodyly, 

Come till Karlele, quhare duelland 

Wes Dawy, hys modyr erne, off Scotland 

Kyng, that ressayvyd honorably 

And tretyd [hym alsua] curtasly : 1 1 20 

And in the tyme, that he thare bade, 

Kyng Dawy knycht hym mad. 
A.D. A thowsand a hundyre and fyfty yhere, 

The thryd kalend off Janwere, 

Efftyre Yhule, that is to say, 

The morne efftyr Saynt Thomas day, 

The Kyng Dawy off set purpos 

The Abbay fowndyd off Kynlos : 

Off Cystews Ordyr is that hows, 

And Quhyt Mwnkys relygyows. 1130 

Efftyr that at the Martynmes 

Qwhyt Chanownys to Dryburgh commyn wes. 
A.D. A thowsand [a hundyr and fyfty] ane, 

p. 167. The Erie off Angewys lyff wes gane 

Godthray and hys swne Henry 


Nest hyra Erie than wes halyly. 

A.D. A thowsand a hundyr fyfty and twa, 


The Kyng Stevynnys wyff and Qwene alsua, 

Dame Malde that tyme off Ingland 

Deyd. And off Northwmbyrland 1140 

And Hwntyntown the Erie Henry, 

Cure Lordys swne the Kyng Dawy, 

And hys ayre trowyd to be, 

Deyd, and enteryd wes he 

In till Kelsow. Thare he lyis, 

Hys spyryte in till Paradys. 

Howntyntown, and Northwmbyrland, 
And all the kynryk off Scotland 
Than menyd sare that pryncys dede. 
For he wes in his yhowthede 1150 

A fay re, swete, plesand chyld, 
Honest, awenand, mek, and myld ; 
Apperand ayre till oure kynryk ; 
Nane off wertu till hym lyk ; 
At all poynt formyd in fassown, 
Abill, of gud condityowne ; 
Welle lettryd he wes, and rycht wertws ; 
Large, and off gret almws 
Till all pure folk, seke and hale, 
And till all othir rycht liberale. 1160 

Fra thus this Lordys dayis ware past, 
The Kyng, hys fadyr, alsa fast 
Let, that all the dule wes dwne 
Be sycht, that he had for hys swne. 
Malcolme, the eldast off thai thre 
Sownnys off Henry, than gert he 
Be throwch the land traweland 
In ilke schyrrawedome off the land, 

CH. vii.] OF SCOTLAND. 191 

Wyth honest curt and cumpany 

To lede, and trete hym honestly; 1170 

And gert pronowns [hym] thare be crye 

Thare Prynce, and Kyng off lauch to be. 

And als he depute hys Counsale 

The Erie off Fyffe mast specyalle ; 

All governyd by hym to be 

In his state, and hys reawte". 

Willame, the yhowngare brodyr, syne 
To the New-Castell apone Tyne 
He gert cum, and Northwmbyrlande 
Thare he put hale in hys hand : 1 1 80 

And gert delyveryd till hym be 
Off the lordis of that cuntre* 
The grettast ostagys in warand, 
F. 167. b. He pesybly to joys that land 

Wyth fewte" full, and thaire homage, 
Serwys, custwme, and trewage. 


In thi0 Chapiter* jsrhal gh* 
Jt ftUtame ijrtt 

A.D. A 

1153. A THOWSAND a hundyr and fyfty 

And thre yhere thare-till ewynlykly, 

Apon the foure and twentyd day 

Off that moneth, that we call May, 1190 

The nynd kalend that day off Jwne, 

The gud Kyng Dawys dayis war dwne 

In till Karlele, quhare he made 


A styth castell, and thare he hade 

Offt and mekyll his duellyng 

All tyme that he wes Kyng. 

And fra Karlele thai browcht syne 

Hys body dede till Dunfermlyne : 

Thare in halowyd sepulture 

It wes enteryd wy th honwre. 1 200 

That Prynce excellent in wysdwme 
All pryncys off the Crystyndwme, 
That in hys tyme lyvand wes, 
In wertwys and in halynes, 
Quha that his lyff seys and redis, 
Thar-in wryttyn ar hys dedis. 
The twentyd part off hys bownte" 
Be my style may nowcht sowndyt be. 
The day he wes bath Kyng, and Knycht ; 
A Mwnk devote he wes the nycht. 1210 

He held in hys devotyowne 
The Howrys all off relygyowne. 
Quha lykis to lyve honestly, 
And to greve na man wrangusly, 
And to gyve ilkane, that thairis suld be, 
This Kyngis lyffe he rede and se : 
For hys lawys till governale, 
Hys awyn oys till lyffe wertuale, 
May myrrowre and ensawmpill be 
Till alkyn statis, gre be gre. 1220 

Twenty and nyne yhere Kyng he wes. 
Thynk, Lordys on Dawy and hys myldnes ! 

The Kyng Stevyn, and Henry, 
That tyme Duke off Normandy 
The Erie off Angew, than passand 
Byschappys twa betwene trettand, 


Wes full pes and concord made. 
The Kyng Stevyn the kynryk hade, 
As befor, till hys enday : 

All thus accordyt than ware thai. 1230 

In the tyme, that he wes Kyng, 
Thai oysyd to call hym Stevyn-Styntyng. 
F. 168. The Abbay off Eeddynnys fowndyd he, 
Qwhen he wes in hys ryawte*. 
Here will I telle, or I ga by, 
As wryttyn I fand in a story, 
That Malcolme a brodyr had, that wes cald 
The Kyng Dawys erne, Downald, 
That wes gottyn in lawchfull bed ; 
And wald have bene in till the stede 1240 

Off hys brodyr Malcolme the Kyng, 
Nest efftyr that hys lyff tuk endyng. 
And, as yhe herd, he strawe thare-for, 
(Gyve yhe can draw all till memore) 
Quhill Edgare tuk hym at the last, 
And held hym in till presowne fast. 
Thare geldyd, sum men sayd, wes he 
To lete hym fadyre for to be 
To ma barnys, than he had than ; 
That wes bot Bethok, a woman, 1250 

Hys dowchtyr gottyn on purches, 
Quhen he in till hys fredwme wes : 
Hys eyne twa syne thai pwt owt ; 
The les off hym than had thai dowt. 
Than, thai sayd, the Kyng Dawy 
Had gottyn on hys wyff bodyly 
A sowne, that wes a gangand chyld, 
Swete and honest, meke and myld. 
It hapnyd this Downald for to be 



Than haldyn as in presown fre ; 1260 

Blynd, and geldyt nevyrtheles. 

Thare in till his hewynes 

As hys herytage to forga, 

And for to be demenbryd swa, 

As he the chyld herd by gangand, 

And nerhand hym than playand, 

He cald the chyld, as hym to kys : 

And the barne, that thowcht na mys, 

Come, and abowt the hals 

Donalde he tuk, that than wes fals. 1270 

Wyth tympanys scharpe, that he gert ma, 

Set till hys naylis, and wyth tha 

The childe sa fast he thrystyd thare, 

That hym behowyd on nede to rare ; 

And swa he handlyd the child sa fast, 

Thare-off qwhill he deyd at the last. 

The modyr than, that herd the cry, 
And swa hyr barne deyd, wes sary : 
Amang thame all, that than by ware, 
Fore sorow scho gave the gast rycht thare. 1280 
Gret wame wyth barne scho wes that day, 
Hyr tyme nowcht nere ; bot yhit thai 
Alssa fast gert hyr be schorne, 
F. 168. b. And wan the barne all qwyk, as borne 
The chylde hade bene all kyndly. 
Syne howyn he wes, and cald Henry, 
That Erie wes efft off Howntyntowne, 
And had in till possessyowne 
The Erldwme off Northwmbyrland, 
And ayre till oure Kyng apperand, 1290 

Had he nowcht bene wyth ded ourtane, 
Or that hys fadrys lyff wes gane. 

CH. viz.] OF SCOTLAND. 195 

Bot this Downald in a downgeowne 
Thai kest, and held in that presowne, 
And pynyd hym thare, but mete, drynkles, 
Qwhill dede in to that pyte he wes. 
A.D. A thowsand a hundyr fyfty and thre 


Efftyre the blyst Natyvyte", 
Malcolme, this yhowng Henrys swne, 
Wytht honest cowrt wes had to Scwne : 1300 

Thare wytht gret solempnyte 
Kyng off Scotland crownyd wes he ; 
A chyld than hot twelff yhere awlde, 
That wapnys mycht nowcht wychtly wauld ; 
Bot in till wertu nevyrtheles 
Day be day he growand wes. 
A-D. A thowsand a hundyr fyfty and foure 

1 1 ^A. 

The Natyvyt^ nere past owre. 

The Kyng off Ingland, Stewyn, on bere 

Ded wes browcht, that nyntene yhere 1310 

Kyng rygnyd in Ingland. 

And nest hym thare to be rygnand 

Henry Duk off Normandy, 

That wes gottyne lauchfully 

Be the Erie off Awngew, cald 

Godthray, on hys wyff, Dame Maid, 

Emprys (for scho wes Henrys wyff 

Qtihill he wes Empryoure in hys lyff) : 

This yhowng Henry tuk the Crowne 

Off Ingland wyth possessyown, 1320 

Wyth homage, and full fewte, 

That swylk awcht to that reawte*. 

Saynt Thomas wes hys Chawnselare, 
And hys gret sele wyth hym bare : 
Ewynlik he wes in rychtwysnes, 


Till all men myrrowre off meknes : 

For clennes off chastyte*, 

And als for to the Kyng wes he 

Fainylyare rycht specyall, 

Cunnand, curtays, and lyberalle, 1330 

Archebyschape be the Chapytere 

Chosyn he wes concorditer. 

Off Cawntyrbery. Be that he was 

As off all Ingland than Primas. 

The Archebyschape off Yhork than, 
That namyd wes a cunnand man, 
Efftyre that electyowne 
F. 169. Mad this protestatyowne, 

Off cownte and charge he suld be, 
That secularys oysyd, all tyme fre. 1340 

The Archebyschape off Yhork Willame, 
That was commendyd off gud fame, 
Eecoveryd the benevolens 
Wyth trawayle, and wyth gret dyspens, 
Off Ewgeny ws, than the Pape, 
That had suspendyt than this Byschape : 
And come agayne in till Ingland, 
Quhare he wes schort tyme than ly vand : 
For, thai sayd, efftyre quhen he wes 
Devotly thare syngand his Mes, 1350 

Hys mynysterys, that made hym than serwyce, 
Prewaly put in his chalyce 
Wenenows poysowne ; fra that liqwre 
He tastyd, than mycht he nowcht endure ; 
Bot hastyly that haly man 
Deyd be swilk serwys than. 
A.D. A thowsand a hundyr fyfty and sevyn 

1 1 ^>7 

Yheris fra borne wes God off Hevyn, 

CH. vii.] OF SCOTLAND. 197 

Till Chestyre, off Scotland the Kyng Malcolme, 
Till the Kyng Henry off Ingland come. 1360 

Thare he become that Kyngys man, 
As dyd his gud-syre befor than, 
For the landys off Hwntyntown, 
That thai had in possessyown ; 
For that erldwme wes lyand 
Wyth-in the kynryk off Ingland. 
A.D. At Karlele eft, on purpos set, 

Thir kyngis twa togyddyr met, 
A thowsand a hundyr yhere fyfty and awcht : 
Thare thai depai-tyd nowcht all sawcht. 1370 

Bot swne efftyr that dyscorde 
Togyddyr thai drewe in till concorde. 
Than Henry the Kyng off Ingland past 
Owre se till Twlows alsa fast : 
Malcolme off Scotland than oure Kyng 
At hys reqwest and hys praying 
Past than wyth. hyrn owre the s&, 
Quhare tretyd honestly [than] wes he. 

Till Malcolme the Kyng in hys youthade 
At Twrone the Ordyre off Knychthad 1380 

Off Ingland this Kyng Schyr Henry 
Wyth honowre gave rycht specyally ; 
For off consangwnyte' 
The thryd and thryd thai ware in gre. 

Quhen the Kyng Malcolme come agayne, 
Off hys 16gys mad hym a trayne : 
A mayster-man cald Feretawche, 
Wyth Gyllandrys-Ergemawche, 
And othir mayster-men thare fyve 
Agayne the Kyng than ras belywe ; 1390 

F. 169. b. "For caws that he past till Twlows, 


Agayne hym thai ware all irows : 

For-thi thai set thame hym to ta 

In till Perth, or than hym sla. 

Bot the Kyng rycht manlyly 

Swne skalyd all that cumpany, 

And tuk and slwe : And syne the way 

He past on in till Galway ; 

And thryis he fawcht syne wytht thame thare, 

And wencust thame wyth hys poware : 1400 

And swa the Gallways to the crowne 

He mad in till subjectyowne. 

In this mene tyme the Kyng Henry 
Off Ingland wrat rycht reverently 
Till the Pape Schyr Adryane : 
And in hys lettyrs sayd he thane, 
That the pepill off Ireland 
Wnfaythfull wes and mystrowand, 
And lede [thame] all be fretis wyle, 
Nowcht be the lauche off the Ewangyle, 1410 

Nowthir wald thai do na wyrk 
Be the techyng off Haly Kyrk ; 
Na thai wald be nakyn way, 
As thai suld, lyve be Crystyn fay : 
For-thi he mad than thra prayere 
To the Pape, that he powere 
Wald gyve hym and autoryte', 
For till wyn that wyld menyhe 
Till the trowth and Crystyne fay, 
And that Lordschype till hald ay 1420 

Fra thine in herytabill fe, 
Immedyate off the Papys Se. 

Be this he gat than full powere 
Off the Pape, and made hys were 


In till Irland alsa fast. 

And throw the playnis fyrst he past ; 

And syne the heycht till hys crowne 

He mad all in subjectyown. 

Fra thine the Kyngys off Ingland 

All cald thame Lordis off Ireland. 1430 

A.D. A thowsand a hundyr fyfty and nyne 

Fra lychtare wes the swet Vyrgyne, 

Eobert off Sanctandrewys than 

Byschape, the gud wertwus man, 

Hys spyryte yhald to the Creature, 

Hys body till halowyd sepulture : 

In the awld kyrk thare he lyis, 

Hys spyryte in till Paradys. 

He wes thretty yhere and foure 

Byschape. Quhen thai war past oure 1440 

Arnald wes chosyn to that Se. 

Ten moneth and a yhere wes he 

Byschape ; off Kelsowe apon Twede 

Abbot befor he wes in dede. 

The gret kyrk off Sanctandrewis he 

Fowndyd ; that to be the Se 

Off all hale the Byschapryke. 

The Kyng than off oure kynryke, 

Malcolme, at that fundatyowne 

Wes present in his awyne persowne. 1450 

A.D. A thowsand a hundyre sexty and ane, 

Yheris fra Crystis byrth wes gane, 

Archebyschape chosyn was 

Off Cawntyrbery Saynt Thomas ; 

And the Kyng Henry than gert hym be 

Fra all chargis cryid fre, 

And alkyn cownt, that Seculare 


Befor oblysyd till hym ware, 

That had bene in swylk serwys, 

Or, as he wes, in offyis, 14GO 

For he wes hys Chawnselare 

And lele : he luwyd hym all the mare. 

Bot syne that effectyown 
F. no. Had a fell conclusyown. 
A.D. A thowsand a hundyre and sexty yhere 

And fowre till thai till rekyne clere, 

Malcolme Kyng off Scotland, 

And pesybly in it rignand, 

The ellevynd yhere off his crowne 

Mad the fundatyowne 1470 

Off the Abbay off Culpyre in Angws. 

And dowyt it wyth hys almws 

All lyk to Cystwys in habyt ; 

We oys to call thame mwnkys qwhyt. 
A.D. A thowsand a hundyre sexty and thre 

63> Efftyre the [blest] Natyvyte", 

The gud Byschape Schyre Arnald 

Till hys Makare hys spyryte yhald, 

Hys body till halowyd sepulture 

In the awld kyrk thare wyth honwre. 1480 

And efftyr that he swa wes dede, 

Rychard Byschape in his stede 

Chosyn he wes concorditer, 

And Elyte twa yhere bad efftyr. 

Bot syne the Byschapys off Scotland, 

Powere full to that havaud 

Off the Papys commyssyown, 

Gaw hym mynystratyown, 

Confirmatyown, and blyssyn hale, 

Be the Papys lettrys specyall. 1490 


Sowyrle off Argyle that yhere 
Till hym gadryd a gret powere, 
As twelff yhere he oysyd, in bataille 
Hys Lord to warray, and assaylle, 
F. no. b. The Kyng that wes off Scotland : 
Than wyth a gret ost off Ireland, 
And off othir steddis sere, 
That by hym ware lyand nere, 
At Eenfrewe arrywyd swne. 

That were swa at the last wes dwne, 1500 

That he, and hys swne bath, was 
Lefft dede slayne in to that plas. 
And mony wyth thame in that sted 
Thare than ware slayne, and lefi't for dede. 
A.D. A thowsand a hundyr sexty and fyve 

Yheris off grace, owt off this ly ve 
Malcolme oure Kyng past wyth honwre 
In Gedword till hys Creature, 
Off Decembyre the nynd day, 
Efftyr the Conceptyown ay 1510 

Off oure Lady the Vyrgyne clere 
The nest day falland ilke yhere. 
Fra thine hys body wes browcht syne, 
And enteryd in Dwnfermlyne. 
In till the floure off hys yhowthed 
He deyd in clene madynhed, 
Bot fyve and twenty wyntyr awlde, 
Till God quhen hys spyryt he yhawld. 

In till vysyown efftyr than 

He apperyd till a man, 1520 

That he had in gret specyallte, 
Quhill lyvand in this warld wes he. 
This man in that visyown 


Fell in till collatyown 
Wyth the Kyng on this manere, 
As now I will reherse yhow here. 
" Qwhy art thow, dere Lord, sa still ? " 
" For me my lyff schawys th the skyll." 
" Qwhy lyis thi body now sa lawe ?" 
* " The hycht my spyryt for to knawe." 1530 

The man, " Art thow in to paynys yhit ?" 
" Nay, nowcht in paynis, bot [in] qwyit." 
" Quhat wes sum tyme thi pennans ?" 
" Befor my dede my hewy chans." 
" Quhilk is the sted off thi duellyng?" 
" Pa[ra]dys, parties off all ewill thyng." 
" Qwhy is thi clethyng sa qwhyt sene ?" 
" For caus I deyd madyn clene." 
" Thow wes quhylle Kyng ; now quhat dois thowe?" 
" Than wes I threll ; Kyng am I no we." 1540 

" Seke thow wes oft wont to be." 
" Off all seknes now I am fre." 
" Qwhy tynt we the, now thow say ?" 
" Wyth halowys to duell for evyr and ay." 
" Quhat dyd thd mast dysplesans here ?" 
" The falshad off the warld, but were." 
" Sail thow cum agayne in hast ?" 
F. 171. " Yha, wyth the Juge that is heyast." 

" Scotland menys [the"] now rycht sare." 

" Nay noucht now, bot forthirmare." 1550 

" Dredys thow yhit for till hawe payne ?" 

" In yhowre warld gyve I cum agayne." 

" To thi legis will thow oucht mare ?" 

" All tyme, yha, that thai welle fare." 



SEtllegham It^ng toes oft 
glut* in it 

A.D. A 

1165. J\, THOWSAND a hundyr sexty and fyve 

Yheris fra borne wes God off ly ve, 

Malcolme oure Kyng, and madyne pure, 

Hys saule yhald till the Creature. 

On Yhwle ewyn nest thare-efft, 1560 

All thus quhen he this warld had lefft 

Willame hys brodyr ras to be Kyng, 

And Scotland tuk in governyng. 
A.D. A thowsand a hundyr and sexty yhere 

And to tha sex, or thare-by nere, 

The Kyng off Ingland, than Henry, 

Past oure s wyth a cumpany 

In herandys off the Kyng off Frawns, 

Hys Lord be detfull alegeawns. 

The Kyng Willame off Scotland, 

Efftyr hym oure se folowand, 1570 

Come in Frawns, and prowyd prowes, 

Manhed, and gret dowchtynes 

In tornementys, and justyngys, 

And mony othir knychtlyk thyngys ; 

Quhare-throw relewyd wes his name 

And he comendyt off gret fame. 

And efftyr that all this wes dwne 

Hame he come in Scotland swne. 
' A thowsand a hundyr sexty and sewy n 

Dame Maid the Empryce past till Hewyn. 1580 


And Henry, than off Ingland Kyng, 

Had a swne called Henry yhyng. 

Sa mekil than off hym [he] made, 

That he gert hym in hys yowthade 

Kyng be crownyd off Ingland, 

Hys fadyr in it yhit ly vand : 

The twa and twentyd day off May 

In Lundyn, that tyme a Swnday, 

Ane Archebyschape off Yhork that yhere, 

That be name wes cald Eogere, 1590 

(Bot he gat that Archebyschapryk 

Noucht wyth lawte", bot wytht swyk) 

He wyth othir Byschapys twa, 

Off Durame, and Lwndyn bathe ware tha, 

Made this Coronatyown 
F. 171. b. Agayne all lawch and all resown, 
In the tyme that Saynt Thomas 
In Frawns, as in till exile, was. 
The Pape Alysawndyr for-thi 
Procedyde agayne [thaim] heyly, 1600 

And thame suspendyt fra benyfyis, 
And fra all othir kyn offys, 
That all othir Byschapys mycht 
And fallys for to do on rycht. 
And all the lawe suspendyt he, 
That was at that solempnyte", 
That off the Kyrke had benyfis. 
And Eogere, that dyd the serwys, 
That had the Archebyschapryk 
Off Yhork, as yhe hawe herd, be swyk, 1610 

That mad that Coronatyown 
Agayne all lawch and all resown, 
As in ane othir provynce set 

CH. vm.] OF SCOTLAND. 205 

Than till it suld hawe bene off det, 
And usurpyd ane offys 
Nowcht hys awyne in that serwys, 
The Pape off hys autoryte" 
That Eogere gert depriwyd be. 

A thowsand a hundyre sevynty and ane 
Yheris fra God had manned tane, 1620 

Saynt Thomas off Cawntyrbery 
Past till Cryst be martyry. 
Off Yhule-wok the fyft day 
Off hym the fest is haldyn ay. 

And be the Coronatyown 
Off Henry yhowng dyssentyown 
In to the kynryk off Inglande 
G-ret and fell wes apperand 
Betweene the fadyr and the swne : 
The tane the tothire wald have wndwne. 1630 

On ilk syde gret partyis 
Heyly begowth to rys : 
On bath the sydys the Brettys se~ 
Dowtis apperid gret to be, 
And all the kynryk in peryle 
Off Ingland wes in to that quhylle, 
Qwhyle that God set that remede, 
Befor the fadyr the swne wes dede ; 
And the fadyr wes lefft lewand, 
Efftyr the swne dede, Kyng regnand. 1640 

A thowsand a hundyr sevynty and foure 
Era Cryst wes borne oure Sawyowre, 
The Kyng Willame off Scotland 
Past wyth a gret ost in Ingland : 
All Waymerland and Appilby 
Than wan he till hym halyly ; 


And as he wes than hame cumand, 
The Lordys all off Northwmbyrland 
F. 172. Askyd trewys at the Kyng 

Willame, and he to thare askyng 1650 

For off thairis gave assent ; 

And thai thar-off mad payment. 

TiU the Fest off the Trenyte* 

He grawntyd thame trewyd for to be. 

The tyme off thai trewys past, 
The Kyng Willame als[sa] fast 
Hys ost assemblyd wyth stalwart hand : 
Agayne he past than in Ingland. 
In Alnewyk wnwysly 

The Kyng hym-selff rycht symply 1660 

Bade : and in till forray 
All the men that tyme off Galway, 
And mony othir off hys men 
Ware welle persaywyd, fra hym then 
That thai war in forray past ; 
The Northwmbrys als[a] fast 
Gaddryd, and tuk hym in that stownd, 
And had hym fyrst till Eychemwnd ; 
And thare wes set in [that] castelle, 
Quhare thai gert kepe hym wondyr welle. 1670 
And sone send word in Normandy, 
For thare wes that tyme the Kyng Henry, 
The quhilk wes rycht blyth off that cas, 
Fra he herd as it hapnyd was ; 
And gert hym be browcht in hy 
Owr till hym in Normandy : 
As in presowne thare he wes 
In the Towre kepyd off Falps. 

The Kyng Willamys brodyr than Dawy, 

CH. viii.] OF SCOTLAND. 207 

Erie off the Garwyawch, halyly 1680 

Wyth hys ost assegeand lay 

Laycester that ilk[a] day : 

Quhen thare come till hym tythyng, 

That tane off Scotland wes the Kyng, 

Than he remowyd alsa fast, 

And name than in till Scotland past. 

The Byschape off Saynctandrewys than 
Bychard, that cald wes, a wys man, 
And othir lordys wyth hym ma, 
Byschapys, and barownys gret alsua, 1690 

Oure s6 past in Normandy, 
For to tret thare wyth Henry 
Kyng off Ingland, to land, and se, 
How thai rnycht be thaire trette* 
Delyweryd get the Kyng Willame, 
And in till Scotland bryng hym hame. 
Apon this thai tretyd fast : 
Swa, thai accordyd at the last, 
That on all trewys, and on pes, 
And connandys, that accordyt wes, 1700 

All and ilkane fermly 
To be haldyn, and sykkyrly 
F. 172. b. To be kepyd, wes thare accord 

For the delywerans off oure Lord, 

The thre castellys of Roxsbwrch, 

Off Berwyk, and Edynburch, 

And othir ostagys fyftene 

The grettast that off oure land ware sene, 

Suld be delyveryd qwytly 

Till off Ingland the Kyng Henry. 1710 

All this, tretyd to be dwne, 
Wes furtheryd in till deid rycht swne : 


And the Kyng off Inglandys 
Thai castellys the lutenawndys 
Delyweryd fra all Scottys men. 
The Kyng off Ingland had thaim then, 
And efftyr that he gat thame swa, 
And ostagys fyftene to tha, 
Delyweryd than the Kyng Willame 
In till Scotland swa come hame. 1720 

Hys Erlys and Barownys nevyrtheles 
In Yhork stratly bwndyn wes 
Befor the Kyng Willamys delywerans 
In fermely festnyd alyawns 
To the Kyng Henry off Ingland ; 
And all the Byschapys off Scotland 
Till hym bwndyn als had he 
Be athe sworn off fewte". 
A.D. A thowsand a hundyr and sexty yhere 

Sextene to thai reknyd clere, 1730 

This Kyng Henry to Norame 

Come, and thare the Kyng Willame, 

As a tryst thare till set, 

At that place togyddyr mete. 

Thare Byschapys, Erlys, and Barownys, 

And mony famows gret persownys 

Off bathe the rewmys assemblyd ware 

Befor thai twa crownyd kyngys thare. 

The Kyng off Ingland, that Henry, 

Fandyd thare than rycht thraly 1740 

The Kyrk off Scotland fra that day 

To ger be submyttyt ay 

To the Kyrk off Yhork in till Ingland, 

And the Byschapys off Scotland 

Obedyentyarys fra thine to be 


To the Archebyschape off Yhorkys Se ; 

And he, as Metropolitane, 

Suld hawe oure Byschapys evyrilkane 

Off oure kynryk off Scotland, 

As wes hys suffraganys in Ingland. 1750 

Off Scotland Byschapys war ma absent 
Than at that Counsale wes present : 
For-thi the Byschapys, that thare ware, 
Off tha absentys had na poware 
F. 173. For till mak awnswere as that day : 
Quharfor thai askyd a delay 
Till a langare awysment ; 
For few thai ware thare to consent 
For till mak awnswere till the Kyng, 
Syn fyrst thai herd thare hys askyng : 1760 

And he thame grawntyd that delay. 
Swa, to thare awyne swne past thai, 
And come in till Scotland harne 
Wyth thare Lord the Kyng Willame. 
And to the Pape than swne thai send 
Gret prelatys that famows men ware kend. 

The Pape Alysandyr honorably 
Eessayvyd thare message thankfully, 
And renewyd all thare priwylage, 
Thare custwmys, and thare awawntage, 1770 

That thai had lawchfull befor thai dayis ; 
Owr Byschapys to be always 
Submyttyd immedyate to the Pape, 
And to nane othir Archebyschape. 
And off the Papys awtoryte* 
Thai gat thame lowsyd qwyte and fre" 
Off the fewte, and the band, 
That to the Kyng than off Ingland 
VOL. n. o 


Thai had made, to this Henry, 

That trettyd thame dyspytwsly. 1780 

Be purpos, as he schawyt hym set, 

Bathe kyn, and kyndnes he foryhet. 

Oure Kyng off Scotland, Dawy be name, 

Wes eldfadyre till owre Kyng Willame, 

And Henrys modyr erne alsua ; 

Swa mycht be reknyd off thaim twa 

Be greys off cousangwnyte" 

The thryd and the thryd wes he and he : 

And off Scotland oure Kyng Dawy 

Wyth honwre trettyd this Henry 1790 

In till Karlele, and mad hym knycht, 

And past wyth hym till Lwndyn rycht. 

Thare he gert hym have the Crowne 

Off Ingland, and possessyowne. 

This Henry cowth noucht hawe this in mynd ; 
Bot bare hym vylaus and wnkynd 
Till Willame, this Dawys sownnys swne ; 
Era in his prysown he had hym dwne, 
He trettyd bot dyspytwsly 

Hym, and his barnage halyly ; 1800 

He gert gyve full thaire consentys 
Till mony inconwenyentys, 
That war all contrare to the lawe ; 
Na had bene othir luve, or awe, 
That thai trowyd, and had in mynd, 
To thaire Kyng thai awcht off kynd, 
Or for the dowt off this Henry, 
F. 173. b. That bare hym lyk malycyusly, 
And all thyng tretyd in dispyte,- 
Or thai mycht get off preson qwyte 1810 

The Kyng Willame dely veryd fre* 


Be ony maner off trette*. 

A.D. A thowsand a hundyre and sevynty yhcre 

And audit to thai full reknyd clere, 
Rychard off Saynctandrewys than 
Byschape, commendyt a gud man, 
Hys sawle yhald to the Creature, 
Hys body till halowyd sepulture, 
Evyn apon the thryd day 

Off that moneth that we call May. 1820 

In till Saynctandrewys Kyrk he lyis ; 
Hys spyryt is in till Paradys. 
He wes, the tyme that he lywyd here, 
Off the Kyrk a stark pillere : 
Defendyde he gert the Kyrk be welle 
In all the fredwmys ilke delle. 

This Byschape Rychard on this wys dede, 
Chosyn wes in till his stede 
Maystyr Jhon Scot, that wes than 
A gret clerk, and a famows man. 1830 

The Kyng Willame nevyrtheles 
Heyly [thar-at amowit] wes, 
And stwde this gud man hale agayne 
In fawowr off hys awyne chapyllayne 
And hys confessour, Schyr Hew, 
A famows man off gud wertu. 
Maystyr Jhon Scot nevyrtheles, 
That chosyn be [the] Chapytere wes, 
Folowyd on his rycht sa fast, 
That owre so" to the Court he past. 1840 

Thar he schawyd the decret 
To the Pape Alysandyr that yhet 
The thryd that held the Papys Se, 
As twenty yhere befor dyd he. 


That decrete than sene and red, 

And the electyown in lawch all led ; 

That a gret Counsale thare, 

Quhare gadryd mony byschapys ware, 

This Lyte in till Saynctandrewys Se 

The Pape than gert confermyd be, 1850 

Till oys hys jurysdictyown. 

And [of] hys consecratyown 

This Alysandyr the thryd Pape 

Wrate till Schyr Mathow, the Byschape 

That that tyme wes off Abbyrdene, 

As tyme and sted to that wes sene, 

This Lyte Jhon Scot he suld bles, 

Syn he confermyd and chosyn wes. 

This Jhon confermyd than Byschape, 
Alysandyr the thryd, that tyme Pape, 1860 

F. 174. Send wyth hym a messawngere 

In Scotland to ken off that matere, 

For reverens off Saynctandrewys Se, 

And off the Kyngys dygnyte. 

The messawnger, that wes send for this, 

Cald be name wes Alexis, 

That wyth Jhon this Byschape come 

In Scotland fra the Court off Koine, 

Hawand full autoryte 

And powere fra the Papys Se 1870 

All that matere for to knawe, 

And do that, suld be don off lawe. 

Thus quhen thai come in to the land, 
The Kyng Willame off Scotland 
Heyly yhit [stud] thaim agayne 
In fawoure hale off his Chapillayne. 
And swa wes gret cownsalys sere 


Haldyn offt off this matere 

Be this Legatys autory t ; 

And swa wyth lauch procedyt he, 1880 

That efftyre gret grewys and wrangwys, 

That done wes to thame than offtsys, 

Gret clerkys off the Kyngis cownsalle, 

Chosyn till hym for specyalle, 

Cursyd ware solempnely, 

And swa denwnsyd heyly 

For the Kyngys wilfulnes. 

The Byschapryk off Sanctandrewys wes 

Interdytyt than a qwhyle, 

The land wes set in swylk peryle : 1890 

For the Byschape off Abbyrdene, 

The Papys lettrys fra he had sene, 

Passyd till the Halyrwdhows, 

Quhare gadryd wes mony religiows, 

Abbotys, Priowrys, and Prelatys, 

And sum Byschapys off gret statys. 

At the Fest off the Trynyte 

This Byschape Jhon than blessyd he. 

The Kyng Willame nevyrtheles 
Swa stedfast to this Chapillane wes, 1900 

That off the Byschapryk qwyte 
Fra Jhon he joysyd the profyte, 
And for awe off the Kyng 
He made in Scotland schort duellyng: 
Bot, but Byschapryk a Byschape, 
This Jhon agayne passyd to the Pape, 
And lefft the kynryk off Scotland 
Hys state supprysyd sare murnand. 

Efftyre that this all thus wes dwne, 
The Byschapryke off Dunkeldyn swne 1910 


Fell wacand, and the Pape gave that 

Till this Jhon Scot. Fra he it gat, 
F. 174. b. Assy thy d in sum part than wes he : 

And Hew held furth Saynctandrewys Se 

Swa wes ameyssyd all debatys, 

And recownsalyd well all statys. 
^j A thowsand a hundyr foure scor and ane 

Fra Jhesu Cryst had manhed tane, 

Joce, than Byschape off Glasgw, 

Rowmyt the kyrk off Sanct Mongw. 1920 

Alysandyr the thryd Pape that yher wes dede, 

And Lucyus the thryd come in hys stede. 

Cure se that yhere past Abbotys twa, 

Off Melros and Kelso bath war tha, 

The Kyngys erandys specyally 

Chargyd to this Pape Schyr Luci, 

The quhilk ressaywyd thame thare rycht welle, 

And sped thare erandys ilk4 dele. 

This Pape send wyth thir Abbotys twa, 

Thare leve quhen thai tuk hame to ga, 1930 

To the Kyng Willame off Scotland 

A rose off fyne gold rycht plesand : 

Yhit be custwme and manere 

The Pape [it] oysys ilke* yhere. 
jjgg A thowsand a hundyr foure score and fywe 

Yheris fra borne wes God off lyve, 

Henry, than Kyng off Ingland, 

Gave to the Kyng Willame off Scotland 

Eestoryd in till possessyown, 

The Erldwme hale of Hwntyntown 1940 

Als frely, as he it had before : 


All this he dyd in Wyndesore. 

A thowsaud a hundyr fourescore off yhere 


And sex to thai folowand nere, 

The Kyng Willame weddyt a lady, 

Cusyne nere to this Kyng Henry; 

Dame [Ermegere] wes hyr name, 

A lady fayr and off gud fame, 

The Schyrawys douchtyr de Bowmownt. 

Off hyr lynage for to cownt, 1950 

Hyr fadyr wes Eobert Curtoys swne. 

(The story off hym befor is dwne) 

Till the Kyng Henry off Ingland, 

In till hys tyme he Kyng ryngnand, 

Off ewyn consangwnyte 

The thryd and the thryd wes scho and he. 

Off Saynt Patryk, Saynt Colme, and off Saynt 

The bodyis ware fundyn in that tyde. 

The Castelle off Edynburgh in thai dayis 
Wes gyvyn agane, oure story sayis, 1960 

To the Kyng Willame off Scotland. 

And the Kyng Henry off Ingland 
To Karlele wyth his powere 
A gret ost gadryd all off were, 
In hale purpos to werray 
F. 175. Holland, Lord than off Gall[o]way. 
Wndyr cwndyt be trette 
To spekyng off that Kyng come he, 
And off leve off his Lord the Kyng, 
That Scotland had in governyng, 1970 

Willame, thare he made homage 
Till Henry for hys herytage. 
Oure Kyng hym levyd to mak that band, 
For thir twa Kyngys ware tretand 
Off grettare materys, lyk to be 


Accordyd full in alkyn gre. 

Than off July the secund day 
Betwene this Eolland off Gallway 
And Gilpatryk a batell fell 

Wes dwne bathe sare, and scharpe, and snell : 1980 
And this Gylpatryk slayne wes thare, 
And mony, that wyth hym that day ware. 
A.D. A thowsand a hundyr foure score and nyne 

Fra lychtar wes the suet Vyrgyne, 
Off Ingland than this Henry Kyng 
Deyd, and his lyff tuk endyng : 
Thretty yhere he wes and fyve 
Kyng off Ingland in to iyve. 

Quhen this Henry thus wes dede, 
For to be borne to the sted 1990 

Ordanyd for hys sepulture, 
As suld a dede Kyng wyth honwre, 
Hys body oure wes cled all hale 
In honest Kyngys aparale, 
Till hys fete fra hys hewyd all downe 
Hawand thare-on off gold a crowne, 
And gluwys on his handys twa, 
Beltyd wyth his suerd alsua, 
Septyr, [and] ryng, and sandalys 
Browdyn welle on Kyngys wys : 2000 

Bot hys visage wes all bare. 
Thus bore wyth lordys, that war thare, 
To the sted off hys sepulture 
Wyth gret reverens and honwre, 
Eychard, hys swn than and his ayre, 
Wyth hys Court plesand and rycht fayre, 
Than mete hys fadyr on the way. 
Off that dede body, quhare it lay, 


Owt off the nesthryllys twa 

The red bind brystyd owt, that, sua 2010 

Fast it bled, that all thare-by 
Gangand had thare-off ferly. 
How ilkane kest in thaire intent, 
Thare wes na certane jwgement : 
Bot lyk it wes be that thyng sene, 
That the spyryt wes movyd in tene 
Off the fadyre agayne the swne. 
Yhit nevyrtheles all to be dwne, 
This Ey chard passyd on, gretand sare, 

F. 175. b. Wyth lordys, that the body bare, 2020 

To the sted off the sepulture, 
Quhare it interyd wes wyth honwre. 

Effbyre tha exeqwyis als fast 
Till Lwndyn this ilk Eychard past, 
And tuk the Crowne in to the sted 
Off hys fadyr, that thus wes dede. 
Set he Eychard be name wes cald, 
For he a stowt knycht and a bald 
Wes in prys off hys renowne, 
Eychard the hart off a lyowne, 2030 

Or Lyownys Hart to say schortly, 
Thai cald this Eychard comownaly. 
Till oure Kyiig Willame he qwhylum wes 
Luwyd falow in dedys off prowes : 
For-thi thai war ilkane till othir 
Specyalle, as he had bene his brodyr. 

The Kyng Willame tretyd sua 
Wytht Eychard, thet he redemyd fra 
Hym all hys dignyteis, 

Hys statis, and othir feis, 2040 

Wyth his gret castellys twa, 


Berwyk and Rokysburch war tha : 

And frely delyveryd all ostagis, 

And qwyt-clemyd all homagis, 

And alkyn strayt condytyownys, 

That Henry be his extorsyownys 

Off Willame the Kyng off Scotland had, 

Wndyr hys dawngere quhill he thame bade. 

Ten thowsand mark off otire mone* 

Owr Kyng for tha gert payid be. 2050 

Off all thir poyntis evyrilkane, 
As thai ware tretyd to be oure-tane, 
Or to be haldyn ferine or lele, 
Rychard undyr hys gret sele 
As a qwyt-cleme fre and pure 
Be lettyre he gave in fayre tenwre : 
And othir mony fredwmys ma 
In to that lettyr war put alsua. 
That lettyr I leve nowe here to wryte ; 
For off it till hald the dyte 2060 

Worde be worde, or tyme be tyme, 
I can noucht lychtly bryng in ryme. 
Bot quha that likys off it to wyt, 
To the Regystyr thame I rernyt. 
Thar-in, trow I, ar wryttyn welle 
All thir poyntys ilke" delle. 

Phylype that yhere, the Kyng off Frawns, 
And Eychard, that had the governawns 
Off Ingland, thir Kyngys twa 
War boundyn togyddyr for to ga 2070 

To warray in the Haly Land. 
On this purpos thai passand 
F. 176. Togyddyr that tyme in Almane, 

Eychard off Ingland the Kyng wes tane, 


And wes haldyn in presown. 

Swa for his redemptyown 

All the jowellis pretyows 

Off seculare or relygyows, 

[And] off ilke" famows place, 

That in Ingland that tyme was, 2080 

And all the chalyce prysyd syne, 

Off gold or silvyre mettall fyne, 

Bot ane till serwe in kyrkys thre 

Left throwch all that hale cuntre", 

Than thai ware payid for rawnsown 

Off Rychard, or he come off presown. 

The Kyng Willame off Scotland, 

That to this Eychard wes luwand, 

And off kyn ware cusynys nere, 

Compeyhnownnys als in dedis sere, 2090 

That war famows off prowes, 

And curtays, quhen payid his rawnsown wes, 

Twa thousand mark off sic mcne", 

As oysyd wes than in oure cuntre, 

He gawe till Rychard his compeyhnown 

To be payid in his rawnsown 

Out off Roxburgh in curtasy. 

This Rychard tuk it thankfully. 

This Phylipe, that tyme Kyng off Prawns, 
Wes noucht all taryd in swylk chawns ; 2100 

Bot come hame in his awyne land, 
In presown Rychard yhit bydand. 
Bandys betwene thame [richt] straitly 
Bwndyri, men sayd, off cumpany, 
Quhare-throwch that tyme thare wayage 
Togyddyr thai made, and thaire passage. 
Bot fra this Philipe had wysyt 


The Haly Land, and mad hym qwyt 
Off his purpos, and come hame, 
He wes to rekles off his fame : 2110 

For he gadryd a gret powere, 
And past in Ingland apon were ; 
And tuk wp townys, and cyteis, 
Castellys, and enpresoneis, 
And the Duche* off Normandy, 
Brekand all band off cumpany. 
Thus, this [Philipe] fylyd the fame 
Off ryale Frawns, and his awyne name. 
Thare fell a fayre floure off [his] crowne 
Thus till do till hys companyowne. 2120 

^^ A thousand a hundyr nynty and foure 

Yheris gayne fra cure Sawyoure 
Wes borne, off presowne fre 
Rychard delyveryd, than come he 
In till Ingland agayne hame. 

F. 176. b. And thare hym kepyd the Kyng Willame 
Wyth gentillys off his land mony : 
This Rychard hym thankyd grettumly. 
In Normandy syne alsa fast 

Wyth a powere gret he past; 2130 

For he kend it off lauch his awyne, 
For-thi till it he made hym knawyne. 

Off Scotland than the Kyng Willame 
Renewyd his mone'e than at hame. 
And Joce, the Byschape off Glasgw, 
Than halowyd the kyrk off Saynct Mongw : 
Than wes a thowsand a hundyr yhere 
And sevyn and nynty to thai clere, 
That wes dwne solempnely 
That yhere the ferd day off July. 2 HO 

Gil. vm.] OF SCOTLAND. 221 

Off August that yhere the nynde day 
Off Abbyrbrothoke the Abbay 
The Kyng Willame in Angws 
Fowndyt to be relygyws. 
In the honoure off Saynt Thomas 
That Abbay that tyine fowndyt was, 
And dowyt alsua rychely ; 
Thare munkys to be perpetually. 

And efftyr all thir past clere, 
In to the nest than folowand yhere 2150 

Efftyr Hew, Eogere was 
Byschape off Saynctandrewys plas 
Chosyn and blyssyd : this Eogere 
The Erlys swne wes off Laycestere. 
The castell in his dayis he 
Fowndyd, and gert byggyd be 
At Saynctandrewys, in that plas, 
Quhare nowe that castell byggyd was. 
Schyr Andrewe off Murrawe kest it downe, 
For thare he fand a garnysown 2160 

Off Inglis men in to that plas : 
For the Se than wakand was, 
As yhe sail here efftyr swne, 
Quhen all the lawe till it is dwne. 

That, I befor wrate off Glasgwe, 
And off the kyrk off Saynct Mwngwe, 
And off the Byschape Jocelyne, 
That rowmyd it, and halowyd syne, 
I dyd apon gud consciens, 

Bathe for honwre and reverens 2170 

Off that famows solempne plas, 
To wryt, as wryttyne befor me was 
In till bukis, that ware lyk 


For till hawe bene all autentyk. 
Quhat, that is mysdwiie be me, 
I ask excusyd for to be ; 
For this I wrat noucht in errwre, 
In falshed, na in till dyshonwre : 
Na here my will is noucht to wryt, 
Bot plesans generale and delyte, 2180 

And to ger all conserwyd be, 
F. 177. That langis till honoure and honeste*. 
jjg 9 ' A thowsand a hundyr and nynty yhere 

And to tha nyne to rekyn clere, 
Till Eychard, than off Ingland Kyng, 
Terme wes cummyn off his endyng. 
And nest hym, quhen he wes dede, 
Jhon hys brodyr ras in his stede : 
The day off Crystis Ascensiown 
Wes made his coronatyown. 2190 

A.D. The tothir yhere nest folowand, 


The mychty Lordys of Scotland 

The athe swore off thare fewte* 
At Mwskylburch, besyde the Be", 
Till Alysandyr, Willainys swne ; 
Hys fadrys dayis ware noucht all dwne. 
Bot hys fadyr, the Kyng Willame, 
In all hys state and in hys name 
Efftyr that wes Kyng ryngnand 
In till the kynryk off Scotland. 2200 

1201 ^ thowsand twa hundyr yhere and ane 

Fra Jhesu Cryst had manhed tane, 
Jhon off Salerne, Preyst Cardynale, 
Coinmendyt a lord wertuale, 
A latere than Legate come 
In Scotland fra the Court off Eome. 

CH. Yin.] OF SCOTLAND. 223 

And at Perth dayis thre 
A gret Cownsale than held he, 
Wyth byschapys, abbotys, and prelatys, 
And othir clerkys off gret statys, 2210 

Bathe relygiows and seculare, 
Befor hym than assemblyd thare. 
And efftyr that, he tuk hys way 
In till Ireland throwch Gallway ; 
And fra theyne alsa fast 
Hame to the Court off Eome [he] past. 
A.D. A thowsand yhere twa hundyr and sewyn 

Fra God wes borne, the Kyng off Hewyn, 
Maystyr Stewyn off Langtowne, 
A famows and [a] gret persown, 2220 

Cardynale for hys cunnandnes 
Made in the Court off Eome than wes. 
Off Cawntyrbery that yhere the Se 
Hapnyd wacand for to be : 
The mwnkys off the Chapytere, 
That for to ches than gaddryd were, 
Allegyd that that electyown 
Fell to thame than be all resown, 
Priwelagyd off antyqwyte*, 

Confermyd be autoryte" 2230 

Off syndry Papys successywe, 
And Kyngys ryngnand in thare ly ve. 
Bot in that electyown 
Apperyd swylk dyssentyown, 
That till pwt by all peryle 
Till fall apperand in that qwhille, 
F. 177. b. Thai chesyd the mast famows men 
Off thare College commendyt then, 
Wyth the consent off the Kyng, 


Makand hym than full lypnyng 2240 

That thai suld sa thraly tret the Pape, 

That off Nbrthwyche the Byschape 

Till off Cawnterbery the Se 

Befor othir suld promovyd be. 

The Kyngys lettrys than thai gat 

Ferme [and] stabill till hald all that, 

That wyth the Pape suld tretyd be. 

Wyth this thai passyd than owre the s4 

Hawand full commissyown 

For till mak fre electyown, 2250 

Gyve thai mycht get the Papys will 

Consentyd fullyly thare-till. 

On this erand alsa fast 

Infurmyd welle thir mwnkys past 

Be powere and be nowmyr welle 

To do that erand ilka dele. 

Quhat for corruptyown and inwy, 

Thare charge thai dyd noucht detfully ; 

Bot in thare dissentyown 

Mastyre Stewyn that tyme off Langtown 2260 

Off Cawntyrbery Archebyschape 

Innocent made hym, than the Pape. 

Quhen Jhon, that tyme off Ingland Kyng, 
Off this had gottyn full wyttyng, 
All the mwnkys off that Abbay, 
Qwyt he banysyd than away, 
And all thare rentys tuk thaim fra, 
And off the Byschapryke alsua, 
Hale he tuk in till ethchete, 
As thai had fallyne till hym forfete. 2270 

To the Papys erys swne 
Come all, that this Kyng had dwne. 


Than efftyr gret monytyownys, 

And syndry exhortatyownys 

Till the Kyrk for till restore 

And to the Mwnkys, that thai before 

Had, and suld hawe had off dett, 

Quhare-in that he than had made lett. 

Than the Kyng inclynyd nowcht 

To that, as he than suld and mowcht, 2280 

The Pape hym cursyd solemply, 

Arid interdytyd halyly 

All the kyrkys off Ingland, 

Na prest thare[-in] to be doand 

Ony sacrament in dede 

Bot that, that suld be dwne on nede ; 
That is off baptysme and pennans ay 
Mast in till the lattyr day. 
The Byschapys he banysyd but reverens, 
F. 178. Execwtwrys that ware off this sentence, 2290 

Owt off the Kynryk off Ingland. 
In till hys wodnes than wedand, 
To be rewengyd lykandly 
Hys will till hawe off hys clergy, 
All the prestys wywys he 
For a sowme off gud mone" 
He sawld till a wykyd man, 
Cald Eobert off the Dalys than. 

Phylipe than the Kyng off Frawns 
In till the tyme off this dystawns 2300 

The Pape bad, in remyssyowne 
Off all hys synnys, to mak hym bowne, 
And [to] pas than in till Ingland, 
And take it hale in hys awyne hand. 
Quhen he wes on this purpos set, 

VOL. II. p 


The Erie off Flawndrys mad hym let, 

For, thai sayd, courupte wes he 

Than wyth the Kyng off Inglandys fe". 

Swa wes he lettyd wyth that wage, 

That hale wes [put by] that passage. 2310 

Quhat wes thare mare ? Bot efftyre that, 

In till Ingland a gret legat 

In purpos fra the court off Rome 

Off cownsale and off trett come. 

To this mycht thare be dwne na les, 

For all the trett^ that thare wes, 

Quhill this Kyng Jhon halyly, 

For hys wylfull contwmacy, 

Befor all absolutyown, 

Or ony kyn remyssyown, 2320 

Nakyn thyng passand before 

The mwnkys qwhille he suld restore 

Agayne frely to thare abbay, 

Quhare-fra thai ware banysyd away, 

Wyth thare possessyownys, and thare rentys, 

Wyth wont fredoinys, and aysyamentys, 

And the Archebyschape for to be 

Frely duelland at his se. 

Thir war bot for the actyownys, 

That langyd off det to thai persownys, 2330 

That feld thame grevyd be the Kyng, 

And supprysyd in till gret thyng. 

To the Kyrk be gret trette" 

Efftyr this mare yhyt dyde he ; 

He gawe wp in the Papys hand 

All the kynryk off Ingland, 

And off all Irland his part alsua, 

Hys owre lord the Pape to be off tha, 

On. viii.] OF SCOTLAND. 227 

Off the Kyrke off Eome bath thai and he 
F. 178. b. Suld hald ay furth fra thine in fe 2340 

And herytage, all hys offspryng. 
And off all this in taknyng, 
And in wytnes off all this dwne, 
The athe he made off fewte" swne. 
Absolutyown than tuk he, 
And all hys bandys gert selyd be, 
And to that, ilke" yhere to pay 
A thowsand mark off gud monay, 
Ay haldyn off the Kyrk off Eome 
Thai rewmys to the Day off dome. 2350 

The Pape off Eome than Innocent 
To this Kyng made new feftment, 
Till hym and hys posteryte* 
Than tenandys off the Kyrk to be. 

That tyme a rude carle in Ingland 
Heyly wes off the Kyng karpand ; 
Peris karle wes his name : 
Off Kyng Jhon he spak gret schame, 
And sayd, that owre a yhere he 
Kyng off Ingland suld noucht be. 2360 

Tharefore the Kyng gert tak this carle, 
And till a presown gert men hym harle ; 
Thare in a pyt gert hald hym fast, 
Quhill that the yhere wes all cure past : 
Than wes he browcht in jwgement 
Before the Kyng, in that intent 
To gere hym on a gallows hyng, 
For cans off that gret lesyng. 
The carle than sayd, thai dyd hym wrang, 
On gallows gyve thai gert hym hang ; 2370 

Set thai suld hang hym be the hals, 


All swth he sayd, and na thyng fals. 

Be na way suld he Kyng be cald, 

Nor na natyowne hym Kyng suld hald, 

That all hys kynryk and hys land 

In till ane othir mannys hand 

Had pwt, and delyweryt qwyte, 

Makand hymselff a subdyt. 

How suld he be cald a Kyng 

That wes, he sayd, [ane] wndyrlyng ? 2380 

Yhit this carle than nevyrtheles 

For hys gret wordys hangyd wes. 
mi* -^ thowsand twa hundyr yhere and ellewyn 

Efftyr that borne wes God off Hewyn, 

The Kyng Jhon in till Walys past, 

And wan that till hym at the last. 
1214 ^ thowsand twa hundyr and fourtene yhere 

Era lychtare wes the Madyn clere, 
F. 179. Qure Kyng off Scotland Schyr Willame 

Past off this warld till his lang hame, 2390 

To the joy off Paradys, 

(Hys body in Abbyrbroth lyis) 

Efftyre that he had lyvyd here 

Kyng crownyd than nere fyfty yhere. 

The twa and threttyd yhere off hys crown 

The Byschape off Sanctandrewys towne, 

Rogere the Erie off Laycesterys swne, 

The dayis off all hys lyff ware dwne : 

In till the Awld Kyrk thare he lyis. 

Thare wers ware wryttyn on this wys : 2400 

Qui peregrinus ades, sta, respice: prima Rdbertum, 
Ernaldum reliquum, circumdat tumba Rogerum 
Ultima ; Pontifices quondam, celi modo civcs. 
Thus the Byschape Rogere dede 


Off Saynctandreys, in till that sted, 

And thare to be Byschape syne, 

Translatyd wes Willame Mallvycyne, 

Byschape before than off Glasgw, 

The kyrk halowyd off Saynt Mwngw. 

And the translatyowne off that 

Wes that tyme done be a Legat, 

That cald than wes Jhon be name, 

At the instans off the Kyng Willame. 2410 

Weris, dowtis, and gret peryle 
Aperand wes in to that quhille 
Betwene thir mychty kyngys twa, 
Off Ingland and Scotland bath ware tha, 
That offlb ware trawaylyd mychty lordys 
For till ame^ [the] gret discordys. 
At the last be thra tretys 
Thai war accordyd on this wys, 
That all werys fyrst suld ses, 
And furmyd a perpetuale pes, 2420 

And the Kyng Willamys dowchtrys twa, 
(The eldest Margret wes off tha, 
Ysabel hyr systyre nest 
Off thir twa dowchtrys the yhongest) 
Till off Ingland the Kyng Jhon 
Suld be delyveryd, and send onon ; 
Margret the eldest madyn fayre 
For to be weddyt wyth the ayre 
Off Ingland, this Kyng Jhonys swne : 
Gyve that swa hapnyd to be dwne, 2430 

The yhowngare than suld maryd be 
Wyth quhat lord that ware mast off gre" 
Nest [to] the crowne, and mast lyke 
Grettest to be in that kynryk. 


And gyve thare hapnyd ony let, 
That maryid ware noucht this Margret 
F. 179. b. Wytht the ayre apperand 

Nest to the kynryk off Ingland, 

As to be dede, or [noucht] off age 

Till wndyrga this maryage, 2 4 40 

Ysabell, this madyn fayre, 

Suld be weddyt wytht quhat ayre, 

Lyk ware [for] to bere the crowne 

Off Ingland in [nixt] successyowne. 

The castelle than on Twedmowth made, 

Quhare Inglis men thare duellyng hade, 

And dyssessyd mony wys 

Scottis men in thare merchandys, 

And mare yhit till dysds wes lyk, 

Set [ewyn] afornens Berwyke, 2450 

Wes tretyd to be castyn down 

And na [kyn] swylk fundatyown 

Suld newyre in to that plas be set 

To ma sic dowtys or sic lete, 

As it wes wont mony wys, 

Mast till men off merchandys : 

And thir poyntys to be welle 

Made and haldyn ilk4 delle, 

Ellewyn thowsand mark suld be 

Pay id off gud and fyne mone 2 4 GO 

Be the Kyng Willame off Scotland 

Till Jhon, that that tyme wes rygnand 

In till Ingland at termys foure, 

And twa yhere and noucht ma passand oure. 

All thus than qwyete rest and pes 

Betwene thir Eewmys than tretyd wes 

To be lestand perpetuale, 

CH. ix.] OF SCOTLAND. 231 

And the twa Kyngys frendys hale. 

This Kyng Jhon, that Irland 
That tyme had in till his hand, 2470 

Till Alayne off Galluway gave in fe 
And herytage gret landys. He 
Made to the Kyng Jhon than homage 
Off thai landys as hys herytage. 

And Alysawndyr oure Kyng Willamys swne, 
Efftyr that all this wes dwne, 
Off Jhon than Kyng off Ingland 
In till hys flourys than regnand, 
Tuk the Ordyr off Knychthade 
In the floure off hys yhowthade ; 2480 

And to that Kyng for hys herytage 
Off Hwntyntown mad homage. 

Thus Willame off Scotland that tyme Kyng 
Tretyd, or hys dayis tuk endyng. 


02 to ton Jtls0anbgr.e thz 0tcnnb 
Sc0tlanb ink in 

F. 180. A 

A.D. ji. THOWSAKD twa hundyre and fyftene yhere 
1215 ' Efftyre the byrth off oure Lord dere, 

Quhen the Kyng Willame thus wes dede, 

Alysandyr in till hys stede 

Succedyt nest hym to the crowne 

Off Scotland, and tuk possessiowne, 2490 

As hys eldrys befor had done, 

Wyth honoure in the kyrk off Scone. 
That yhere thare fell gret dyscord 


Betwene the Barownys and thare Lord, 

Off Inglaud Jhoii that wes thare Kyng, 

That thame supprysyd in till gret thyng, 

And wrangyd thame [in] mony wys 

Agayne thare lawys and thare franchys. 

And in the tyme off this dystans 

Thai tretyd wyth the Kyng off Frans, 2500 

That he wald gyve thame gud consalle, 

And gyve thame helpe and suppowalle ; 

And thai wald becum his men. 

The Kyng off Frawns assentyd then, 

And ressaywyd thare fewte", 

And ostagys off thame gret tuk he. 

And swa all this on this wys dwne, 

Lowys, the Kyng off Francys swne, 

Wyth a gret nawyne past be se. 

In Ingland swa arrywyd he 2510 

Wyth a gret multytud off men 

Arrayid welle for all were then. 

The Kyng Alysawndyr off Scotland 
Throw Ingland past wyth stalwart hand 
Strawcht till Dovyr [on] the south se\ 
As at a tryst set thare met he 
Wyth Lowys the Kyngys sowne off Frawns. 
Thare made thai specyall acqweyntawns : 
And all the lordys on ilk syde 
Wes blyth and joyfull in that tyde ; 2520 

And tuk thare leve rycht curtasly 
Ilkane fra othire honestly. 

Oure Kyng Alysawndyr alsa fast 
Towart hys awyne land agayne past 
Wyth hale hys powere. But newyrtheles 
The wayis befor hym stoppyd wes 

CH. ix.] OF SCOTLAND. 233 

Be gret buschementys off Inglis men ; 
Ay throwch thame yhit gat he then. 
And be the grace off Gode hale he 
Come hame agayne in his cuntrd ; 2530 

And wan the castelle off Karlele, 
And all the town off it rycht welle 
Stuffyd wyth men and wyth wyttaile, 
And tuk it till hym-selff all hayle. 
^Q Twelff hundyr wyntere and sextene 

Era God wes borne off Mary schene, 
Off Jhon off Ingland that tyme Kyng 
F. 180. b. The lyff at Newwerk tuk endyng. 

Than the Pape Honorius 

Herd, that the Kyng off Frawns wes thus 2540 
Heyly mowyd agayne Ingland, 
And the Kyng in it than rygnand, 
A Cardynale fra the court he send 
The kynryk off Ingland till defend. 
Galo wes cald this Cardynale ; 
Till Ingland he wes rycht specyalle, 
And in that land quhen that he come 
Thus chargyd fra the court off Eome, 
Hawand the Papys full powere 
In all, that till hym esfull were, 2550 

The Kyng Jhon he fand that tyme dede. 
Hastyly in till hys stede 
He crownyd Henry, this Jhonys swne, 
At Wynchestere. Bot, or this war dwne, 
The Kyng off Frawncys sowne Lowys 
Wyth wertu, manhade, and gryt prys, 
Inglys men gyvand thaire fawoure, 
Lwndyn wan wyth gret honowre. 
Hym-selff thare than duelland, 


Lyncolne hys ost wes assegeande: 2560 

In till that ost off gret powere 

Bathe Inglis and Francys togyddyr were 

Bwndyn in ane oppynyown, 

Or [thai] remowyd, to wyn that town. 

This Cardynale Galo than legate 
Than saw thare purpos set on that : 
Wyth all the Kyng off Inglandys mycht 
He presyd hym to that cyte" rycht ; 
And wyth hym thare come bodyly 
The new crownyd Kyng Henry. 2570 

The assege than scalyd swne, 
And efftyr wyth [gret honor] that dwne, 
Brak apon the Frawncys ost, 
All bolnyd in bargane and in bost, 
Layd on, slwe, and tuk wp thare 
All Inglis men, that in that bataille ware ; 
And a mychty Erie off Frawns 
Hapnyd to be slayne in that chawns. 
And the Inglis ost syne 

Past to the se, and the nawyne 2580 

Off Frawns thai tuk wp all off were, 
And wan thame all wyth thare powere, 
And slwe the amyrale off that flot. 
Than all the lawe in that ryot, 
That thai in to [the] schyppys fand, 
Thai let rycht nane than pas to land ; 
Na thai off thame made na hurde, 
Bot in the so" kest thame oure burde. 
Quhat was thare mare, bot that trette" 
Than behowyd off fors to be ? 2590 

Swa, fyrst wes it trettyd then, 
1<". 1st. That the Kyng off Inglandys men, 

CH. ix.] OF SCOTLAND. 235 

Lordys, knychtys, and sqwyerys, 

That had bene in to thir weris 

In till the tyme off this dystawns, 

Wyth Lowys the Kyngys swne off Frawns, 

Suld hawe full the Kyngys pes 

For all, that done to that day wes, 

And full restitutyownys 

Off landys and all possessiownys, 2600 

That tharys wes befor than, 

That thir weris fyrst begane : 

And this Lowis suld rawnsownyd be. 

This wes the sowme off thare trette. 

Galo this tyme the Cardinale 
Till Ingland wes rycht specyalle ; 
Bot till Scotland dyspytuws 
He wes all tyme and grevus. 
He lettrys owt off Ingland send 
To the Pape, and made hym kend, 2G10 

That Scotland wes off rebellyown, 
And wyolent off presumptyown, 
And off hys autoryte" 
Off that mycht noucht chastyd be. 
Be cownsale and be bytternes 
Off hym the Pape swa movyd wes, 
As he gert hym wndyrstand ; 
All the Prelatys off Scotland, 
Byschapys, Abbotys, and Prelatys, 
And mony off all othir statis 2620 

Cursyd he gert denunsyd be 
Off the Papys autoryte. 
And in till felny and dyspyte 
All Scotland he gert interdyte ; 
And the Kyng off Scotland, 


Wyth mony lordys off his land, 

And mony othir, that till hym ware 

Off cownsale and famyliare, 

This ilk Legat gert all tha 

Cursyd be, and demmsyd swa. 2630 

Off this sentens executwrys 

Off Ingland made ware twa priourys ; 

Off Durame and off Gysburne tha 

Tytlyd war, thir priourys twa. 

Oure Kyng Alysandyr that tyme send 
Fa.mows men, that ware well kend, 
To the Court ; and thare gert he 
Hys prewalagys all renewyd be, 
That befor hys antycessowrys 
Gat, and josyd wyth gret honowrys. 2640 

The Archebyschape off Yhork that yhere, 
Be autoryte" and powere 
Off the Pape, assoylyd then 
Alysawndyr our Kyng, and his lawd men. 
Bot the byschapys and the clergy 
F. 181. b. Yhit he let in cursyng ly, 

All bot off Sanctandrewys Se 

The Byschape Willame, for caus that he 

In the kynryk wes off' Prawns 

All the tyme off this dystawns, 2650 

That wes betwene tha rewmys twa, 

Scotland and Ingland bath war tha. 

Off this dysese gret trettis past 

To this Legate at the last. 

Hys powere he commyttyd then 

Till twa comendyt famows men ; 

The tane wes Pryoure off Durame, 

The Archdene off Yhork Gawtere be name 

CH. ix.] OF SCOTLAND. 237 

Wes the tothir ; and to thir twa 

Fowrme and powere he gawe alsua, 2660 

That all the clergy off Scotland, 

That in this cursyug war lyand, 

That had hot lytill to thare dispens, 

Thame till bryng till hys presens : 

Quhen thai herd, quhare the depwtys ware, 

Bathe hewyd and fete and schankys bare, 

Suld knele, and ask in thare presens 

To be assoylyd off that sentens, 

And bynd thame till Haly Kyrkys lawe : 

And fyrst the deputys suld to thaim schaw, 2670 

That fra theyne in forthirmare 

Thai suld newyr be contrare 

To the kynryk off Ingland, 

Na to the Kyng in it rygnand, 

In na kyn help, na cownsalle, 

Fawoure, rede, na suppowale, 

Bot gyff it war in thare defens, 

Wndyr the payne off re-incydens. 

Till this thai suld fynd cawtyown, 

And tak thare absolutyown. 2680 

The deputys, all thus chargyd, past 
In till Scotland alsa fast 
North atoure the wattyr off Tay 
Till Abbyrbrothok. Thare bad thai, 
And thare gave absolutyown, 
As thai had in comyssyown, 
To the clerkys, that come off thai north landys, 
That to thame soucht in to tha herandys, 
That thai pure and sympyll thowcht, 
And litill had to gyve or noucht. 2690 

The byschapys, and the great prelatys, 


And rentyd clerkys off gret statis, 
And the Kyngis famylieris, 
Clerkys gret in to tha yheris, 
That bwndyn war in that sentens, 
He bad thame cum till his presens, 
Syn thai war better bodyn to pay. 
He assygnyd thame a set day 
And sted, that wes at Alvertown, 
To tak thaire absolutyown. 2700 

F. 182. gum of thai, that rych he kend, 

For malyce, to the Court he send ; 
And part he assoylyd thare, 
That till hym mast plesand ware 
Be gyfftys, or be othir thyngys, 
As qwentys-, slychtys, or flechyngys. 
All thus he oysid his malice 
Agaynys Scotland mony wyse. 

A thowsand twa hundyr wyntyr gane, 
And to tha twenty yhere and ane, 2710 

Alysawndyr oure Kyng on ferine cundyte 
In Ingland passyd, and wes maryt 
Wyth Dame Jhon, that fayre lady, 
The Kyngys systyr, Schyr Henry, 
And syne browcht hame that lady fre 
Wyth hym in till hys awyne cuntre". 
On that lady na barne he gate. 

Era scho dede wes, efftyr that 
To wyff he weddyt Dame Mary, 
Schyr Ingramys dowchtyr De Cowcy. 2720 

Alysandyr the thryd on hyr he gat, 
Nest hym that Kyng wes efftyr that. 

Betwene Alysandyr the secownd Kyng, 
That Scotland had in governing, 

CH. ix.] OF SCOTLAND. 239 

And the Kyngys off Ingland, 

That in hys tyme war than rygnand, 

Fra that he fyrst maryd wes, 

Wes ay qwyete, rest, and pes. 

KYNGIS OFF PES for-thi thai twa, 

Alysandyr and Henry, cald war swa. 2730 

This Alysandyr Kyng off Scotland 

Wes throwcht the kynryk traveland, 

Haldand courtys and justrys, 

And chastyd in it all reverys. 
1222 ^ th wsan d t wa hundyr and twenty 

And twa to thai fullyly, 

Adam the Byschape off Catenes, 

That Abbot off Melros bef'or wes, 

For he denyid hys tendys then 

For till set till hys awyne men, 2740 

Thre hundyre men in cumpany 

Gaddryt come on hym suddanly, 

Tuk hym owt, quhare that he lay, 

Off hys chawmyre befor day, 

Modyr-nakyd hys body bare ; 

Thai band hym, dang hyra, and wowndyt sare 

In to the nycht, or day couth dawe. 

The mwnk thai slwe thare his falawe ; 

And the child, that^in hys chawmyr lay, 

Thare thai slwe hym befor day. 2750 

Hym-selff bwndyn, and wowndyt syne, 

Thai pwt hym in his awyn kychyne ; 

In thaire felny and thare ire 

Thare thai brynt hym in a fyre. 
F. 182. b. The Erie off Katnes west nere by, 

Quhen that dwne wes this felny, 

(Bot he wes noucht in to the place 


Present, quhare that it dwne was) 

And sayd, thare-off had he had wyte 

He suld but scathe hawe lettyt it. 2760 

How evyr that it hapnyd was, 

The Erie was purgyd off that cas. 

The mysdoarys, that thai gat 

All was put to ded for that. 

For off Scotland the clergy 

Agayne the Kyng ras heyly : 

Had he noucht thare-off dwne justys, 

Thai had hym grewyd mony wys, 

As thai war purwayd off the lawe. 

Thar-off the Kyng had dowt and awe ; 2770 

For cost for-thi he sparyd noucht, 

Na for trawell, quhill thai war browcht 

Till hasty dede, or jugement 

To thole dede but impedyment. 

The Kyng that yhere Argyle wan, 
That rebell wes till hym befor than : 
For wyth his ost thare in wes he, 
And athe tuk off thare fewte", 
Wyth thare serwys and thare homage, 
That off hym wald hald thare herytage : 2780 

Bot the ethchetys off the lave 
To the lordys off that land he gave. 
Oure the Mownth theyne passyd he sene, 
And held hys Yhule in Abbyrdene. 

Till Cawntyrbery in pylgrymage 
Thare efftyre tuk he his wayage. 
Thare he furtheryd all hys waye 
All honorably, the suth to say, 
And in his land come hale agayne : 
Hys legys off his come wes fayne. 2790 

On. ix.] OF SCOTLAND. 241 

And cure the Mownth als[a] fast 

In till [the] north landys than he past, 

Swthyrland, Catenes, and in to Eos ; 

Justys till do wes his purpos. 

The Erie off Catenes met hym thare, 

And come oure wyth him till Forfare. 

A ryalle Yhule thare held the Kyng, 

Quhare wantyng wes off na gud thyng. 

Thare borwyd that Erie than his land, 

That lay in to the Kyngys hand, 2800 

Fra that the Byschape off Catenes, 

As yhe before herd, peryst wes. 
1229 -A- thowsand twa hundyr twenty and nyne 

Fra lychtar wes the swet Vyrgyne, 

Malcolme, that tyme Erie off Fyffe, 

Endyd the dayis off his lyffe : 

In till Culros hys body lyis, 
F. 183. Hys spyryt in till Paradys. 

Off quhyt mwnkys that Abbay 

He fowndyd, and dowyt in his day. 2810 

Ayre had he nane off hys body ; 

Hys newow, Malcolme cald, for-thi 

Herytabill state in till his lyff 

The Erldwme tuk till hym off Fyffe : 

Efftyr that his erne wes dede, 

The Erie off Fyffe wes in his sted. 

And that Erie Malcolme syne 

Weddyde a douchtyr off Schyre Lewlyne, 

That wes Lord in till his dayis 

Off Walys, as oure story sayis. 2820 

12 ' 31 * A thowsand twa hundyr and thretty gane, 

And to tha yhit reknyt ane, 

The Kyng Alysandyre in Elgyne 


Held his Yhule ; and come oure syne 

The Mwnthis, passand till Mwnros ; 

Syne till Saynctandrewys off purpos. 

Thare, efffcyr dedys syndry dwne, 

Come till hym Waltyr Alanswne, 

The Stewart off Scotland, in plesand wis : 

Thare made the Kyng hym his Justis. 2830 

1232 ^ thowsand twa hundyr and thretty yhere, 

And to tha twa reknyd clere, 

A mychty Lord off oure kynryk, 

Off Dunbare the Erie Patryke, 

Deyd ; and his dayis dwne, 

Neyst hym Patryke wes Erie his swne, 

That was cald a worthy knycht, 

In all hys dayis bald and wycht. 
12 ' 33 ' And the yhere neyst foluand, 

Ermygere, quhylum off Scotland 2840 

Qweyn, the Kyng Willamys wyff, 

Deyd, and endyd had hyr lyff. 

Off Balmwrynach in hyr day 

Off mwnkys scho fowndyt the Abbay : 

Thare wes hyr body wyth honwre 

Eriteryd in halowyd sepulture. 
The Galloways the neyst yhere 

Agayne the Kyng mad thame to stere, 

For caus thai wald, that Thomas, 

That Alane Galways swne than was, 2850 

Had bene thare Lord in to the stede 

Off hys fadyre, fra he ware dede. 

Thai fayndyd off this the Kyngys wille ; 

Bot he wald noucht consent thare-till, 

Bot thame denyid, be resowne 

That it had bene dysherysown 


Till Alayne off Galways douchtrys thre, 

That hys ayrys off lauch suld be. 

For-thi the Kyng than wald noucht here 

Thare instawns off this, na thare prayere. 2860 

Than past thai fra the Kyng in werth, 
F. 183. }). And slw, and heryid in thare berth ; 
[Thai] slw, and brynt wp in a fyre, 
Bathe men, and landys in thare ire, 
That the Kyng that tyme off Scotland 
Had abowt thaim nest lyand. 
This Kyng Alysawndyre alsa fast 
In Gallway wyth a gret ost past. 
Set thare he tynt sum off his men, 
Yhit swa cwnrayid he thame then, 2870 

That thai, that provyd war till hym fals, 
Wyth rapys and wethyis abowt thare hals, 
Put thame in to the Kyngys will, 
Quhat-ewyre hym lykyd to do thame till. 

The Kyng Alysandyr als fast 
To mete the Kyng off Ingland past 
To the New-castell upon Tyne, 
The fest that the swet Wyrgyne 
Mary wes borne, that yhit we 
Callys hyr Natywyte*. 2880 

Thare wes oure Kyng ressawyd well, 
And hys poyntys ilke' delle 
Tretyd thare, and welle spede, 
And all at poynt and lykyn lede. 
Thare wes the Qwene, this Alysandrys wyff, 
This Henrys systyr : for-thi, but stryff ; 
In all blythnes wes that tyde 
Bathe Inglis and Scottis on ilke syde. 
Efftyre hyr Lord off lewe scho bade, 


Fra he hame in till Scotland rade : 2890 

In till pilgrymage to pas 
Till Cawntyrbery hyr purpos wes. 
Thare scho deyd wyth honwre, 
And layd in halowyd sepulture. 

12 ' 38 ' A thowsand twa hundyre and thretty yhere 

And awcht to tha yhit reknyd clere, 
The Byschape Willame Malvycyne, 
That off Saynctandrewys monethys nyne 
And fyve and thretty wyntyr he 
Wyth honoure held that byschapys se, 2900 

Deyd. In halowyd sepulture 
Hys body layd wes wyth honwre 
Wyth honorabille byschapys twa, 
Off Dunkeldyn and Dunblan ware tha, 
Wyth othire syndry great prelatys, 
And fainows clerkys off hey statis. 
. In the new kyrk hys body lyis, 
Hys spyryt in till Paradys. 

And efftyre that this Willame wes dede, 
Thare postulyd [in] till his sted 2910 

Off Dunkeldyn the Byschape 
Joffray. Bot till hym the Pape 
Be na way grawnt wald hys gud will ; 
Bot leve the chanownys he gave till 
Agayne to mak electyown, 
F. 184. And for to ches a gud persown. 

Than chesyd thai Dawy off Barname, 

Ane honest clerk and off gud fame, 

Chawmyrlane that tyme off Scotland : 

That to the Pape wes welle lykand. 2920 

And in Scotland off byschapys thre 

Confermyd and sacryde bathe wes he, 

CH. ix.] OF SCOTLAND. 245 

Off Glasgw, Brechyn, and Catenes : 
This Dawy be thame mad byschape wes. 

The byschape that tyme off Glasgw, 
A man commendyd off wertu, 
And Schyr Waltyr Alaynsown 
Justys off Scotland, quhen this wes down, 
Past apon delywerans 

Oure S6* togyddyre into Frans, 2930 

For to se thare Dame Mary, 
Schyr Ingramys douchtyr De Cowcy. 
Thai held thame payid off that sycht, 
And come syne to thare schyppyn rycht, 
And browcht hyr wyth thame in Scotland, 
A lady fayre and a plesand. 
At Eoxburch Alysandyr oure Kyng 
Till wyff weddyt that madyn yhyng. 

And or that ilk yhere wes done, 
Edwarde wes borne, this Henrys sone, 2940 

That wes Kyng than off Ingland, 
Nest hym to be swa thare rygnand. 

A.D. A 

1242. jflL THOWSAND twa hundyr and fourty yhere 

And twa for to be reknyd clere, 

Till Alysandyre oure secownd Kyng 

Dame Mary bare, that lady yhyng, 

A fayre sone ; and cald wes he 

Alysawndyre, as lyk to be 

Till hys fadyr in till fame, 

As he wes howyn, and had his name. 2950 

The Kyng and the Qwene alsua, 
And ane honest Court wyth tha, 
That ilke yhere in Murrawe past ; 


Bot sone agayne he sped hym fast. 
Swa efftyre that he come fra Elgyne, 
Ane nycht he herbryd in Obyne 
Wyth Schyr Willame Besat, knycht, 
That gert the Kyng weylle fayre that nycht, 
And wald hawe gert hym byd langare, 
Gyve that the Kyngys wyllys ware 2960 

(For that Besat wes halyly 
Lord that tyme off that barowny), 
Langare na that nycht the Kyng 
Wald he for prayere mak duellyng. 
Bot thare the Qwene wyth leve he lefft ; 
And scho bade styll foure dayis thare-efft. 
And in till Lowthyan alsa fast 
In gret hy the Kyng than past : 
For he herd that off Ingland 

F. 184. b. The Kyng was northwartis than cumand, 2970 
As to the ISTew-castelle, or Durame, 
Till Bawnbowrch or Norame. 
Thare he thowcht for till hawe mete, 
As tryst mycht thare-off hawe bene sete ; 
For thai twa Kyngis bwndyn wes 
Togyddyr in gret tendyrnes. 

The Qwene syne to Forfare rade : 
Schyre Willame wyth hyr scho had. 
That ilke day be a crye 
A justyng gret \ves set to be 

In Lowthyane at Hadyntown. 2980 

Mony men made thame thyddyr bowne : 
Thare wes a lorde off oure kynryke, 
The Erie off Athole cald Patryke. 
Quhethir it wes off reklesiies, 
Or it off forthowcht felny wes, 

CH. ix.] OF SCOTLAND. 247 

In to the Innys, lang or day, 
Quhare that the Erie off Athole lay, 
A fell fyre hyra to colys brynt. 
Thus suddanly wes that lord thare tynt, 2990 

And wyth hym mony ma. 
Thare howssys and men war brynt alsua. 
Off that brynnyn Schyre Willame 
The Besat bare than gret defame, 
And wyth hym hys bredyre twa, 
Schyre Waltyr, and Schyre Jhon ware tha. 
Bot this Schyre Willame at Forfare 
That nycht wes layte at the supare 
Wyth the Qwene, and hyr to chawmyre led ; 
And in hys awyne chawmyre yhed till his bed. 3000 
Fra he had made the serwys 
To the Qwene, on na kyn wys 
Mycht he bodyly thare hawe bene. 
To pwrge hym for-thi the Qwene 
Profferyd hyr to swere bodyly ; 
Bot that assythyd noucht the party, 
That wes stowt, and off gret mycht. 

Thai sayd, quhare-evyr he wes that nycht, 

Bathe hys armwrys, and his men 

In till Hadyntown ware [seyn] then, 3010 

Quhen this Erie wes brynt wyth fyre : 

Thai sayd, the Besatys in thare ire 

Off awld fede, and gret dyscorde 

That wes betwene thame and that lorde, 

Dyd that in forth owcht felny. 

Schyr Willame Besat gert for-thi 
Hys chapelane in hys chapell 
Denwns cursyd wyth buk and bell 
All thai that had part 


Off that brynnyn, or ony art. 3020 

The Byschape off Abbyrdene alsua 
He gert cursyd denwns all tha 
That gert be art, or part, or swike, 
F. 185. Bryn that tyme this Erie Patryke. 
In all the kyrkys halyly 
Off Abbyrdenys dyocesy 
Schyr Willame Besat this proces 
Gert be dwne. Bot newyrtheles 
In this tyme wes a gret Cownsale 
At Saynct-Jhonystown ; and than hale 3030 

The Lordys off this Erlys kyn, 
That wes brynt in till his In, 
Thare askyd justys at the Kyng 
Off thame, that made this fell brynnyng. 
The Kyng assyngnyd than thaim a day 
At Edynburch ; and sayd, that thai 
Answere suld hawe off thare instawns 
Thareoff the Kyngys ordynawns. 

At that ilke day than set 

Apperyd Schyr Willame the Bysset, 3040 

Efftyr that his landys qwyt 
Wes for that brynnyng all heryit 
Bathe off nowte, and schepe, and ky, 
And all othire gudys halyly, 
That langyd till hym, or till hys men, 
And off his welle willandys then, 
Off this Erie the mychty kyn 
Had gert bathe hery, wast, and bryn. 
At Edynburch the set day 

Before the Kyng apperyd thai, 3050 

That wes wyth-in the kynryke 
Off kyn till this Erie Patryke : 

OH. ix.] OF SCOTLAND. 249 

And mast off that kyn wes ane, 
The Erie that tyme off Buchane. 
Thare thai accusyd, and set the blame 
Till off Besat Schyr Willame. 
He profferyd wyth his body 
To put that fra hym apertly ; 
Bot he wald on na wys 

Thar-off bynd hym till assys. 3060 

Bot efftyr lang and gret trette 
Bwndyn to the Kyng wes he 
And till hys cownsalle, to fulfill 
Off that [cause] the Kyngys will. 
Swa off the Kyngys ordynance, 
And hys fynale delywerance, 
The Besatys as banysyd men, 
That chalangyd ware off that felny then, 
' And all the lave, that had part 

Off that biynnyng, or ony art, 3070 

For all thare dayis behowyd to be 

Banysyd owt off this cuntre". 

And fourty dayis assuffryd ware thai 

Thame for that passage to purway. 

Swa passyd thai Besatys off Scotland, 
And wan thame lywyng in Irland, 
F. 185. b. And grwe tyll statis and till hycht, 

And worthyd lordys thare off mycht. 
'' A thowsand and twa hundyre yhere 

And fywe and fourty to tha clere, 3080 

The ferd Innocent Pape off Eome, 

Mast Byschape off the Crystyndome, 

In Lyowns-sur-Eone a cownsale 

That ilke yhfere held generalle. 

Thare he put downe for gret erroure 


Schyr Frederyk the Empryoure. 


A ' D ' A thowsand twa hundyre fourty and nyne 

Yheris, fra the suet Vyrgyne 

Delyvere wes off hyr a swne 

God and Man, the dayis ware dwne 3090 

Off secowiid Alysandyre, oure Kyng, 

That Scotland had in governyng. 


(Chapiter idlis folxrtoanfo, 
thr^b* JUj^anbgre hab <S0tlattbe. 

A.D. A 

1250. J\. THOWSAND twa hundyr and fifty yhere 

Efftyr the byrth off oure Lord dere, 

Alysawndyre the secownd dede, 

For till succed in till hys sted 

The thryd Alysawndyr his swne 

Passyd wyth an honest Court to Scwne : 

Thare wyth gret solempnyte 

Crownyd off Scotland Kyng wes he. 3100 

That yhere wyth weneratyown 
Wes made the translatyown 
Off Saynt Margret, the haly Qwene. 
A fayr myrakill thare wes sene : 
The thryd Alysandyre bodyly 
Thare wes, wyth a gret cumpany 
Off erlys, byschapys, and barownys, 
And mony famows gret persownys ; 
Off Saynt Andrewys thare wes be name 
The Byschape Davy off Barnhame ; 3110 

Robert off Kyldeleth syne, 

CH. x.] OF SCOTLAND. 251 

That Abbot wes off Dunfermlyne. 
Powere had thai than at fulle, 
Grawntyd be the Papys bulle, 
To mak that translatyown : 
And that to do thai mad thame bowne, 
And fayndyt to gere the body 
Translatyd be of that lady. 
Wyth all thare powere and thare slycht 
Hyr body to rays thai had na mycht, 3120 

Na lyfft hyr anys owt off that plas, 
Quhare scho that tyme lyand was, 
For all thare devotyownys, 
Prayerys, and gret orysownys, 
That the persownys gadryd there 
F. 186. Dyd on devot manere ; 

Quhyll fyrst thai tuk wpe the body 
Off hyr lord, that lay thare-by, 
And bare it bene in to the qwere. 
Lychtly syne on fayre manere 3130 

Hyr cors thai tuk wp, and bare ben, 
And thame enteryd togyddyr then. 
Swa, trowyd thai all than gadyrd thare, 
Quhat honoure till hyr lord scho bare. 
Swa, this myrakill to record 
Notis gret reverens dwne till hyr lord, 
As scho oysyd in[til] hyr lyff, 
Quhen scho wes hys spowsyd wyft'. 
Off this solempne translatyowne 
Befor thare is mad mentyown ; 3140 

Hot thare is noucht notyd the yhere, 
Na this myrakill, wryttyn here, 
That suld noucht have bene foryhet 
For the honoure off Saynt Margret. 


The Kyng of Frawns that yhere Lowys 
To werray Goddys innymyis 
Passyd in till the Haly Land. 
Thare, in his werrys traweland, 
Offtsys prowyd gret prowes. 

Yhet takyn at the last he wes, 3150 

Quhare slayn ware mony Crystyne men : 
TJiis Kyng was haldyn wyth thame then. 
Syne efftyr was thare trewys^ane. 
This Kyng off Frawns all hym allane 
Fre delyveryd off presown 
Payid ane sowme for his rawnsown, 
And delyveryd to thame fre 
Ane cyte", that takyn before had he. 
The Kyng swa lowsyd for his rawnsown, 
The Sarracenys resawyd the town. 3160 

And as thai enteryd thare templys in, 
Thai fand thare mawmentys, mare and myn, 
To frwschyd and to brokyn all, 
And castyn downe in pecys small. 
Than ware thai mare wode than wrath, 
And wald na langare hald thare athe 
Off thare trewys before tane : 
Bot all the Crystyne men ilkane, 
That thai had haldyn in thare presowne 
Be tormentys gret thai slwe all downe. 3170 

A.D. A thowsand twa hundyre fyfty and ane 

Yheris fra God had manhed tane, 
Henry Kyng than off Ingland, 
And Alysawndyr the thryd than rygnand 
In Scotland Kyng, [on] purpos set 
In till Yhork togyddyr mete 
Wyth lordys gret on ilk[a] syd. 

CH. x.] OF SCOTLAND. 253 

Off Scotland oure Kyng that ilk tyde 
F. 186. b. Tuk in honorabyll aray 

The Ordyr off Knychthade on Yhule day 31 80 

Off this Henry the Kyngis hand 

That tyme crownyd off Ingland. 

And on the morne wyth-owtyn let 

Oure Kyng Alysawndyr tuk Margret, 

The dowchtyr off this Kyng Henry 

In to lele matrimony, 

And weddyd hyr thare till his wyff, 

And Qwene off Scotland for hyr lyff. 

This Kyng Alysawndyr thar wes hale 
Bwndyn to lyve be [the] cownsale 3190 

Off this Kyng Henry off Ingland, 
And be the wertu off that band 
The Kyngys offycerys behowyd 
Owt off thare offyce to be removyd, 
As chawncelare, chawmyrlane, and justis, 
All ware put owt off thare offyce. 

This Kyng Alysawndyr off Scotland 
Wyth the Qwene in hys awyne land 
Come hame, and made hym for to duelle 
In till Edynburchys styth castelle. 3200 

Off Dunbare the Erie Patryke, 
A gret lord than in oure kynryke, 
And wyth hym Alan Dureward, 
And off Clare that tyme Schyr Eychard, 
Erie off Glowwerne that than wes, 
Thir thre set all thare besynes 
Schyr Waltyr Comyn for to ta, 
And off the Kyngys cownsale ma. 
On this purpos thai war sa fast, 
Quhill in the Castelle at the last 3210 


Thai gat wyth mycht and wyth poware ; 

And all, that wyth the Kyng war thare, 

Owt off the Castelle thai put then, 

And stuffyd it wyth thare awyue men, 

And gert the Kyng off Scotland 

And the Qwene be thare bydand. 

And to the Kyng [than] Henry 

Off Ingland thai send spedyly 

Word off this, and he come wyth gud spede 

To Werk, nere the wattyr off Twede. 3220 

Thyddyr the Kyng off Scotland 

And the Qwene wyth hym passand, 

As on tryst and purpos set, 

On a day togyddyr met, 

Wyth mony folk on ilke syde : 

Off Ingland the Qwene wes thare that tyd : 

Thare thai Kyngys mad bydyng. 

Be cownsale thare, and lang spekyng, 

Thare wes made swylk ordynans, 

That wes gret grefe and displesans 3230 

Till off Scotland the three Statis, 

Burges, barownys, and prelatys. 
F. 187. And efftyr that all thir ware dwne, 

The Kyng off Scotland name come swne, 

And made in Edynbrowch his reset 

A qwhylle wyth his Qwene Margret. 
1252. -A- thousand twa hundyr and fyfty yhere 

And twa to thai to rekyn clere, 

The Byschape Dawy off Bernhame 

Past off this warld till his lang hame : 3240 

As he dyd here syne fand he thare. 

Off hym I byd to spek no mare. 

He chesyd hys layre in till Kelsew ; 

CH. x.] OF SCOTLAND. 255 

Noucht in the kyrk off Sayntandrewe. 

Nest hym Byschape, the swth to tell, 
Off Sayntandrewis wes Abell 
That he purchast at the Pape. 
Ane half yhere skant he wes byschape : 
That wes to lang, as he hym bare 
Till all, that subditys till hym ware. 3250 

Off Sayntandrewis Byschape syne 
Nest Abel [wes] Schyr Gamelyne : 
And blessyd wes syne here at hame 
Off the Byschape off Glasgw Schyr Willame. 

A thousand twa hundyr fyfty and sewyn 
Yheris fra borne wes God off Hewyn, 
Walter Cumyn off purpos 
Come to the town than off Kynros, 
And the Kyng thare in his bed 
He tuk, and wyth hym away led ; 3260 

And all, that wes off his cownsalle, 
Fra the Kyng he removyd hale. 

A thousand twa hundyr and sexty yhere 
Efftyr the byrth off cure Lord dere, 
The Kyngys douchtyr off Scotland 
Margret borne wes in Ingland. 

A thowsand twa hundyr sexty and thre 
Yheris efftyr the Natyvyte", 
Haco, Kyng than off Norway, 
Come wyth hys ost and gret array 3270 

In Scotland on the West Se. 
In Cwnyngame at the Largis he 
Arrywyd wyth a gret multitud 
Off schyppys wyth topcastellys gud. 
And thare be a tempest fell 
Off gret weddrys scharpe and snell 


Off fors thai behowyd to tak 
Land, and thame for battayle make : 
And offt syne, as thai mycht wyn 
Thare schyppys, thai wald enter in, 3280 

And ordanyd thame wyth dilygens 
In thare schyppys to mak defens. 
The Kyng Alysandyre off Scotland 
Come on thame than wyth stalwart hand, 
F. 187. b. And thame assaylyd rycht stowtly : 
Thai thame defendyd rycht manlyly. 
A Scottis sqwyare off gud fame, 
Perys off Curry cald be name. 
Amang the rapys wes all to rent 
Off tha schyppys in a moment. 3290 

And mony wes slayne that ilk tyde 
Off Scottis and Norways on ilke syde. 
Thare thai fechtand war sa fast, 
The Kyng off Norway at the last 
And hys men fer revyd sare, 
That evyre thai arrywyd thare : 
For off hys schyppys in the Be" 
Ware mony drownyd ; and thare menyhe 
Ware sa sted in gret peryle. 

The Kyng hym-self into that qwhylle 3300 

Wytht hys nawyn, that sawffyd was, 
Wychtly wan owt off the pres, 
And tuk the se hamwart the way, 
Thare trad haldand till Orknay. 
Thare than tuk land Haco thar Kyng, 
And in gret seknes mad endyng. 

Men sayd, that sum Scottis men, 
Off Scotland mychty Lordys then, 
Send thare lettrys oblygatore 

CH. x.] OF SCOTLAND. 257 

Till off Norway this Kyng before ; 3310 

Gyff he wald cum wyth hys powere 

In till Scotland to mak were, 

Quhare thai mycht wyt hym till arywe, 

Thai suld mete hym thare belywe 

On thare best wys to gyve cownsale, 

And mak hym help and suppowale. 

This mowyd the Kyng off Norway 

In Scotland to cum, as yhe herd say : 

Bot thai held hym noucht cownnand, 

Quhen he come, as yhe herd, in Scotland. 3320 

Tharfore in till Orknay 

In till hys dede-ill quhen he lay, 

The lettrys sellyd off that cownnand 

Till the Kyng Alysawndyr off Scotland 

In gret hy he gert be send, 

To mak hys mennys dedys kend. 

Till Alysawndyre the thryd oure Kyng beforne 
Ane fayre sone that yhere was borne 
In till Gedworth. Schyre Gamelyne, 
Byschape off Saynctandrewys, syne 3330 

Baptyzyde that barne, and Alysawndyre 
Hym callyd, as wes befor hys fadyre. 
And quhen off that byrth come tythyng 
Till Alysawndyr the thryd oure Kyng, 
It wes tauld hym that ilk day, 
That dede the Kyng wes off Norway : 
And swa in dowbill blythenes 

F. 188. The Kyngis hart all [that] tyme wes. 

1266 ^ thousand twa hundyr and sexty 

The sext to thai fullyly, 3340 

The gud Malcolme Erie off Fyff 
Endyt that ilk yhere his lyff. 



And foure yhere efftyr his dayis war done, 
Colbane deyd this Erlys sone. 
fPi A thowsand twa hundyr sevynty and ane 

Yheris, fra God had manned tane, 
Off Saynctandrewys Schyr Gamelyne 
The Byschape deyd. And nest hym syne 
Wilyharae Wyschard in hys stede 
Wes Byschape, quhen Gamelyne wes dede. 3350 
At Inchemwthow this Gamelyne 
Deyd, and wes enteryd syne : 
At Saynctandrewys hys body lyis, 
Hys spyryt in to Paradys. 
Thus quhen his dayis ware done 
Wilyhame Wyschard wes blessyd in Scone. 
Sevyn yhere and a halff wes he 
Byschape, and gert byggyt be 
Nere all the body off the Kyrke : 
Quhare that he begowth to wyrk, 3360 

Yhit men may the taknys se 
Apperand be affynnete", 
Ewyn-owth the thryd pillare 
Era the chawncelare dure sene thare ; 
Bath wndyre, and owth that south part, 
And the northsyd swa westwart, 
And that west gawill alsua 
In till hys tyme all gert he ma. 
And bot off hys ethchettys hale 
Hys Kyrk he endyd Cathedyrale, 3370 

Bath in the stane, and thak, and tre. 
The body off hys kyrk thus he 
In all he gert be byggyt welle, 
That langyt till it ilke" delle. 

A . I *. 

1274. A thowsand twa hundyr sevynty and foure 

CH. x.] OF SCOTLAND. 259 

The yheris off oure Sawvyoure, 
Margret Qwene off Scotland, 
Alysawndrys wyff Kyng rygnand, 
Deid, and in Dunfermlyne 

Hyr body wes enteryd syne. 3380 

A-D- A thowsand twa hundyre sevynty and nyne 

Fra lychtare wes the suet Vyrgyne, 
Wilyhame Wyschard off Saynctandrewys 
Byschape, wertus, and off gud thewys, 
Wys, honest, and awenand, 
Till God and man in all plesand, 
Deyd. And quhen that he wes ded, 
Wylyharne Frasere in till his sted 
F. 188. b. Succedyt, and sacryt wes 

Off the Pape than callyd Nycholes. 3390 

Sevyntene vyntyr than wes he 
Byschape off Saynctandrewys se. 

A - I) - A thowsand and twa hundyr yhere 


Foure scor oure tha to rekyn clere, 
Off Dawy, this thryd Alysawndrys sone, 
Off this lyff all his dayis war done. 
Dede he wes in to Stryvelyn, 
And enteryd in Dunfermlyn. 
A.D. Hys systyr the nest yhere foluand, 

The Kyngys dowchtyr off Scotland 3400 

This Alysandrys the thryd, that fayre May 
Wyth the Kyng wes weddyt off Norway : m 
Margret scho wes callyd be name, 
Comendyt fayre, and off gud fame. 
Off August that yhere the twelfft day 
Hyr wayage scho tuk on till Norway. 
In the Assumptyowne off oure Lady 
Scho thare ressawyd wes honorably. 


Suppos, off caws as hyr behowyd, 

Swa fra hyr kyn scho wes removyd, 3410 

Hyr hart stad in gret hewynes ; 

Wyth honowre yheit scho ressawyd wes. 

Off the mast Byschape off that land 

Scho Qwene was made, the crown berand. 

Betwene the Waylis and Inglysmen 
The gret were wes begynnand then, 
Quhare Schyr Dawy, cald Gryffyne, 
That wes brodyr to Lewlyne, 
The quhilk in to that were wes slayne. 
The Inglys men in till hard payne, 3420 

Swa ware stad in peryle than, 
That mony gentill Inglis men 
Drownyd was in depe Lowys, 
Wyth swerdys, sperys, and wyth bowys : 
Sum in thare tentys wyth suddane dede 
Owrtakyn ware wythowt remede ; 
Swa suddane qwalmys God on thame send, 
Yha, ware than ony ly vand wend, 
Mycht hawe fallyn be lyklynes : 
Swylk sene befor than nevyr wes. 3430 

The Inglis men yhit than ware qwyt 
In feld that day dyscumfyt. 

Off Walys that day the Prynce wes dede : 
Dawy Gryffyne in till his sted, 
That brodyr wes to this Lewlyne, 
And ras hale to that lordschype syne, 
To joys it forth in herytage ; 
And off his tenandys thare homage 
He tuk, and held wyth thare powere, 
Bathe [the] State wp and the were. 3440 

All thus quhen the Inglis men, 

CH. x.] OF SCOTLAND. 261 

F. 189. As yhe herde, ware dyscumfyt then, 
The lordys that tyme oft' Ingland, 
That than remanyd qwyk lyvand, 
Menyd befor the Kyng rycht sare 
Thare kyne, thare frendys, that peryst ware, 
Wndoyne, and slayne in to that were, 
That off the Kyngis gret powere 
He had tynt swa mony men. 

The Kyng thus awnsweryd to thaim then, 3450 
" Thare modris has tynt thame, and noucht I. 
Yhe rawe, and tratelys all foly. 
Lat thame seke thame, that has thaim tynt. 
Off my purpos I will noucht stynt." 
All thus thai sayd that Kyng Edwart, 
Wyth the Lang-schankis cald efftyrwart, 
Quhen thare wes off his natyown 
Mony a famows gret persown, 
[And] off his legis gret gentill men 
On the feld dede lyand thene, 3460 

All on the erd qwyt foryhet, 
To be gleddys or hwndys mete. 
This Kyng Edward lyklyly 
Hys prynce had chawngyd in tyrandry, 
And in lourdnes hys ryalte, 
That suld hawe bene off gret pyte, 
And till hys legis off tendyrnes, 
That swa slayne wndyr banyre wes. 

The ferd Alysawndyr oure Kyngis sone, 
That ilk yhere, that this wes done, 3470 

In November the twelfft day set, 
At Eoxburch weddyt Dame Margret, 
The Erie off Flawndrys dowchtyr fayre, 
And [lyppynnyt than to be] his ay re. 


A.D. A thowsand twa hundyr four scor and thre 


Yheris efftyr the Natyvyte*, 
Dame Margret Qwene off Norway 
Endyd, and cloysd hyr lattyre day. 

And this Edward off Ingland 

Kyng, and in it than rygnand, 3480 

Fawcht wyth Schyr Dawy, cald Gryffyne, 
That brodyr wes to Lewlyne, 
Prynce off Walys in the sted 
Off his brodyr, quhen he wes dede. 
This Dawy wes tane in to that fycht, 
Quhare mony dowre to ded wes dycht : 
Bot he payid na rawnsown ; 
For he deyd in till presown. 

The Kyng off Ingland held fra then 
In gret threllage the Walys men : 3490 

And the land, as till hys crown, 
F. 189. b. He held in fell subjectiown. 

That ilke yhere, that this wes dwne, 
The ferd Alysandyre, oure Kyngis swne, 
At Lundorys deyde, and syne 
Enteryd wes in Dunfermlyne. 

[His] fadyre Alysandyre, oure Kyng, 
That Scotland had in governyng, 
Come in till his ryawte* 

Till off Saynctandrewys the cyte", 3500 

And in the kyrk standand thare 
Devotly before the hey awtare, 
In wytnes off all, that thare wes by 
Gaddryde and standand, all frely 
Till God and till Saynctandrewe he 
Grawntyd the strykyn of mono", 
Als frely, qwytly, and fullyly, 

CH. x.] OF SCOTLAND. 263 

As ony tyrue befor gane by 

Ony byschape had sic thyng, 

Quhen that his fadyre before wes Kyng, 3510 

Or off hys eldrys ony before, 

As mycht be herd, or had memore ; 

Sawffand the declaratyown 

Off the Inquisityown 

Off the feftment off that thyng 

To remane ay wyth the Kyng. 

That yhere off Fyffe the Erie Duncane, 
That swne wes off the Erie Colbane, 
The erldwme off Fyff in herytage 
Tuk, and for it made homage 3520 

To the Kyng Alysandyr off Scotland 
The Thryd, in till it yhit rygnand. 

Lytill Jhon and Robyiie Hude 
Wayth-men ware commendyd gud : 
In Yugil-wode and Barnysdale 
Thai oysyd all this tyme thare trawale. 
A.D. A thowsand twa hundyr fonre scor and fyve 


Yheris fra borne wes God off lyve, 

Alysandyr the Thryd, oure Kyng, 

Gert mak at Scone a gret gadryng 3530 

The sextene day efftyr Pasce. 

Quhen thare the Statis gadryd was, 

Willame Comyn than off lawch, 

The lordis brodyr off the Badenauche, 

The erldwme off Monteth began 

Before the Kyng for to pled than. 

The Kyng than off his cownsale 

Made this dely verans thare fynale ; 

That erldwme to be delt in twa 3540 

Partys, and the tane of tha 


Wyth the chemys assygnyd he 

Till Waltyr Stwart : the lave to be 

Made als gud in all profyt ; 

Schyre Willame Comyn till hawe that qwyt, 

Till hald in fre" barony 

Besyd the Erldwme all qwytly. 
F. 190. Alysandyr that yhere oure Kyng 

The Erie off Drwysys dowchtyr yhyng 

Weddyt, that wes cald be name 

Dame Jhon, commendyd of gud fame. 3550 

To that maryage mony ware 

Gaddryd, and come off landis sere : 

Off Frawns thare come rycht mony, 

Bathe lordys, and ladyis ; and specyally 

Thai ware tretyd wyth plesawns ; 

For Drwys an erldwme wes off Frawns, 

The Frankis natyowne war for-thi 

Eewardyt the mare largely. 

And swa rewardyt, at the last, 

In till Frawns hame mony past : 3560 

Mony wes behynd bydand 

Wyth the Qwene, Daine Jhon off Scotland. 
A.D. A thowsand twa hundyr foure score off yhere 

1285< The fyft, fra that the Madyn clere 

Jhesu Cryst oure Lord had borne, 

Alysandyr oure King deyd at Kyngorne. 

Fra that place he wes had syne, 

And enteryd in Dwnfermlyne : 

In that Collegyd Kyrk he lyis, 

Hys spyryt in till Paradys. 3570 

Scotland menyd hyni than full sare ; 

For wndyr hyin all his legis ware 

In honoure, qwyete, and in pes ; 

CH. x.] OF SCOTLAND. 265 

For-thi cald PESSYBILL KYNG he wes ; 
He honoryd God and Haly Kyrk ; 
And medfull dedys he oysyd to wyrk. 
Till all prestys he dyd reverens, 
And sawffyd thare statys wyth diligens. 
He [was] stedfast in Crystyn fay ; 
Eelygyows men he honoryde ay ; 3580 

He luwyd all men, that [war] wertuows ; 
He lathyd and chastyd [al] vytyows 
Be justys he gave and eqwyte" 
Till ilke" man, that his suld be. 
That, he mycht noucht till wertu drawe, 
He held ay wndyr dowt and awe. 
He gert chasty mysdoarys, 
As lauch wald be thare manerys. 
The lawch he gert be kepyd welle 
In all his kynryk ilka delle. 3590 

He led his lyff in honeste, 
Devotyown, and chastyte*. 
Till lordys, knychtys, and sqwyerys, 
That ware plesand off manerys, 
He wes lele, luwand, and liberale, 
And all wertuows in governale. 
He wes gret off almows dede 
Till all that he couth wyt had nede. 
Yhwmen, powere karl, or knawe, 
That wes off mycht an ox til hawe, 3600 

F. 190. b. He gert that man hawe part in pluche ; 
Swa wes corne in [his] land enwche ; 
Swa than begowth, and efftyr lang 
Off land wes mesure, ane ox-gang. 
Mychty men, that had ma 
Oxyn, he gert in pluchys ga. 


A pluch off land efftyr that 

To nowmyr off oxyn mesuryd gat. 

Be that vertu all hys land 

Off corn he gert be abowndand. 3610 

A bolle off atys pennys foure 

Of Scottys mone" past noucht oure ; 

A boll off bere for awcht or ten 

In coniowne prys sawld wes then ; 

For sextene a boll off qwhete, 

Or for twenty, the derth wes grete. 

This falyhyd fra he deyd suddanly : 

This Sang wes made off hym for-thi. 

Quhen Alysandyr oure Kyng wes dede, 

That Scotland led in luwe and le", 3620 

Away wes sons off ale and brede, 

Off wyne and wax, off gamyn and gl^ : 

Oure gold wes changyd in to lede. 

Cryst, borne in to Vyrgynyte", 
Succoure Scotland and remede, 

That stad [is in] perplexyte*. 

[(Explicit |Kib*r <S*ptimtt0.] 








<>ttonMs. ftfje proloitg of tfje &udjtanoe 
En to tfjis (Eijapter nofo gjje lufc. 

CLEEKYS, that in philosophy 

Studeis, thai say, that naturally 

As woman and man has appetyte, 

Mater walde furme haf wyth delyte ; 

Sum mater, that is foulle to sycht, 

Desyrys sum furme of bewte" bricht ; 

Sum mater, that has liability 

To be perfyte, perfyt walde be ; 

Sum mater walde furme for pleyssance. 

Sa, be my sympil sufficians 10 

I haf stablit myne entent 

Now to mak here apoyntment, 

Qwhen the Succession lynealle 

Eiidit, the collateralle 

Eessawit of oure Eealme the Crowne ; 

And how syne that Succession 


Was lik to reuge in successywe, 

As I persawit in my lywe. 

In that than thoucht I to declare 

Al the fors of my matere, 20 

And pesse be pesse ay for to wryte, 

Sa that the fors al of my dyt 

In til a lumpe to be our-taue 

And to be defamyt as a rayne ; 

Sen schort thyng is mare pleyssande, 

And to be herde is mare likande. 

To spede our purposse now draw nere, 

And help now, Mary, Maydyn cleyre. 


ftijapterte of tfjis &urfjtanlre Bufc 
flext tfttr foloiwantre ufje mag lufc. 

,WHEN thar was sex Wardanys in Scotlande. 
ii. Off the Comproinyssion of Succession. 
iii. How the Kyng Edwarde wrat in Frawnsse. 
iiii. How the Consail of Frawns delyverit. 
MS. Cotton. v . How the Kyng Edwarde gaf sentens of the Suc- 

vi. Off a computacion of Lynage. 
vii. Off the Erl David secunde Douchtere. 
viii. Off the Lady Darwogille. 
ix. Off the slauchtyr of the Erl Duncan. 

[Of Robert Brucis first mariage.] 
x. Off John the Bailyoilis Coronacion. 
xi. How the Kyng of Inglande wan the town of Berwik. 
How al the Inglis men war put out of Scotlande. 
Off the dissencion betweyn the Bailyoil and Robert 

the Broysse. 

How Robert the Broysse askyt to be made Kyng. 
xii. Qwhen John the Bailyoile wes degradyt. 

Qwhen mony Comownys off Scotlande turnyt to 

the Kyng of Inglande. 
xiii. Qwhen Wilyam Walas rasse. 

Off Wilyam Walas and Schyr Hew of Kersyngame. 
xiiii. Qwhen Wilyam Fressere was dede, the Bischope 

off Sanct Andrewis. 
xv. Off the batel of the Fawkyrk. 



[B. VIII. 

Qwhen John Cummyn tuk the kepyng of Scot- 


Qwhen the Kyng of Frawns sende to tret of Trewis. 
xvi. Off the bataile of Eoslyne. 
xvii. Qwhen the Kyng of Inglande coym eftyre that in 

to Scotlande. 
xviii. Off the asseigis of Strevelyng. 

How Eobert the Broys eschapit. 
xix. Wyntownys Excusacion. 
xx. How Wilyam "Walas was dissawit. 
xxi. Of the Dedication of Sanct Andrewis Kyrk. 
xxii. [Quhen Kyng Davy wes borne. 
Quhen King Davy wes weddit.] 

xxiii. Qwhen the Kyng Eobert the Broyse was dede. 
xxiiii. Qwhen Kyng David the Broyse was crownyt. 

Qwhen the Erl Thomas was [maid] Warden of 


xxv. Off the batel of Duplyne. 
xxvi. Off the begynnyng of Duplyne. 

How a Knycht soucht his [cusing] in the feylde of 


Off the Erl Patrik at Duplyne. 
Qwhen the Kyng was sende in to Frawns. 
Qwhen Edwarde the Bailyoile was crownyt. 
Off a jupardy don at Anande. 
Off the kepyng of Berwik. 
xxvii. Off the batale of Halidon Hil. 

Qwhen the Kyng of Inglande bad sla al the pre- 

Qwhen the Erl Patrik becoyme the Kyng of Ing- 

landis man. 

xxviii. Qwhen the Kyng of Frawns sende to trete of Trewis. 
Qwhen Edwarde the Bailyoile bad at Pertht. 


Qwhen the Stewart of Scotlande Eobert fyrst 

rase in to Scotlande. 
xxix. Off the asseigis of Louchlewyn. 

Qwhen a Elot of Inglande perest on the coste of 


Qwhen the Erl David of Athoil begouth to rysse. 
Off the recwveransse of oure Lande. 
Off syndry Jupardysse. 

xxx. Qwhen the Kyng of Inglande slew his brothir. 
xxxi. Qwhen the Erll of Athoil was slayn. 

Qwhen Wilyam Mowbray com to pesse. 
xxxii. [Quhen the North wes in Scottis menis handis.] 
xxxiii. Off the asseigis of Dunbare. 

Qwhen Mountagw past agan in Inglande. 
xxxiiii. Qwhen Schir Andrew Murrawe wan, qwhen he 

was Wardane. 

xxxv. Qwhen the Stewart of Scotlande was maide 

Cotton MS. Off a iustyne at Berwik. 
F. 140. J J 

Off Schir Patrik the Grayme. 

xxxvi. Off Schir Wilyam of Dowglase, that dyd mony 

a gud juperdysse. 
xxxvii. Qwhen the Wardane made hym bown for to 

asseige Sanct-Johnston. 
[How the Erie of Eoss drew away the watter off 

xxxviii. [Off the wynning Edinburgh Castell.] 

Qwhen Eamsay was in the cowe of Hawthornden. 
Qwhen the Erie of Murrawe coym out of 

xxxix. Qwhen Schir Alexander de Eamsay wan Eox- 

Qwhen Schir Alexander de Eamsay was slayn. 



xl. Off the batel of Durame. 

How Schir Edwarde de Bailyoil rad in Scotlande. 
xli. Off Wyntownys Were, 
xlii. Off the fyrst Pestilence. 

How Berwik was won be the Kyng of Inglande. 
xliii. Off the batel of Poytere. 

Off a Trety of the Kyng David delyverance. 
xliiii. Off the carllis that rasse in to Frawns. 
[xlv. Off a fechting betuix Franse and Inglismen.] 
xlvi. Off the Queyne Johnys dede. 

Qwhen the thride Kyng Edwarde past in to 

Off the Kyng David last maryage.J 



F S i9o e b" ^Stohen the <Stats0 xrff 

tx $EarJ>an20 xrrbangt xrff the 

A.D. A 

1286. J\, THOWSAKD yhere and hundrys twa 
Foure scor and the sext to tha, 
The sextene day efftyr Pase, 
The Statis off Scotland gadryd wase, 
And assemblyd hale at Scwne, 
Fra the Kyng Alysandrys dayis ware dwne, 
As till than a set Parlyament. 
[Thare] thai delyveryd wyth hale intent, 
And ordanyd Wardanys twys thre, 
Quham throwch the land suld kepyd be ; 10 

Twa Byschapys thai ware, and Erlys twa, 
Twa Barownys gret to thame alsua. 
The Byschape off Sanctandrewys Se, 
Willame Fraser cald wes he ; 
Erleys, off Fyffe the fyrst, Duncane, 
And Alysawndyr Comyn off Buchane ; 
Thir gret mychty Lordis thre 
Ware Wardanys be north the Scottis se. 
Be sowth, the Byschape off Glasgw, 
Eobert a man off gret vertu ; 20 

Jhon Comyn, and the Stwart Jamys ; 
Thir off tha thre ware the namys. 

F. 191. To thire sex in that Cownsalle 

Off Scotland wes gyvyn the governale. 
Off Dunkeldyn the Byschape then 
A Wardane to thir wes, be sum men. 


1290 Quhill thus the kynryk wes wakand, 

Off Ingland the Kyug wes than thynkaud 

Wyth Lang-schankis Schyr Edward, 

The kynryk off Scotland how toward 30 

He mycht apply nere til his Crown, 

Wes his ymagynatyown. 

Than kest he till have a mariage ; 

And ordanyd thare-on gret message 

In Scotland to cum. Byschapis twa, 

Off Durame and Karlele bath war tha, 

Twa Erlys, and twa gret Barownys, 

Famows and mychty gret persownys, 

Come chargyd in Scotland wyth message 

To tret, and ferme a maryage, 40 

Wyth gret profferis, to be dwne 

Betwene the Kyng off Inglis swne, 

Edwarde wyth Lang-schankis then, 

The swne wes Edward off Carnarven, 

For to be weddyt wyth that May, 

The Kyngis douchtyr off Norway : 

Margret wes cald that madyn fayre, 

To Norway and Scotland bathe rychtwys ayre. 

This wes the sowme off thare erande 

Fra the Kyng chargyd off Ingland, 50 

As thai famows gret persownys 

Proponyd be thare instructyownys. 

The Statis assemblyd off oure land, 
That herd thare charge and thare erand, 
Swne consentyd to thare will 
That ilka maryage to fulfille 
Wyth the proponyd condytyownys, 
Wndyr gret protestatyownys, 
That thare charge, and thare tretis, 


Na thare consent, off ony wys 60 

Prejwdycyale suld [noucht] be 

Till off Scotland the realte* ; 

Bot it suld joys all fredomys, 

Frawnchis, profyt, and customys, 

Alsa frely as before 

In the tyme off gud memore 

Alysandyre lyvand wes the Kyng, 

That Scotland had in governyng, 

Or before than ony wys 

Mast frely ware oysyd thare frawnchis. 70 

Bath the partys wyth lele intent 

Gave till this full thare assent. 

Efftyr that all this thus wes dwne, 
Thai ordanyd message to send swne 
Oure se in till Norway, 
F. i9i. b. in till Scotland till bryng that May, 

The Kyng off Norwayis douchtyr fayre, 

Off Scotland and Norway that tyme ayre, 

Margret cald, that madyn yhyng, 

The dowchtyr douchtyr off cure Kyng 80 

Alysandyre off gud memore, 

As yhe hawe herd here rede before. 

To this passage thai ordanyd then 
Honorabill knychtis, and gret men ; 
Duelland in to Fyffe war twa, 
Thir the namys war off tha ; 
Off the Wemys Schir Dawy, 
Schyre Mychel Scot off Balwery : 
Thir ware twa well commendyt men, 
And trowyd welle off lawte* then. 90 

Oure se' than chargyd passyd tha 
Wyth all hast in till Norwa. 


Dede than wes that Madyn fayre, 
That of lawch suld have bene ayre, 
And apperyd till have bene 
Be the lawch off Norway Quene. 
Bot that madyn swet for-thi 
Wes put to dede be martyry. 
For thai wald, that off na natyown, 
Bot off thare awyne, suld bere the crown ; 100 

Na be na way the female 
Suld be thare cheffe, gyve ony male 
Off reaw[ly]s mycht fundyn be 
Worth to have that realte*. 
Thare lawys wryttyn nevyrtheles 
Contrar and agayne this wes. 

The Norwayis has a wryttyn buk 
Off thaire lawys : thare in thai luk 
All casys cumand, as thai fall, 
And be the text thai decerne all 110 

Thai casis, but exceptyown : 
By that is nane evasyown. 
Be thai lawys yhit thai fand, 
That the female to that thare land 
Descendande be lyne, or ony male 
Suld succed collaterale. 
Thowch this was wryttyn in thare buk, 
This wald thai nowthir red na luke, 
Na per ordyre thai wald noucht hald 
Thare lawys, that wiyttyn ware off aid. 120 

Swa thir knychtis, that passyd in wayne, 
To Scotland swne come hame agayne. 



CDff iht 

rrf the <Sttae00g0tone. 

A.D. r\ 
[1291.] V^/WHEN Alysandyre cure Kyng wes dede, 

That Scotland had to stere and lede, 
The land sex yhere and mayr perfay, 
Wes desolate efftyr his day. 
F. 192. The Barnage off Scotland at the last 
Assemblyd thame, and fandyt fast 
To ches a Kyng thare land to stere, 
That off awncestry cummyn were 130 

Off kyngis, that aucht that reawte, 
And mast had rycht thare Kyng to be. 

Bot inwy, that is fellowne, 
Amang thame mad dissensiown : 
For sum wald have the Ballyolle Kyng, 
For he wes cumyn off that ofspryng, 
That off the eldest systere was : 
And othir sum nyte all that cas, 
And sayd, that he thare Kyng suld be, 
That wes in als nere degre", 140 

And cummyn wes off the nerrast male 
In thai brawnchys collateralle. 
Thai sayd successyown off kynryk 
"Wes noucht to laware feys lyk ; 
Thare mycht succed na female, 
Quhill fundyn mycht be ony male 
That [be] lyne war discendand. 
Thai bare all othirwais on hand, 


For than the nest [comyn of that] sede, 

Man, or woman, suld succede. 1 50 

Be this resown that part thowcht hale, 

That the Lord off Anandyrdale, 

Eobert the Brwys, Erie off Karryk, 

Aucht to succed to the kynryke. 

The Barownys thus war at discord, 
That on na maner thai mycht accord ; 
Quhill at the last thai all accordyt, 
That all thare spek suld be recordyt 
Till Schyr Edward, off Ingland Kyng ; 
And [he] suld swere, that, but feyhnnyng, 160 
He suld that arbytry declare ; 
Off thir twa, that I tald off are, 
Quhilk [sulde] succed till sic hycht, 
And lat hym ryng, that had the rycht. 

This ordynawns thame thowcht the best : 
For at that tyme wes pes and rest 
Betwix Scotland and Ingland bathe ; 
And thai couth noucht persawe the skathe, 
That towarde thame wes apperand, 
For that the Kyng off Ingland 1 70 

Held sic frendschepe and cumpany 
To thare Kyng, that wes worthy. 
Thai trowyd, that he, as gud nychtbore, 
And as frenswm composytore, 
Wald ha we jugyd in lawte" : 
Bot othirwayis all yhed the gle." 
For-thi sayd Mayster Jhon Barbere, 
F. 192. b. That mekyU tretyd off that matere ; 
" A ! blynd folk fulle off all foly, 
Had yhe wmbethowcht yowe inkkyrly, 1 80 

Quhat peryle to yowe mycht appere, 

CH. ii.] OF SCOTLAND. 281 

Yhe had noueht wroucht on this manere. 

Had yhe tane kepe, how that that Kyng 

Off Walys for-owtyn sudjowrnyng 

Trawalyd to wyn the senyhowry, 

And throw his mycht till occupy. 

Landys, that ware till hym marchand, 

As Walys wes, and als Irland, 

That he put till sic threllage, 

That thai, that ware off hey parage, 190 

Suld ryn on fwte as rybalddale, 

Quhen ony folk he wald assale. 

Durst nane off Walis in batale ryd, 

Na yhit, fra evyn fell, abyde 

Castell or wallyd towne wythin, 

Than he suld lyff and lymmys tyne. 

In till swylk thryllage thame held he, 

That he oure-come wyth his powste. 

Yhe mycht se, he suld occupy 

Thro wch sly cht, that he namycht throwmaystry. 200 

Had yhe tane kepe, quhat was threllage, 

And had consydryd his oysage, 

That grypyd ay, but gayne-gyvyng, 

Yhe suld, for-owtyn his demyng, 

Hawe chosyn yhow a kyng, that mycht 

Hawe haldyn welle yhoure land at rycht. 

Walis ensawmpill mycht hawe bene 

To yhow, had yhe it before sene. 

Quha will be othir hym-selff chasty, 

Wys men sayis, he is happy. 210 

And perylows thyngis may fall perfay 

Als well to morne, as yhystyr-day. 

Bot yhe traystyd in lawte 

As sympill folk but mawvite, 


And wyst noucht, quhat suld efftyr tyde. 

For in this warld, that is sa wyd, 

Is nane, determyne may, na sail 

Knaw thyngis, that- ar for to fall : 

For God, that is off mast powste, 

Eeserwys that till hys MajesteV' 220 

On this manere assentyd ware 
The Barownys, as I sayd yhow are, 
And messyngerys send till this Edwart, 
That had his wayage tane onwart 
For till pas in the Haly Land, 
On Sarracenys to be thare warrayand. 
And fra he wyst, quhat charge thai had, 
He buskyd hym, but mare abad, 
And lefft the purpos, that he had tane, 
And till Ingland agane is gane : 

F. 193. And swiie till Scotland worde send he, 230 

That thai suld mak ane assemble ; 
And he in hy suld cum to do 
In all thyng, as thai wrat hym to. 
For he thowcht welle, throwch thare debate 
That he suld slely fynd the gate, 
How that he all the senyhowry 
Throwch his gret mycht suld occupy. 
And to Eobert the Brows said he, 
" Gyve thow will hald in cheff off me 240 

For evyr mare, and thi ofspryng, 
I sail do swa, thow sail be kyng." 

" Schyre, (sayd he,) sa God me sawe, 
The kynryk yharne I noucht till have, 
Bot gyff it fall off rycht to me : 
And gyve God will, that it swa be, 
I sail als frely in all thyng 

CH. in.] OF SCOTLAND. 283 

Hald it, as afferis a kyng, 

Or as my eldrys before me 

Held it in freast reawteV' 250 

Wyth this Eobert past his way. 
Schyre Jhon the Ballyoll perfay 
Assentyd to do all hys will : 
Thare-off efftyr fell gret iwill. 


i)xrto @btoatb.e &tt0 torait in to Jfratwre, 
^0 hate Cotm0ak xrf a 

A.D. T71 
[1291.] Jj EA that the Statis off Scotland, 

Quhen that the kynryk wes wakand, 

Had made thare compromyssyown 

Hale in the dyscretyown 

Off Edward, the Kyng off Ingland, 

That oblyst wes be faythfull band 260 

Off athe, and trewth, in lawte" 

The rycht to gere decleryd be, 

Be all lauchfull successyown 

Quha suld the State have and the Crown, 

Off Jhon the Ballyoll, and Eobert 

The Brows, that regnyd efftyrwert ; 

As comendyt for to be, 

That in gret besynes wes he 

To get wyt, and full resown, 

Quha suld have that successyowii, 270 

In Frawns to the Presydentis 

And Lordis off the Parlementis, 


And to tha, that war then 
Kend off that Court the mast wys men, 
And to the Unywersyte 
Off Parys, the cas all thus wrat he. 
F. 193. b. Off a kynryk a kyng off det 

Noucht crownyd, noucht oyntyd, hot symply set 
In till a set be sum persownys 
Off byschapys, erlis, or barownys, 280 

Off the Statis off his land, 
Swa to be, as kyng, ryngnand, 
Is dede, but ayris off his body 
Nest hym till succede lynealy. 
This kyng in fe and herytage 
That kynrik held, and for homage 
Of [a] grettare kyng off mycht, 
That wes his oure-lard off rycht lycht. 
" Quhen this kyng all thus wes dede, 
For till succed in till his sted 290 

Thare come syndry, bathe he, and he, 
That sayd, his ayris thai audit to be. 

" This ilk kynryk, thus wacand, 
The oure-lard tuk it in till his hand, 
Quhill that he suld clerly knawe, 
Quha suld succed till it off lawe. 
Befor this kyng, that wes then 
Oure-lard off that rewme, come twa men, 
That cusyngis ware collateralle 
To the dede kyng, noucht lyneale. 300 

The fyrst proponyd in manere fayre, 
And sayd, That he wes nerrest ayre 
Before all othir to bere the crown, 
Pryncipaly be this resown ; 
The kyngis eld-fadyr last dede before, 


Ay for till be off gud memore, 

Quhen he hale kyng the kynryk led, 

Had a full brodyr off lauchfull bed 

Gottyn and borne, and he had twa 

Douchtrys lauchful : the fyrst off tha 310 

Bwt dout, (he sayd,) my modyr bare ; 

Quhare-for dredles I am nerrare, 

Than ony is, to bere the Crown 

Be rycht rycht off successyown 

Off this kynrik now wakand." 

The tothir, that herd this by standand, 
Quhen thus for his part he had dwne, 
He made this ansuere scharpe and swne. 
" Quhat yhe have sayd, I hawe herd wele, 
And consawyd all, ilk delle, 320 

And grantis, (he sayd,) the antecedens ; 
Bot I deny the consequens. 
That that lord had dowchtrys twa, 
I grant, and at the fyrst off tha 
In hyr fyrst byrth youre [modyr] bare, 
I grawnt ; bot yhe sayd forthirmare, 
That tharfore yhe suld bere the crown. 
F. 194. That lauch wald nowthir, na resown : 
For successyown off kynrik 

Is noucht to laware feis lik ; 330 

Yhoure modyr and I in ewynlik gre 
Discendand fra the stok are we ; 
And off lauch suld na female 
Succede, gyve that ony male 
Mycht be fundyn off evynlik gre 
To joys sic a reawte". 

The heldare douchtyr yhour modyre bare ; 
My modyr hyre systyr wes yhongare ; 


To the stok [I] am swa newu : 

Pro-newu yhe ar. Be that wertu 340 

Yhe ar noucht nerrast to the crown, 

Na to the rycht off successyown. 

" My lady yhoure guddame wes myne awnt ; 
The eldare systyr scho wes, I grawnt ; 
Scho bare yhoure modyr that wes woman ; 
[My modyre bare the fyrst man.] 
Be yhe kyng crownyd, and noucht I, 
Than am I wrangyd grettumly. 
The lawys cyvile, na canown, 
Gyvys for yhoure part na resown, 350 

Na custome oysyd in na kynryk 
Yhoure part and myne may evynlik, 
That the female in ewynlik gre, 
Preferryd to the male suld be, 
And off the female the pro-newu 
Suld preferryd be to the newu. 
Joys yhe the crown swa, and noucht I, 
Wrangyd I call me hely." 

QUHA the suth will wndyrstand. 
Off the Brows wes than lyvand 360 

In till this tyme Eobertis thre ; 
And the eldast than wes he, 
That made this altercatyown 
In his rycht off successyown. 
Nevw for till have wndon, 
Is nowthir brodyr na systyr sone ; 
Bot fra the stok down ewynlykly 
Discendand persownys lynealy 
In the tothir, or the thrid gre, 
Newu, or pro-nevw suld be : 370 

CH. m.] OF SCOTLAND. 287 

As for till call the swn[nys] swne, 
Off the dowchtrys swa to be dwne, 
Hyr swne may be cald newu : 
This is off that word the wertu. 

Quhen all thus thir persownys twa, 
The Brows, the Ballyoll bath war tha, 
Befor Edward off Ingland Kyng 
Had made, as yhe herd, this karpyng, 
F. 194. b. The effect oure s4 he wrate, 

Cownsale til hawe off this debate. 380 

Bot he mad fals suggestyown : 

Fals wes his relatyown, 

And infurmyd [richt] falsly, 

And set the case all swykfully ; 

Quhen he sayd, in herytage 

That kynryk wes haldyn for homage 

Aucht till a kyng off grettare mycht, 

He sayd all fals, and na thyng rycht. 

The kynrik, that he that tale off made, 

As in till Frawns he wryttyn hade. 390 

Wythowtyn [dowt] wes [ay] mare fre, 

Than wes that rewme, that than had he. 

He wes nevyr worth, na all his kyn, 

The fredwme fra that rewme to wyn. 

He sawffyd ill kyngis honeste, 

Swa to sclandyre a Kynryk fre. 

Had he lykyd till hawe thoucht on, 

Quhat dyd before hym the Kyng Jhon, 

He suld hawe worthyd rede for schame, 

A fre Kynryk swa till defame. 400 



the Ccran0alU xrf Jratonce torate 
fottoberatta 0ff that debate. 

A.D. m 
[1291.] J_HE clergy and the wyt off Frawns, 

Era thai consawyd the dystawns, 
All the stryffe, and the debate, 
As Edward the Kyng off Ingland wrate, 
Thai set thaim thraly to declere 
Off that Successyown the matere. 
The Byschape than Awrelyanens, 
A clerk solempne in sere sciens, 
Mayster off Art, and in morale 
Phylosophi and naturale 410 

He wes grwndyt perfytly, 
And Bachylere in Theology, 
Doctor solempue in to that quhylle 
He wes in canown and cyvyle. 
That ilke matere to declere, 
Fyrst he sayd on this manere ; 
" In the kynryk off Scotland, 
That, as yhe herd, is now wacand, 
Gyve custwme approvyd may be knawyn, 
And certane by all lawis drawyn, 420 

How off that kynryk suld the Crowne 
Folow in till successyowne 
In oiiykyne lyne down cumand 
Fra the stok, or than descendand, 
Owthir in successyown lyneale, 
F. 195. Or in branchys collaterale, 

CH. iv.] OF SCOTLAND. 289 

The fyrst, or off the fyrst in gre, 

As thai may happyn, scho, or he, 

Or off tha swa gottyn and borne, 

That custwme off that Rewme beforne 430 

Suld be preferryd, and haldyn ay 

Agayne all, that the lauch may say : 

For that custwme al by drawys, 

That ar wryttyne in till the lawys. 

Bot gyve that thare be custwme nane, 

Wyth lauch the cas may be oure-tane. 

Than war it to the comowne lawe, 

That is imperyalle, erast drawe. 

Be that law, but dowt yhe ken 

That, quhare [thar] is in plede twa men 440 

Askand the Crowne off a kynrike, 

Quhar till nane othir feis ar lyke, 

In [to] brawnchys collaterale, 

Noucht in successyown lyneale, 

To be kyng nere, that wes dede, 

And till succed in till his sted, 

Noucht bredyr, na bredyr barnys ar, 

Bot in thare greis ar ferrare, 

But dowt, the nest male in the gre 

Preferryd to the Rewme suld be, 450 

Noucht agayne standand the eldare 

Off twa dowchtris a douchtyr bare." 

To this the Byschape off Parys, 
That wes a gret clerke and a wys, 
And othir solempne clerkis twa, 
As sayd the fyrst, all thai sayd swa. 
Nest thaim the Prowest off Marsyle, 
Bathe Doctor in canown and cyvile, 
Sayd, " In the cas off tha twa men, 
VOL. n. T 


That askyd the kynryk off Scotland then, 460 

Be wryttyn lawys imperialle, 
And custwme approwyd, and wsuale 
In till all the rewme off Frawns, 
Quhen thare fallis sic dystawns 
In grettare feis, or smallare, 
Quha fundyn is in gre nerrare, 
The secownde swne set he be, 
Or he be ferrare in sum gre 
Gyve he be fwndyn in gre nerrare 
Till hym, that is off byrth ferrare 470 

He sail hawe the prerogative, 
Gyve lyvand be the stok in lyve, 
As to be full ayre at the lest ; 
Set cummyn thare be off the eldest 
Brodyr or douchtyr, twa or ma, 
The gre befor the byrth sail ga, 
F. 195. b. That tuk the sted in sic dystawns." 

The Prowest sayd, " In the rewme off Prawns 

The Kyng befor than, Schir Lowys, 

Be cownsalle, that he trowyd wes wys, 480 

Quhen he [a] swn had, Philipe cald, 

That wes a stowt knycht and a bald, 

And this Phylip had swnnys ma 

Lawchfully gottyn, than ane or twa. 

Off Phylippys swn[nys] the eldare 

Before Phylippys brodyr the yhongare 

Thowcht tyll hawe bene to the Crown 

Nest Lowis in till successyown, 

This Phylippys fadyr than lyvand, 

And in till Frawns than Kyng ryngnand. 490 

Bot that wes delyveryd swne, 

That that be na way mycht be dwne, 

Cn. iv.] OF SCOTLAND. 291 

Quliill Phylippys fadyr yhit rignand 

A yhowngare swne had than lywand. 

This ilk maner in to Frawns 

Takys sted " he sayd " in swylk dystawns, 

And in ma cowrtis lyk till it, 

Bathe be custwme, and lauch in wryt, 

That gyve the eldare swne off twa, 

Hawand swnnys ane or ma, 500 

Dey, his fadyre yhit lyvand, 

The fadyre syne dey off his land, 

The yhoungare brodyre lyvand in sted 

Succedys all till his fadyre dede, 

And noucht his eldare brodyr swne ; 

This oys wes haldyn in Frawns, and dwne. 

This makys for the Brows Robert, 

And noucht for the Ballyollis part : 

For nerrare to the stok wes he, 

Than wes the Bally oil, be a gre, 510 

And rycht swa till Willame kyng, 

That Scotland had in govyrnyng." 

Thir wys men sayd yhit nevyrtheles, 
" Gyve swylk custwme in Scotland wes, 
That the fyrst get in all kyn gre, 
Nerrare or ferrare quhethir [it] be, 
Suld gyve swylk prerogatyve, 
Till swilk gret rychtis successyve, 
That like" custwme ilke delle 

And specyally suld be kepyd welle, 520 

And haldyn in all propyrte, 
Eycht as it oft tyme mycht knawyn be, 
Preferryd till lawys imperyalle, 
Canowne, or othir custwmale, 
Or wryttyn in othir cuntreis, 


As oysyd or haldyn in swilk feis." 

Atoure this thai speryd mare 
At thame, that, to thame chargyd ware ; 
F. 196. In that case, that thir twa men, 

That askyd the kynrik off Scotland then, 530 

Gyve thai had wyttyn, herd, or sen, 

That ony custwme optenyd had ben 

Before that tyme off swylk a case, 

Or gyve in Scotland befor than wase 

In till all fallyn lyke, 

As wes than off that kynryke, 

Suppos that off laware feis, 

As erldwmys, or barowneis, 

Sic cas offt-tymys war falland, 

As to the oure-lardis pertenand. 540 

It wes answeryd, that nevyr before 
Off swilk a cas wes had memore, 
As suld succed than that kynryk : 
For-thi na cas thai wyst it lyk. 
Bot thai, that made suggestyown, 
Be thare fals relatyown 
Thai gert thir wys men wndyrstand, 
That the kynryk off Scotland 
Suld off the Kyng off Ingland be 
In herytage haldyn, and in fe ; 550 

And in till his court for-thi 
This matere suld be fullyly 
Befor hym pledyt as oure-lard, 
And [he] be lauch to gyve award 
For ane off thai twa, than askand 
The successyown off Scotland ; 
And be swilk custwme, as was than, 
And in the kynrik off Ingland ran, 

CH. iv.] OF SCOTLAND. 293 

The rycht off that successyown 

Suld hawe determynatyown, 560 

Suppos this cas wes set all fals. 

This ensawmpill thai tuk in als : 

The Duk off Burgoyne, a nobill man, 
The fadyre off hym that duk wes than, 
On lauchfull bed had sownnys twa ; 
And the eldare swne off tha 
Had a douchtyr, thai made rehers, 
That [the] Erie weddyt off Nywers. 
Swne efffcyr deyd this eldare swne ; 
Bot lang efftyr his dayis war dwne, 570 

The Duk his fadyre wes lywand 
In his Duche his state haldand. 
Bot efftyr quhen this Duk wes dede, 
This Erie off Ny wers in his sted 
He askyd be resowne off his wyff 
The Duche off Burgoyne but mare stryff, 
Sen scho wes off the eldare swne 
The eldare douchtyr, that to be dwn 
He askyd ; for he sayd, that na man 
Wes nerrare to that lordschipe than 580 

Be custwme approvyd in that Duche* 
F. 196. b. Off Burgoyne, that than askyd he. 

Quhen he thus askyd, the yhoungere 

Off thir twa swnnys made ansuere, 

And sayd, The custwme he kennyde welle 

Oysyd in Burgoyne ilke delle 

Off the tenandis off that land, 

That thare feis war haldand 

Off the Duke hym-self in cheffe, 

In ward, or serwys, or releffe. 590 

That ilke custwme suld oure-ta, 


And bynd his tenandis, and na ma. 

By the Dukys awyne subdytis, 

That custwme is noucht worth thre mytis. 

Quha suld off Burgoyne, he sayd, be Duk, 

He suld noucht to that custwme luk, 

Na it serwyd noucht in this dystawns : 

Bot in the Kyngis court off Prawns 

Decleryd this cas, he sayd, suld be, 

Syn this ilke selffe Duche 600 

In fe wes haldyn off the Kyng, 

That Prawns ay had in govyrnyng, 

And off rycht rycht wes oure-lard : 

Off it he wald ask ane award, 

Be custwme off Prawns, quhethir he, or he, 

Suld hawe off Burgoyne the Duche*. 

In the tyme off this dystawns 

In till Parys the Kyng off Prawns 

This yhowugere swne gert weddyt be 

Wy th hys systyr, a lady fre. 610 

This Erie, that sawe this cas led swa, 

He trowyd the lave suld fra hym ga ; 

For off gold a gret portyown 

He gave wp all hys actyown. 

The wys men all wndyrstwde, 
That in lyk cas the matere yhwde 
Off the kynrik off Scotland, 
That, as thai herd, wes than wakand ; 
The Kyng off Ingland suld off la we 
All that debat, as oure-lard, knawe. 620 

Suppos be fals relatyown 
Thai had thaire informatyowne, 
As thai rypyd materys sere, 
The cas off Scotland thai made clere : 

Cn. iv.] OF SCOTLAND. 295 

For togydder in a sentens, 
The Byschape fyrst off Orlyens, 
And till hym Byschapys twa, 
Off Parys, and off Carkason war tha, 
And clerkys ellewyn in till hey greis 
Famows in syndry faculteys, 630 

Wyth othir gret men, Presydentis, 
[And] Lordis of the Parleamentis, 
(Thare namys I can noucht all declere, 
For thai ar strawnge till yhow till here ; 
To tell, [as] I thame wryttyn fand, 
F. 197. Thai are noucht eth till wndyrstand, 
Na for till hawe off thame knawlage 
Expressyd to be in cure langage) 
But dowt, all thai ware gret men, 640 

And famows in he statis then, 
For-thi the cas wes specyally 
Put to thame, and thai studyusly 
The matere in thare faculteis 
Sowcht, and in the Buk off Feys 
Makand mony dystynctyownys, 
And argumentis in thare collatyownys, 

K Ilk clerk in thare scyence, 

And concludyt in a sentence, 

And be ensawmplis red before, 

Gyve thai byd in yhoure memore, 650 

I That the custwme off ilke land 

Approwyd fermly suld stand, 
And suld be preferryd ay 
Till all, that men off lauch couth say. 
For custwme approwyd offt by-drawys 
Off canown and cyvylle bath the lawys : 
For-thi haldis clerkis be thare sawe, 


That custwme is the tothir lawe. 

Gyve off a cas ware custwme nane, 

That cas wyth lauch suld be oure-taue 660 

Off canowne or imperialle, 

Or be gret resownys naturalle. 

All thir clerkis in thare greis 

And studyws in thare faculteis, 

And be ensawmplis befor set, 

That, I trowe, yhe hawe noucht foryhet, 

Mad fynale delywerans, 

And send that wryttyn owt off Frawns 

Till the Kyng Edward off Ingland, 

That, thai trowyd, wes it bydand : 670 

" THAT to the stok the nerrest male 

Suld have the Crown and the State hale 

In successyown off a kynryk, 

Quhare-till na laware feis ar lyk." 

And off the Orderis off the Freris, 
Augustynys, and Corduleris, 
And the Blak Ordyr Jacobitis, 
And the Qwhyt Carmelytis, 
Gret maystrys off dyvynyte", 

Sowcht this cas in thare faculte. 680 

Off the Bybill the ferd buke 
Thai kest wp, that cas to luke, 
That buk is cald Numery : 
Off Salphat thare is the story, 
The sevyn and twentyd chapytere 
All thus tellis the manere. 
Quhen Moyses, and Eleazare, 
And all [the] pryncys off Jowys ware 
F. 197. b. l n to the Tabernakill hale 

To[gydyr] gadyryt till a Consale, 690 

CH. iv.] OF SCOTLAND. 297 

Off this Salphat douchtrys fyve 

To the dure come than belyve, 

And thare standand befor Moyses 

On this manere thare askyng wes : 

" Oure fadyr Salphat had in his lyve 

Na sowne, bot ws hys douchtris fyve ; 

And in [that] wpsete he wes noucht, 

That Chore agayne Moyses wroucht, 

Quhen in the erd was swnkyn than 

Chore*, Datan, and Abyran : 700 

Oure faddyr Salphat nevyrtheles 

In hys syne deyd in wildyrnes. 

And suppos he deyd but sone, 

Quhy suld hys name be all wndone, 

That wes famows in his quhille 

Amang his kyn and his famyle ? 

Sum possessiowne gyve ws tharfore 

Oure fadyr name yhet to restore, 

Amang oure awyne kyne and oure kyth 

Oure fadyr name to ras^thare-wyth." 710 

Wyth this Moyses als fast 
For till have counsall off God than past, 
And proponyd the askyng 
Off Salphattis dowchtris, and thare yharnyng, 
And all hale, as thai had dwne. 
This ansuere wes made till Moyses swne ; 
" Thai madynnys askyd rychtwys thyng. 
Till assytht thame thare yharnyng 
Gyve thame possessiown amang thare kyth, 
Thaire fadyre name to ras thare-wyth. 720 

Off swilk cas I will yhow tell 
Thus till the folk off Israeli; 
Quhat man, but sone, off case beis dede, 


Hys douchtyr succede sail in his sted, 

And hald hys herytage hyr allane. 

Gyve sone and douchtyr he hawe nane, 

Hys ayre sail his brodyr be. 

Gyff brethyr na systyr nane have he, 

N"a thai na barnys mare na myn, 

Than sail the nerrest off his kyn 730 

Tak and joys hys herytage 

Till hym fra thine and his lynage. 

The folk off Israeli thow ger this knawe, 

And hald it for perpetuale lawe." 

XYSANDYR the thryd oure Kyng, 
That Scotland had in govyrnyng, 
Sone na douchtyr lefft he nane, 
Brodyr and systyr all dede had tane, 
F. 198. Erne and awnt, bath mare and myn : 

Wes nane till hym sa nere off kyn, 740 

As wes than the Brows Kobert. 
Thus made the Theologys for his part ; 
Nerare till Alysandyre the Kyng wes he, 
Than Jhon the Ballioll be a gre". 
The sowme thus off theology, 
The resownys off philosophy, 
And the lawys imperialle, 
Canown, and custwmys usuale, 
And the ensampillys befor set, 
(I trow yhe have thame noucht foryhet) 750 

Makys for the Brows Robert ; 
And noucht for Jhon the Ballyollis part. 
Till rycht and resone thus is lik 
In successiown off kynryk ; 

CH. v.] OF SCOTLAND. 299 

To the dede the nerrest male 

In ony brawnche collaterale 

Suld be nerrest to the Crown, 

And joys swa possessyown. 

Off laware feis I say noucht sua. 

The custwme appro wyd is gud to ta. 760 


iht il^ng jjafe <S.entmc.e 
(Emttrare till all ijttb canstitnce. 

A.D. r\ 

1291. wWHEN all thir gret conclusyownys 


Wyth syndry consultatyownys, 

As wes decretyt in to Frans 

On the debate and the dystans, 

That than wes rysyn in Scotland, 

That that tyme wes off kyng wacand, 

War oppynyd till the awdyens 

Off this Kyng Edward wyth reverens ; 

Than prewely he efftyr send 

The mast wys men, that than ware kend 770 

Wyth in his land : off tha gert he 

Thre score, or ma, assemblyt be. 

Wyth tha in hys court alsa fast 

He towart the Marche off Scotland past : 

And to the Wardanys off Scotland he 

Send lettrys off benyngnyte", 

And prayid thame wyth gret diligens, 

That thai wald cum till his presens, 

And that thai wald bryng alsua 

Off the Thre Statis wyth thame ma, 780 


That off fame war gud persowuys, 
F. 198. b. Byschapys, erlys, and barownys, 
Honorabill burgens, and awenand, 
Wys men commendyt and cunnand ; 
For thare debat than, sayd he, 
Suld full decleryt, and endyt be. 
For this in hy and in gud spede 
He come till Norhame apon Twede. 

The Statis off Scotland made thame bowne, 
And come on till Wpsettlyngtowne. 790 

Thiddyr he send thame sawff-cwndyt 
Fra all dowtis to mak thame qwyt. 
Than owre the wattyr off Twed thai rad, 
And in the towne off Norhame bad, 
For till get opyrtunyte* 
The Kyng off Ingland for to se. 
Swa, thai passyd on to the kyrk 
The erandys, that thai come for, to wyrke, 
And schawyt thame till this Kyngis presens, 
And haylsyd hym wyth gret revyrens. 800 

He thame ressaywyd curtasly, 
And wyth tham spak famylyarly. 

Fra thai thare hamly spek had dwne, 
This Kyng than proponyd swne, 
That the Superyoryte" 
Be lauch off Scotland hys suld be, 
And prayid thame off thare gud will, 
And thare consent to gywe thare till ; 
For that ensawinplys he tauld, ma 
Than lik war in a twne to ga 810 

Off kyngis that, he sayd, dede beforne, 
(I [trow] that newyre off wyff ware borne) 
And sum, that he rehersyt als, 

CH. v.] OF SCOTLAND. 301 

(Men wyst and kend welle, that wes fals) 
That cald Kyngis off Ingland, 
And ourlardis, he sayd, off Scotland. 
Than Eobert Byschape off Glasgw, 
A lord commendyt off wertu, 
Hym answeryd wnabayssytly 
Wyth thare consent, that stud hym by. 820 

" Excellend Prynce (he sayd), and Kyng, 
Yhe ask ws ane unleffull thyng, 
That is superyoryte" ; 

We ken rycht noucht, quhat that suld be ; 
That is to say, off oure kynryk, 
The quhilk is in all fredome lik 
Till ony rewme, that is mast fre, 
In till all Crystyanyte*, 
Wndyr the sown is na kyngdome, 
Than is Scotland, in mare fredome. 830 

Off Scotland oure Kyng held evyr his state 
F. 199. Off God hym-selff immedyate'. 

And off nane othir mene persowne. 

Thare is nane dedlyke king wyth crowne, 

That ourlard till oure Kyng suld be 

In till superyoryt^. 

Quhen yhe ws send yhowre sawf-condyte, 

We trowyd ws fra thir demandis qwyte. 

Here we come at yhoure instans 

Till here decleryt a dystans : 840 

Gyff yhe wyll noucht in till dede 

In that matere now precede, 

Wyth yhoure leffe that we pas name, 

But yhoure dysplesance, fra Norhame." 

Till prywe consalle than this Kyng 
Yhede, and lefft off this askyng ; 


And prayit the Statis off cure Kynryk 

Fra theyne to pass on till Berwyk : 

Thare he heycht thame, wyth lawte* 

Thare cas to ger decleryt be. 850 

Hys lytill lawte* nevyrtheles 

He smyttyd thare in his proces. 

Oure lorddis off Scotland als fast 
At his reqwest till Berwyk past, 
And in the paroche kyrk thare 
Befor this Kyng assemblyt ware. 
Oure wardanys wyth lorddis off Scotland, 
And mony gret lordis off Ingland, 
And the mast wys men off thir twa 
Eewmys thare gadyryt war alsua ; 860 

Foure scor sum sayd, or feware, 
Bot foure and twenty sum sayd thai ware, 
That thare ware stad till a gret ath, 
Set sum off thame to swer war lath, 
That, all frawde and gyle put by, 
Luwe, or leth, thai lelyly, 
Gyve thai couth, thai suld declere 
Off that gret dystans the matere, 
That wes betwene the persownys twa, 
The Ballyolle, and the Brows ware tha, 870 

Quhilk off thai be successyown 
Mast rycht had to bere the crown. 

This dwne, and the awaymentis 
Consawyd full in thare intentis, 
Owt off the kyrk this Kyng gert pas 
All, bot thai, that sworne than was 
Till that assyse : and thai gert he 
Stratly and welle kepyd be, 
That nane come nowthir in, na owt, 

CH. v.] OF SCOTLAND. 303 

Bot his awyne persown wytliowtyn dowt. 880 

F. 199. b. Offt tymys to thame, [he] made entre. 

And lang quhylle thare wald wyth thame be. 
Swa, furth quhen he come at the last, 
Gret lorddis abowt hym gadyryt fast, 
And askyd hym, how all wald be. 
Hys awnsuere wes to thame, that he 
Trowyd the Brows till have the crown, 
As he togyddyr herd thame rowne. 

" The Brws !" than sayd Anton the Bek, 
" Quhat is that, Lord, that yhe now spek ? 890 

Gyf [the] Brws [the] Kyng suld be 
Off Scotland, ware yhoure Beawte", 
Yhoure Marchys, and yhowre walyt townys, 
Yhoure castellis, and yhoure possessyownys. 
Ken yhe noucht Eobert the Brwsis mycht, 
Hys wyt, his manhed, and his slycht, 
Hys kyn wyth-in the Eewmys twa, 
Scotland and Ingland bath are tha ? 
Gyve Brws beis Kyng off Scotland, 
Kepe welle thi Marchys off Ingland. 900 

Gyff he beis swa, yhe sail sare rew, 
That ewyre off his begouth the glewe. 
Lat newyre the Brows now bere the crown, 
Bot yhe hawe his subjectyown. 
Thus say thai all here standand by, 
Suppos the charge off this tak I, 
Fre Kyng gyff he beis off Scotland, 
Kepe welle yhoure Marchis off Ingland ; 
And trowys nevyr in pes to be, 
Gyve he sail joys that reawteY' 910 

Quhen Schyr Anton the Bek had dwne 
Hys spek, the Kyng hym awnsweryd swne 


All in till Frawnkis, as oysyd he, 

" Par le sang Dew, ws avese chawntd." 

" Be Goddis bind (he sayd), yhe sang : 

Swa sail noucht all owre gamyn gang." 

In this tyrawnd als[a] fast 

Agayne till the assyis than past, 

And askyd thame, how thai had dwne. 

Till hym than thai awnsuerd swne, 920 

That thai had made full delywerans 

And lele off the gret dystans, 

And in hale conclusyown 

Thai ordanyd to the Brows the Crown. 

At that he made hym wode [and] wrath. 
Noucht agaynstandande the gret ath, 
That thai swor, in till lawte" 
The matere suld all decleryd be, 
Set sum off thame to that wes lath, 
Agayne the wertu off thare ath, 930 

Quhat be awe, quhat be thret, 
F. 200. He gert thame thare Decrete retret, 
And all tyl wndo thair sentens, 
That thai gawe off gud cousciens 
Amang thame-self in prewet^ ; 
All he gert rewersyd be, 
And gert thame decerne, at the Crown, 
As be that successyowne, 
Till the Ballyoll suld faU off law, 
In als fere, as thai couth knawe. 940 

Off thame efftyr that he herd that, 
Dwne in till a set he sat, 
As afferyd till a Kyng, 
Off that cas to mak endyng, 
Before hym the partyis thare standand, 

CH. v.] OF SCOTLAND. 305 

And by hym lordis on ilk hand. 

" GOD," he sayd, " haffand in consciens, 
Here I gywe now playne sentens, 
Jhon the Bally oil till have the Crown 950 

Be rycht off this successyown 
Off [the] kynryk off Scotland, 
That, as yhe wate, is nowe wakand." 

As mony ferlyid off this sentens 
Noucht gyvyn off gud consciens, 
The Erie off Glocystyre thare standand, 
And Kobert the Brws, bath hand in hand, 
All this deide as [thai] sawe dwne, 
Thus to that Kyng than sayd he swne, 
" A ! Mere de Dew. drede thow noucht, 
Or mycht it nevyr fall to thi thoucht, 960 

Before the rychtwys Dwmmys man 
Quhat that thow art to say than, 
Quhen the" behowys for till appere 
His sentens off thi self till here, 
That gave this sentens off a Kynryk, 
Quhare-till nane othir feis is lyk ?" 

Mare than this wald thai noucht say, 
Bot turnyde thare bakkis, and yhede thare way, 
The Erie and the Brws Kobert. 

Quhat that folwyd efftyrwert, 970 

How Eobert cure Kyng recoweryd his land 
That occupyid wyth his fays he fand, 
And it restoryd in all fredwme 
Qwhyt till hys ayris off all threldwme, 
Quha that lykis that for to wyt, 
To that Buke I tham remyt, 
Quhare Maystere Jhon Barbere off Abbyrdene 
Archeden, as mony has sene, 



Hys dedis dytyd mare wertusly, 
Than I can thynk in all study, 
Haldand in all lele suthfastnes, 
Set all he wrat noucht his prowes. 


JUrto f0l0tog0 a 

F. 200. b. MALCOLMS Kyng quhyle off Scotland, 
In it qwhill he wes Kyng ryngnand, 
He tuk Saynt Margret till hys wyff : 
On hyr he gat in till his lyff 
Sex swnnys, and dowchtrys twa. 
In generatiowne now to ga, 
Off thai the yhoungast wes Dawy 
Oure Kyng ; and he gat syne Henry. 990 

Befor hys fadyr deyd he : 
Bot he gat lauchfull swnnys thre ; 
Malcolme the Madyn wes eldast ; 
Syne Willame oure Kyng ; the yhoungast 
Was Dawy, that wes Erie off lauch, 
Off Hwntyngtown, and the Garwyauch. 
Oure Kyng Willame efftyr that 
Alysawndyre hys swne lauchfull gat. 
That Alysawndyre Willamys swne 
Gat Alysawndyre. In hym wes dwne 1000 

And endyt full in his persowne 
Off Willame the generatyown ; 
For he, as yhe herd beforne, 
Be suddane case deyd at Kyngorne. 


Till Malcolme agayne now mon we ga, 
For to spek off hys dowchtris twa. 
Off thai the eldast wes Dame Maid ; 
Wyth all the gud Qwene scho wes cald : 
Scho wes a plesand fayre lady ; 
Scho weddyt wes wyth Schyr Henry, 1010 

That wes Willame Bastardis swne, 
Quhen Willame Eeddis dayis ware dwne. 
This Henry Kyng wes off Ingland ; 
Off this Dame Maid he wes husband. 

Men sayd, this wes the resowne, quhy 
Thai cald the gud Qwene that lady ; 
Thai sayd a cwstwme in Ingland 
Wes oysyd the Comownys sare grewand : 
Thraly hyr Lord thare-for scho 
Prayid that custwme till wndo. 1020 

For this as scho fraynyd fast, 
He consentyd at the last, 
And he hyr grawntyd hyr askyng, 
Gyve scho fulfill wald hys yharnyng. 
To that scho heycht for to be bowne, 
But ony kyn condytyown : 
For scho trowyd bot honeste, 
Set by that sum-thyng yhede he. 
Than throwch all Lwndyn he bad hyr ryde, 
Na clath on hyr to cuwyre hyr hyd, 1030 

Bot, gyve hyr lykyd, wyth hyr hare, 
For till cuwyre hyr body bare. 
Syn na bettyr mycht be dwne, 
Till that byddyng scho grawntyd swne, 
And thare-till waytyd a brycht day, 
F. 201. Quhen wykyd weddyrys ware away, 
[And] als nakyt as scho wes borne 


Scho rade, as scho had heycht beforne ; 

And sa fulfillyt all byddyng 

And gat hyr wyll and hyr yharnyng. 1040 

Be resowne off this bowsumnes 

Maid the gud Qwene cald scho wes : 

And hyr Lord, the Kyng Henry, 

For hyr wndyd all qwytly 

That ill custwme, sare grewand 

The Statis befor than off Ingland. 

Dame Mary hyr systyr weddyt was 
Wyth the Erie off Boloyn, Schyr Ewstas. 
Hyr fadyre had a brodyr bald, 
That be name wes cald Donald. 1050 

Quhen Malcolme hys brodyr had made endyng, 
This Donald fanddyt till hawe bene Kyng. 
Edgare hys brodyr swne for-thi 
Tuk this Donald dyspytwsly, 
And hard demaynyd his persown, 
Quhill that he deyd in hys presown, 
This Donald gat yhit nevyrtheles 
A dowchtyr, that cald Bethok wes : 
This ilke Bethok efftyr than 

Bare a douchtyr; and that woman 1060 

In the Kyng Willamys chawmbyr bade, 
And to the Qwene gret serwys made. 

Than come thre bredyr off Normandy, 
Fayre yhong persownys and joly, 
Wyth the Kyng Rychard off Ingland. 
The eldast dwelt [tharjfurth bydand : 
In till Irland past the tothire : 
In Scotland come the yhongast brodyr ; 
Willame wes his propyre name. 
Thare duelt he wyth the Kyng Willame, 1070 

CH. vi.] OF SCOTLAND. 309 

The quhilk saw hym a fayr persowne ; 

Tharefore in gret affectyowne 

The Kyng than had this ilk man. 

For wertu, that wes in hym than, f 

He made hym, syn he wes stark and sture, 

Kepare off hys chawmbyre dure. 

Na langage cowth he spek clerly, 

Bot hys awyn langage off Normawndy ; 

Nevyrtheles yhit quhen he 

Oppynyd the dure till mak entre", 1080 

" Cwm in, cwm in," he wald ay, 

As he herd othir abowt hym, say, 

Be that oys than othir men 

Willame Cwmin cald hym then. 

The Kyng Willame off Scotland 

Than gawe hym in till Tyndale land, 
And gert [hym] than weddyde be 
Wytht Donawldis douchtyr douchtyr fre. 
F. 201. b. For to wyt how that wes dwne, 

The Erie off Saynt Paulys swne 1090 

Weddyt Bethok till hys wyff, 

That Donawld gat in till hys lyff ; 

And on this Bethok efftyre that 

This Erlys swne a douchtyr gat : 

This Erlys swne syne off cas, 

Dede befor hys fadyr was ; 

Swa, be the custwme off the land, 

Till hys fadyr than lyvand 

Hys brethyr ayris war off det. 

Than Bethok feld hyr rycht hard set, 1 100 

For hyr dowchtyr, and scho alsua, 

Behowyd all the land for-ga. 

Than hame thai come in till Scotland 


Till the Kyng Willame than lyvand : 
In his chawmber bath thai bade, 
And to the Qwyene thai serwyce made, 
9 Quhill this madyn weddyt was, 
As yhe have herd befor the cas. 

This Willame Cwmyn efftyr that 
A swne cald Wilyame Cumyn gat. 1110 

That Willame Cwmyn gat swnnys twa ; 
Rychard and Waltyre cald war tha. 
Bathe thai twa ware mychty men ; 
Erie off Monteth wes Waltyr then. 
This Waltyr wes mychty efftyr that, 
And gret landys be conqwest gat. 
Ayre had he nane off hys body ; 
Hys eldare brodyr Rychard for-thi 
Ayre he mad off all his land. 
The thryd brothyr off thir I fand 1 1 20 

Alysawndyr, that Erie wes off Buchane. 
He had a swne cald Willame than. 
That Willame had swnnys twa ; 
Jhon and Alysandyre cald war tha. 
This Alysandyre efftyr that 
Off spows twa fayre dowchtris gat : 
Henry de Bewmownt the eldast 
Weddyt: 'and nest hyr the yhowngast 
Schyre Jhon de Ross tuk till his wyff, 
And furth wyth hyr swa led hys lyff. 1 130 

Bot Jhon, that wes the eldare brodyr, 
Erie off Buchane before the tothir, 
Off lauchfull bed had systrys fywe. 
The Erie Patryke till hys wyve 
The eldast hade : On hyr he gat 
Patryk, that Erie wes efftyr that 


Off Dunbare. And lykwys 
Off Stratherne the Erie Malys 
The secownd systyr had, and scho 
A swne cald Malys bar hym to. 1140 

The thryd Schyr Gylbert Wmfrayvyle, 
F. 202. Erie off Angws in that qwhille, 
(Off Angws, and off Eyddysdale 
Erie he wes, and Lord all hale) 
On that lady efftyrwert 
Off Wmfraywylle he gat Eobert : 
On that lady he gat alswa 
Othir brethyr to Eobert ma. 
The ferd Schyr Willame off Brechyne ; 
On hyr he gat Schyr Dawy syne. 1150 

Schyr Nychol de Sowlys till hys wyff 
Had the fyft in till hys lyff ; 
On hyr he gat swnnys twa ; 
Willame, and Jhon cald war tha. 

To Eychard Cwmyn now ga we, 
The eldest off the bredyr thre. 
The Erie Waltyr (qwham off before 
Yhe herd, gyve yhe have in memore) 
Off Menteth hys ayre hym made 
Off all the landis, that he had. 1 1 60 

That Eychard Jhon Bed Cwmyn gat. 
This Eed Jhon Cwmyn efftyr that 
(How he wes off condytyown, 
A knycht he wes off gret renown) 
He had twa wywys in hys lyve, 
Ilkane till othir successyve, 
On ane off tha this Jhon Eed gat 
Jhon the Blak Cwmyn efftyr that. 
At Lowchyndorb apon cas 


This Blak Cwmyn ded thare was. 1170 

The Eed Cwmyn had douchtrys foure, 
Off the quhara [we] come now to tell oure. 
Eychard Sward in [till] hys lyff 
The eldest off tha tuk till his wyff. 
The secownd systyr tuk Godfray, 
To surnowme that cald wes Mowbray : 
He gat a swne wes cald Willame : 
Jhon the nest wes cald be name ; 
In all Scotland wes noucht than 
As this Jhon sa fayr a man : 1180 

Eogere : and syne Phylipe the knycht, 
Prysyd in hys tynie bawld and wycht : 
And the fyft wes cald Godfray ; 
Efftyr Banokburne, as I herd say, 
In till Ingland he tuk tyte 
Off the Frere Prechowris the habyte. 
The thryd douchtyr off Eed Cwmyn 
Alysawndyr off Argayle syne 
Tuk, and weddyt till hys wyff : 
And on hyr he gat in till hys lyff 1 190 

Jhon off Lome, the quhilk gat 
Ewyn off Lome efftyr that. 
The ferd douchtyr owre the lave. 
To wyff the Lord tuk off Murrawe : 
F. 202. b. On hyr this Lord off Murrawe gat 

Andrew off Murrawe, that efftyr that 

Wes at the Bryg off Stry velyne slayne, 

Quhen Willame Wallas dyd his payne 

To succoure the kynrik off Scotland, 

Off Kyng quhen it wes than wakand. 1200 

Bot Jhon Blak Cwmyn in hys lyve 
Tuk and weddyt till hys wy ve 


Jhon the Ballyollis douchtyr quhyle, 
That he gat on Derworgyll. 
Off that matere we sail spek swne, 
Quhen all the lave to that is dwne. 

To precede in this matere 
For to mak oure proces clere, 
Quhen Alysandyr the thryd wes dede, 
And lefft na swne in till hys sted, 1210 

Swa endyt hale in his persowne 
Off Willame the generatyowne. 

"FF Willameys brodyr we mon for-thi, 
That wes but dowt the Erie Dawy, 
Eekyn the generatyown, 
As come in till successyown. 
This Dawy Erie wes off lauch 
Off Huntyngtown, and Garvyauch. 
Till Kyng Willame he wes brothyr : 
As sum men sayd, he was the tothir; 1220 

Nest Malcolme the Madyn, thai sayd, eldast, 
Sa wes Kyng Willame the yhoungast ; 
And, as men sayd, in Sarzines 
He trawalyd, quhen Willame crownyd wes 
And efftyr that, quhen he come hame, 
Thare kepyd hym the Kyng Willame, 
And, as men sayd, in the presens 
Off mony lordis wyth reverens 
He proffryd hym the Crown, 

And sayd, that he be mast resown 1230 

Befor hym that Crowne suld bere, 
For he kend hym his eldere ; 
And acqwyt hym halyly, 


That off nane ill succudry, 
Na off nane ill presumptyown 
He usurpyd than the Crown : 
Bot all tyme thowcht, gyff that he 
Mycht efftyr wyth hys eyne hym se, 
The Crown he suld hawe at hys will, 
As till hym fell off lauch and sky lie. 1240 

Wyth this proffyre the Erie Dawy 
Thankyd hym rycht curtasly, 
And forsuke thare Kyng to be, 
Syne Willame than had that Keawte, 
Or fra hym to ta the Crown, 
F. 203. And held hym payid off Huntyngtown, 
And, as fell tyll hym off lauch, 
The Erldwme off the Garvyauch. 

This Erie Dawy had douchtrys thre. 
Margret the fyrst off tha cald he : 1250 

This Margret wes a pleysand May ; 
Hyr weddyt Alayne off Gallway. 
This Alayne on hyr efftyr that 
A dowchtyr cald Derworgill gat : 
Till Jhon the Ballyoll scho wes wyff 
On this Derworgyll in his lyff 
Jhon yhowng the Ballyoll he efftyrward 
Gat ; and that Jhon gat Edwarde, 
That come in till Scotland syne, 
And strak the battaille off Duplyne. 1260 

In this Edward endyt hale 
Off the Ballyollis all the male. 

This Derworgill the fayre lady 
A systyr had cald Marjory ; 
Jhon the Cwmyn tuk hyr to wyff, 
And gat on hyr in till hys lyff 


A swn, that cald wes Jhon Cwmyn, 

That slayn in tyll Drumfrese wes syne. 

This last Jhon Cwmyn nevyrtheles 

Had a douchtyr, that weddyt wes 1270 

Till the Erie off Athole, cald Dawy, 

The quhilk gat on her bodyly 

A swn cald Dawy, and othir ma. 

Bot Dawy that eldast wes off tha 

Schyr Henry de Bewmwnt hys douchtyr fayre 

He weddyt, becaus that scho wes ayre 

Off all the Erldwme off Buchane, 

That Schyre Jhon Cwmyn befor thane, 

That hyr modyr fadyr wes, 

It awcht, and syne he deyd swnles. 1280 

This Dawy Erie gat on that schene 

Dawy, that wes slayne in Kylblene. 

This Alane, that Lord wes off Gallway, 
Ane othir dowchtyr had in his day : 
And he gert mary that lady 
Wyth Schyr Eogere the Qwency. 
That ilk Eogere efftyr that 
Thre dowchtrys on that lady gat : 
And thai douchtrys war weddyt then 
Wyth thre nobill mychty men. 1290 

The Lord de Ferrarys the eldast, 
The Erie off Buchane the mydlast, 
The Lord de le Such in hys lyffe, 
The thryd lady tuk till hys wyff, 
Thir thre lordis thus in their lyvys 
Tuke thir thre ladyis to thare wywys. 
Alysawndyre Cwmyn he wes cald than, 
F. 203. b. That Erie and Lord wes off Buchane, 
The quhilk weddyt that lady, 


Schyr Kogerys douchtyr de Qwency : 1300 

Till Schyr Jhon Cwmyn fadyr he wes, 
The quhilk, as yhe herd, deyd swnles. 


(Df ihz rU IJatog aft 
Jlrtb on hi& pturatiotm*. 

. HE Erie Dawy off Huntyngtown, 
A lord commendyt off renown, 
Ane othir douchtyr had, I herd tell, 
That cald be name wes Ysabelle. 
Robert the Brws in till his lyff 
Tuk that lady till his wyff, 
That Robert the Brws efftyr that 
On hyr a swne cald Robert gat 1310 

The Brws. And he efftyrwart 
Gat a swne, wes cald Robart 
The Brws, the quhilk in till his dayis 
Weddyt off Karryk the Cowntays ; 
Swa wes he Erie, and Lord all hale 
Off Karryk and Annandyrdale. 
The Erie off Karryk, Schyr Robert, 
Gat on that lady efftyrwert 
Robert the Brws, that wes oure Kyng, 
That Scotland tuk in go vernyng. 1320 

The Erie off Karryk gat swnnys ma, 
And brethire till oure King war tha. 
Nele, Alysandyr, and Edwart, 
That deyd in Irland efftyrwart. 


CH. vii.] OF SCOTLAND. 317 

But barnys, tha bredyre deyde ilkane, 

To sawff Bobert cure Kyng allane. 

Oure Kyng Robert had alswa 

Systyrys, and the fyrst off tha 

Wes weddyt wyth the Erie Gartnay, 

That Erie off Mar wes in his day. 1330 

iOn hyr he gat the Erie Donald, 
That wes a stowt man and a bald. 
This Donald efftyr gat Thomas, 
That Erie off Mar syne nest hym was : 
Thare come nane ayre off hys body ; 
Hys systyr wes hys ayre for-thi. 
\ And that systyre weddyt was 

Wyth "Willame, that Lord wes off Dowglas : 
That Willame but dowt wes he, . 
That made off Dowglas a Cownte. 1340 

That Willame on that lady gat 
Jamys off Douglas, that efftyr that 
Gert mony off oure fays spwrne, 
And syne wes slayne at Ottyrburne. 
He wes wertws, and manly, 
F. 204. And governyt the Marchys wertwsly. 
All the floure off hys yhowtheid 
[He spendyt ay in gret manheide]. 
Bot foure yhere Erie, I trow, he wes ; 
That tyme he spendyt in pro wes. 1350 

He by hys fadyr in Melros lyis, 
Hys saule, I trow, in Paradyis. 
Off Mar hys systyre wes hys ayre 
And off the Garvyauch. That lady fayre 
Schyr Malcolme off Drowmwnd till hys wyff 
Tuk, and weddyt hyr in his lyf : 
Barnys on hyr had he nane. 


Quhen this Malcolme the dede had tane, 
The Erie off Buchanys swn, Stewart 
Alysandyre, hyr weddyt efftyrwart. 1360 

Scho deyd, and na barue till hym bare ; 
Bot he remaynyt Erie off Mare. 
He wes all wertws in hys dede, 
And welle rewlyd that he had to led. 
The secownd douchtyr, that Eobert 
Erie off Karryk had efftyrwert, 
Weddyt wes wyth the Erie Hw 
Off Ross, a lord off gret wertu. 
On hyr he gat swnnys thre : 

The eldast had the hale Cownte" 1370 

Off Ross, and wes cald Willame. 
He had a systyr wes cald Ewfame, 
That [crownyt Qweyn was off Scotland], 
Quhen that hyr lord wes Kyng ryngnand, 
Robert Stewart : the fyrst wes he 
Off Stewards that had that reawte*. 
This Qwene Ewfame in till hyr lyve, 
Quhen scho wes cure Lordis wyve, 
Till hym scho bare barnys sere : 
Bot off tha nane lyvand were, 1380 

Bot Waltyr Stewart, that than wes 
Erie off Atholle and Katenes, 
Off Ewfameys byrth amang the lave 
Come Thomas, that Erie wes off Murrave, 
Quhen that this Memoryall 
Wes made, tytlyd Orygenall. 
This Erie Willame had dowchtrys twa : 
The eldast weddyt wes off tha 
Wyth Schyr Waltyr off Lesly, 
A manfull knycht, and a worthy. 1390 


Schyr Alysandyr Trysail in hys lyff 
The totbir douchtyr had till hys wyff. 
[This] Waltyr off Lesly had a swne : 
Quhen hys faddyr dayis ware dwne, 
Off Ross he joyssyd the Cownte* : 
But lauchfiill swne syne deyd he. 

Off this progeny gyff yhe will mare, 
Yhe spere at othir forthirmare. 

JA/OBERT the Brws owre Kyng, quhen he 
Had off Karryk the Cownte", 1400 

F. 204. b. Befor that he tuk the Crowne 
Off Scotland, or possessyown, 
Erie Gartnayis systyr, I herd telle, 
That cald be name wes Ysabelle, 
He tuk, and weddyt till hys wyff. 
On hyr he gat in till hys lyff 
Bot a douchtyr, cald Marjory. 
Waltyr Stewart that lady 
Tuk to wyff, and efffcyr that 

Robert Stewart on hyr he gat, 1 41 

That sum tyme efftyr tuk the Crowne 
Off Scotland, and possessyown. 

Qwhen Ysabell, off Karryk the Cowntays, 
Had endyt off hyr lyffe the dayis, 
Hyr Lord Robert the Brws than bade 
All a qwhyll in wedowhade. 
Bot efftyr, yhit or he wes Kyng, 
Or off hys rewme had governyng, 
The douchtyr he weddyt off Aymere, 
That Erie wes that tyme off Wlstere 1420 

In Yrland, and on hyr body 


A swne he gat, wes cald Dawy, 

That wes his ayre, and syne oure Kyng, 

That Scotland iuk in governyng. 

On hyr he gat als douchtyrs twa ; 

Mawld and Margret cald war tha. 

The Erie off Swthyrland in hys lyff 

Tuk this Margret till his wyff. 

A sone on hyr this Erie gat, 

That Jhon he cald efftyr that : 1 430 

He ostage, for his erne wes send 

In Ingland, for that he wes kend 

The Kyng Dawys systyr swne : 

Thare ware all hys day is dwne. 

Off the tothir dowchtyr Malde 

Off me yhe sail here no mare talde. 

Erie Dawy hade the thryd douchtyr. 
Henry the Hastyngis weddyt hyr : 
Thare come na froyt off that weddyng. 
Quhat suld be mare sayd off that thyng. 1440 

Cast all thir generatyownys, 
As thai ran in successyownys, 
Off Brws and Ballyoll. Be yhoure sycht 
Quhilk ware lyk to haffe the rycht ? 

The Stewartis Orygenalle 
The Archedekyne has tretyd hale, 
In metyre fayre, mare wertwsly, 
Than I can thynk be my study, 
Be gud contynuatyown 
In successyve generatyown. 1450 

Off Murrawe and the Douglas, 
F. 205. How that thare begynnyng was, 
Syn syndry men spekis syndryly, 
I can put that in na story. 


Bot in thare armeys bath thai here 

The sternys set in lyk manere : 

Till mony men it is yhit sene 

Apperand lyk, that thai had bene 

Off kyn be descens lyneale, 

Or be branchy s collateralle. 1460 

Off Ingland come the Lyndysay. 
Mare off thame I can nocht say. 


that fipabs 
hgr C (lu0xmre fc.eto.0tlg. 


OW to rehers it is my will 
Sum wertws dedis off Derworgill. 
That lady wes, as I herd say, 
Alanys [douchtyr] off Gallway. 
Jhon eldare Ballyoll in his lyffe 
That lady weddyt till his wyff, 
And on hyr syne efftyr that 

Jhon the Ballyoll the Kyng he gat. 1470 

Quhen the Ballyoll, [at] wes hyr Lord 
Spowsyd, as yhe herd record, 
Hys sawle send till his Creature, 
Or he wes layd in sepulture, 
Scho gert oppyn his body tyte, 
And gert his hart be tane owt qwyte. 
Wyth spycery welle savorand, 
And off kynd welle flevorand, 
That ilke hart than, as men sayd, 



Scho bawmyd, and gert it be layd 1480 

In till a cophyn off evore, 
That scho gert be made tharefore, 
Annamalyd and perfytly dycht, 
Lokyt, and bwndyn wyth sylver brycht. 
And alway quhen scho yhed till mete, 
That [cophyne scho gert by hir] sett ; 
And till hyr lord, as in presens, 
Ay to that scho dyd reverens. 
And thare scho gert set ilka day, 
[As] wont before hyr lord wes ay, 1490 

All the cowrssys coweryd welle 
In to sylver brycht weschelle 
Browcht fra the kychyn, and thare set. 
Quhen scho mad hyr to rys fra met, 
All thai courssys scho gert then 
Be tane wp, and delt til pure men ; 
Scho send all thai courssys gud, 
As scho thame chesyt, to ta thare fude. 
This scho cessyt nevyr to do, 

Quhill lyvand in this warld wes scho. 1500 

F. 205. b. Scho ordanyt in hyre testament, 

And gave byddyng wyth hale intent, 
That that hart thai suld than ta, 
And lay it betwene hyr pappys twa, 
As detyt thai war than wyth houowre 
To lay hyr wyth that in sepultoure. 

Scho fowndyt in to Gallway 
Off Cystews ordyre ane Abbay ; 
Dulce-Cor scho gert thaim all, 
That is S wet-Hart, that Abbay caU : 1510 

And now the men off Gallway 
Oallys that sted the New Abbay. 

CH. ix.] OF SCOTLAND. 323 

Howssys off Freris scho fwndyt tway : 

Wygtowne, and Dund6 [war] thai. 

In ekyng als off Goddis serwyce 

Scho fowndyt in Glasgw twa chapellanyis. 

And in the Uny versyte 

Off Oxynfurde scho gert be 

A Collage fowndyt. This lady 

Dyd all thir dedis devotly. 1520 

A bettyr lady than scho wes nane 

In all the yle off Mare Bretane. 

Scho wes rycht plesand off bewte*. 

Here wes gret taknys off bownte". 


slagne to** the rle 
@rl* on Jgflfo sone Colbatte. 

A.D. A 

1288. H THOWSAND and twa hundyr yhere 

Toure scor and aucht, to rekyn clere, 

Efftyr the [blest] Natyvyt^, 

That wes the matere off oure gle, 

Schyre Patryk off Abbyrnethy, 

And Schyre Waltyr de Percy, 1530 

Be consalle off Schyr Willame 

Off Abbyrnethy, quharfore he blame 

Bare rycht gret, for that thai 

In to prywy buschement lay 

Waytand the Erie off Fyffe Dwiicane, 

That swne wes off the Erie Colbane ; 

The wayis thai kepyt sa stratly, 

That he mycht na way get thaim by. 


At Petpolloch thir knychtis twa, 

Schyr Patryk and Schyr Waltyr, tha 1540 

Forsayd, slew this Erie off Fyffe. 

Quhan thai fra hym had tane the lyff, 
Owt off the land thai wald hawe past. 
Schyre Andrew Murrawe alsa fast 
Folowyd on in gret battaille 
Till Colbane-town in Clyddysdale : 
Thare tuk he Waltyr, and twa sqwyerys, 
That in that slauchtyr ware wyth hym feris. 
F. 206. Thai thre thare he put to dede. 

And Schyre Willame, but remede, 1550 

In to the Castelle off Dowglas 

He gert hald hym, quhill dede he was. 

Patryk for drede off this chans 

Fled off Scotland in to Frans : 

Thare he bade till hys endyng. 

This wengeans folowyd off that thyng. 


if J5aUsxrlH0 Coronattoune, 
off, his ijJrgtamticnme. 

A.D. A 

1292. jf\_ THOWSAND and twa hundyr yhere 

Nynty and twa, or thare-by nere, 

Efftyr that all this wes done, 

Jhon the Ballyolle wes crownyd at Scone : 1560 

And thare he tuk off his barnage, 

Fewte', serwys and homage. 

[Bot] off Kobert the Brws he 

Gat nowthir homage, na fewte* : 

On. x.] OF SCOTLAND. 325 

Qwhen he Kyng wes off Scotland, 

To the Kyng made homage off Ingland. 

Quhen Dwncane, that wes Erie off Fyff, 
As yhe ha we herd, had tynt the lyff, 
Makduff his brodyr, a sqwyare, 
That Lorde wes than off Kylqwhonqwhare, 1570 
Wes hard stad be mony men, 
That pressyt thaim for to wyn then 
This ilke land off Kilqwhonqwhare 
Bathe be slycht and be poware, 
And browcht that cans in jwgement 
Before the Kyng in playne Parlement, 
That ordanyd wes and set at Scwne. 
Makduff persay vyd the Ballyolle swne 
That contrare in his cans he wes : 
Era his court, and his proces 1580 

This Makduff appeUyd for-thi, 
And thare-on held he rycht stoutly 
In till his helpe and his defens, 
He cald till the audyens 
Off Edward, that that tyme wes ryngnand 
Kyng wyth the lang schankis in Ingland. 
. On this appelle than alsa fast 
This Makduff till Lwndyn past, 
And thare proponyd his querele. 
That plesyd till this Kyng Edward welle, 1590 
Becaws that nevyre the lyk case 
Till hym before retowryd wase. 
ri293 1 ^y s kreyffe he gert spede for-thi 

Till swminownd this Ballyoll bodyly, 
Syn he hym cald off Scotland, 
As that rewme off hym haldand, 
In hys Parlemeut till appere 


F. 206. b. Tyll this Makduff to mak awnswere, 
How he made hym his court to lede, 
Qwhen this Makduff entryd in plede, 1600 

And till ma opposityownys. 
This Jhon the Ballyoll, wyth gret persownys 
Off cownsall chosyn, alsa fast 
Till Lundyn in till Ingland past. 

On a day in playne Parlement, 
The Kyng Edward in jwgement 
Gert call the Kyng Jhon off Scotland, 
That by hym thare he sawe syttand, 
As he wes swrnmownd till appere 
Till Makduff to mak awnswere. 1610 

Jhon the Ballyoll, thare syttand, 
Gert at the bar his spekare stand, 
And to thaim off gret cownsalle 
Hys speke he commendyt halle. 

The Kyng Edward off Ingland 
Bade hym ga to the bar and stand, 
And his spek thare on thame lay, 
Qwhat ewyre thame lykyd for hym to say : 
The lawe it wes noucht off that land 
Procuratowris to mak, he sayd, syttand. 1620 

Than Jhon the Ballyolle alsa fast 
To the bar at byddyng past, 
And comendyt in that plede 
Till cunnand men hys part to lede. 
ri293 -^ n( ^ enSt J r that all this wes dwne, 
1296.] In Scotland hame he sped hym swne; 

And menyd hym rycht sare, that he wes 

Noucht trettyd as Kyng in that proces. 

Swa ordanyd he a Parlement swne 

Thare efftyr haldyn to be at Scwne. 1630 

CH. x.] OF SCOTLAND. 327 

The Statis thare assemblyd hale 
Delyveryd, and gave hym for cownsalle, 
That bath [be] lettyr, and be sele, 
And be sum gret man, that was lele, 
Chargyd wyth wys instructyown, 
And be full informatyown, 
Off fewte* till gyve [up] all band, 
That Jhon the Ballyoll, off Scotland 
Than Kyng, aucht till Schyr Edwart, 
And all allegeawns efftyrwart, 1640 

And all homage, and serwys, 
That Jhon the Ballyoll ony wys 
Had made till Edward, than rygnand 
Crownyd Kyng in till Ingland ; 
Syne that he agayne resown 
That gat be fals extorsyown. 
The Abbot off Abbyrbrothok than, 
Dene Henry than callyd, a cunnand man, 
Be cownsale he wes chosyn thare 
Off this charge to be berrare. 1650 

For he wes rwyd, off gret lowrdnes, 
F. 207. Wyth mony men he lathyd wes : 

This message thai gert hym tak for-thi. 
And on he passyd rycht hastyly 
Wndyr cwndyt off schort space. 

Quhen he to Lwndyn cumyn wes, 
To the Kyng in till presens 
Off hys gret Cownsall wyth reverens 
Hys charge he delyveryd thare. 
The Kyng than made hym awns ware, 1660 

"A ! cefolfelun, tel foly fettis." 
In Frawnkis quhen this he had sayd thare, 
In Frawnkis he sayd yhit forthirmare, 


" Si'l ne voit venir a nos, nos vendrum a ly." 

The fyrst Frawnkis in propyrte" 

All thus may wndyrstandyn be ; 

" Now may yhe se, that a fwle swne 

Here a fwlys deid has dwne : 

Cwm till ws gyve he na wille, 

But dowt we sail cum hym till." 

Set this Abbot wes messyngere, 
This Kyng made hym bot lowryd chere : 1670 
Nowthir to mete na mawngery 
Callyd thai this Abbot Den Henry. 
Set he wes lathyd for lowrdnes, 
A stowt man and a lele he wes ; 
And in hys cownsall he wes wys, 
And dyd this charge all at dewys. 
And, for his cwndyt wes nere gane, 
Langare cwndyt he askyd nane ; 
Bot fra he this charge had dwne, 
In Scotland hame he sped hym swne. 1680 

Nevyrtheles he wes in dowt, 
Or his cwndyt wes worne owt. 

Wyth the lang schankis the King Edwart 
Off to the Marche come efftyrwart 
Wyth in the Bordwrys off Ingland : 
Jhon the Ballyoll off Scotland 
He gert call thare as Kyng, 
To cum, and hald hys oblysyng. 
Bot this King Jhon on na manere 
For all hys callyng wald appere. 1690 

Bot offtare, and offtare, this Edwart 
Cald Jhon the Balliolle efftyrwart, 
To do the det off his fewte", 
As oblysyd before till hym wes he. 

CH. x.] OF SCOTLAND. 329 

Bot Jhon the Ballyoll on na wys 
Wald mak hym fewte", na serwys, 
Na at hys call wald nevyr appere, 
Na bow till hym on na manere. 
Swa at the last, for his absens 
This Kyng Edward gave sentens 1700 

And dwme off hys priwatyown 
For hys hey rebellyown, 
F. 207. b. And demyd hym depryvyd to be 
Off all honoure and dygnyte, 
Off state, and off alkyn thyng, 
That afferyd tiU a Kyng. 

And wyth the Lang schankis this Edwart 
Sayd flechand till the Brws Eobert, 
That he had gret conscyens 

Off the wykkyd wrang sentens, 1710 

That he had gyvyn agayne his rycht ; 
For-thi, he sayd, wyth all hys mycht 
It wes the sowme off his cownsalle, 
And heycht hym help and suppowalle, 
For to recovyre all hys land, 
And for till get in till his hand 
The castellis, and the fortalys, 
Be slychtis and be jwpardys, 
And on the Ballyoll to mowe his were 
Wyth his help, and his pow ere. 1720 

This Eobert the Brws trowyd welle 
All that he heycht hym ilka delle ; 
And till hys frendis that wrat he, 
That Kyng off Scotland he thowcht till be ; 
For the Kyng Edward in his rycht 
Had heycht till help hym wyth his mycht. 
Bot this Kyng Edward all wyth gawdys 


Knakkyd Kobert the Brws wyth frawdis, 

And tretyd hym in till that case 

As ay the Deweyle dois in fallase ; 1730 

As yhe may here here-efftyr swne, 

Quhen all the lave till that is dwne. 


off Injjknb ihz ^png togth stoik 
txrtoiu ha0 toxmngn xrff J5.ertoike. 

A.D. A 

1296. jCi. THOWSAND and twa hundreth yhere 
Sex and nynty to tha clere, 
Fra the tyme that this wes dwne, 
Jhon the Kyng off Scotland swne, 
Wyth the Statis off hys Kynryke 
The kepyng ordanyd off Berwyke. 
And, for in Fyffe that tyme wes nane 
Erie, lord, na capytane, 1740 

The fre-haldarys off that land, 
Quhare mast wes peryle apperand, 
For thare wyt, and thare prowes, 
Off the gret Cownsalle chosyn wes : 
And off byddyng alsa fast 
The Gentillis off Fyffe to Berwyk past. 

Off fy ve havenys off Ingland 
Gaddryd a nawyne gret thai fand, 
Stwffyd all wyth armyd men, 
That fast the town assaylyd then. 1 750 

F. 208. Thre hundyre speris to lykyn, or ma, 
. Off Fyffe thare fays thai cwnrayd swa, 
That mony thai gert drownyd be, 


Mony thai gert swne tak the se 

Off fors, hame agayne fleand 

To thare awyne hawenys off Ingland. 

And auchten schyppys gret thai wan : 

Off thai thai sawffyd nevyre a man. 

For thai trowyd swne off were 

Assaylyd to be wyth gret powere : 1760 

And enpresowneys in swilk qwhille 

To kepe is dowt, and gret peryle ; 

Thai thowcht for-thi mare honeste". 

Wnyheldyn to sla thame in melle", 

Than swilke ane hyrsalle for till hald, 

And bargane to be in bataille bald. 

Off wyt for-thi and great wertu 

Sic dowtis and peryllys till ethchowe, 

All that schyltrum thai slw down, 

And sawffyd off Berwyk swa the town. 1770 

And thai schyppys in a fyre 

Thai brynt all wp in colys schyre. 

Quhen the Kyng Edward off Ingland 
Had herd off this deid full tythand, 
All breme he belyd in to berth, 
And wrythyd all in wedand werth, 
Alsa kobbyd in his crope, 
As he had ettyn ane attyrcope ; 
And als fast assemblyd hys ost, 
And come to Berwyk wyth gret bost ; 1780 

And layd a sege to the town, 
Assawtis makand rycht fellown. 
The stwff wythin resystens 
Agayne hym made, and gret deffens. 

Sa, qwhene he saw, that he mycht noucht 
The town off were wyn, as he thoucht, 


Wndyr dissymbelatyown 
Bath tent thai tuk wp and pawillown, 
All lyk as to gere cese that were. 
Than he removyd wyth his powere, 1790 

And scaly d in buschementis nere thareby 
Hys ostys, bydand prewaly 
Owrdrywand a day or twa. 
And qwhill that thai war bydand swa, 
Thai feiiyhyd armys off Scotland, 
As thai kend lordis thai berand ; 
And ayrly on the Gud Fryday 
To the town agayne come thai, 
The lordis armys off Scotland 
At the sown ryssyng apperand 1800 

On bayneris payntyd and penownys, 
As thai had bene thare awyne persownys. 
F. 208. b. Wythin the town the Scottis wes 
Eejosyd in till gret blythnes 
Off that sycht ; for thai wyst noucht 
Off the desayt agayne thame wroucht : 
Bot thai trowyd, that thaire Kyng 
That ost hade sende in thare helpyng. 
For-thi the yhettis alsa fast 

All off the towne thai gert wp cast. 1810 

And at thai yhettis oppyn then 
Fast thrang [in] the Inglys men, 
And wmbeset the Scottis thare, 
Or thai wyst welle, quhat thai ware. 
The Inglis [men] thare slwe downe 
[All] hale the Scottis natyowne, 
That wyth in that towne thai fand, 
Off all condytyowne nane sparand ; 
Leryd and lawde, nwne and frere, 


All wes slayne wyth that powere : 1820 

Off allkyn state, off allkyn age, 

[Thai] sparyd nothir carl na page : 

Bath awld and yhowng, men and wywys, 

And sowkand barnys thar tynt thare lyvys : 

Yhwmen and gentilmen alsa, 

The lyvys all thai tuk [thaim] fra. 

Thare slayne wes downe the floure off Fyffe : 

Thare sawlys to sawff thai spendyt the lyffe. 

And in the sawfte" off the town 

Before thai had the mast renown. 1830 

Thus thai slayand ware sa fast 
All the day, qwhill at the last 
This Kyng Edward saw in that tyde 
A woman slayne, and off hyr syde 
A barne he saw fall owt, sprewland 
Besyd that woman slayne lyand. 
" Lasses, lasses," than cryid he ; 
" Leve off, leve off," that word suld be. 

Sevyn thowsand and fyve hundyr ware 
Bodyis reknyd, that slayne ware thare ; 1840 

This dwne wes on the Gud Fryday. 
Off elde, na kynd, nane sparyd thai. 
Twa dayis owt, as a depe flwde, 
Throw all the town thare ran rede blude. 
Thus that Kyng off Ingland, 
Noucht Kyng, bot a fell tyrand, 
Led that day his devotyown : 
He gert thare thole the Passyown 
Off dede mony a creature 

In till gratyous state, and pure, 1850 

Clene schrewyn, in gud entent 
Eedy to tak thare sacrament. 


Hys offyce wes that Gud Fryday 
Till here innocentis de, and say 
" Allace, Allace, now, Lord, we cry 
For hym, that deyd that day, Mercy." 
Nane othir serwys that day herd he ; 
F. 209. Bot gert thame slay on, but pete*. 

The sawlys, that he gert slay down thare, 

He send, quhare his sawle nevyrmare 1860 

Wes lik to come, that is the blys, 

Quhare alkyn joy ay lestand is. 

J_ HAT ilk yhere all Inglis men, 

In Scotland that war duelland then, 

Othir vicare, or persown, 

Be sentens of priwatyown 

Owt throwch all the hale kynrik 

Ilk byschape in hys byschapryk 

All thare rentis tuk thame fra, 

And Scottis men awawnsyd wyth tha. 1870 

And all othir Inglis men 

Off serwys, or off crafftis then, 

Off all condytyown, or off age 

Bathe yhowng and awld, man and page, 

Be delyverans off cownsalle 

Than owt off Scotland wes put hale. 

That ilk yhere als at D unbare 
Slayne in batayle mony ware : 
Schyre Patryke the Grame, a nobill knycht, 
Stowt and manly, bawld and wycht ; 1880 

And mony othir gentillmen 
Thare war slayne, and wondyt then. 


The Erie off Eoss thare Willame, 
A lord off commendyt fame, 
Sexty knychtis and to tha ten, 
Off sqwyaris mony manly men, 
And mony othir fayre persownys, 
Famows lordis and barownys, 
Fled to the castelle owt off the stowre, 
Thare lypnaud till have had succoure. 1890 

Eychard Sward, that wes than 
Off that castell capytan, 
Eessaywyde [thaim] rycht blythly, 
And syne gert bynd thame sykkyrly. 
As bwndyn schepe in Ingland 
Thai he send in till presand 
Till Edward wyth the Lang-schankis, 
That yhald tharfore mony thankis. 

. HIS tyme wes gret dyssentyown 
In Scotland and dyvysyown ; 1 900 

For the kynryk wes in twa 
Dyvysyd, and gret dowt wes swa. 
The Cwmynys kyn favoryd the part 
Off Jhone the Ballyolle. The Brows Eobert 
A byschape favoryd and erlys twa, 
Off Glasgw, Athole, and Mare ware tha : 
All thir in gret sykkyrnes 
Till Eobert the Brows bwndyn wes ; 
And mast the Byschape off Glasgw, 

F. 209. b. Eobert a lord off gret wertu. 1910 

The Cwmynys [had] all thir lordis for-thi 
In gret suspectyown and inwy ; 


And thir lordis had [thame] rycht swa. 
Thus wes this rewme dyvysyd in twa. 
In this dyvysyown innocentis 
Tholyd gret paynys and towrmentis. 

j:\_ND efftyr that the Scottis ware, 

As yhe herd, wencust at Dunbare, 

Till the lang schankis this Edwart 

In specyalte come the Brows Eobert, 1920 

And prayd hym, gyff it war his will, 

That he had heycht, than to fulfill ; 

That wes the kynryk off Scotland, 

That wes that tyme off Kyng wacand. 

On Frawnkeys this Edward made awnsuere 

Till Eobert the Brows on this manere, 

" Ne awns ren autres chos a fere, 

Que a vous reamgs ganere ?" 

Thire wordis in to propyrte 

All thus may wndyrstandyn be, 

" Hawe I noucht ellys to do nowe, 

Bot wyn a kynryk to gyve yhowe ?" 1930 

Eobert the Brws kend well than 

The falsate off this wykkyd man : 

And till hys awyn landis alsa fast 

Eobert the Brws in Ingland past : 

In Scotland he na byddyng made, 

Bot in hys awyn in Ingland bade. 

CH. xii.] OF SCOTLAND. 337 


dfitohen the JtollioUe 

monjj come, to the 3Enijli0 


1296. YTH the Lang schankys this Edwart 

Throwch Lowthyane passyd efftyrwart. 
Thre gret castellys off this land 
Yholdyn he tuk in till hys hand, 1940 

Dunbar, Edynburgh, and Strewylyn. 
He folowyd Jhon the Ballyoll syne 
Eycht to the Castelle off Forfare. 
Jhon the Cwmyn mete hym thare, 
That off Strabolgy lord wes than : 
Thare he become this Edwartis man. 
Till Abbyrden than alsa fast 
Fra thine wyth his ost he past. 
This Jhon the Ballioll on purpos 
He tuk, and browcht hym till Mwnros ; 1950 

And in the Castell off that town, 
That than wes famows in renown, 
This Jhon the Ballyoll dyspoylyd he 
Off all hys robys off ryalte*. 
The pelure thai tuk off hys tabart 
(Twme-Tabart he wes callyt efftyrwart), 
And all othire insyngnys, 
That fell to Kyngis on ony wys, 
F. 210. Bathe scepter, swerd, crown e, and ryng, 

Fra this Jhon, that he made Kyng, 1960 

Halyly fra hym he tuk thare, 

And made hym off the kynryk bare. 



' Thau this Jhon tuk a qwhyt wand, 
And gave wp in till Edwardis hand 
Off this kynryk all the rycht, 
That he than had, or hawe mycht, 
Fra hym and all his ayris thare, 
Thareefft to clame it nevyrmare. 
Be schype than this ilk Jhon 
And hys sowne Edward he send on one 1970 

To Lwndyn, and thare lang tyme he 
G-ert thame stratly kepyd be. 
Off Jhon the Ballyollys dely verans 
He made, and tholyd hym to pas in Frans. 
Bot he gert hys swne Edward 
Lang tyme be haldyn efftyrward ; 
And gert hym be oblysyd stratly 
Be gret ath sworne bodyly, 
That he suld nevyr clame na rycht 
Scotland till have, set he mycht. 1980 

Nevertheles in Scotland syne 
He come off were, and strak Duplyne. 


iTTYK that all this wes dwne, 
Wyth the Lang schankis this Edward swne, 
As throwch cure land he hamewart rade, 
Mony comownys till hym than made 
Homage wyth athe off fewte", 
For that behowyd off fors to be. 

Owt off the land quhen he past, 
The Statis off Scotland alsa fast 1990 

At Scwne togyddyr assemblyd hale, 
To se thare for thar governale. 
Twelff lordis thar thai chesyd off mycht 


The Rewme to succoure and thare rycht, 

That bwndyn ware wyth faythfull band 

To succoure the fredwme off Scotland. 

Than thare castellys and thare townys 

Wyth wyttayle thai stuffyd and lele persownys. 

Schyr Jhon the Cwmyne, that wes than 
Erie and Lorde hale off Buchane, 2000 

A gret ost gaddryd than alsa fast, 
And in the north off Ingland past 
In dyspyt off that tyrand, 
That Kyng hym cald than off Ingland. 
Wyth fyre and wappyn he dystrwyd : 
That he ouretuk all he anoyid. 
Till Carlele swa he past off were, 
And it assegyd wyth hys powere : 
Nevyretheles yhit as he thowcht, 
That town at that tyme wan he noucht. 2010 

F. 210. b. gjjHB next ftfltfto* on the 

A.D. m 

1297. JLWELFF hundyre nynty yhere and sewyn 

Fra Cryst wes borne the Kyng off Hewyn, 
Willame Walays in Clyddysdale, 

That saw h y s k y n su PP r 7 s y d hale 
Wyth Inglis men in gret dyspyte, 

Sum off thare harroys he thoucht to qwyte. 
For he wes cummyn off gentillmen, 
In sympill state set he wes then : 
Hys fadyre wes a manly knycht ; 


Hys modyre wes a lady brycht ; 2020 

He gottyn and borne in maryage. 
Hys eldare brodyre the herytage 
Had, and joysyd in his day is. 

This ilk Willame the Walayis 
Drew to wapnys and to gere, 
As manly men than oysyde to bere : 
Wyth a swerd bath scharpe and lang 
It wes hys oys than oft to gang. 

Gret dispyte thir Inglis men 

Had at this Willame Walays then. 2030 

Swa thai made thame on a day 
Him for to set in hard assay : 
Off his lang swerd in that entent 
Fyrst thai made hym argwment 
In till Lanark Inglis men, 
Quhare a multitud war gaddryd then. 
Ane a tyt made at hys swerd. 
W. " Hald stylle thi hand, and spek thi worde." 
/. " Wyth thi swerd thow mais gret bost." 
W. " Tharefor thi dame made lytill cost." 2040 
/. " Quhat caus has thow to were the grene ? " 
W. " Na caus, bot for to make the" tene." 
/. " Thow suld noucht bere sa fare a knyff." 
W. " Swa sayd the preyst, that swywyd thi wyff. 
Swa lang he cald that woman fayre, 
Quhill that his barne wes made thi ayre." 
/. " Me-think thow drywys me to scorne." 
W. " Thi dame wes swywyd, or thow wes borne." 

Fra that kest thai na ma wordis : 
But swne wes tyte owt mony swordys 2050 

In to the market off Lanark, 
Quhare Inglis men, bath stwre and stark, 


Fawcht in till gret multytud 
Agayne Willame Walays gud. 
Thare he gave thame dynt for dynt ; 
Thare wes na strenth, hys strak mycht styut. 
As lie wes in that stowre fechtand, 
Fra ane he strak swne the rycht hand ; 
And fra that carle mycht do na mare, 
The lefft hand held fast the buklare, 2060 

F. 211. And he swa mankyd, as brayne wode, 
Kest fast wyth the stwmpe the blode 
In till Willame Walays face : 
Mare cumryd off that blode he was, 
Than he was a welle lang qwhille 
Feychtand stad in that peryle. 
The Inglis men gaddryd alsa fast 
On this Walays, qwhyll at the last, 
Fra he had wowndyt mony thare, 
That agayne hym feychtand ware, 2070 

Till hys innys, as hym behowyd, 
In gret hy he hym remowyd, 
Defendaud hym rycht manlykly : 
Bot fol[o]wyd he wes rycht fellownly. 

In till the towne wes hys lemman, 
That wes a plesand fayre woman, 
And saw this Willame chassyd swa, 
In till hyr hart scho wes rycht wa. 
Scho gat hym wyth in the dure : 
That sowne thai brussyd wp in the flure. 2080 
Than scho gert hym prewaly 
Get owte ane-othir gat thar-by : 
And wyth hyr slycht scho tayryd than 
Hys fays, qwhill till the wod he wan. 

The Schyrrawe that tyme off the land, 


The Kyng off Inglandis lutenand, 

Come to Lanark ; and thare he 

Gert this woman takyn be, 

And gert hyre swne be put to dede. 

That Walays sawe in to that sted, 2090 

In hydlys quhare he stud nere by : 

Tharefore in hart he wes hewy. 

Than till hys frendys alsa fast 
In till the land this Walays past, 
And thretty men he gat or ma : 
That ilk nycht he come wyth tha, 
That ware manly men and stark, 
In the town that tyme off Lanark, 
And quhare he wyst that the Schyrrave 
Oysyd hys innys for till have, 2100 

In till a lofft, quhare that he lay, 
Efftyr mydnycht before day 
Wpe he stwrly bruschyd the dure, 
And layd it flatlyngis in the flure. 
Wyth that the Schyrrawe all agast, 
" Quha is that ?" than speryd fast. 
Sayd Willame Walays, " Here am I, 
Will the Walays, that besyly 
Thow has set the" for to sla. 

Now togyddyr mon we ga : 2110 

The womannys dede off yhystyrday 
I sail now qwyt, gyff I may." 
Alsa fast than efftyr that 
F. 211. b. The Schyrrave be [the] throt he gat, 

And that hey stayre he harlyd hym down, 
And slw hym thare wyth in the town. 

Era he thus the Schyrrawe slwe, 
Scottis men fast till hym drwe, 

CH. xiii.] OF SCOTLAND. 343 

That wyth the Inglis men [oft] ware 

Aggrevyd, and supprysyd sare : 2120 

And this Willame thai made thare 

Oure thame chefftane and leddare, 

For he durst welle tak on hand. 

Wyth that he fayre wes, and plesand, 

Manlyk, stowt, and liberale, 

And wys in all grid governale : 

To sla he sparyd noucht Inglis men. 

Till Scottis he dyd gret profyt then. 

The grettast lordis off oure land 

Till hym he gert thame be bowand : 2130 

lid thai, wald thai, all gert he 

Bowsum till hys byddyng be : 

And till hys byddyng, qwhay war noucht bown, 

He tuk, and put thame in presown. 

Off castellis, bowrowys, and fortalys 

The grettast made hym thare serwys. 

The Inglis men owt off oure land 

He gert be put owt wyth stalwart hand. 

WA ras thare swne rycht hey fame 
Off the Walays this Willame : 2140 

And to the Kyng Edward off Ingland 
Come off hys dedis swne tythand. 
For he wes occupyid at name, 
He send Schyr Hw off Karsyngame, 
That that tyme wes Trezorare, 
In Scotland wyth a gret poware. 

This Willame Walays off Dunde" 
Assegeand the Castelle wes, quhen he 
Herd, that thare come ane new ost 


Owt off Ingland wyth gret boat 2150 

Wyth this Schyr Hw off Karssyngame. 
This ilke Walays than Willarae 
A payne off lyff and lyme bathe he 
Bade the burges off Dunde", 
At that assege that thai suld ly, 
And kepe that castell rycht stratly, 
Quhill that thai wan the Inglis men, 
That occupyid that castell then. 
And wyth his court than alsa fast 
Till Stryvelyne this Willame Walays past : 2160 
And at the Bryg off Forth Willame 
The Walays met wyth Karssyngame. 
Thare thai mellayd in to fycht, 
Quhare mony dowre to ded wes dycht ; 
Thare thai layid on alsa fast : 
Thare Karssyngame at the last 
F. 212. Wyth the mast part off his men 
Slayne besyd that bryg wes then. 
And all the lawe owt off that stede 
Than turnyd the bak, and away flede. 2170 

The Scottis folowyd fast on then : 
Quhare evyr thai ouretuk the Inglis men, 
Thai sparyd nane, bot slwe all down. 
Walays off this had gret renowne 
For all hale the wyctory 
The Scottis had off this juperdy ; 
And few wes slayne off Scottis men. 
Bot Androwe off Murrawe slayne wes then : 
Fadyre till gud Schyre Andrew he 
Wes, and prysyd off gret bownte". 2180 

This dyde Walays at Strevelyne, 
And hely wes commendyt syne. 

CH. xiv.] OF SCOTLAND. 345 

Era wencust he had Karssyngame, 
Heyare, and heyare ay wes hys fame ; 
And, throwe the kynrik as he past, 
The statis till hym bowyd fast. 
And syne fra the Alhalowmes 
In Yngland till Yhule he by dan d wes. 
All [Allyrdayle] as man off were 
That tyme he brynt wyth his powere : 2190 

And wyth gret prayis owt off that land 
Come efftyr the Yhule in till Scotland. 
And all-kyn kynd off Inglis men 
He gert put owt off Scotland then. 


QBiUegham Jfram* ink the 
a0 in ht0 


till Frawns that ilke yhere 
The Byschape Willame cald Frysere 
Off Saynctandrewys deyde ; he lyis 
In till the Frerys Prechowris off Parys. 
Bot his hart ordanyd he 

Browcht in Scotland for to be. 2200 

And swa it wes wyth honowre, 
And layd in halowyd sepultoure : 
In Saynctandrewys Cathedrale 
Kyrk the conwentuale 
Chanownys togyddyr gaddryd all 
Layd that hart wyth in the wall 
[Closit and laid rycht sodenly 
In that place, and honorably] ; 


Qwhare now ar sene towmys tWa, 

Off Gamyll and Lambyrtown ar tha, 2210 

Willame Frasere hart is layd 

Betwene tha towmys twa forsayd. 

Quhen Willame Frasere thus wes deyd, 
Than chosyn Byschape in his steide 
[Wes a nobill [and] famous man 
That of that Se chosin was than] 
Master Willame off Lambyrtown, 
A lord commendyt off renown, 
A clerk off gret fame and wertu : 
Chawncelare he wes than off Glasgw. 2220 


F. 212. b. f th* Jatokgrk fxrl0toi0 hect 
^he bzttylh in tht0 (Ehapitm. 

A.D. m 

1298. JLWELFF hundyre aucht and nynty yhere 

Fra borne had Cryst the Madyn clere, 

Willame Walays in Scotland 

Wes the Statis hale rewland, 

And commendyt wes rycht welle 

In all his dedis ilke* delle. 

Quhen wyth the Lang schankis the Kyng Edwart 

Had herd in Ingland efftyrwart, 

How in till Scotland than Wiilame 

Walays had met wyth Karssyngame, 2230 

And had hym and his men all slayne, 

Quhare of this Edward wes noucht fayne ; 

In Scotland wyth a gret powere 

Gaddryd he come, as man off were. 

CH. xv.J OF SCOTLAND. 347 

On Saynt Mary Magdalenys day 

At the Fawekyrk assemblyd thai. 

Thare Willame Walays tuk on hand, 

Wyth mony gret lordys off Scotland, 

To mellay wyth that Kyng in fycht : 

Thare mony dowre to dede wes dycht. 2240 

This Kyng Edward off Ingland then 
Off. Scotland had mony gentill men, 
That for dyspyt and gret inwy 
Till hym drw malicyowsly : 
And the Cwmynys in tha dayis 
Welle luwyd noucht Willame the Walays. 
Bot yhit the lele Scottis men, 
That in that feld ware feychtand then, 
Togyddyr stwd sa fermly 

Strykand before thame manlykly, 2250 

Swa that nane thare thyrl thame mycht, 
Bot Robert the Brows than wyth a slycht 
(He thare wes wyth this Kyng Edwart, 
Set he oure Kyng wes efftyrwart), 
Wyth Schyre Anton the Bek a wyly man, 
Off Durame Byschape he wes than, 
Abowt ane hill a well fere way 
Owt off that stowre than prikyd thay ; 
Behynd bakkis alsa fast. 

Thar thai come on, and layid on fast, 2260 

Swa made thai the dyscumfytowre. 
The Scottis thare slayne war in that stoure. 
Thare Jhon Stwart apon fute, 
Wyth hym the Brandanys thare off Bute, 
And the gentill men off Fyff 
Wyth Makduff, thare tynt the lyff, 
For dyspyt and gret inwy 


The Cwmynys kyn all halyly 
F. 213. Fyrst lefft the feld ; and, as behowyd, 

Syne Willame Walayis hym remowyd : 2270 

For he persawyd gret malys 

Agayne hym scharpyd mony wys. 

Wythowtyn dowt that like day, 

Quhen mony Scottis fled away, 

Quhare ewyre thai hapnyd to be ouretane, 

All thai ware slayne downe evryilkane. 

The Inglis men had halyly 

Off that jowrnay the wyctory. 

Before than couth na man say, 
Na nevyr wes sene befor that day, 2280 

Sa hale wencust the Scottis men : 
Na it had noucht fallyn then, 
Had noucht falshed and inwy 
Devysyd thame sa syndyrly. 

Efftyr that batalle few dayis, 
This forsayd Willame the Walayis 
Persawyd, how he wes in gret leth 
Had wyth the Cwmynys, in thare wreth, 
And in dowt off tresown stad, 
Be swylk taknys as he had. 2290 

Besyd the wattyre off Forth he 
Forsuk Wardane evyr to be, 
Or swylk state in Scotland hald ; 
Tak thai curys quha evyr wald : 
For leware he had to lyve symply, 
Na wndyre sic dowt in senyhowry ; 
Na the lele comownys off Scotland 
He wald noucht, had peryst wndyr his hand. 

Off his gud dedis and manhad 
Gret Gestis, I hard say, ar made ; 2300 

CH. xv.] OF SCOTLAND. 349 

Bot sa mony, I trow noucht, 

As he in till hys dayis wroucht. 

Quha all hys dedis off prys wald dyte, 

Hym worthyd a gret buk to wryte ; 

And all thai to wryte in here 

I want bathe wyt and gud laysere. 

A.D. A 

1299. x\_ND efftyr that all thir ware dwne, 

Jhon Cwmyn, that wes Jhon Cumynys swn, 

Tuk the kepyng off Scotland : 

And that he held in till his hand, 2310 

Qwhill efftyr the battayle off Eoslyne 

This ilk yhowngare Jhon Cwmyne 

Come till the Kyng off Inglandis pes. 

Bot in the tyme he Wardane wes, 

Jhone the Sowlys wes wyth hym hale 

Bath in help and in cownsale. 

A.D. A 

1300. J\. THOWSAND and thre hwndyr yhere 

Efftyre the byrth off oure Lord dere, 
Phylipe, that than wes Kyng off Frawns, 
Fra he had herd off that dystawns, 2320 

F. 213. b. That wes betwene the Eewmys twa, 
Scotland and Ingland bath war tha : 
A clerk and a knycht he send, 
That ware off wyt and manhad kend, 
To the Kyng Edward off Ingland, 
Wyth gret instans hym prayand, 
For than that he trwys wald 
Grawnt, and till a tyme thame hald, 
Till the Comownys off Scotland, 


Syne thare Rewme wes then wacand. 2330 

The Kyng off Ingland, at instans 

Off Phylip that tyme Kyng off Prawns, 

Thai trewys grawntyd, swth to say, 

Fra Alhalowmes till Wytsonday, 

Wndyr that protestatyown, 

That for the confederatyown, 

That wes betwene the rewmys twa, 

Prawns and Scotland than war tha, 

To grawnt thai trewys war noucht hys will : 

Bot as than he grawntyd till 2340 

The Kyng off Frawnce thai trewys, for he 

Wes till hym cusyne in nere gre, 

And specyalle frend, and gud nychtboure, 

And amyabill, he trowyd, composytoure : 

To the forsayd termys he grawntyt for-thi 

Thai trewys for till hald lelely. 

Jhone the Sowlys that ilke yhere, 
Wyth Jhon Cwmyne falow [and] fere 
As a Wardane off Scotland, 

Hys falow tharoff noucht wyttand, 2350 

Be cownsall off gret persownys, 
Byschapys, erlys, and barownys, 
Off the Statis off Scotland, 
For to send message tuk on hand 
Till the auchtand Bonyface, 
That Pape off Rome that tyme was. 
Maystyr Willame fyrst was ane 
Archedekyn off Lowthyane, 
Baldred Besat, and Willame 

To surname cald off Egly shame : 2360 

Thir thre ware gret clerkys then, 
Comendyt wys and cunnand men ; 

CH. xv.] OF SCOTLAND. 351 

For-thi chargyd than war thai. 
And fullyly instruct to say, 
And the grevys for to schawe 
To the Pape, and gere hym knawe, 
How the Kyng Edward off Ingland 
Agayne rycht in Scotland wes wedand ; 
And how the Comownys off that Eewme ware 
Be that tyrand aggrevyt sare, 2370 

Hawand for hym na resown, 
Bot wylfull wrangwys presumptyown ; 
And to pray this Pape Bonyface, 
F. 2H. That he wald deyhgne hym off hys grace, 
And off hys haly Fadyrhede, 
In thir injwrys to set remede. 
Thir messyngerys be instructyown 
Had this in thare commyssyown. 

The Kyng off Ingland, this Edwart, 
Be this Pape swmmownd efftyrwart 2380 

Befor hym for till appere, 
Till thir playnttis till mak awnswere. 
This Kyng than feyhnyd evydens, 
As to declere hys consciens, 
[And] sygnyfyid to the Pape rycht swne, 
Quhat he in Scotland gert be dwne : 
In till hys awyne rycht all gert he 
Dwne in to that kynryk be ; 
For to that Eewme he had mare rycht, 
He sayd, than he recovyre mycht. 2390 

Agayne all resownys, that he couth set, 
Maystyre Baldred the Beset, 
A wys clerk and a cunnand, 
Ane off the messyngeris off Scotland, 
Awnsweryd to thai resownys welle, 


And dystroyid thame ilka dele. 

Be evydentis, that schawyd he agayne 

That tyrandis rycht he made all wayne. 

Off this matere sum tyme wes 

Made aue autentyk gret Proces. 2400 

Wyth the Lang schankis this Edwardt, 

Kyng off Ingland, [coyme] efftyrwart, 

And Lynlythkw fayre and welle 

Gert byg, and mak thare the Pelle, 

A thowsand thre hundyre yhere and ane, 

Efftyr that God had manhed tane. 


In ihis 

^.ht balfo JJatatUe on 

A.D. A 

1302. J\, THOWSAND and thre hundyr yhere 

And twa to thai to rekyn clere, 

Efftyr, before as yhe herd say, 

On Saynt Mary Magdalenys day 2410 

At the Fawekyrk the Inglis men 

The victory had wonnyn then, 

The Kyng off Ingland come noucht be north 

In propyre persowne the wattyr off Forth. 

Bot wyth hys powere nevyrtheles 

Fra Fyvys-Nes destroyid wes 

And wastyd till Saynt Jhonstowne 

Be slauchtyr and destructyown. 

Wyth gret prayis at the last 

This tyrand in till Ingland past. 2420 

That wes, to trowe, off Goddis will : 

CH. xvi.] OF SCOTLAND. 353 

F. 214. b. For qwhill he wes byddand styll, 
Fra he wndon had Jhon the Kyug, 
Quhare-ewyr that he mad bydyng 
In till cure land, he dyd gret skayth, 
In slawchtyr, and in herschype bath ; 
And made hym Maystyr, Lord, and Syre, 
And gert all bow till hys empyre. 
And qwha till hym wald noucht do swa, 
Owthyr he gert his men thame sla, 2430 

Or he thame heryd, sparand nane, 
Noucht levand behynd, bot wattyr and stane. 

Bot Goddis gret pyte syne, 
That off all sarys is medycyne, 
Till hys purpos made gret lete : 
On mony curys his hart he sete, 
That he mowcht noucht all hys will 
Off oure Eewme that tyme fullfill, 
That wes till have subjectyown 
Off this Eewme; or till his crown 2440 

It till have in propyrte" 
Hys besynes than hale set he. 
Quha skaylis his thoucht in syndrynes, 
In ilk thyng it is the les. 

Off Ingland this Kyng for-thi 
For gret herandis and hasty 
Sped hym swne owt off oure land. 
And as he hamwart wes passand, 
On the Sowth halff the Scottis S4 
All made hym athe off fewte* ; 2450 

Bathe the schyrrawys off the land, 
And thai that castellis ware kepand, 
Be Sowth that wattyr generaly 
All bowyd till hys senyhowry. 
VOL. II. z 


Yhit sum wes bydand in exyle, 

That durst noucht hys lauch byd that quhille. 

And syndry othir Scottis men 

Prewaly bade in woddis then. 

Jhone the Cwmyne, that wes than 
Wardane off Scotland, gud Scottis man, 2460 

And Symon Fresare a nobill knycht, 
Stowt and manlyk, bald and wycht, 
Fra this Kyng Edward hame wes past, 
Hys sworne men thai dyssessyd fast. 
Schyrravis, bayhlyis, and keparis 
Off castellys, and othir offycyaris, 
That ware the Kyng off Inglandis men, 
Gretly [war] dissessyd then. 
For Jhon the Cwmyn, and Fresare 
Symownd, thame aggrevyd sare, 2470 

And cessyd nothir day na nycht 
Thame till dysses wyth all thare mycht, 
Haldand on swa full foure yhere, 
As werde off were made thame to stere. 
Be slawchtyr and be herschype then 
F. 215. At wndyre ware haldyn the Inglis men. 

Quhen wyth the Lang schankis this Edwart 
Off this herd tythand efftyrwart, 
In Scotland he send hys Tresorere, 
That cald be name wes Rawff Confrere, 2480 

A manly man, bath wys and wycht, 
Comendyt als off gret forsycht, 
And wyth hym twenty thowsand men 
Welle horsyd, and welle armyd then, 
And byddyng had to tak wengeans, 
Off thaim that made dystrowblans 
Off the Kyng off Inglandis men 

CH. xvi.] OF SCOTLAND. 355 

Sworne in Scotland till hym then, 

All to sla downe, and nane to spare, 

That brekaris off his pes than ware, 2490 

And [to] sek bath holme and hycht, 

Thai men to get, gyre that thai mycht. 

Thir Inglis men than come on fast : 
And at Roslyne at the last, 
Thare in the straittis, thai tuk down 
And stentyt tent and pawillown, 
And ordanyd in to batayllis Thre 
Thare ost to departyd be. 

Jhon the Cwmyne and Symon then 
Frysere assemblyd oure Scottis men, 2500 

Sevyn thowsand, or few ma, 
And wyth that ost assemblyd swa 
The space off a nycht fra Bygare 
To Eoslyne thai prekyd, and fand tliare 
Off Inglis men a gret batayle 
Bownde to defend, and till assaylle. 
And wyth thai the Scottis men 
Than fersly fawcht, and layid on then, 
Quhare mony dyntis dowre ware sene, 
Mony thare dede lay on the grene : 2510 

The Scottis men thame cwnrayid swa, 
That thai gert mony on bak thare ga : 
Enpresoneis thai tuk mony ; 
And partyd amang thame wyllfully 
The armowris, and othir gere, 
That thai wan fra thame thare off were ; 
And wend, that thai had bene all qwyt, 
Fra thai that a weyng discumfyte. 

Bot, or thai had all that dwne, 
Anothir weyng thai saw cum swne 2520 


Off Iiiglis men all redy bowne 
On tharne to feycht. Than si we thai down 
Thare enpresowneis, as thame behowyd, 
And to that batayle thame stowtly mowyd. 
Than thai layid on duyhs for duyhs, 
Mony a rap, and mony a bruhs. 
F. 215. b. On bassynettis thare burnysyd brycht 
Men mycht se polaxys [lycht], 
Mony a swerd, and mony a spere 
. In pecis brokyn thare lyand were. 2530 

And mony a semly fayre persown 
Off Inglis men thare slayne ware down. 
And, to record yhow schortly, 
The Scottis men had the wyctory, 
And tuk enpresoneys sere. 

Quhill thai thar armowris partand were, 
And wende yhit than, that qwyt 
All thare fays [war] dyscumfyt, 
The Thryd bataylle swne sawe thai 
Cwmmand on in sad aray, 2540 

For to feycht all redy bown, 
Thynkand owre men for to sla down. 
The Scottis men than allsa fast 
Ware grettly in thare hart agast, 
And was stad in till gret payne. 
Sum off thare falowys thare ware slayne ; 
Sum forwakyd in trawalyng ; 
Sum for hungyr in lang fastyng 
Wery ware, and tyryd thare ; 
And sum war granand wowndyt sare. 2550 

Wondyre was nane, that thai war rad ; 
For in this state as thai war stade, 
Thai saw in multitud welle ma, 

CH. xvi.] OF SCOTLAND. 357 

Than ony off the tothir Twa 

Batayllis, before that ilk day 

That mad thame twys rycht hard assay, 

Off Inglis men. Jhon Cwmyn than, 

That off the Scottis wes capitan, 

And gud Symon the Fresare, 

Thair ost for to comfwrt thare, 

like ane off tha before the stowre 2560 

Worthyd be wordis a prechoure. 

" Lordis, Falowys, and Maystris, now 
"Wyth stowt hart ilkane off yhow 
Set[tis] agayne this ane assay : 
Gyve God will, owris sail be this day. 
In God all yhoure hope yhe set, 
Saynt Andrew, Saynt Nynyane, and Saynt Margret. 
And als for oure lemmanys luwe 
Off pres yhit a poynt we pruwe. 2570 

And lyppnys noucht, gyve that yhe fley, 
A better hape till have, than dey. 
Than ware it mare honeste 
Standand agayne oure fays to be ; 
And, gyve we se may thare wysage, 
But dowt, we sail hawe a wantage. 
For owris is all hale the rycht, 
Set we rycht noucht be all thare mycht. 
A ware dede may na man tak, 
Than to be slayne in to the bak. 2580 

F. 216. Owre eldaris, quhill thai lyvyd, than 
Oure gret lyvyn till ws thai wan. ' 
Yhe suld all trow welle, and ken, 
That yhe ar cummyn off gentil men : 
The sympellast, that is oure ost wyth in, 
Has gret gentillis off hys kyn : 


Yhe ar all cummyn off aulde lynage, 

Off lordis off fe and herytage, 

That had na thyng mare wgsum, 

Than for to lyve in till thryldwm." 2590 

Qwhat wes thare mare ? the Scottis men 
Tuk gret comfwrt to thaim then. 
The Inglis men fast to thame drew. 
Thare presoneys the Scottis slew, 
And wyth the armowris, that thai wan then, 
Thai armyd wp than thare yhwmen, 
And delt swne amang thameselff 
That, thai had gaddyrd off othir pelff. 
, Than the thryd tyme off that day 
The Scottis in to gud aray 2600 

Togyddyr knyt [thaim] apertly 
Tuk the feld, and manlykly 
Fetlyd wyth thare fais in fycht, 
That stud agayne thame stowt and wycht. 
Thare thai layid on thame dynt for dynt ; 
Thai myst bot seldyn quhare thai wald mynt. 
Thaire thai layid on duyhs for duyhs, 
"Wyth mony a rap ; and mony a ruyhs 
Thare wes delt in to that felde, 
That few had laysere thame to yheld, 2610 

Or empresoneys to ta, 
Sa fast thai ware feychtand swa. 
Thare baneywris thai slwe fyrst down ; 
Thai lefffc bot few, that bare pennown, 
Off Inglis men in to that fycht. 
Swa gert thai mony tak the flycht : 
Off Inglis men owt off that stede 
Mony turnyd the bak, and flede. 
The Scottis men thare made the chas ; 


Swa that daywerk endyt wes. 2620 

Swa, to record yhow schortly, 
The Scottis than had the wyctory 
Off ilkane off thai battayllis Thre 
Be manhade, and be gret bownte". 
Thare was na man than lyvand, 
That evyr cowth wyt off ony land, 
Or evyr herd, or saw befor, 
That evyr thai had in till memore 
In till ony kyn kynryk, 

A daywerk to that daywerk lyk. 2630 

In a Cornykyll I wryttyn fand, 
F. 216. b. That thare wes thretty full thowsand, 
That come in Scotland wyth Confrere, 
The Kyng off Inglandis Tresorere ; 
And bot ten thowsand Scottis men, 
That gaddryd war agayne thame then. 
In othir Cornykyllis twa I fand, 
That thai ware twenty full thowsand, 
That come in Scotland off Inglis men ; 
And noucht attoure aucht thowsand then 2640 
Off Scottis men togyddyr syne 
Agayne thame gaddryd at Roslyne. 
Swa trybyll thai war, or dowbill then 
Be the lest sowmyd, off Inglis men 
Agayne the Scottis gadryde thare, 
Quhen all the nowmyre sowmyd ware. 
Swa agayne a Scottis man 
Twa Inglis be the lest war than. 
And lang or the Sowne yhed down 
The Scottis men thare wan the Crown. 2650 

Armowris, that war gud and fyne 
Off Inglis men, that thai tuk syne, 


Wyth all laysere, and othir pelff 
Thai departyd amang thame-selff. 
And till thare awne syne alsa fast 
Ilkane hame wyth tothir past. 


<Utohat togth ihz ICanjj achzmkts 
in (Sortlattb 


1303. VyFF this deyd come swne tythand 

Till Edward, that Kyng wes off Ingland. 

Fra he hard his men slayne swa, 

Wes newyre in warld a wasp sa wa : 2660 

He wanted na mare than a schowt, 

For till hawe made hym brayne-wode owt. 

His gret ost than assemblyd he 

Till hald on, bathe be land and se, 

In to the kynryk off Scotland. 

Throw it swa thowcht he than passand 

Wengeans off thame all to ta, 

That befor hys men gert sla. 

On that purpos throwch oure land 
As wyth hys ost he was passand, 2670 

All he tuk wp till his pes : 
Few agayne hym standand wes. 
Castell bath and wallyd town 
He drew till hys possessyown, 
' And stuffyd all wyth Inglis men. 
' Schyrravys and bayhllys mad [he] then, 
' And all kyn othir offyceris, 
' That till all governale afferis/ 


F. 217. All he mad off Inglis men, 

That ware dyspytwows and hawtayne then. 2680 

And owre the Mownth than alsa fast 

Till Lowchyndorbe than strawcht he past : 

Thare swjowrnand a qwhill he bade, 

Quhill he [the] North all wonnyn had. 

Era thine Sowth on come he syne, 

And bade all wyntyr at Dwmfermlyne. 

Edward his swn off Carnarven 

Wes in Saynct Jhonystown bydand then. 

In Scotland that tyme men mycht S6* 
Off all kyn wyttayll gret plente* : 2690 

The galown off wyne in commown prys 
Passyd noucht that tyme foure pennys. 
For a pynt now mon [we] pay 
Als mekill nere ilke* day. 

And efftyr the Puryficatiown 
Fra Dwnfermlyne he mad hym bown, 
And at Sayntandrewys than bad he, 
And held hys Lentyren in reawte*. 
And thare he held his Parleament : 
For he had in hale entent, 2700 

That the Kynryk off Scotland 
Suld all tyme be wyth hym durand, 
As he had than possessyown, 
Till hym and his successyown. 
Swa all the Sowth land had he syne, 
To sawff the castell off Stryvelyne. 



(Jjjtohen that ilk (Efctoarb* 

A.D. A 

1304. J\, THOWSAND thre hundyr yhere and foure, 

Fra he his Lentyren thus held oure, 
Fra Saynt Andrewys he passyd syne, 
And set his sege abowt Stryvelyn. 2710 

Than bathe the castell and the town 
Wes yholdyn wyth condytyown, 
That all the Scottis men suld be 
Off all harmys qwyt and fre, 
That wyth in the castell ware 
In lettyre that was wryttyn thare. 
To that this Kyng gert put his selle : 
Bot in that heycht he wes noucht lele. 
Era he the castell than had gottyn, 
That cunnand swne he had foryhottyn. 2720 

For Willame Olyfant, that wes than 
Off that castell capytan, 
F. 217. b. He gert be tane, and bwndyn fast; 
And in to Lwndyn at the last 
He gert put hym in presown : 
Thare sat he lang in that dwngeown. 

Thus efftyr the Pasce monethys thre 
Bidand in oure land wes he ; 
And all the land drwe till his pes. 
Bot Willame Wallays agayne hym wes. 2730 

Wes nothir castell, na wallyd town, 
That he na had in possessyown. 

CH. xvm.] OF SCOTLAND. 363 

The Archedene in Brwsis Buk, 

Quha will in it the fyrst end luk, 

Sayis, ' Fra Wek anent Orknay 

' Till Mullyrryssnwk in Gallway 

' He put in Inglis natyown, 

' That worthyd so rwyde, and so fellown, 

' That Scottis men mycht do na thyng, 

' That evyr mycht pies to thare lykyng. 2740 

' Thare wywys wald thai offt forly, 

' And thare dowchtrys dyspytwsly ; 

' And gyve ony thareat war wrath, 

' Wayt hym welle wyth a gret skath. 

' And gyye that ony man thame by 

' Had ony thyng that wes worthy, 

' As hors, or hwnd, or ony thyng, 

' That plesand ware to thare likyng, 

' Wyth rycht or wrang it have wald thai. 

' And gyve ony wald thame wythsay, 2750 

' Thai wald swa do, that thai suld tyne 

' Othir land, or lyff, or lyve in pyne.' 

Thai demyd offt rycht fellownly, 

And knychtis slw, that ware worthy. 

Thus lyvyd the Scottis in threllage, 

* Bath sympill, and off hey parage. 
' And off gret lordis sum thai slwe, 
' Sum thai hangyd, sum thai drwe ; 

* And sum thai pwt in hard presown, 

' But ony caws or enchesown.' 2760 

And hame agayne in till Ingland 
Syne passyd Edward this tyrand, 
And his swn off Carnarvon 
Edward Prynce off Walys then. 
Bot his Lutenandis behynd lefft he, 


A.D. To gere his statutis haldyn be. 

io K Quhen all this sawe the Brws Robert, 


That bare the crowne swne efftyrwart, 
Gret pyte" off the folk he had, 
Set few wordis tharoff he mad. 2770 

Apon a tyme Schyr Jhon Cwmyn, 
Togyddyre rydand fra Strevylyn, 
' Sayd till hym, Schyr, will yhe noucht se, 
F. 218. * How that governyd is this cuntre" ? 
' Thai sla oure folk but enchesown, 
' And haldis this land agayne resown ; 
' And yhe tharoff full Lord suld be. 
' For-thi, gyve yhe will trow to me, 
' Yhe sail gere mak yhow thareoff Kyng ; 
' And I sail be in yhoure helpyng, 2780 

' Wyth thi yhe gyve me all the land, 
' That yhe hawe now in till yhoure hand. 
' And gyve that yhe will noucht do swa, 
' Na swilk a state apon yhowe ta, 
' All hale my landis sail yhowris be; 
' And lat me ta the state on me, 
' And bryng this land owt off thryllage. 
' For thare is nothir man na page 
' In all this land, [but] thayne sal be 
' Fayne to mak thame-selffyn fre.' 2790 

' The Lord the Brws hard his karpyng, 
' And wend, he spak [bot] faythfull thyng : 
' And for it lykyd till his will, 
' He gave swne his consent thare till, 
' And sayd, " Syne yhe will, it be swa, 
' I will blythly apon me ta 
' The state ; for I wate, I hawe rycht : 
' And rycht offt makis the febill wycht." 


' Thus thir twa lordis accordyt are. 
' That like nycht than wryttyne ware 2800 

' Thare indentwris, and athis made 
' Till hald all, that thai spokyn had.' 

It fell efftyr this band inakyng, 
Jhon the Cwmyn rade to the Kyng 
' Off Ingland, and tald all the cas 
' To trow, noucht all yhit, as it was. 
' Bot the indenture till hym gave he,' 
Off thare cunnandis prwff to be. 
And quhen that lettyr the Kyng had sene, 
Wythowtyn dowt he wes rycht tene, 2810 

And thowcht full assyth to ta, 
[And wengeance of the Brwis alssua.] 

Than Cwmyne hys leve tuk, and hame went. 
' And the Kyng a Parlement 
' Gert set thare efftyr hastyly : 
' And thiddyr he sowmownd rycht stratly 
' The barownys on his reawte*. 
' And to the Lord the Brws send he 
F. 218. b. ' Word to cum to that gaddryng. 

' And he, that had than na wyttyng 2820 

' Off tresown, na off that falset, 

' Bade to the Kyng, but langare let, 

' And in Lundyn hym herberyd he 

' The fyrst day off thare assemble*. 

' Syne on the morne to Court he went. 

' On the morne in his Parleament 
4 Before his Cownsalle thare Priwe 
' This Lord the Brws than callyd he, 
' And schawyd hym the indenture. 
' He wes in till gret awenture 2830 

' To tyne his lyf,' bot gyve he mycht 


Help hym-selff thare wyth sum slycht. 

The Kyug than bad hym tak and se, 

Gywe that indenture selyd he. 

' The Brws it lukyd ententely, 

' And awnsweryd the Kyng rycht mekely, 

' And sayd, " How that I sympill be ! 

' My selle all tyme is noucht wyth me : 

' I hawe ane othir it to bere. 

' Tharefore, gy ve yhowre willis were, 2840 

' I ask respyt, for to se 

' The lettyr, and awysyd to be, 

' Till to-morne, that yhe be set : 

1 And than, forowtyn langare let, 

' I sail entyre this lettyr here 

' Before yhoure Cownsall all playnere. 

' And that to do, in bowrch drawe I 

' Myn herytage all halyly." 

' The Kyng thowcht, he wes trayst inwch, 
' Syn he in borch his landis drwch : 2850 

' And lete hym with the lettyr pas, 
' Till entyre it, as forspokyn was. 

. HE Brws went till [his] innys swy th : 
* Bot, wyt yhe welle, he wes rycht blyth, 
' That he had gottyn that respyt. 
' He callyd his marschell till hym tyte, 
' And bade hym, luk in all maynere 
' For till mak till his men gud chere ; 
' For he wald in his chawmbyre be 
' A welle gret quhille in prewate, 2860 

' Wyth hym a clerk, forowtyn ma.' 
The marschel, as he bad, dyde swa. 


The Erie off Glowerne in that quhylle, 
That saw apperand gret peryle 
F. 219. Tyl the Lord the Brws Eobert, 

The quhilk he luwyd wyth all hys hart, 

Prewaly hys wardropere 

He gert to this Eoberte bere 

A pare off spwris, and wyth tha 

Send twelff pennys wyth hym alsua; 2870 

And bade hym to this Eobert say, 

That that sylvyre, yhystyrday 

He had borowyd fra hym, tharfore 

But mare delay he wald restore. 

The Brws than be this payment 

Consayt had off the Erlys intent. 

The sylvyr to the wardropare 

He gave, and levyd hym [haym] to fare. 

And alsa fast as this was dwne, 

But mare delay, or langare hwne, 2880 

Eobert the Brws in prewate" 

Till hym gert twa steddis be 

Browcht, and swne on tha 

He and his clerk lap on, but ma ; 

And furth, forowtyn persayvyng, 

Day and nycht, bwt swjowrnyng, 

Thai held [on]. Swa on a day, 

As rydand throwch the land ware thai, 

Nere owre Marche than rydand, 

Thai persawyd by gangand 2890 

A man, that, as to thame wes sene, 

By thame rycht fayne wald have bene. 

On hym than thai cald sa fast, 

That hym behovyd byde at the last. 

In sic karpyng than fell thai thare, 


That thai wyst, that he lettrys bare : 

Thai lettrys fra that man thai gat, 

And red thame all owre efftyr that. 

Be the teunowre full [weil] thai kend, 

That Jhon the Cumyne thai lettrys send 2900 

Till off Ingland the Kyng Edwart, 

For till wndo the Brws Eobert. 

He gert stryk off thare off that man 

The hewyd, and on hys way held than. 

Fra Lwndyn on the fyft day 
Till Lochmabane than come thai. 
' Hys brodyr Edward thare he fand, 
' That thowcht ferly, he tuk on hand 
' To cum name sa prewaly. 

' He tald hys brodyr halyly, 2910 

' How he chapyd, and all the cas, 
' How before all hapnyd was. 

' Sa fell it in the same tyde, 
F. 219. b. That at Dwnfres rycht there besyd 

' Schyre Jhon the Cwmyne his duellyng made. 

' The Brws lap on, and thiddyr rade.' 

Thaire togyddyr as thai mete, 

But gret delay, or langere lete, 

' In the Freris at the hey awtere 

' He schawyd hym wyth [hewy] chere 2920 

' Hys indenture. Than wyth a knyff 

' He rewyd him in that sted the lyff.' 

Quhat that efftyr this Brws Robert 
In all hys tyme dyde efffcyrwart, 
The Archedene off Abbyrdene 
In Brwys hys Buk has gert be sene, 
Mare wysly tretyde in to wryt, 
Than I can thynk wyth all my wyt : 

GH. xix.] OF SCOTLAND. 369 

Tharefore I will now thus lychtly 

Oure at this tyme [passe] the story. 2930 


fxrlxrtois hm 
In thi0 lyiyli Chapiter. 


.ERE WYNTOWN poyntis in this dyte, 
Quhat he gert off this Tretis wryt, 
That tytlyd is OKYGYNALLE, 
Be hys stwdyows and his thra trawalle. 
Set it be sympill, as yhe may se, 
In this sewyn Bukis tretyd he 
Off Latyne in till oure langage, 
That quha wald mycht have full knawlage, 
Quhat space off yheris ware gane, beforne 
That Dawy the Brws, oure Kyng, wes borne ; 2940 
Sex thousand and fyve hundyr yhere 
Twenty or ma, or thar-by nere, 
Fra the Warldis begynnyng, 
Till he wes borne till be oure Kyng. 

And for he wald usurp na fame 
Langare, [na] wald bere na blame, 
Than he deserwyd, this poyntment 
Here he made in that entent, 
That he suld be kend and knawyn 
Noucht mare to yharne, than ware his awyne ; 2950 
Noucht mare to desyre off mede, 
Than he deserwyd in till dede 
In till this memoryal 
Lestand to be perpetualle. 
VOL. n. 2 A 


Till hys purpos accordand 
Before hym wryttyii he redy fand, 
That in the Kyng Dawys days ware dwne 
The Brws, and Kobertis, his systyr swne. 
Quha that dyde, he wyst rycht noucht ; 

F. 220. Bot that till hym on cas wes browcht, 2960 

And in till that ilke dyte 
Gonsequenter he gert wryt, 
As he saw thame apperand, 
Per ordyre to be folowand. 


un Jhfltt on Jttenteth tit his 
i)t00atDgt jjttf) SUiUatttt 


1305. J\, THOUSAND thre hundyre and the fyft yhere 

Efftyr the byrth off oure Lord dere, 

Schyre Jhon off Menteth in tha days 

Tuk in Glasgw Willame Walays, 

And send hym in till Ingland swne : 

Thare wes he qwartaryd and wndwne 2970 

Be dyspyte and hat inwy : 

Thare he tholyd this martyry. 

In all Ingland thare wes noucht thane 
As Willame Walays swa lele a mane. 
Quhat he dyd agayne that natyown, 
Thai made hym prowocatyown : 
Na to thame oblyst nevyr wes he 
In fayth, falowschype, na lawte : 
For in hys tyme, I hard well say, 
That fykkill thai ware all tyme off fay. 2980 

CH. xxii.] OF SCOTLAND. 371 


Ipix tobicatttr ttotoa .ecde0ia 
<Satutiatibm, tit. 

A.D. A 

1318. jt\_ THOWSAND thre hundyr and awchtene 
Fra Cryst had borne the Madyne clene, 
Off the moneth off July 
The fyft day, full solemply 
The Byschape Willame off Lambertown 
Made the dedicatyown 
Off the newe kyrk Cathedrale 
Off Saynct Andrewys conwentuale. 
The Kyng Robert honorably 

Wes thare in persown bodyly ; 2990 

And sevyn Byschapys ware sene, 
And Abbotis als ware thare fyftene, 
And mony othir gret gentill men 
Ware gaddryd to that assemble then. 


to,e0 home 

In the Jtbbajj oft 

A.D. A 

1323. J\_ THOWSAND thre hundyr and twenty yhere, 

And thre yhere owre, to rekyn clere, 

Off the Incarnatyown, 

Be ewynlyk computatyown, 

As the Kyrk off Scotland 

Ewyre in auld tyme wes oysand, 3000 


Off the monetli off Martii, 
The Kyng Eobertis swn Dawy 
F. 220 b. Wes borne in till Dwnfermlyne, 

Off Scotland that crownyd Kyng wes syne. 

That ilke yhere swne efftyrwart 

The Kyng off Scotland, than Eobert, 

Ambassatowris send in till Frawns, 

Ferine to trete thare alyawns 

Betwene thai mychty Kyngis twa, 

Off Frawns and Scotland than war tha : 3010 

That alyawns to rest hale 

All tyme fra thine perpetualle. 

Thai ambassatowris war chargyd allswa 

Fra thine to the Court to ga, 

Thare the Pape for till ames, 

For, thai sayd, he movyd wes 

Agayne Eobert cure Kyng wyth crowne 

Be fykkyll fals suggestyowne, 

That was made hym rnony wys 

Be oure capytale innymys. 3020 

Thai ambassatowris dyd rycht welle 

All hale thare charge ilke delle : 

Pes thai made and alyawns, 

Bathe in the Court and in to Frawns. 

A 1) A 

1326. .A. THOWSAND thre hundyr and twenty yhere 

The next to tha wythowtyn were, 

Elizabeth Qwene off Ingland, 

Off gret tresore abowndand, 

For wagys and for large feis 

Wageowris scho gaddryde off sere cuntreis. 3030 

Edward cald off Carnarwen, 

CH. xxii.] OF SCOTLAND. 373 

That hyr spowsyd lord was then, 
Takyn scho gert be rycht swne, 
And gert hym in presowne depe be dwiie. 
Schyre Hw the Spensare scho gert allsua 
And hys fadyre be tane : tha twa 
On gallows scho gert hangyd be. 
Thaire frendys tharon the war mycht se. 
That fadyre and the swne als bath tha 
Scho gert demenbryd be alsua. 3040 

And in the caws off that wpset, 
That wyolent wes than and gret, 
The Byschape off Lwndyn scho gert be 
Hey hangyde apon gallow tre. 
Erlys als and gret barownys 
Mychty off gret possessyownys 
Scho gert condampnyde be to fowle dede, 
But ony sawffte" or remede. 
Ane haryage he mycht say he had gud, 
That had swylk twelff in tyll his stud. 3050 

Quhen all this scho gert be dwne, 
Edwarde off Wyndesore than hyr swne 
(He wes cald Edward off Wyndesore, 
For he thare in wes borne before), 
F. 221. Fyfte-ne yhere awld, or lytill mare, 

Saw how thir statys demaynyd ware, 

Hys fadyr than syttand in presown, 

Gert set apon his hevyd the Crown, 

And on the Puryfycatyowne day 

He gert hym be oyntyd Kyng wen-ay, 3060 

In all landys that ilke yhere 
The wyttalys in gret habowndans were. 

That ilke yhere gaddryde syne 
At Kamyskynell, besyd Stryvelyne, 


Erlys, byschapys, and barownys, 

Prelatis, and othir gret persownys, 

To the Kyng Robertis swne Dawy 

Ware bwndyn in fewte" stray tly ; 

And till hys systyr swne Robert, 

That cald be swrname wes Stwert : 3070 

In case that hys erne Dawy 

Suld dey, but ayre off hys body, 

This Robert Stwart hys ayre suld be 

Neyst successyve in that Reawte". 


toefcfogt toes the 

Jhone xrff ^xruri0 the 

A.T). A 

1328. J\_ THOWSAND and thre hwndyre yhere 

And awcht and twenty to tha clere, 
The Kyng Robertis swne Dawy 
In Berwyk weddyt a fayr lady, 
Dame Jhone off the Towris, that wes then 
Edwardis dowchtyr off Carnarwen, 3080 

That Kyng off Ingland wes before, 
Than Edwardis systyr the Wyndesore. 
Off [this] mare qwha wyll here, 
Bathe the deyde and the manere, 
And ma thyngis, I leve behynd, 
In Brwsys Buk quhare men may fynd. 
That yhere Willame off Lambyrtown, 
Byschape off Sayntandrewys town, 
In the Priowris chawmbyre off that Abbay 
Off hys lyff closyde the lattyr day. 3090 

CH. xxm.] OF SCOTLAND. 375 

Byschape he wes thretty yhere, 
And rewlyd hys state on fayre manere. 
And in the north halff off the new kyrke 
Cathedrale ane arch he gert men wyrke, 
Now sene betwene twmbis twa, 
Off Gamyle the estmast is off tha. 
And in a space, that wes levyd 
Betwene the pulpyte and his hevyd, 
Ane arche off fayre werk and off fyne 
The Byschape Waltyr gert mak syne : 3100 

F. 221. b. Wndyre that now lyis he. 

Thus lyand ar thai Byschapys thre 
On the north halff off the Hey Kyrk 
In twmbys, that thame-selff gert wyrk. 

Quhen dede wes Willame off Lambyrtown, 
Nest hym in successyown 
Byschape wes made Jamys Ben, 
Archedene off Saynctandrewys then. 
Foure yhere and monethis twa, 
Byschape he wes noucht oure tha 3110 

Lestand into lyff thre dayis, 
As off hym the Cornykill sayis. 

A.D. A 

1329. J\. THOWSAND thre hundyr and twenty yhere 

And in the nynde to tha but were, 

In Cardros, quhare the Kyng Eobert lay 

In lang seknes, hys lattyr day 

He closyd in gratyows state and pure, 

Hys spyryt sende to the Creature. 

In the kyrk off Dwnfermlyne 

Hys body wes enteryd syne. 3120 

And gud Jamys off Dowglas 


Hys hart tuk, as fyrst ordanyd was, 
For to here in the Haly Land. 
How that that wes tane on hand. 
Well proportis Brwsys Buk, 
Quhay will tharoff the matere luke. 


etttgct QV& !&nQ Uaberti* iebe, 
1)20 00rte p.2 n !3 IPabft ra0 * his 0ttbe. 

A.D. A 

1331. J\. THOWSAKD thre himdyr thretty and ane, 

Than Robert the Brwsys dayis all gane, 
Dawy the Brys than his yhowng swne 
Past wyth honeste court to Scwne, 3130 

The Byschape off Saynt Andrewys then, 
That cald be name wes Jamys Ben, 
gtjit toTxmatttc Thare made his Coronatyown 

Wyth solempne and halowyd wnctyown. 

Oyntyd before hym wes na Kyng, 

That Scotland had in governyng. 

Jhon, the twa and twentyd Pape, 

Send his Bull to that Byschape, 

Byddand, that that Kyng suld be 

Oyntyd, qwhen that crownyd ware he ; 31 40 

And swa all Kyngis off Scotland, 

Efftyr that suld be thare ryngnand. 


HE Erie off Murrawe Schyre Thomas, 
Era the Kyng Robert enteryd was, 
All this meyne tyme off Scotland 

CH. xxiv.] OF SCOTLAND. 377 

F. 222. Wardane was, the lauch haldand. 
Bettyre befor wyst na man 
The lauch haldyn, than he held than, 
He gert ordane in that tyde, 

Quhat man that throwch the land wald ryde, 3150 
Era he lychtyd, he suld knyt 
Hys brydyll fast ; and gywe that it 
Hapnyd to be stollyn away, 
The schyrrawe off that land suld pay 
The prys off that brydill than, 
Bwt lang delay, to that man : 
And that, before all othir thyng, 
Alowyd suld be in till reknyng 
The nest [compt] that that schyrrawe thare 
Suld gywe, quhare haldyn the chekkare ware. 3160 
He bade, that ilke* man alswa 
Suld noucht fra thare plwys ta 
Thare plw-yrnys : bot lat thame ly 
On thare plwys, or nere thar-by ; 
And gyve thai hapnyd stollyne to be, 
Till hym, that aucht thame, ordanyd he 
The schyrrawe to pay schyllyngis twa : 
And that alowyd to be alswa. 
A gredy carle swne efftyr wes 
Byrnand in swylk gredynes, 3170 

That his plw-yrnys hym-selff stall, 
And hyd thame in a pete-pot all : 
He pleyhnyd to the schyrrawe sare, 
That stollyn his plw-yrnys ware. 
The schyrrave than payd hym schyllyngis twa : 
And efftyr that he dwne had swa, 
Swne a gret Cowrt he gert set, 
Wyttyng off that stwlth to get. 


The dravere he gert, and othir ma, 

Swa be examynyd, that swne tha 3180 

Tald hym, that the carle thame stall, 

And hyd thaim in the pete-pot all, 

And tuk syne the payment. 

Tharefore be lele jwgement 

To the gallows he gert harle, 

And thare he gert hyng wp that carle. 

In till Wygtown he gert set 
A jwstry, the qwhilk he held but let. 
Till hym syttand thare come a man, 
And as in playnt he tauld hym than, 3190 

That in a wode nere thareby 
Thare wes a buschement prewaly 
Set, thare hym till hawe slayne, 
Bot he gat by thame wyth gret payne. 
A cumpany he send furth then, 
And gert be tane thai ilk men, 
That in that bwschement still thai fand. 
F. 222. b. Before hym thai ware broucht still syttand ; 
And chalange he gert mak thame then, 
That till murthrys the Kyngis men 3200 

Byddand thai ware in that buschement : 
For-thi be lawchfull jwgement, 
The lawche he gert thame suffyre thare, 
As murthrarys off the Kyngis men thai ware. 
For that to do was all thare will ; 
Set thai na hape had to fulfill 
In till that deyd all, that thai thowcht, 
In to thame the let fell nowcht. 

Efftyr that all dwne wes this, 
A jwstre* he held at Invernys. 3210 

Thare he persaywyd, thare wes a man, 

CH. xxiv.] OF SCOTLAND. 379 

That had a preyst slayne before than : 

The Byschape tharfore hym handlyd sa fast, 

That to the Cowrt off Rome he past 

To be assoylyd : fra thine wes he 

Eemyttyde hame in his cuntre, 

Quhare he gat absolutyown, 

And dwne had wyth devotyown 

And fullfillyd his pennans welle, 

That wes injwnyd hynl, ilke dele. 3220 

Yhit this Erie, quhare he sat, 

Off this man swne wyttyng gat, 

That that man wes nere thareby ; 

Than gert he hym be tane hastyly, 

And gert bryng hym in jwgement ; 

And thare he made hym argwment, 

Qwhy he slw the Kyngis man. 

He awnsweryd hym, assoylyd than, 

Quharefor he trowyd hym tharoff fre, 

For he wes bot a prest, that he 3230 

Hade slayne befor : swa for that cas 

All qwyt, he trowyd, that he than was. 

The Erie than askyd, qwhays man 

Wes that preyst, that he slw than ? 

Bwt dowt, he sayd, that preyst lywand 

Wes the Kyngis lege off Scotland ; 

And for the ordyr, that he bare, 

Than othire he wes till [hym] derrare : 

Swa, for the Kyngis actyown 

He suld have sic puny ty own, 3240 

As the lauch wald gyve hym than, 

For slawchtyr off the Kyngis man. 

Thare he gert hym wyth gud spede 

Thole dede for that ilke dede. 


Off hys byddyng [than] alsa fast 
Till Elandonan his Crownare past, 
For till arest mysdoaris thare, 
Quhare that mony that tyme ware, 
And thare to ger hym purvaid be ; 
For thiddyre swne to pas thowcht he. 3250 

This Crownare, wyth a cumpany 
Off manlyk men, sowcht naroly 
F. 223. Thai mysdoaris here and thare, 
That in hys rollys wryttyn ware. 
All gat he noucht ; hot fyfty 
That fleand ware, [al] wychtly 
As [he] ouretuk wyth mekill payne, 
Fleand the lauch, thai war all slayne : 
And the hevyddis off thame all 
Ware set wp apon the wall 3260 

Hey [on heycht] on Elandonan, 
Agayne the come off the Wardan. 
Off that sycht he wes rycht blyth ; 
And till his court he yhed rycht swyth, 
And off the lave that entryde ware 
Jwstyce he dyde evynlyk thare. 
Bot hym mystryd noucht [to] call 
Thame, that flowryd sa well that wall : 
Feware thai ware noucht than fyfty 
Hevyddis grynnand rycht wgly. 3270 

Wes nevyr nane in justyce lyk 
Till this Erie in oure kynryk : 
He sparyd nowthyre for luwe na awe, 
As caus wes to do the lawe. 
The Rewme he held in rest and pes 
All tyme, qwhill he Wardan wes. 
That lestyd noucht atoure foure yhere ; 

CH. xxiv.] OF SCOTLAND. 381 

Bot all he led in gud manere. 

In till sum tyme, qwhill this was, 
The gud Lord Jamys the Dowglas, 3280 

In till the Kynryk off Scotland 
On his purpos yhit byddand, 
In the Byschapryk off Glasgw 
Than wes a clerk off gret wertu, 
Off that cowrt Offycyalle. 
The jwrysdyctyowne he lede hale, 
And punysyd exces and trespas ; 
Cald he Maystyr Willame was 
Off Hekfwrde. Nere in that land 
Than wes a yhowman by duelland, 3290 

That wes cald Twyname Lowrysown ; 
He wes thowles, and had in wown, 
By hys wyff, offtsyis to ly 
Othir syndry women by. 
Before that jwge convenyd he was : 
Bot, for he na mend wald his trespas, 
Na do pennans for his mysdede, 
The spek sa fere betwyx thame yhede, 
That this man fell in swylk foly, 
And can this gud man swa espy, 3300 

That in the town off Are ryddand 
He tuk hym rwydly, and hym band : 
And or he past, he gert hym pay 
A gret sowme off gud monay. 
The Lord off Dowglas, that tyme was 
Hym makand reddy for to pas 
Hys wayage to the Haly Land, 
That he before had tane on hand, 
F. 223. b. Gert seke this yhwman sa naroly, 

That he be stwlth all prewaly 3310 


In mekill dowt passyd the se\ 

And to the Ballyoll syne come he, 

And sayd hym, that he wes his man ; 

And swa inducyd he hym than 

To purches helpe, and tak on hand 

For till rays were in[to] Scotland : 

Than he thareto gyve his assent. 

This wes the fyrst entycement, 

That amovyd on this were. 

Lw ! how a lytill thyng may gere 3320 

Gret harmys fall on mony wys, 

As men has sene, and seys offtsys. 


fxrlcrtois tht 
mtr.e xrf 


HIS Schyre Edward the Ballyoll than 
Throwch the entysyn off that man, 
As men sayd, past than in till Ingland, 
Quhare in he syndry lordis fand, 
That clamyde till hald thare land off fe 
In Scotland : and swne thai and he 
Made [a] confederatyown, 

And for the were fast made thame bown. 3330 
Schyre Henry the Bwmownd wes aiie, 
Quham at thaire consaille mast wes tane, 
For he wes wys man and worthy ; 
The Erie off Athole syn Dawy ; 
Cwmyn, Talbot, and Mowbray ; 
And othir may than I can say. 

CH. xxvi.] OF SCOTLAND. 383 

Bot for thai wyst the Erie Thomas 

Off Murrawe yhit than lyvand was, 

Thai folowyd noucht on thair emprys ; 

For the Bwmownd, that wes rycht wys, 3340 

Sayd, that it gret wondyr wes, 

Gyve God off his gret rychtwysnes 

Wald thole that swa rychtwys a knycht, 

That swa mantenyd lauch and rycht, 

To be wencust in to were : 

Tharfore wyth slycht thai thowcht to gere 

Hym wyth wenenows fell poysown 

Be destroyid, [and fel] tresown. 

And that thai browcht swn till endyng 

Be swm tresownabill wndyrtakyng ; 3350 

For at the Wemys by the se* 

Poysownyd at a fest wes he. 

And fra thai wyst that he wes dede, 
Wyth all the folk, that thai mycht lede, 
In hy thai pwt thame to the se. 
Men callyd thame bot a fewe menyhe" ; 
Fyftene hundyre off feychtand men. 
Tharefore fell folk had wondyr then, 
How thai, but cuwyne in to the land, 
Swa hey a thyng durst tak on hand. 3360 


F. 224. j n thi0 Chapiter f0Lotojj0 0gn.e 
Dale iht $ataU xrff gteplgtt*. 

A.D. A 

1332. J THOWSAND and thre hundyr yhere 
[And] twa and thretty to tha clere, 


On Saynt Margret the Madynys day 

The Erie Thomas, that qwhill than lay 

In hard seknes, yhald than the gast 

Till God, that wes off mychtis mast. 

And efftyr that his dayis war dwne, 

The Statis off Scotland gaddryd swne, 

Byschapys, erlys, and barownys, 

And othir famows gret persownys 3370 

Than togyddyr at Saynt Jhonystown. 

Efftyr gret and lang dyssentyown, 

At the last all, that thare ware, 

Ordanyd Donawld, than Erie off Mare, 

To be Wardane off the land ; 

For the Kyng wes than hawand 

Bot nyne yhere, but may, off helde, 

All wayk than wapnys for to welde. 

And on the morne efftyr Lammes day, 
Qwhen all thus [had] ordanyd thai, 3380 

It wes tald thame, that at Kyngorne 
Bot twa dayis than gone beforne 
Edward the Ballyoll had tane land 
"Wyth the flot, that he browcht off Ingland : 
And Alysandyre off Setown, that hym hale set 
Thaini to tak land thare to let, 
At ane assawte slayne wes he, 
And discumfyt his menyhe* : 
And qwhen that he wes dwne off dawe, 
Thai tuk the land forowtyn awe. 3390 

This Wardane and the Statis thare, 
Fra thai hard, that thai but few ware, 
That thar arrywyd in thare cuntre', 
Lang wald noucht in it byddand be. 
The Inglis men yhit nevyrtheles, 

CH. xxvi.] OF SCOTLAND. 385 

Fra thai tuk land, thare byddand wes, 

A[nd] restyd thame a qwhille ; and syne 

Thai tuk the way till Dwnfermlyne. 

And thar all a qwhylle thai lay, 

And send thare schyppys abowt in Tay. 3400 

And in the meyne tyme in Scotland 
The word ran fra hand till hand, 
That sa few folk in thare cuntr4 
Durst tak the land, and leve the se. 
The Scottis men made myrth and play, 
And offtsys wald amang thame say, 
Lattand a crak, that men mycht here, 
In hethyng, " Tak ane [Bewmonde] here." 
For thai ware few, and thai mony, 
Thai lete off thame rycht lychtly. 3410 

Bot swa suld nane do, that ware wys : 
Wys men suld drede thare innymys ; 
F. 224. b. For lychtlynes and succwdry 
Drawys in defowle comownaly. 

Besowth the Scottis Se than 
The Erie Patryk as Wardan 
Had all the land in governale, 
Ordanyd be the gret Cownsale. 
Than qwhen thai herd the arywyng, 
Thai made a generale gadryng : 3420 

And athyre off thame wyth playne batayle 
Schwpe thaim thare fayis till assayle. 
Wyth ilkane, as men bare on hand, 
Ware well gaddryd thretty thowsand. 

The Erie off Mare wyth his folk ferd 
To Saynt Jhonystown ; and thare he herd, 
That all thare fays cummyn ware 
To Fortewyot, and thaim thare 
VOL. II. 2 B 


Had Iwgyd in a lytill plas ; 

The Mylnarys Akyre it callyd was : 3430 

And men sayis, bath hors and man 

In that Akyre war Iwgyd than. 

Beyhond Erne a lytill fra 

The Scottis men come till a bra 

Twa bowdrawcht, or lytill mare, 

Lychtyd, and a rest tuk thare, 

For it nychtyd fast : and thai 

Thow T cht till abyd thare to the day. 

Thai send to Perth for wyn and ale, 

And drank, and playid, and made na tale 3440 

Off thare fays, that lay thame by, 

That semyd to be stad stratly : 

For lyand before thame ewyn ware 

The gret ost, that I spak off are ; 

And behynd thame bot fyve myle nere 

At Owchtyrardore lyand were 

The Erie Patryk, and all his rowt, 

That wes a gret ost and a stowt ; 

Swa that it semyd, thai ware set 

Amang thare fays, as fysch in net. 3450 

I trow, thai wald have bene away. 

Bot I have herd offtsys say, 

That dispare gyvys hardyment : 

For qwhen men trowys in thare intent, 

That thai can set for thame na rede, 

Bot anerly mon byde the dede, 

To wenge thare dede thai tak thaim will, 

And swa takis hardyment thame till. 

Tharefore sayd Scypio, that wes wys, 3460 

That men suld gyve thare innymys 

Laysere to fley, that ware straytly 

CH. xxvi.] OF SCOTLAND. 387 

Stade, for swa suld men lychtly 
Ourecum thame ; for qwha to the flycht 
Hym settis, tynys bath hart and mycht. 

I trow, that swa fell in this case : 
For that few folk, that closyd wase 
Wyth thare fays, as I hard say, 
Made thame all reddy befor day, 
And wyth-owtyn noys or cry 
Passyd the wattyr prewaly, 3470 

That nane, that sat wpon the bra, 
Wyst it, for thai made myrthis swa, 
That thai set on thaim na kepyng ; 
For thai drede noucht thare owre cummyng. 
Men sayis, ane met thame in the forde, 
That prewaly wyth-owtyn worde 
Led thame wp by the wattyr syne, 
Qwhill thai to the Gask come and Duplyne. 
Thare mony wes Iwgyd noucht to layne : 
Off thai the mast part have thai slayne, 3480 

Syne to the gret rowt held in hy, 
That be the noyis, and the cry 
Off men, that slayne and stekyd ware, 
That thai herd heyly cry and rare, 
Thai wyst, thare fays war by thame past. 
Tharefore thai mad thame reddy fast, 
And till thare fays held thare way ; 
Bot skalyd swa that tyme war thai, 
That thai togyddyr ware noucht then 
Owt owre aucht hwndyr armyd men. 3490 

The Erie off Murrave, yhoung Thomas, 
In till that rowt a chefftane was ; 
The Erie off Menteth Mwrthak alsua ; 
Alysandyr the Frysare yhowng ; wyth tha 


Robert the Brws, that to the Kyng 
Robert wes swne, in that gaddryng. 
The Erie off Mare, that Wardane was, 
"VVes uere by in ane othir plas. 
The fyrst rowt held wp strawcht thare way 
And swne as it was dawand day, 3500 

Thare fays in the face thai met. 
Togyddyr thai strak but langare let. 
Men sayis, that the Inglis thare 
On bak a gret space rwyschyd ware ; 
That the Barown off Staffwrde 
On hycht wyth a full sturdy wurde 
Bade, stand a[nd] pwt ; bot noucht for-thi 
Syndry men trowyd rycht fermly, 
That had thai hade to feycht laysare, 
Thai had noucht bene dyscumfyt thare. 3510 

Bot Erie Donawld come hastyly. 
Walde he have had assemblyd by, 
Thai had hade the ovyr-hand but dowt : 
Bot he wyth all his mekill rowt 
Come on behynd, and all downe bare, 
That evyre he fand before hym thare. 
Thare wes the myscheff swa cruell, 
That qwha sa in that gret thrang fell 
F. 225. b. Had nevyre laysere to ryse agayne. 

On this wys smoryd war and slayne 3520 

Welle twa thowsand, as men can ges. 

The Erie off Murrawe slayne thare wes, 

The Erie Murthak, Broys, and Frysell, 

And ane thowsand, as I herd tell, 

And ma, wes smoryd in that plas, 

Quhare drope off blwde nane drawyri was. 

The Erie off Mare thare deyd alswa. 

CH. xxvi.] OF SCOTLAND. 389 

Hereby men may ensawmpill ta, 

That bettyre is ordynans in till fycht 

Sum tyme, than owthir streynth or mycht. 3530 

And Caton sayis, off othire thyng 

Men may offtsys mak mendyng, 

Quhen men trespast has ; bot in fycht 

Quhen that men rewlyd ar noucht rycht, 

Men sail it noucht welle mend agayne, 

For in the nek folowys the payne. 

the feld thus wencust was, 
The Inglis men folowyd on the chas, 
And towart Perth has tane the way. 
A knycht off thame, as I herd say, 3540 

Lefft in the feld his cusyne slayne : 
Tharefore wyth all his men agayne 
He turnyd, and wyth hyme othir ma, 
In till intent wengeans to ta 
For hys cusyne, that thare slayne was. 
And qwhen he cummyn was to the plas, 
And sawe the Iwmpe sa lathely ly, 
He gert hys folk stand still hym by, 
And sayd in all thare awdyence, 
" [Qwhat !] sal I ek till Goddis wengeance ? 3550 
It ware to gret crualte : 
For the warld may playnly se, 
That this [is] Goddis deide playnly." 
Than folowyd he hys folk in hy. 


HE Erie Patryke, that that nycht lay 
At Owchtyrardore, quhen it wes day, 


Made hym bowne till hys fays to fare. 

And thiddir rydand swa met he thare 

Ane off the Murrawys, I herd say, 

Off Tulibardy, be the way, 3560 

Hys bowelys hym before berand. 

And swne at hym thai speryd tythand ; 

He tald all how the feld wes gane. 

Than twa dyscuverowris have thai tane ; 
Thai ware Schyre Adam Mwre, thai say, 
And Schyre Alexawndyre the Eamsay ; 
Thai bade thame ryde in to a lyng 
To se, qwhat done \ves off that thyng. 
Thai rade rycht to the batayle plas, 
For all the Inglis men than was 3570 

Went to the town off Perth thare way. 
Wondrand a qwhylle thare huvyd thai 
Behaldand, how ferlyfully 
Thai saw thaire folk on othir ly 
F - 22 6- Sa hey, that qwha on a halff were 
Eydand, suld noucht se hys fere 
On othir halff : sa hey thai lay 
Hepyd on othir, as thai say. 

The Erie Patryk and his menyhe 
Syne come that ferlyfull sycht to se. 3580 

And syne to [Larnbyrkyn] thai rade : 
And thare ilk man a fagote made, 
[Swa] towart Perth held strawcht the way. 
Wyth thai fagottis thai thowcht that thai 
Suld dyt the dykis suddanly, 
And till thare fays pas on playnly. 

Qwhen thai off the town can thame se, 
That semyd ane hare wode for to be, 
Thay ware abaysyt grettumly, 

CH. xxvi.] OF SCOTLAND. 391 

And schupe thame stowtly in all hy 3590 

Pypys and townnys for to ta, 

And dwris and wyndowys gret alsua, 

To mak defens and brettys : 

Thai wrowcht a qwhille, as I dewys. 

[Thai] sawe the Scottis men in the bra 

Stand, and thare lang a restyng ma. 

The Bewmownd, qwhen he that can se, 

Sayd till thare menyhe, " Luk that yhe be 

Mery and glayd, and hawys na dowt ; 

For we have frendis in yhone rowt." 3600 

Men sayis, he spak on this wys thare. 

And swne the Scottis men, that ware 

Hwvand togyddyr on the bra, 

Quhen thai a qwhille had huwyd swa, 

Thai turnyd, and awaywart rade. 

Men lypnyd all lyk, and thai hade 

Went to the towne, wyth lytill payne 

Thai mycht have tane thare fays, and slayne, 

And off the were have made endyng. 

Bot Fortowu, wyth hyr fals changyng 3610 

That aye warrayis prosperyte", 

Swfferyde it noucht all swa to be. 

Thare takyn wes the Erie off Fyffe : 

Thare wndyr hys banere losyd the lyff 

Thre hundyre and sexty gentill men, 

That armyd at all poynt ware then. 

Thane went the Scottis men thare way : 
Quhat cans thai had, I can noucht say. 
Bot qwhethire thai caws had or nane, 
Ilk man till his reset is gane. 3620 

Qwhen thai ware went, the Inglis men, 
That in till Perth ware lyand then, 


Lyvyd all at thare lykyng, 
And dowtyd noucht mare ourcummyng. 
The towne syne thai closyd all 
And enwyrownd wyth a mwde wall. 
The bodyis, that slayne ware at Duplyne, 
Nowmeryd full and sowmyd syne 
F. 226. b. l n reknyn, passyd thre thowsand 

Lefft on that feld thare dede lyand. 3630 

The Erie off Fyffe Duncane then, 
And the Byschape off Dunkelden 
"Willame Synklare, and othir ma 
Prelatis, and mony gentillis alsua 
Off Fyffe, Fothryffe, and Gowry, 
And off Stratherne halyly, 
Wyth this Edward the Ballyoll swne 
Past, and crownyd hym at Scwne. 
Bot the crowne, that he thare gat, 
He held bot schort qwhill efftyr that : 3640 

For owre Kyng Dawy than had the crown, 
And joysyd all full possessyown 
Wyntrys and yheris befor gane, 
Or Edward till hym that crowne had tane. 

ilke yhere on ordynawns 
Owre Kyng Dawy wes send in Frawns, 
Quhare he ressayvyd wes rycht welle, 
And procuryde in all ese ilk delle : 
And nyne yhere he bade thare 
Tretyd wyth honowre and welfare. 3650 

That ilke yhere Jamys Ben, 
The Byschape off Sayntandrewys then, 
To Brygys past oure the s^ : 

CH. xxvi.] OF SCOTLAND. 393 

Hys lattyre day thare closyd he. 
In the Abbay off Akownt (thare 
Chanownys ar fowndyt Kegulare) 
Enteryd well his body lyis, 
Hys spyryt in till Paradyis. 

Saynt Andrewys Se yheris nyne 
Efftyr that wes wakand. Syne 3660 

The chapytere be electyown 
Chesyd a famows gret persown, 
Maystyr Willame Bell, then 
That wes Dene off Dunkelden. 
Be.opposytyownys agayne hym wroucht, 
And may defawtis, it gat he noucht. 
For Willame the Lawndalys, that wes than 
A yhowng clerk, and a gentill man, 
Set hym for that state sa fast, 
That he optenyd it at the last : 3670 

On qwhat manere that wes dwne, 
Yhe sail heyre here-efftyr swne. 


I WHEN Edward the Bally oil crownyd wes then, 
Off Saynt Jhonystown the Inglis men 
Ordanyd keparis ; and syne thai 
Sowthwart held on fast thare way 
Till Kwnyngame, and till Irewyne : 
Till Anand held thai southwart syne. 
Thare in a gret qwhylle can thai ly, 
And tuk to thare pes thare syndry 
Off the lordis off that Sowth cuntre*, 3680 

That come and made thaim thare fewte*. 
F. 227. Schyre Alysawndyr the Brwys perfay, 
Than Lord off Karryk and Gallway, 


Come to thare pes, and othir sere, 
That I can noucht well rekyn here. 

In this meyne tyme, that [I] off tell, 
Gud Schyr Symownd the Fresell 
And his brodyr wyth hym allswa, 
Yhowng Eobert the Keth, and othir ma, 3690 

Past wyth thame to Saynt Jhonystown, 
And wan wyth manly fycht that town : 
Wyth stowt and inanlyk assaylyng 
Thai tuk, and slwe at thare lykyng. 
All the wallys thai kest down thare, 
And lefft thame, as befor thai ware ; 
Swa thai lefft thare na fortres, 
Bot all stwde oppyn, as it fyrst wes. 
The Erie off Fyffe thare Duncane, 
That Edward lefft tharoff capytane, 3700 

And his dowchtyr wyth othir ma, 
That pertenyd till hym alswa, 
Scottis men be natyown, 
All thai tuk wp in that town. . 
Andrewe thai tuk off Twlybard : 
Bwt dowt, wyth hym the court stwde hard ; 
Agayne the Kyng and his hey crown 
Conwyct he wes off fals tresown. 
For-thi to that dede dwne he wes, 
That the lawch wald in that cas. 3710 

j:\_KDE, or all this tyme wes gone, 
The yhowng Erie off Murrawe Jhon, 
And Schyre Archebald off Dowglas, 
That brodyr till Schyre Jamys was, 
Purchasyd thame a cumpany, 

CH. xxvi.] OF SCOTLAND. 395 

A thowsand wycht men and hardy. 

Till Anand in a [tranowntyng] 

Thai come on thame in the dawyng : 

Thare war syndry gud men slayue. 

Schyre Henry the Bally oil thame agayne 3720 

Wyth a staffe fawcht stwrdyly, 

And dyntis delt rycht dowchtyly, 

That men hym lovyd efftyr his day. 

Thare deyde Schyre Jhone than the Mowbray : 

And Alysawndyre the Brws wes tane. 

Bot the Ballyoll his gat is gane 

On a barme hors wyth leggys bare : 

Swa fell, that he ethchapyd thare. 

The lave, that ware noucht tane in hand, 

Fled, qwhare thai mycht fynd warrand ; 3730 

Swa that all that cumpany 

Dyscumfyt ware all halyly. 

. HE Scottis men syne, that hade dredyng, 
That Schyre Edward, off Ingland Kyng, 
Suld cum wyth fors in till oure land 
(As he dyd, nowcht agayne standand 
The pese, that sworne wes, and made, 
And confermyd wyth selys brade), 
F. 227. b. Made ordynawns thare land to save. 

To the Erie Patryk thai gave 3740 

The Castell off Berwyke in kepyng ; 

And syne the town in governyng 

Thai gave till Alysawndyr off Seytown, 

That wes a knycht off gud renown. 

Schyre Andrew off Murrawe gud and wycht, 

That was a bald and a stowt knycht, 


That nane bettyr wes in his day, 

Fra the gud Kyng Kobert wes away, 

Was made Wardane off all the land. 

And fra he tuk that state on hand. 3750 

He gert sowmownd his folk in hy : 

And thai assemblyd hastyly. 

And wyth that folk he held his way 

Till Eoxburch, quhare the Ballyoll lay, 

That had befor in Ingland bene : 

Off sergeandys thare and knychtis kene 

He gat a gret cumpany. 

Schyre Andrew thiddyr can hym hy ; 

Hys men held noucht all gud array ; 

Swm yhowng men, as I herd say, 3760 

Come on the bryg ; bot Inglis men 

Swa gret debate made wyth thame then, 

That thai welle swne war pwt away ; 

The bryg syne occupyid thai. 

And in defens off Kawff Goldyng, 

That wes borne downe on a myddyng, 

Schyre Andrew Murrawe owt off his stale, 

That wend, that all his menyhe' hale 

Had folowyd, bot thai dyd noucht swa 

(For swme off thame war fere hym fra, 3770 

And othir swme owt off array, 

For purwayd noucht at poynt war thai, 

Swa bot full fewe wyth hym ar gane) 

He wes nere-hand lefffc hym allane, 

To the bryg went he stwrdyly, 

As all hys men had bene hym by, 

And made sic pay, that men sayis yhete, 

He gert fele fall down till his fete 

Sprewland, as thai chyknys ware. 


And qwhen his fays saw hym thare 3780 

Forowtyn fere feychtand allane, 

And has hym in his armys tane, 

And enbrasyt hym sturdyly, 

[He] turnyd hym wyth hym in hy 

For to beteche hym till his men, 

That he wend at his bake war then, 

Than all the Inglis cumpany 

Behynd stert on hym stwrdyly, 

And magrawe his, thai have hym tane ; 

Bot swthly he yhald hym to nane. 3790 


Bille th* battale 

frrl0totJ3 .efttgr 


F. 228. jti. THOWSAND thre hundyr thretty and thre 

A - D - Efttyr the blessyd Natyvyte, 

In the moneth off Avyrylle syne 
Nest efftyr the battayle off Duplyne, 
Fra Schyr Andrew off Murrawe wes tane, 
And all his menyh^ hame had gane, 
Set he wes takyn apon cas, 
Yholdyn to na man yhit he was, 
Quhill he wes browcht in till presand 
To the Kyng Edward off Ingland : 3800 

Till hym than yhalde he his body. 
Bot thare wes na man standand by, 
That durst say [than], that he 
Wes yholdyn before enpresowne. 
That ilke tyme at Lowchmabane 


Off Anandyrdale the floure wes tane 

Wyth off the West Marche men, 

That had thame in till Ingland then. 

Amang thaim Willame off Dowglas 

Takyn, and had till presowiie was. 3810 

This was bot erlys for to tell 

Off infortwne, that efftyr fell. 

Off that mona before May, 
That yhe herd me befor say, 
The Kyng off Ingland come off were 
Wyth hys ost off gret powere, 
Off Walys, Gascone, and his kynryk, 
And plantyd a sege abowt Berwyk : 
And off Scotland mony men, 
That duelt wyth Edward the Ballyoll then, 3820 
That war manlyk, wycht, and stpwt, 
Ware thare in the Inglis rowt. 
That towne straytly assegede he 
Bathe be land and be the 86", 
And fast assaylyd it a day ; 
Bot thai ware dwngyn welle away. 

Thare Willame off Seytown fawcht sa fast 
Amang the schyppys, qwhill at the last 
Hys fadyre, than chefftane off the towne, 
Into the 8e" there saw hym drown. 3830 

Wyth-in the town, yhit noucht for-thi 
Thai ware dredand rycht grettumly : 
Syne off yheldyng tretyd thai, 
That gyve thai be a certane day 
Ware noucht rescwyde wyth batayle, 
Thai suld gyve wp the town but fayle. 
Schyre Alysandyr off Seytown, 
Capytane that tyme off the town, 


This till lialdyn be and dwne, 
In hostage delyveryd to thame hys swne 3840 
Thomas, that than wes hys ayre, 
A plesand yhowng man and a fayre. 
F. 228. b. To that terme wes takyn nere 

In space a qwartare off the yhere. 

Schyr Archebald than off Dowglas 
That Wardane than off Scotland was, 
Than gaddryd halyly all the men, 
That worthy war in Scotland then, 
Sowmyd sexty full thowsand. 
Wyth thame he passyd in Ingland, 3850 

And dyde thare all the skath he mowcht : 
For wyth that herschype swa he thowcht 
To ger thame set swa for thare cuntre", 
That that assege suld skalyd be : 
And swa it suld, I trow perfay, 
Gyve thai had haldyn furth thare way. 

Thai schawyd thame at Saynyng-syde, 
And syne tuk furth thare way to ryde. 
Bot thai, that in till Berwyk lay, 
Send till thame swne, and can thame say, 3860 
That thai raycht fecht, for thai war ma 
And semyd fayrare folk alsua. 
Thai trowyd to that ententyment : 
Than to the Park off Dwns thai went, 
And thare all that nycht thai lay, 
And thowcht apon the morne at day 
Wyth thare fais fell [to] have met, 
And for the town sum helpe to set. 

The Inglis men than alsa fast 
Saw, that thare terme wes nere past, 3870 

At Schyre Alysawndyre off Seytown 


Askyd dely verans off the town : 
Bot, for that he rescours abade, 
Delywerans nane to thame he made. 

A hey gallows thai made for-thi 
In dyspyte and in felny, 
That hys fadyre thare mycht se, 
Hys swne thai gert hangit be. 
The fadyre and the modyre alsua 
Thus saw wndone thare swnnys twa 3880 

In to the defens off that towne, 
That thai held off thare Kyng wyth crown. 
The dwle, that thai had in that sycht, 
Amessyd wes mekill be the rycht, 
That, thai wyst, fell to thare Kyng. 

Thau sayd the lady, that scho wes yhyng, 
And hyr lord wes yhowng alsua, 
Off powere till have barnys ma ; 
And set that thai twa dede war thare, 
Yhit off thare barnys sum lyvand ware. 3890 

For-thi scho prayid hyre lord, that he 
Suld noucht for that sycht sary be, 
And set bot lytill be that skathe, 
For in honowre thai deyde bathe 
Off thaim-selff, and all thare kyn ; 
And he mare honowre wes lyk to wyn 
To spend thame bathe for his lawte, 
F. 229. That [he] off det awcht tyl sawffte" 
Off hys land, as beforne 

Hys eldarys dyde, or he wes borne. 3900 

Thus wes that Lady off conford, 
Quhen scho dysesyd saw hyr lord. 

Fra Dwns Park tyll Halydown, 
Quhare thai mycht welle se the town, 

CH. xxvii.] OF SCOTLAND. 401 

Thare fayis als, and thare herbry 

(Thai saw thame to the fycht redy ; 

On Saynt Margret the Vyrgynys day 

All arayid to feycht war thai) 

[The Scottis men arayid tham hail, 

And held to thaine in plaine batail] 3910 

Bot thai consydryd noucht the plas ; 

For a gret syk betwene thame was, 

On ilke syd brays stay : 

At that gret syke assemblyd thai, 

Qwhare thame worthyd fyrst down to ga, 

Syne on thare fays clyme wp a bra, 

Quhare a man mycht dyscumffyte thre ; 

Bot [that] thai couth noucht before se. 

For-thi all, that assemblyd thare, 

Ey cht suddanly dy scumfy te ware. 3920 

Bot Hw the Erie off Eos, thai say, 

That assemblyd in the way, 

Made stalwart and rycht lang fychtyng, 

That serwyd bot off lytill thyng ; 

For he wes dede, and all his men 

Ware nere-hand slayne abowt hym then. 


'WHEN thus the fecht dyscumfyte was, 
The Inglis men folowyd on the chas. 
In that chas slayne war rycht mony. 

Syne on the morne the Kyng gert cry, 3930 
All the enpresowneys slayne to be. 
That to be sene wes gret pytte* ; 
Men, that mycht help thame na thyng, 
To be slayne swa, but sparyng. 
All war noucht slayne yhit ; for gud men, 

VOL II. 2 C 


For pete* had thare presowneis then, 
Quhat thare, .qwhat in to the fycht, 
Sawfyd mony a worthy knycht. 
Schyre Archebald off Dowglas, 
That than off Scotland Wardane was ; 3940 

Hw the Erie off Eos then, 
And wyth hym mony northyn men ; 
And Kennawch Erie off Suthyrland, 
Wyth thame bwndyn in specyall band ; 
Alysawndyr the Brws, in oure kynryk 
Erie wes that tyme off Karryk ; 
The Stwartis brodyr ofl' Scotland 
Jamis, that hardy wes off hand, 
And till [hym] his brethir twa, 
Jhon and Alane cald ware tha; 3950 

F. 229. b. And thre bredyre the Fresare, 

That Andrew, Symownd, and Jamys ware ; 

All thir in that fychtyng fell, 

And mony ma, than I can tell, 

Off Scottis men, bald and wycht, 

Hale wes slayne in that fycht. 

Halydowne that stede for-thi 

Cald wes efftyr comownaly. 

Be nowmyr sowmyd war the men, 

That slayne in to that fycht war then, 3960 

Nowcht feware armyd, than ten thowsand 

Manly men and welle fechtand. 

Be this ensawmpill men suld knawe 
Thaim-selff, and dowt ay Goddis awe, 
Quha will noucht ken hymselff for pryd, 
That he may schamyd be sum tyde. 
Awld men in thare prowerbe sayis, 
"Pryde gays befor, and.schame alwayis 

CH. xxvii.] OF SCOTLAND. 403 

Folowys this on alsa fast, 

And it owretakis at the last." 3970 

Sa pryde is offfc ourtane wyth skath, 

Or wyth schame, or than wyth bath. 

Be thir ilke men I say, 

That kend noucht thameselff for pryd that day, 

Na set noucht before thame God off mycht, 

That offt relevyd thame in to fycht 

Agayne the gret mycht off Ingland. 

At Mytown, Bannokbwrne, and Byland, 

Off Goddis help and His gret grace 

The victory ay thairis was : 3980 

And at Eoslyne on a day 

Fechtand thryis in hard assay, 

Havand God in to thare thowcht, 

All thare fays thai cowntyd noucht : 

like* tyme fechtand then 

The feld aye wan the Scottis men. 

Al pompe off pryde thai put by, 

And all off God wes ay thowchty : 

He ekyd thare manhad and thare mwde, 

Tharefor thai drede na multytude. 3990 

wWHEN thus his folk war dwyne down, 
The Erie Patryk than yhald the town, 
And syne become this Kyngis man. 
Sa sykkyrly delt he wyth hym than, 
That he gert hym off his costage 
Mak wp Dunbare, and off his wage. 
The Inglis men efftyre this fycht 
Persaywyd the Scottis off lytill mycht 
Agayne thare mekill mycht to stand : 


To thaim thai sesyd than all the land, 4000 

And to thare pes tuk wp the men, 
That lyvand in the land war then ; 
And made balyheys, schyrrawys, and justyis, 
And offycyaris on syndry wyis. 
F. 230. Throwch all Scotland brade and wyde 

All worthyd Inglis men in that tyde, 
Owttane foure castellis, and a pelle ; 
Thare namys sal I tell yow welle. 
Dwnbrettane wes the pryncypalle, 
For thiddyrwart repayryd hale 4010 

The folk, that yharnyd till ly ve frely : 
Schyr Malcolme Flemyng the worthy 
Off that eastelle wes capytane. 
Syne wes Lochlevyn, quharoff Alane 
The Vypownt Lord wes and ledere, 
That governyd hym welle in all that were. 
The thryd eastelle was Kyldrwmy, 
That Dame Crystyane the Brws stowtly 
Held wyth knychtis and sqwyeris, 
That reddyt abowt thame welle thare merys. 4020 
Syne Wrqwarde wes the ferd castell, 
The qwhilk Schyr Robert kepyt welle 
Off Lawedyr, that wes worthy, 
And dawntyd hys nychtbowris, that war hym by. 
The pele wes syne in to Lowchdwne, 
That kepyt than Jhon Thomas-swn 
Wyth few men : for till assay 
It weille, fere owt [was] off thare way. 

CH. xxvm.] OF SCOTLAND. 405 


ten iht Itgruj 0ft Jfratons #**& till 
3Ett <Sr0tIzmb attb England m#0ajj.e 


1334. . THOUSAND thre hundyr and thretty yhere, 

The ferde to tha, to rekyn clere, 4030 

Efftyr the Naty vyte", 
That wes the matere off oure gle, 
The Kyng Phylipe than off Frawns 
For till ames than the gret dystawns, 
That wes betwene the Eewmys twa, 
Scotland and Ingland than ware tha, 
Honorabill message send and gret 
Ferme trwys for to trete, 
Wyth the Pape Benuettis consent 
The twelfffc, and wyth thare lettrys there patent 4040 
In till Scotland fyrst to Perth 
Thai come, and syne till Schyr Edwerth 
Thai passyd ; bot nane mycht gere, that he 
Thai messyngerys wytht hys eyne wald se. 
The Kyng off Frawns yhit efftyr thai 
Send till this Edward in message may, 
That ware kend and knawyn then 
Honorabill and gret famows men, 
Wyth the consent off Davy yhyng, 
That wes off Scotland that tyme Kyng, 4050 

Be bathe thare instans and consent, 
And be thaire lettrys playne patent, 
F. 230. b. For to trete a trew fermly. 

This Edward forsuk that wtraly. 


That like yhere in till Saynt Jhonystown 
Thare ras a gret dissensyown 
Be Edward the Ballyoll then, 
And lordis that ware his sworne men, 
Eychard Talbot, and Schyr Henry 
The Bewmownde, and the Erie Dawy 4060 

Off Atholle, agayne this Schyr Edwart ; 
For heyly he fawowryd the part 
That langyd Schyr Alysawndyr the Mowbray. 
Fra hys brudyre dowchtris away 
All thare herytage than tuk he, 
That to thai madynnys fell off fe : 
Thyr thre lordis fra this Edwart 
Wythdrwe thame, for he favoryd that part, 
That langyd Schyre Alysawndyre the Mowbray. 
Thir ilke lordis held thare way, 4070 

Fra thai had thare leve tane, 
Qwhare thame lykyd evyrilkane. 

CHYRE Edward the Ballyoll that tyme bade 
In till Perth, and thare he made 
The landis lyand hym abowt 
Till hys lordschype wndyrlowt. 

The Bewmownde went in till Bwchane, 
And thare Dwndarg off lyme and stane 
He made stowtly, and thare-in lay : 
All, that in Bwchane war that day, 4080 

Obesyde till hym halyly, 
And othir landis ma tharby. 
Eychard Tawbot in Lowthyane, 
To pas in Ingland, than wes tane ; 
And wyth hym than all his men 


As presowneis war takyn then. 

Off Athole than past Erie Dawy 

To Lowchyndorb wyth his cumpany. 

Bot the BaUyoU this Edwart 

Tretyde thir men swne efftyrwart, 

And removyd fra hym away 4090 

This Schyre Alysawndyre the Mowbray. 

Till Schyre Andrewe off Murrawe than 

[He past] and become his sworne man, 

For he dowtyd the gret mycht 

Off his wnfrendis and thare slycht. 

The Ballyoll Schyre Edward then 

Gave landis till his sworne men ; 

To the Erie off Athole, Schyr Dawy, 

The Stwartis landis he gave halyly ; 4 100 

For he yharnyd oure the lave 

Off lordschype lovyn for till have. 

At Eenfrewe a mawngery 
Costlyk he made ryaly. 
Fewteys he tuk off mony thare, 
F. 231. That gaddryd to the semle" ware, 

And awcht fewt for thar tenawndry ; 

For nane durst hym contrary. 

The keys thai browcht hym thare, 

That in Dw[n]hwne and Eosay ware. 4110 

Schyr Alane the Lyle made he hale 

Schyrrawe off Bwte and Cowale : 

Thome off Wollar, I wndyrstand, 

Thare-in he made his Iwtenand. 

Qwhen the Ballyoll in Perth abade 
This tyme, he syndry chyfftanys made 
Off castellys, that ware nere hym by 
In Fyffe, and landis othir syndry. 


Willame Bollok the CasteUe 

Off Cowpyr held, and it warnysyde welle. 4120 

The Castele off Saynctandrewys town, 

And sere pelys, sum wp, sum down, 

This Edward sa gret a lord wes then, 

That all he stwffyd with Inglis men. 

In all this tyme, that thai thus ferd, 
The Stwart off Scotland than Eoberd, 
That than wes yhowng (forowtyn were 
Off elde he passyd noucht sewyntene yhere) 
In hydlys wes than in Eothsay : 
And in the tyme that he thare lay, 4130 

Jhon Gybbownsone, that wes [a] gud man, 
And Willame Heryot, that wes than 
Duelland in till the Barowny, 
Tretyd and wrowcht sa wyttyly, 
That in ane evynnyng in a bate 
Fra Eothisay thai held the gate 
Till Inwerkype, qwhare hors thame met. 
That ilk nycht, but langare let, 
Wyth twa men, that his charterys bare, 
And a chawmbyr boy wythowtyn mare, 4140 

This Stwart Eobert held hys way 
Till Uvyrcumnok, and or day 
A lytill kobill thare thai mete, 
And had thame owre, but langere lete, 
To the Castell off Dwnbertane, 
Qwhare he wyth gud will in wes tane. 
Schyr Malcolme Flemyng the worthy 
Thare tretyd hym all tyme honorably. 

CH. xxix.] OF SCOTLAND. 409 


(Srhgr Jhxm off <trgbdgne 
to.e0 IPflxhlebjm 0jme. 


1335. THOWSAND and thre hundyr yhere 

Fyve and thretty to tha clere 4150 

Fra lychtare wes the swete Vyrgyne, 
A knyclit Schyre Jhon cald off Stryvelyne, 
That in fewte was that day 
At the Kyng off Inglandis fay, 
Wyth a welle gret multytud 
Off manlyk men bathe stowt and gude 
F. 231. b. gum that ware clene Inglis men, 
Sum Scottis Inglis sworne then ; 
Mychale off Arnot wes ane off tha, 
Mychale and Dawy off Wemys alsua, 4160 

Eycharde alswa the Malewyll, 
And mony othir in to that qwhyle, 
That to the Kyng off Ingland 
Off fewte sworne [had] made the band, 
For till assege togyddyr ewyn 
Thai past to the Castell off Lochlewyn. 
Fra the Myde-1 entry n that yhere thare 
In that assege thai byddand ware. 
And as thai spyid all abowt 

That castell, thai cowth nane wyth-owt 4170 

A place to ly in [fynd] sa plesand, 
Na to thare purpos swa gaynand, 
As wes the kyrkyharde off Kynros : 
For-thi thare-in on set purpos 


Thai lugyd thame, thare for to be 

Byddaud [thar] oportwnyte" 

Offttyme, as thare hart wes set 

That like castell for to get. . 

Thare-in thai made a fortalyce 

Till hald and trete thare jupardyce. 4180 

Set thai war cald Crystyne men, 

All Crystyne dedis thai dyde noucht then 

In till that halowyd place to ly 

Thare Kyngis castell till aspy, 

To thare fays capytale 

To wyn off were than that castale. 

Capytane off that castell than 
Wes Alane Wypwnd, a gud man, 
And Jakkis Lamby ; cytezane he 
Was off Saynctandrewys the cyte* : 4190 

Thir twa kepyd that castelle, 
And stwffyde it, and defendyde welle. 
Fra off Mydlentryne the Sownday 
The ost, that in [the] kyrkyharde lay, 
Enbuschementis and sere assawtis made 
The tyme that thai thare abade. 
And fra Saynct Jhonystown in that qwhille, 
That wes fra thame bot ten myle, 
Offt renewyd thai war wyth men 
For till assayle that castell then. 4200 

Before the castelle thus thai lay 
Till Saynt Margret the Qwenys day. 
That day Schyr Jhon the Stryvelyne 
Past wyth hys court till Dwnfermlyne, 
And all the gentlys, that wyth hym ware. 
And in the tyme, that thai war thare, 
The stwff, that wes off that castelle, 

CH. xxix.] OF SCOTLAND. 411 

Full wyttyng gat, and herd rycht welle, 
F. 232. That wyth Schyre Jhon off Stry velyne 

Thare fays past to Dwnfermlyne : 4210 

Thai yschyd owt, and swne tuk land. 

The Inglis men, that war byddand 

Behynd to kepe the fortalys, 

Fra thai saw, on qwhat kyn wys 

The castelanys the land had tane, 

Thai mellayd wyth thaim in bargane, 

Quhare men war slayne on ilke syde, 

And mony wowndyt that ilke tyde. 

Quhen thai thus had fowchtyn fast, 

The castelanys wan at the last 4220 

The fortalys, and tuk the men, 

And all that thai fand wyth thaim then. 

Wyttale gud, and all ryches, 

That to thare lykyn plesaud wes, 

Thai gert in to thare battis lay, 

And chassyd thare innyrnyis away. 

Behynd thaim thai lefft na thyng, 

That thare battis away mycht bryng : 

Alblastrys, and bowys off vyse, 

And all thyng, that mycht mak serwyse, 4230 

Or helpe thame in to pres off were, 

All thai gert thaire battis bere 

To the castelle. Qwhen that wes dwne, 

Word come till Dwnfermlyne swne 

Till Schyre Jhon off Stryvelyne, 

Than [fra] Kynros [till] Dwnfermlyne : 

Than wes he nerrare wode thane wrathe, 

And swore inony ane awfull athe, 

That he suld nevyre rest, na blyne, 

Quhill he suld that castell wyn ; 4240 


Na fra that sege he suld noucht ga, 

Quhill all the men he suld gare sla, 

That than wyth-in that castell ware. 

Swa made he hym for to byd thare 

In till assege all a qwhylle, 

And offt wes set in hard peryle. 

The castelanys than offt and fast 

Had at hym swa, qwhyll at the last 

He saw welle, all, that he wrowcht, 

Lytill helpyt hym, or rycht nowcht, 4250 

Wyth thaim he made a small trette". 

Swa swne owt off the land gat he 

Wyth a fere grettare schame, 

Than he browcht wyth hym fra hame. 

. HAT ilke yhere, qwhen this was dwne, 
A not off schyppys in Forth come swne 
Eftyr-hend the Petyrmes, 
Off Julii qwhen the fyrst day wes, 
Amang the craggis, that off aide 
In Scotland ware the Wolvys calde, 4260 

F. 232. b. The grettast a schype off thame al 
Thare brokyn wes in pecis smale. 
The Scottis men than thyddyr past, 
And all the gud thai tuk wp fast. 

The Kyng off Ingland and Edward 
The Ballyoll come efftyrward 
Till Glasgw, and held a Cownsalle thare, 
Syne drwe thame qwhare thare schyppys ware 
Nere by, and alsa fast 
Thai swne togyddyr in Ingland [past]. 4270 

The Erie off AthoUe than Dawy 

CH. xxix.] OF SCOTLAND. 413 

Thro well the Stwartis senyhowry 

Had tane manrent and fewte" : 

He let, all at hys will suld be. 

Qwhen he had dwne his lykyn thare, 

He tuk hys wayage for to fare 

Owre the Mownth, and all the land, 

That Jhon the Cwmyn had qwhill in hand 

He sesyd till hym as in his fe ; 

And thare a welle lang qwhill duelt he. 4280 

Thus wes the kynryk off Scotland 
Sa hale in Inglis mennys hand, 
That nane durst thaim than wythsay 
(At swa gret myscheffe than war thay), 
Bot chyldyr, that na kyndly skyll 
Had to deme betwyx gud and iwyll, 
Na cowth nowcht drede thare will to say, 
Tor thare Kyng wes a child as thai. 
Qwhen men askyt qwhays men thai were, 
Thai rycht apertly wald awnsuere, 4290 

That thai war men to Kyng Dawy : 
Thus sayd thai all generaly. 
That wes prenosticatyown, 
That he suld joys efftyr the Crown, 
And swa he dyd forowtyn were, 
As in this Cornykill yhe may here ; 
For myscheyff may noucht lest allways. 
Tharfor suld men, as Caton says, 
Have stalwart hartis and sturdy, 
Quhen thai ware scathyde fellownly. 4300 


HE myscheff here I have yhow tauld : 
Now ware gud to tell, quha sa wauld, 


Qwham in ras fyrst recoveryng 
Off comfowrt, and the begynnyng. 

The Stwart wes in Dwnbertane, 
That hevyly in hart has tane, 
That off Athole the Erie Dawy 
Swa occupyid his senyhowry. 
So in Argyle wes a barown, 

That had a gret affectyown 4310 

To this Stwart the yhyng Eoberd ; 
F. 233. And als hys wil wes til enherde 
To the Scottis mennys party : 
He wonnyd at Lochawe ner by. 
The Stwart send for hym, and he 
Come till hym swne wyth his menyhe'. 
So spak thai, that he tuk on hand 
Till helpe hym for till wyn his land, 
And to mak it his awyn fre ; 
Dowgall Caminell to name had he. 4320 

Thai gaddryd men, qwhyll that thai ware 
Foure hundyr, as men sayis, and mare ; 
And in galays be the se 
To Dwnhovyn went that menyhe*, 
And wyth gud trette" wan it swne, 
And has keparis in till it dwne. 

Qwhen the Brandanys off Bute herd say, 
That thare lord in swylk aray 
Had tane Dwnhowyn in till Cowale, 
In hy wyth hym thai ras all hale : 4330 

And he thame thankyd off thare rysyng, 
And heycht to mak thame rewardyng. 
Thai assemblyd that ilke day 
Welle nere by, qwhare the Schyrrawe lay : 
The Schyrrawe thare-at had dyspyte, 

CH. xxix.] OF SCOTLAND. 415 

And gert his men aray thaim tyte, 

And ischyd, and can to thaim ga 

Qwhare thai ware standand in a bra, 

Qwhare plente" ware off stanys rownde ; 

Thare mete thai in a lytill stownd. 4340 

Wyth stanys thare thai made swylk pay, 

For thare off thanne inew had thay, 

That the Schyrrave thare wes slayne. 

Jhon Gybbownsone in hand wes tayne, 

That heycht to gyve wpe the castelle : 

He held cownnand thare off rycht welle. 

And for thai thare with stanys faucht, 

And wan thare fays wyth mekill mawcht ; 

Yhit amang the Brandanys all 

The Batayle Dormang thai it call. 4350 

The Stwart, qwhen he herd this deyde, 
To thame in hy he can hym speyd 
Till his castelle, and thare-in made 
Keparis, that it in yhemsale hade ; 
And bade the Brandanys ask thare mede, 
That thai suld have for thare gude dede. 
Thai askyd to be multyre fre : 
Than that wyth gud will thame gave he. 
Than had he wonnyn till his hand 
Nyne hundyr markis worth off land. 4360 


'WHILL this thus gat tretyd was, 
Willame off Carrothyris ras 
Wyth hys brethir, that war manly, 
F. 233. b. And gat till hym a cumpany, 

That as schawaldowris war wa[l]kand 
In till the vale off Anand. 


And rycht in to that same quhille 

Thomlyne the'Brwys ras in to Kyle. 

Thai folk had lytill cwmpanyis, 

The qwhethir thai rase in sere partyis. 4370 

And swne efftyr the Erie Jhone 

Off Murrawe in a cog allone 

Come owt off Frawns till Dwnbertane. 

And thaire thai have to cownsall tane, 

That thai wald stowtly tak on hand 

Till oure-ryd playnly [all] the land. 

The yhynge Stwart off Scotland then 
In mekill hy gaddryde his men ; 
And thame, that lay at Dwnbertane, 
All halyly wyth thaim have thai tane : 4380 

Thai ware the floure off thare menyhe". 
Than [in] schort tyme men mycht [thaim] se 
Pas Clyde, and ses in to thare hand 
The landis, thai before thame fand. 
The nethyr end off Clyddisdale 
Is cummyn to thare pes all hale : 
Off Eainfrwe als the Barowny 
Come to thare pes full wilfully. 

Schyre Gotheray the Eoss wes than 
In Cwnyngame, and Inglis man 4390 

Wes, and Schyrrawe off Are alswa : 
On hym rycht smertly can thai ga, 
And qwhat for luwe, and qwhat for awe, 
Till Scottis pes [thai] can hym drawe. 
So that in till a lytill qwhylle 
Carryk, Cwnyngame, and Kyle 
A gret [part] have [bene] wonnyn then, 
And worthyd all hale Scottis men. 

Thai made thaim then Wardanys twa ; 

CH. xxix.] OF SCOTLAND. 417 

Eobert Stwart wes ane off tha, 4400 

The Erie off Murrawe the tothir was. 
Than Scottis men fra ilke" plas, 
That herd thai war gaddryde, in hy 
[Thai] ekyd to thare cumpany. 

The Erie off Murrawe [than] herd say, 
How in the north cwntra ay 
The Erie Dawy wes sterand, 
And occupyid all that land : 
He gaddryd hym a cuinpany, 

And thy ddyr held his way in hy. 4410 

Hys men in hy so till hym rays, 
That the Erie off Athole ways 
Off na powere wyth hym to fycht ; 
Tharfore he eschwyd his mycht, 
And wythdrwe hym ay till warand, 
And he in all tyme wes foluand : 
F. 234. Tyll Louchabyre he held hys way, 
And the tothyris hym folowyd ay, 
And led hym in tyll swylk dystres, 
That at sa gret myscheff he wes, 4420 

That hys knychtis weryd revelynys 
Off hydis, or off hart hemmynys, 
And hym behovyd to cum Scottis man : 
A gret athe thare-to swore he than. 
A qwhyle thare held thai cumpany ; 
Thare lefft he syne the Erie Dawy 
For to mantene welle that cwntre, 
(And qwhile he Scottis wes, sa dyde he) 
And he hys way in Lowthyane 
Wyth hys menyh the gate has tane. 4430 

Gud Willame that tyme off Dowglas 
Cummyn hame off Ingland was, 

VOL. II. 2 D 


Ande gaddryd hym a cumpany : 

He prowyd mony a juperdy 

Bathe est, and north, west, and sowthe, 

That gud to tell war quha sa cowth. 

Alysandrye the gud Ramsay, 

That wycht wes in gret assay, 

[Wes worthi] and off gud renown ; 

And Lawrence syne off Presto wn, 4440 

Halyburtown, Heryng alsua, 

And othir worthy wycht men ma, 

Held thame as to the Scottis fay. 

Mony gud jwperty dyd thai. 


the lipruj xrft 

0leto togth his abwe hatxb*. 


1335. N to this tyme the mychty Kyng 

Off Ingland wyth his gadryng 
Towart Saynt Jhonystown held the way ; 
And efftyr swne, as I herd say, 
Jhon off Eltame folowyd in hy, 
.And in to Lesmahagw cowth ly : 4450 

That nycht he brynt [up] that abbay. 
This [he] dyd qwhare that he lay ; 
Syne went he towart Perth but lete. 

Qwhen the Kyng his brothyr he mete, 
Thare fell thai in swylk carpyng, 
That athire yharnyd to be Kyng 
Off Scotland, that thare wyth a knyff 
The Kyng refft his brothyr the lyff 

CH. xxx.] OF SCOTLAND. 419 

Thare wes the wengeawnce tane perfay 
Off the bryunyng off that abbay, 4460 

As bathe gud resowne wald and skylle : 
For qwha till Haly Kyrk doys ille, 
Siild nevyre to do welle have wenyng, 
Bot gyve thai come till amendyng. 
F. 234. b. The Kyng off Ingland alsa fast 

Hame in till hys awyne land past. 

In the meyne tyme that this wes, 
The Erie Jhon dyde besynes, 
Bathe be land and be se, 

To sawffe the rycht off [his] cwntre" : 4470 

For at [the] Tarbart he wes qwhille 
Haldand dayis wyth Jhone off He, 
That wes till Inglis fay haldand ; 
And qwhylle wes in to the mayne land 
Traveland sa besely, 
That men hym callyd wtraly 
The best begynnyng off a man, 
That in Scotland wes lyvand than. 

So fell [it] that the Erie off Gellere, 
The Kyng off Ingland wyth his powere 4480 

Till helpe, come in Lowthyane, 
And till Edynburgh has tane 
The way. Wyth that the Scottis men, 
That in Lowthyane war then, 
Assemblyd to the Erie Jhone. 
Gud Willaine off Dowglas was one, 
Alysandyr the Eamsay, and Prestown, 
And othir fele off gret renown : 
Thai met thaim on the Bwrowe Mwre, 
And sa rycht rwydly wyth thame fure, 4490 

That thai till Edynburgh held the way ; 


In at the Frere Wynd entryd thai, 
And to the Crag wp throwch the town 
Thai held thare way in a rawndown. 
The Castelle thare wes noucht than made ; 
Wpon the Crag thar thai abade, 
And off thaire hors thai slwe party, 
And made thaim forowth thaim to ly, 
Sum defens for to mak thaim thare, 
Gyve that thai fast assaylid ware. 4500 

Thare bade thai all that nycht qwhill day, 
And in sa gret dystres war thai 
Off thryst, that thai off dew wald lyk, 
Quhare thai fand it owcht fallyn thyke. 
Thai tretyde on the morne at day, 
And a sowme off gold to pay 
Thai tretyd, that thai qwyt mycht be, 
And pas hame to thare cwntr4 fre ; 
And [in] thare cunnand made thai, 
That Scottis men suld thaim conway 4510 

In till Ingland, and thare thaim leve : 
Tharefor the Erie Jhon off Murreve, 
And Willame off Dowglas, thai twa 
Can wyth a sympill powere ga 
F. 235. Till Ingland thame to conway. 

Sa met thai rycht in to thare way 

Peris off Paryis, that had tane 

A pray, and syne hamwart war gane : 

Wyth hym thai fawcht, bot for a man 

Apon the Scottis halff cryid than, 4520 

" Allace ! oure men has tane the flycht," 

Thai lukyd behynd swne as thai mycht, 

And saw off thare falowys ga ; 

And thai, that saw thame fleand swa, 

CH. xxx.] OF SCOTLAND. 421 

Tuk hale the flycht, and gave the bak. 

A wykyd word may wmqwhill mak 

Full gret tynsell, as it dyd here ; 

For men trowys traystly, but were, 

Had noucht this wykkyd word then, 

The best had lefft wyth Scottis men. 4530 

The Erie off Murrawe thare wes tane ; 

And Jamys off Dowglas thare wes slane ; 

Bot Willame hys brodyr off Dowglas 

Eschapyd throw Goddis gras. 

In this tyme Andrew off Murrawe 
Come hame, and a gret rawnsown gave. 
And sone the Scottis men in hy 
Made thaim a cownsalle at Derssy. 
The Erie Dawy come thiddyr than, 
That yhit than had bene Scottis man : 4540 

Bot the entent off his cummyng was 
Till have slayne Willame off Dowglas. 
He off his purpos gat wyttyng, 
And eschapyt throw frendis helpyng. 
Schyre Andrew off Murrawe agayne 
Wes wyth thaim all than chosyn Wardayne. 
Thai partyd ; and to Lowthyane 
Schyr Andrewe and Dowglas bath ar gane. 

Bot the Erie off Athole than Dawy, 
Fra he persaywyd than oppynly, 4550 

That he mycht noucht sla the Dowglas, 
Hys hart fra Scottis all turnyd was ; 
And Inglis man become agayne, 
And gert his folk wyth mekill mayne 
Eyot halyly the cwntre, 
And lete, that all hys awyne suld be. 

Dunbare be this wes byggyd welle ; 


And qwhen the Erie sene had his castelle 

So stark, he stwffyd it in hy, 

And become Scottis man Mlyly. 4560 

In Ingland syne thai made a rade 
Wyth the smale folk that thai hade, 
And come agayne bath hale and fere 
All tyme in fors and thare powere. 

Now gay we to the Erie Dawy, 
That gaddryd till hym a cumpany, 
F. 235 b. And rwydly rade owre all the land 

Sum qwhylle, men sayd, wyth thre thowsand. 

Swa till assege Kyldrwmy 

He schwpe hym wyth wycht men and hardy. 4570 

Dame Crystyane the Brwys wyth-in 

Thowcht to let hym it to wyn, 

Made stowt and manly resistens, 

And stowtly set for hyr deffens, 

And offtare scathyd thame wyth-owt, 

Than thai dyd thame wyth-in, but dowt. 

That tyme off Eoslyne Schyre Thomas, 
That throwch all Ingland callyd was 
Ane off the best knychtis off hand, 
That men mycht fynd in ony land, 4580 

Till Dwnnotyr come be se, 
Qwhare Willame Mowbray met, and he, 
Wyth all the men, that than had thai, 
Till Abbyrdene held strawcht thaire way, 
That till have fwndyn woyd off men. 
Bot thai fand it noucht swa then ; 
For welle nere be the Grennys-end 
Thai mete that tyme ma, than thai wend. 
Qwhen thai nere ware thaire metyng, 
Thare at a lytyll bwrne passyng 4590 

CH. xxxi.] OF SCOTLAND. 423 

Schyr Thomas hwrt wes in the kne, 

And sone off that hurt deyd he. 

Thai cryide than, " Eoslyne ;" bot he can say, 

" Eoslyne is went, yhe tak Mowbray." 

So fell, as thai assemblyd thare, 

The Scottis men downe thaim flatlyngis bare : 

And on thaim folowyd syne the chas 

On folk behynd, that fleand was, 

As thai owr-tuk thaim, bare all down, 

And off the folk made in the town 4600 

Gret slawchtyr, so that thai bathe ware 

Wencust ; bot Scottis the war had thare, 

Owttane the slawchtyr off Eoslyne/ 

Hys cors wyth thame tursyd thai syne, 

And went to Dunnotyre thare way. 

Sum off thare men thaire levyd thay. 


Qtohxne off Jtthxrlle the 

3En liiiblene to0 0lagtt,e all tottelg. 

'WHEN Schyre Andrewe off Murrawe herd, 
How rudly the Erie Dawy ferd 
Wyth his men, he wes all angry, 
And thoucht to rays the sege in hy. 4610 

Than all thame gaddryd he, 
That on sowth-halffe the Scottis Se 
He mycht purches off armyd men : 
F. 236. The Erie Patryke come till hym then : 

Wyth hym bathe Eamsay and Prestown, 
And othir sere off gret renowne ; 


Willame off Dowglas als wes thare 

Wyth his gud men, that worthy ware, 

And othir sere, qwhill thai war then 

Welle aucht hundyr off fychtand men : 4620 

The floure off that half the Scottis Se 

At that tyme in his Court had he. 

Thai rade on thare way sa fast, 

Qwhill thai have the Mownth sawffly past. 

The Erie herd off his cummyng welle, 
And departyde swa fra the castelle : 
Till Kylblene strawcht the way tuk he, 
And lugyd thare hys gret menyh6 
At the est end, rycht in the way. 
And rycht befor thame, qwhar thai lay, 4630 

At the Halle off Logyrothwane 
Schyr Andrew his herbry has tane. 
Syne come till hym fra Kildrwmy 
Thre hundyr, I trow wycht and hardy, 
That comfort his men [a] gret thyng ; 
And he wes glade off thare cummyng. 
So in his cumpany wes ane 
Jhon off the Crag, that [hade] bene tane 
Wyth the Erie, and suld his rawnsown pay 
Apon the morne, that wes his day : 4640 

He sayd to the lordis in prewate, 
Gyve thai wald trow his cownsalle, he 
Suld throw the wode a redy way, 
Enwerown quhare thare fays lay 
And behynd, bryng thaim on welle nere, 
Or thai owcht off thaire cummyng suld here. 
And he fullfillyd all, that he hycht ; 
For swne efftyr the mydnycht 
To Dey he led thaim, and thare thai 

CH. xxxi.] OF SCOTLAND. 425 

Fand in the wode a redy way : 4650 

That way thai went, qwhill that thai ware 
Passyd thare fays a mylle and mare. 
Endlang the wode war wayis twa ; 
The Erie in the umast lay off tha : 
The Scottis men held the tothir way ; 
Syne owrthort to that way held thai. 
Thare hors thai levyd thare ilkane, 
Syne to thare fays on fut ar gane, 
That off thare come wyst nakyn thyng. 
Bot syne welle swne in the dawyng 4660 

Thare dyscuverouris gat on thaim sycht, 
That wyth all hy, that evyr thai mycht, 
Warnyt the Erie ; and he in hy 
F. 236 b. Gert trwmpe, and warnyt his cumpany : 
And thai till hym assemblyd swne. 
In till schort tyme so have thai dwne, 
That at a lytill peth, was thare, 
All sammyn thai assemblyd ware. 
Evyn in the peth wes Erie Dawy, 
And till a gret stane, that lay by, 4670 

He sayd, " Be Goddis face, we twa 
The flycht on us sail samyn ta." 

Willame off Dowglas, that had then 
The waywarde wyth the wychtast men, 
That ware in all thare cumpany, 
Qwhen that he sawe the Erie Dawy 
Stand wyth his men arayid swa, 
Hys spere in bathe his handis can ta 
And kest it owrthort, and can say, 
" Standis lordis a stownd ; " and thai, 4680 

That war in till his cumpany, 
Murmuryde tharoff all prewely. 


Qwheu the Erie [Dawy] saw, that thai 
Stwde swa, in hy he brak aray, 
And cryid, " Hey ! apone thame tyte, 
For thai ar welle nere dyscumffyte." 
Than till a fwrde downe can thai ga : 
And qwhen the Dowglas saw thaim do swa, 
He sayde, " Now we." But mare lete, 
Thai strawcht thare speris,and thai thaim mete 4690 
In to the fwrd. Eobert Bradey, 
Ane hardy knycht, thare gert thai dey. 
Amang thaim strakis gret thai gave. 
Wyth that Schyr Andrewe off Murrawe 
Com in on syd so sturdely 
Wyth thame all off his cumpany, 
That in thare cummyng, as thai say, 
Thai bare down buskis in thare way. 
Fra he assemblyde abade nane ; 
The comownys all the flycht has tane. 4700 

Thare by an ake deyd Erie Dawy, 
And syndry off his cumpany : 
Schyre Waltyr Cwmyn als wes slayne ; 
And Schyre Thomas Brown wes tayne ; 
That syne wes hevyddyt hastily : 
It semyd thai luwyd hym noucht grettumly. 
Schyr Eobert Meyhneis till Canmore 
Went, qwhare he wonnand wes before : 
Thiddyr he went, and in a pele 
He sawffyt hym and his menyh^ welle. 4710 

And syne apon the tothir day 
He tretyd, and come to thare fay. 
Thare war bot fewe slayne in that fycht, 
F. 237. For the wode held thame owt off sycht : 
And thai fled als so hastyly, 

CH. xxxi.] OF SCOTLAND. 427 

That away gat the mast party. 
This fycht on Saynctandrewys day, 
Or on [the] evyn, as thai say, 
. As I devys, here strykyn was. 

Off this fycht qwhilum spak Thomas 4720 

Off Ersyldowne, that sayd in derne, 
Thare suld mete stalwartly stark and sterne : 
He sayd it in his prophecy ; 
Bot, how he wyst it, wes ferly. 

J_ HE Erie thus wes dwne off day. 

And efftyr swne Willame Mowbray 

Tretyt, and syne come to thare pes : 

And he rycht welle ressay vyd wes ; 

For he wes rycht wycht at devys, 

And off rycht gud cownsalle, and wys. 4730 

The Wardane syne swne tuk the way 
Till Dwndarge, qwhare the Bewmwnde lay, 
That had a castelle made thare then, 
And stuffyd it wyth worthy men. 
Schyre Andrew is thiddyr went, and syne 
Gert kary thiddyr ane ingyne. 
Schyr Willame [suthly] the Mowbray, 
That yharnyt to be at assay, 
Wyth othir gud, went to the yhate : 
The Inglis ischeyd to ma debate 4740 

To thaire barras, and faucht fast ; 
Bot thai war drevyn in at the last. 
The Wardane gert his wrychtis syne 
Set up rycht stowtly his engyne, 
And warpyd till thare towre a stane. 
The fyrst kast, that it kest, bot ane, 


It hyt the towre a mery strak, 

That the mast gest off that towre brak. 

The Bewmownd than tretyd in hy 
To sawe hym and his cumpany, 
And yhald that hows to the Wardane ; 4750 

And syne till Ingland went agane. 
Qwhethir he went be land or se, 
I wate noucht the certante". 


the Jttxrtonth xjtthen mtkiil 
fcratoin in <Sc0ttti3 mznnw 

A.D. A 

1336. A THOWSAND and thre hundyr yhere 

And sex and thretty to tha clere, 
Thus wes the Bewmownd put away. 
Than at thare pes haly had thai 
On north halff the Mownth halyly. 

F. 237. b. Thai war than in gud juperdy 4760 

To fare welle, qwhen sa mekill land 
Wes all togyddyr in to thare hande. 
That tyme the Erlis wyffe Dawy, 
Wyth othir ladyis, that ware luvely, 
War in to Lowchindorb lyand. 
And qwhen the Kyng off Ingland 
Herd, that swa thai ladyis 
War enwyrownd wyth thaire innymyis, 
He buskyd to reskwe thame then 
Wyth twenty thowsand chosyn men. 4770 

He held his way wyth his menyhe, 
And swne he passyd the Scottis Se ; 

CH. xxxii.] OF SCOTLAND. 429 

And syne to Perth has tane his way. 

Schyre Andrew off Murrawe than lay 
Wyth the menyhe', that wyth hym were, 
In the wode off Stronkaltere. 
That to the Kyng Edward wes tald : 
Tharefor evyn till hym he wald, 
And come so nere in tyll a thrawe, 
That thaire dyscoverowris athir sawe, 4780 

Sum off thaim justyd off were. 

Schyr Andrewe in Stronkaltere 
Herand his Mes was standand then. 
Bot thare wes nane off all his men, 
That evyr wes in his rowt that day, 
That ony word durst till hym say, 
Qwhill he wes herand Mes, for he 
Thare-at suld anoyit be. 
Tharefor thai made thaim bowne, and bade, 
Qwhill that he herd his Mes all had : 4790 

Than have thai tald till hym, how nere 
That the Kyng and his gret ost were. 
He sayd, " Na hast," qwhethyr perfay 
Hys folk wald fayne have bene away ; 
For the gret ost wes than so nere, 
That sum bot schort space fra thame were. 
Hys hors till hym thai browcht in hy : 
Thai wald, he had bene on blythly. 
He hym dressyt his sted to ta ; 
Hys cusche laynere brak in twa. 4800 

Than wald he nowcht stere off that place, 
Bot for all hast, that evyr thare was, 
He gert bryng hym a lytill cofyne ; 
A rone skyne tuk he thar off syne, 
And schayre a [thawyng] all at laysere, 


And thare-wyth festuyd wp his gere. 
I herd sere knychtis syndry say, 
That thame thowcht nevyre in thare day 
So rycht anoyws a bydyng, 

F. 238. As thai had at that [thawyng] scheryng. 4810 

He lape on syne, and in aray 
Held welle hys folk, and held his way. 
And qwhen the Inglis saw thame then 
Hald sa togyddyr all thare men, 
Thai folowyd noucht owt off aray, 
Bot in hale batale folowyd ay 
Sa fast, that thai had bene ourtane, 
Na war, that thai had wyth [thaim] ane, 
That kennyd thame a by way, 
That ewyn down betwix craggy s lay. 4820 

Throw that strayte rode, that I dewys, 
Thai gat welle fra thare innymys, 
And lefft nothir man na lad. 

And [qwhen] the Kyng sawe, that he hade 
Tynt thame off swilk wys, he wes wa, 
And north wartis on his gate can ga. 
He come to Blare, and thare thai lay. 
Efftyr to Lowchindorb come thay. 
And the ladyis wyth thame has tane. 
Till Abbyrdene syne ar thai gane, 4830 

And in to wengeawns off Eoslyne 
The towne wp halily brynt thai syne. 
And syne to Perth the way tuk he, 
And wyth-in schort tyme gert byggyd be 
Edynburch, Eoxburch, and Stryvelyne, 
And till ilkane set keparis syne. 
Schyre Thomas Urchtreth the worthi 
Had Perth to kepe : and the Kukby 


Wes kepave in to Stryvelyne made : 

Edynburgh Jhon off Stryvelyne hade : 4840 

Roxburgh had Willame off Feltown, 

That wes to Scottis men fellown. 

Qwhen all this, that I say, wes dwne, 

Towart Ingland he went hym swne. 

Bot for the Erie Patryk, as hym thowcht, 
All his cunnandis held hym noucht, 
That gert wp his castelis ma, 
And syne so swne turnyd hym fra, 
The Mowntagw behynd lefft he, 
That wes a lord off gret bownte", 4850 

"Wyth othir lordis and knychtis felle, 
For till assege that castelle. 
Bot gud Dame Annes off Dwnbare, 
Wytht the gud folk, that wyth hyr ware, 
. F. 233.b. Defendyt it full stalwartly, 

As sail be tald yow sone in hy. 


th* QestQt xrff 

the <onie0 ioa0 toi* attb tear*. 

A.D. ~ 

1338 6 ] ^CHYRE Willame Mwntagw, that swa 
Hade tane the sege, in hy gert ma 
A mekill and a rycht stalwart engyne, 
And wp smertly gert dres it syne, 4860 

Thai warpyt at the wall gret stanys 
Bathe hard and hewy for the nanys ; 
Bot that nane merryng to thame made. 
And alswa qwhen thai castyne hade, 


Wyth a towalle a damyselle 

Arayid jolyly and welle 

Wipyt the wall, that thai mycht se, 

To gere thaim mare anoyid be. 

Thare at the sege welle lang thai lay, 

Bot thare lytill wantage gat thai ; 4870 

For qwhen thai bykkyre wald, or assayle, 

Thai tynt the mast off thare trawayle. 

And as thai bykeryd thare a day, 
Off a gret schot I sail yhow say 
For that thai had off it ferly, 
It here to yhow rehers will I. 
Willame off Spens percit a blasowne 
And throw thr4 fawld off awbyrchowne 
And the actowne throw the thryd ply 
And the arow in the body, 4880 

Qwhill off that dynt thare dede he lay : 
And than the Mwntagw can say, 
" This is ane off my Ladyis pynnys ; 
Hyr amowris thus till my hart rynnys." 

Qwhill that the sege wes thare on this wys, 
Men sayis thar fell sere juperdyis. 
For Lawrens off Prestown, that then 
Haldyn ane off the wychtast men 
That wes in all Scotland that tyde, 
A rowt off Inglis men saw ryde, 4890 

That semyt gud men and worthy, 
And ware arayid rycht rychely ; 
He wyth als few folk, as thai ware, 
On thame assemblyd he thare. 
Bot at the assemblyng he wes there 
In till the mowth strykyn wyth a spere, 
Qwhill it wp in the harnys ran : 


Till a dyk [he] wythdrw hym than, 
F. 239. And deide, for na mare lyve he mowcht. 

Hys men his dede persayvyde nowcht, 4900 

And wyth thare fais faucht stowtly, 

Qwhill thai thaim wencust wtraly. 

Thus wes this gud man browcht till end, 

That wes rycht gretly to commend 

Off gret wirschipe and gret bownte*. 

His sawle be ay in sawffte. 

Schyre Willame als off Galstown 
Off Keth, that wes off gud renown, 
Met Eychard Talbot be the way, 
And set hym to sa hard assay, 4910 

That till a kyrk he gert hym ga, 
And clos [hym] thare defens to ma. 
Bot he assaylid thare sa fast, 
That hym behowyd tret at the last, 
And twa thowsand pownd to pay, 
Lefft ostage, and went his way. 

This passyt noucht, I trow, thre yhere 
Syn the Ballioll and his folk were 
Arywyd in to Scotland, 

As I have herd men bere on hand, 4920 

That all the Lordis, that ware thare, 
In Scottis mennys dawngere ware 
Wyth in thai thre wyntyr, owtane 
Schyr Eawff Stafforde hym allane, 
And the Ballioll, that gat away 
At Anand, as yhe herd me say. 
It [is] to thynk gret ferly thyng, 
That gret battaillis in fychtyng 
Cowth noucht cum to swilk end, as qwhone 
[Wyth juperdys oftsys has] done. 4930 

VOL. II. 2 E 


The Muntagw wes yhit liand 
Segeand Dunbar wyth stalwart hand ; 
And twa galais off Gene had he 
For till assege it be the se. 
And as he thus assegeand lay, 
He was set in till hard assay : 
For he hade purchesyd hym covyn 
Off ane off thaim, that war thare in, 
That he suld leve oppyn the yhete, 
And certane terme till hym than sete 4940 

To cum : bot thai thare in halily 
Ware warnyt off it prewaly. 
He come, and the yhet oppyn fand, 
And wald hawe gane in fute steppand ; 
Bot Jhon off Cowpland, that wes than 
F. 239. b. Bot a rycht powre sympill man, 

Schot hym off bak, and in is gane : 

The portculys come downe onane, 

And sparyt Mwntagw thare-owt. 

Thai cryid wyth a sturdy schowt, 4950 

' A Mwntagw for evyr-mare : ' 

Than wyth the folk, that [he] had thare, 

He turnyt till his herbery, 

And lete hym japyt fullyly. 

Syne Alysawndyr the Eamsay, 
That trowyd and thowcht, that thai, 
That war assegid in Dunbare, 
At gret distres or myscheff ware, 
Than in ane ewynnyng fra [the] Bas 
Wyth a few folk, that wyth hym was, 4960 

Towart Dunbare in till a bate 
He held all prewaly his gate ; 
And by the galais all slely 


He gat wyth his cumpany : 

The lady, and all, that war thare, 

Off his cummyng welle comfourt ware. 

He ischeid in the mornyng in hy, 

And wyth the wachis sturdily 

Made ane apert and stowt melle, 

And but tynsell entry d he. 4970 


'WHILL Mwntagw wes thare lyand, 
The Kyng Edward off Ingland 
Purchast hym help and alyawns, 
For he walde amowe were in Frawns : 
And for the Mwntagw he send ; 
For he cowth [bryng] na thyng till end 
For-owtyn hym, for that tynie he 
Wes mast off his cownsell prewe. 
Qwhen he had herd the Kyngis byddyng, 
He remowid, but mare duellyng, 4980 

Qwhen he, I trowe, had lyin thare 
A qwartere off a yhere and mare. 

It wes to Scotland a gud chance, 
That thai made thaim to werray in France : 
For hade thai halyly thaim tane 
For to werray in Scotland allane, 
Efftyr the gret myscheffis twa, 
Duplyne and Halidowne war tha, 
Thai suld have skaithit it to gretly. 
Bot fortowne, thowcht scho fald fekilly, 4990 

Will noucht at anis myscheffis fall : 
Tharefore scho set thare hartis all 
F. 240. To werray Frawnce richit to be, 
That Scottis lyve in grettar le. 


Of this assege in thare hethyng 
The Inglis oysid to mak karpyng 
" I wowe to God, scho [mais gret stere] 
The Scottis wenche ploddere. 
Come I are, [or] come I late, 
I fand Annot at the yhate." 5000 


CQtohat that .Sthgre Jlttbreto 0ff Jttttrratoe toan, 
he on <Sc0tlanb toa0 SBarbane. 


CHYEE Andrewe syne, the gud Wardane, 
That wyth all poware can hym pane 
For to recovir agane the land, 
That Inglis men had thane in hand, 
To Fyffe is went wyth his gadryng, 
And thare swne at the begynnyng 
Wan the Castelle off Andristoun, 
And to the erd syne dange it doun. 
The Pele off Lukrys syne he wan ; 
Syne all the forteris, that than 5010 

War in to Fyffe, he wan, owtane 
The Castelle off Culpyre [it] alane, 
That Schyre William Bullok stythly 
Held that tyme wyth gret cumpany. 
Alysawndyre the Eamsay there 
Wyth a sqwyere justyd off were, 
And hym owt throw the body bare. 

Qwhen that the Wardane has duelt thare, 
Qwhill hym gud thowcht, and off the land 
Had wonnyn a gret part till his hand, 5020 

CH. xxxiv.] OF SCOTLAND. 437 

He tuk the way till Bothevyle, 

And lay assegeand it a qwhille, 

And browcht a gyne, men called Bowstowre, 

For till assayle that stalwart towre. 

Stewyn Wysman, a gud sqwyere, 

Apon the Scottis halff slayne wes there. 

And Gylmyne the Willeris, [that] than 

Held the towre, and wes worthy man, 

Sawe his wittalis war nere gane, 

And hope off the rescours had he nane, 5030 

Tretid, and syne the castelle yhalde ; 

His way till Ingland syne can hald. 

Schyr Andrew syne wyth stalwart hand 
Made syndry radis in Ingland, 
And brynt, and slewe, and dyde gret skath, 
And rychid and stuffid his awyne bathe. 

Syne efftyr mony dedis worthy, 
F. 240. b. That he dyde in his wardanry, 

Till Avawcht in till Eos went he 

Till ese hym in his awyne cuntre. 5040 

And thare tuk hym a gret seknes, 

That so fellown and angry wes, 

And hym dystrenyheit so wondyr fast, 

That the dede folowyd at the last. 

That nobill Knycht has thare tane end, 

Bot noucht in armys, as he wend : 

To dey in armys etelyd he, 

Qwhare he inycht prove his gret bownte". 

In the kyrk cathedyrale off Eosmarkyne 

That nobill Knycht wes enteryde syne. 5050 

Bot off cure land sum Cornykill sayis, 
Schyr Andrewe off Murrawe in his last dayis 
Assegyde the Castelle off Strevelyne 


Wyth gret powere. Fra he herd syne, 

That the Kyng off Ingland 

Wes cummand wyth stalwart hand, 

As off fors than hym behowyd, 

Era that assege he hym remowyde. 

Schyr Wilyaim off Keth nevyrtheles 

Wyth his awyne spere slayne thare wes ; 50 GO 

As he hym presyt wp to the wall, 

On his awyn spere he tuk a fall : 

Swa deid that knycht ferlyfully 

Be that cas suddane and wnhappy. 

And efftyr, qwhen all this wes gane, 
Schyr Andrewe off Murrawe, yhit Wardane, 
Efftyre the Michaellmes passyd on were 
Till Edynburgh wyth his powere, 
And abowt that castelle lay : 

And to the Kyng off Scotlandis fay 5070 

Off Lowthyane he tuk mony men. 
Fra that assege he passyt then, 
For he persaywyd, that he na mycht, 
Nothir be powere na be slycht, 
That castelle wyne, as it wes then 
Bathe stuffyd wyth wyttale and wyth men : 
And he persaywyd gret frawdfull slycht 
Off Scottis men, and full gret mycht 
Off the Kyng off Ingland 

Cummand on wyth stalwart hand : 5080 

As off fors hym behowyd, 
Fra that assege he hym remowyde, 
For he persaywyd a seknes, 
That cummand that tyme on hym wes. 

Oure the Mownth than passit he 
F. 241. Till Avawch in his awyne cuntre ; 

CH. xxxiv.] OF SCOTLAND. 439 

And thare than endyt he his dayis, 
As before the Comykill sayis. 

He wes a lorde off gret bownte", 
Off sobyre lyff, and off chastyt^ ; 5090 

Wyse and wertuows off cownsalle ; 
And off his gudis liberalle. 
He wes off gret devotyown 
In prayeris and in urysown ; 
He wes off mekill almows dede ; 
Stowt and hardy off manhede. 
Bot twa yhere and a halff thane 
He had off Scotland bene Wardane. 
North on fra the Scottis Se 

Till the Scottis fay browcht he 5100 

All the Scottis natyown ; 
And all the castellis he kest down. 
In gret distres the comownys ware 
Pynyde to dede in hungyre ; 
For wyth his ost as he rade, 
Gret wastyng in the land he made. 
All off fors- that hyrn behowyd, 
As he his purpos that tyme movyde, 
To drawe the Kynryk in fredwme, 
That Inglis men held in gret threldwme : 5110 
Les than swa be na way he 
Mycht drawe in fredwme his cuntre. 



iht <Sttoart xrff 

maii.e $Earbait.e 0it the 

A.D. A 

1338. A. THOWSAND and thre hundyr yhere 

Aucht and thretty to tha clere, 

Thus Schyr Andrewe off Murrawe dede, 

Wardan chosyn wes in his stede 

The Stwart Eobert off Scotland. 

The Kyng Dawy than duelland 

In the Castelle de Galyarde, 

Hys systyr swne the yhowng Stwarde 5120 

Be the Statis evryilkane 

Off Scotland wes chosyne, and made Wardane : 

That he mantenyt mare and mare, 

As yhe ma here here forthirmare, 

In this tyme Williame off Dowglas 
Trawelland in the Forast was, 
And wan it all, and held as his, 
Magre haly his innymyis. 

That tyme the Mwntagw wes gane 
F. 241. b. Till Frawnce, and in till bargane tane. 5130 

Off Lancastyr Schyr Henry, 
That callyd than wes Erie off Derby, 
Than wyth the Kyng wes rycht prewe. 
On Scotlandis marchis trawelyd he, 
And had gret yharnyng to wyn prys : 
He wes ay worthy, wycht, and wys, 
And mast renownyd off bownte', 
Off gentrys, and off honest^, 

CH. xxxv.] OF SCOTLAND. 441 

That ill till Ingland lywand was. 

He has herd spek, how the Dowglas 5140 

Throw wyt and wyrschipe apertly 

Dyd mony dowchty jwperty : 

He send and askyd thre cours off were 

At hym, and he grawntyt it [richt] there. 

Thai come samyn at a certane plas : 

Alysawndyre the Eamsay thare was 

Serwand Dowglas at that justyng, 

For he expart wes in tyll swilk thyng. 

The nobill Erie off Derby 

Come wyth a joly cumpany. 51 50 

Sone fra thai hade thair Salus made, 
Thai tuk thare rynkis, and samyn rade. 
And at the tothir cours off were 
The Dowglas hit, and brak his spere ; 
And a sclys off the schafft, that brak, 
In till his hand a wounde can mak : 
Tharefore tlie gud Erie off Derby, 
That saw hym hurt sa fellownly, 
Wald thole hym than to just no mare. 
Bot, or he tuk his leve to fare, 5160 

He spak till Alysawndyr Eamsay, 
And specyally kan hym pray 
For to purchas a cumpany, 
That at the lest thai war twenty 
Off gentill-men wyth scheld and spere, 
To just ilk man thre cowrs off were ; 
And gyve he na had all gentillmen, 
He bad tak knawyn yhwmen then, 
To cum to Berwyk a set day. 
Thare till grawntyd the Eamsay, 5170 

And sayd, that he suld welle purchas 


Cumpany, and cum to that plas, 
Wytht thi [that] thai all assuryd ware, 
Qwhat evyr than fell at that justyng thare : 

_L HE Erie thame assuryd willfully. 
F. 242. Ande the Ramsay in well gret hy 
Gat hym falowys, and at the day 
To Berwyk come bathe he and thai. 
The Erie ressaywyd thame curtasly, 
And gert dely were thame herbry. 5180 

Apon the morne, qwhen that thai ware 
Makand thame bowne, hym-selff come thare, 
And fand all oppyn the entre" ; 
And noucht for-thi thare knokide he 
Wyth-owte the dure all prewaly, 
Qwhill Ramsay til hym [coym] in hy, 
[And] gert hym entre sone. Than he 
Sayd, " God mot at yhoure laykyng be." 
Syne sayd he, " Lordis, on qwhat manere 
Will yhe ryn at this justyng here ?" 5190 

" Wyth plate scheldis," sayd Ramsay, 
As it afferis to this play." 
" A ! syrrys, be oure Lord," sayd he, 
" So suld no man here prysyt be, 
For none till othir mycht do iwill : 
Bot and it likaiid ware yhow till, 
As men hostayis for to ryn, 
So mycht men prys off wyrschype wyne." 
Quod Alysawndyre the Ramsay, 
" It sail lik til ws all perfay. 5200 

That ilk man ryn his falow till 
In kyrtill allane, gyve that yhe will." 

CH. xxxv.] OF SCOTLAND. 442 

The Erie sayd than debonarly, 

" Nay, that is all to hard trewly." 

Quod Willame off the Towris than, 

" Schyre, gyve yhe na will lat ilke man 

Eyn all bare wysage, and yhe 

Qwha [eschewis] fyrst, rycht swne sail se." 

The Erie sayde mekilly, " Schyris, nay, 

Yhit that is all to hard perfay ; 5210 

Bot as I sayd yhowe, will yhe do ? 

Than suld sum prys folow ws to." 

Thaire to thai gave all thare consent ; 

And he furth till his falowys went. 

J_HE justyng lestyd day is thre, 
Qwhare men apert cowrsis mycht se. 
Twa Inglis knychtis thare ware slayne : 
Off Scottis men there deyde nayne. 
Bot turnand hamwart be the way 
Off ane hurt endyt Jhone the Hay : 5220 

And Willame the Earnsay wes there 
Borne throw the hewyd wyth a spere, 
F. 242. b. And throw the helme wyth strynth off hand 
Qwhill the trwnsowne [bad] thare stekand. 
Thai browcht a preste till hym belywe. 
And in his helme he can hym schrywe. 
Than sayd the gud Erie off Derby, 
" Lo ! heyre a fayre sycht sykkyrly. 
A fayrere sycht how ma man se, 
Than kny cht, or sqwyere, quhethir evyr hebe, 5230 
In till his helme hym thus gat schrwye ? 
Qwhen I sail pas owt off this lyve, 
I wald, God off his grace wald send 


To me on swylk manere till end." 

Qwhen he had schry wyn hym, as I say, 

Alysawndyr than the Eamsay 

Gert lay hym down forowtyn lete ; 

And on his helme his fute he sete, 

And wyth gret strynth owt can aras 

The trownsown, that thare stekand was. 5240 

He rase allane, fra it wes owte, 

And wyth a gud will and a stowte 

He sayd, that he wald [ayl] na-thyng. 

Tharoff the Erie had wonderyng, 

And gretly hym commendit then, 

And sayd, " Lw ! stowt hartis off men." 


HITS hapnyd till hym off this lame. 
And a gud knycht, Patrik the Grame, 
That had trawellyd beyhond the se 
Till eyk his prys throw gret bownte", 5250 

He herd spek off this justyng gretly, 
And sped hym thiddyr in all hy. 
He come thiddyr on the tothir day : 
Than Eychard Talbot can hym pray 
To serwe hym off thre cours off were, 
And he thaim grawntyt but dawngere. 
Sone efftyr samyn can thai ryne ; 
The Talbot on had platis twyne, 
And throw thame bath his spere he bare, 
And in the brest ane inch or mare. 5260 

Had he jwstyd, as conand was, 
He had bene dede in to that plas. 
Thare coursis haly can thai ma ; 
Bot nane had mare harme off thai twa. 

CH. xxxv.] OF SCOTLAND. 445 

The Talbot syne can hym requere 
To be wyth hym at the supere. 
He assentyt, and qwhen thai were 
Syttand best at the supere, 
Thare salute thaim a cumly knycht, 
That semyt stowt, bath bald and wycht : 5270 
F. 243. And amang thare gud wordis there 

At Schyr Patryk three courss off were 

He askyd in to gud cumpany ; 

And he, as burdand, sayd smethely, 

" Man, will thow have off me justyng ? 

Eys wp to-morn in the mornyng, 

And here thi Mes welle, and schrywe the ; 

And thow sail sone delyveryt be." 

He made tharoff na gabbyng ; 

For on the morn at the justyng 5280 

He bare hym throw the body qwhit/ 

And he deyt off the dynt welle tyte. 

This was wpon the thryde day. 

And qwhen justyt ilkane had thai, 
The haraldis sayd than on this wys, 
That gud ware to gyff the prys 
On athyre halff to mak thaim mede, 
That bare thame best for thare gud dede. 
The lordis gawe assent thare till, 
And ordanyt wyth thaire allaris will, 5290 

That Inglis suld the Scottis prys, 
And thai thaim on the saniyn wys. 

The Inglis men the prys gaffe than 
Till ane, that thre halle courssis ran, 
And forowtyn hyt. Bot Scottis men 
Awysit thaim alsamyn then, 
And till the knycht the prys gawe thai, 


That smate Wilyame the Kamsay 
Throw owte the hede, and a skyll 
Thai schawyt till enfors thare till, 5300 

And sayd, it wes justyng off were, 
And [he], that mast engrewyt there, 
Suld have the grettast prys, wyth thi 
That he engrewyt honestly. 
The haraldis than can say haly, 
The dome wes suthfast and worthy ; 
Tharfor sayd ane, " Me-thynk perfay, 
That he, that a knycht yhistyrday 
Slwe, and ane othir to-day, the prys 
Suld have, Patryk the Grame that is : 5310 

For hade the Talbot, as taylyd was, 
Justyd, he had swelt in to that plas. 
As to this prys gywyng, for-thi 
I hald hym dede all wtraly." 
On this wys spak the haraldis thare ; 
Bot for the prys wes gywyn are, 
Thai wald repelle it be na way. 
F. 243. b. And than the grid Erie can say, 

" I trow it has bene seldyn sene, 
That off were justyng thus has bene 5320 

Contenyt thre dayis, and the prys 
Gywyn, as at this jwstyng is." 
He festaid the jwstarys that day, 
That on the morne syne held thaire way. 

CH. xxxvi.] OF SCOTLAND. 447 


(JDff 0gttbrg jop.erJ>gi0, that 
Itotte bt .S-chjjr* SEtUame .off 


HE justyng thus gate endit is, 
And athyr part went hame wyth pris. 
The land that tyme was all on were, 
And in ryot, as it wes ere : 
And yhwng men, that ware in the land, 
Thaire prys ware all tyme purchesand, 5330 

And qwhillis tuk, and qwhillis war tane ; 
For Tire off were is not ay ane. 

Amang thame Willame off Dowglas 
Eycht besyly traveland was, 
And for the fredome off the land 
Rycht hardy thyngis tuk on hand. 
Mony fayr juperty hym fell, 
That qwha swa cowth, war gud to tell : 
Bot for I na can wryt thaim playnly, 
Swme off thaim schortly rehers will I. 5340 

At Blakbwrne wyth the Lord Berklay 
He wes set to full hard assay : 
Bot for thai fawcht in to the nycht, 
And faylyd fast [of ther] sycht, 
On bathe the halwys fled thare men. 
Bot Dowglas nere the war had then : 
Thare held noucht wyth hym owre thre ; 
Tharefore his folk [wende], slayne wes he. 

And at the Craggis by Cragyne 
He fawcht wyth Jhon off Stryvelyne, 5350 


That wes off Edynburch capitane, 
And tuk hym thare wyth mekill payne, 
For thai defendyt thame stowtly : 
Bot thai war wencust noucht for-thi. 

At Crychtown Den syne, qwha couth tell, 
Ane harde ponyhe" off were befell : 
For thai war on the lest party 
Ane hundreth armyd jolyly 
Off knychtis and sqwyeris, but rangale. 
Apon hors hapnyt that batalle. 5360 

The Inglis ost lay nere thare by : 
Bot nevyrtheles full hardely 
Willame off Dowglas and his rowte 
F. 244. Schot on thame scharply wyth a schowt. 
Off were thai justyd full apertly : 
Dowglas wes strykyn throw the body ; 
Bot he lywyd efftyr in gud hele. 
Swa couth thai wyth thaire fais delle, 
That thai ware rudly put agayne, 
And off thare folk a few ware slayne : 5370 

Bot for thare gret ost, that wes by, 
Dowglas wythdrw hym wyttily. 

Syne at the Blak Sollyng, thai say, 
That he wes set in hard assay : 
For he wes few, and Inglis men 
Sexti armyt come on hym then 
On hors prikand delyverly, 
Had he noucht fowndyn in mare hy 
Aiie awawntage, he had bene dede : 
Bot thare wes nere hym in that stede 5380 

A depe syk, and on fate wes he ; 
Thare owre he stert wyth his menyhe, 
And abade at the sikis bra. 

CH. xxxvi.] OF SCOTLAND. 449 

The Inglis, als hard as hors mycht ga, 

Come on, that syk as [thai] noucht had sene : 

Thai wend, that all playne feld had bene. 

Thare at the assemble thai 

In the syk to the gyrthyn lay : 

And the Scottis men in the lychtyng 

Made thaim so hard a walcommyng, 5390 

That thai war slayne ilkane, or tane. 

Off all that rowte eschapyt nane. 

Apon a Yhule-ewyn alsua 
Wyttalis, that to the Kyng suld ga 
Off Ingland, that at Melros lay, 
He met rycht stowtly in the way : 
And apon all the cumpany, 
That come wyth thame, he schot in hy, 
And wencust thame wyth hard bargane, 
Syne had the wyttaille till hym tane. 5400 

The carle wyth the metane, thai say, 
Bare hym rycht welle at that assay : 
Prysyt thare full gretly he was. 

Syne efftyr Willame off' Dowglas 
Off Hermitage the Castelle wan, 
That haldyn wes wyth Inglis man : 
He stuffyde it wyth men and mete, 
And gud yhemsale thare-in has sete. 

Syne Waus wes slayne, [that hat] Holland. 
He wes sete hard, I tak on hand : 5410 

Thryis in that fycht at gret myscheffe 
He wes, bot ay he gat releffe : 
F. 2-14. b. Hys knyff was thrawyn owt off his hand, 

Bot yhit owre [Lorde] swylk ure hym sand, 
That Eolland the Waws thare was slayne, 
And his folk wencust evyrilkane. 

2 F 


And he wyth the owyrhand come syne 
Away, but ony mare hurtyue. 

Schyre Lawrens als off Abbyrnethy, 
That wes a stowt knycht and hardy, 5420 

Wencust hym fyve tymys a day : 
Bot he so thra off fycht wes ay, 
That or ewyn he had hym tane, 
And discumfyte his folk ilkane. 
So he, that wes abowe all day, 
Or ewyn wes set till swilk assay, 
That he wes presowne* till hym made, 
That he all day defowlyd hade. 

Here-by men may ensawmpill ta, 
How man may his awyne fortowne ma : 5430 

For Constance, wyth a, stedfast thowcht 
To thole ay noyis, qwha sa mowcht, 
May offtsys off wnlikly thyng 
Men rycht welle to thare purpos bryng. 
Sa dyde it here to this Willame, 
That left noucht for defowle and lame, 
Bot folowyd his purpos ithandly, 
Qwhill he had his intent playnly. 

He wes lang tyme than traveland 
In syndry placis in that land, 5440 

Qwhare off were fell hym poyntis sere, 
That I kan noucht rehers yhow here. 
The so" syne passyd he priwely 
Till Gallyart to the Kyng Dawy, 
And perfornyst his mede thare ; 
Syne hamwart made hym for to fare. 



i the SHatbatte mribz hgm 
togn xrff torn <Sagnt Jh0ng0t0tone. 


THOWSAND thre hundyr thretty and nyne 
Fra lychtare wes the swet Wyrgyne, 
The Stwart, than off Scotland 
Wes, as I sayd yhqwe, lutenand, 5450 

Throw-owt all Scotland to the Kyng 
Has made a stalwart gadryng 
Off all, that ewyre mycht wapnys welde, 
Or worthy ware to fecht in felde : 
For he wyth hys fors made hym bowne 
For to [asjsege Saynt Jhonystowne. 
The Erie Willame off Eoss come thare 
F. 245. Wyth worthy men, that wyth hym ware ; 
Erie Patryk als is thiddyr gane 
Wyth mony gud [men] off Lowthyane ; 5460 

Off Murrawe Mawrys, that Clyddysdale 
Has thare in till his ledyng hale : 
Schyre [Wilyam of] Keth off [the] Galstown, 
And othir mony off gud renown. 

In that tyme Willame off Dowglas 
Fra Galyart hame comyn was ; 
And wyth hym Frawnkis sqwyeris twa 
He browcht hame, and the tane off tha 
Hat Galios de la Hnse, thai say, 
The tothir Jhon de Brws callyd thay. 5470 

In Culpris Castell yhit than was 
Willame Bulloke : bot the Dowglas 


Tretyd so wyth hym, that he yhauld 

That Castelle, and made heycht till hauld 

The Scottis fay in all his lyve. 

Thai bathe come to the assege belywe. 

All the lordis, ware lyand thare, 

Off thare cummyng recomfurt ware. 

For the Dowglas wes worthy man, 
The Wardan had hym logyd than 5480 

In the Sowth Inche ; and the Erie Patrik 
And the mast fors off the Kynryk 
Ware als in that South Inche lyand. 
The Erie off Eoss on the tothir hand 
At the Blak Freris had thare herbry, 
Wyth hym a rycht stowt cumpany. 

And, or the towne so assegide was 
Willame had purchasyd off Dowglas 
A sturdy Eewere off the so* 

Wyth fyve schippis, Hawepyle hat he, 5490 

To ly in to the Wattyre off Tay, 
That nane Inglis mycht [get] thare away 
To bere tythandis till Ingland, 
Na bryng wittaile to thare hand. 

A lang tyme at that assege thai lay, 
And thai had markat ilke day, 
And wyttaile in to gret fwsown. 

Qwhill thai ware lyand at that town, 
Thai had offt-tymys bykkeryng, 
Qwhare there wes har and nere schotyng. 5500 
Thaire deyd twa Scottis sqwyeris, 
As thai war governand thaire archerys, 
Alane Boyd, and Jhone off Stryvelyne. 
Willame off Dowglas thare wes syne 
Wyth a spryngald gaynyhe* throw the the ; 

CH. xxxvii.] OF SCOTLAND. 453 

Bot yhit nevyrtheles [alwayis] he 
F. 245. b. Mantenyd hym rycht worthyly, 
Ay qwhill the sege thaire can ly. 

Dawy the Berklay, that wes than 
Wyth-in the town as Inglis man, 5510 

Askyd at Jhon the Brws justyng 
Off were, and he for-owt gruchyng 
Delyveryt hym off coursis thre. 
Fayre hale justyng men mycht se ; 
Bot nane wes hurt thare, as thai say. 

In the tyme, that the ost thare lay, 
A gret eclippis wes off the sowne : 
Thare-for folk, that wes noucht wowne 
To 86* swilk awant, as thai saw thare, 
Abaysyd off that sycht thai ware. 5520 

Bot had thai knawyn the cans all, 
That gerrys swylk eclippis fall, 
Thai suld noucht have had abaysyng, 
Eclippis is nane othir thyng, 
Than qwhen the mwne, that rynnys [mare] nere 
Till ws, than doys the swne befere, 
Hapnys ewyn to cum betwene 
Oure sycht and the swne, that is so schene, 
It lettis ws the swne to se 

In als mekill qwantyte", 5530 

As it passis betwix oure sycht, 
And [of] the swne lattis ws the lycht. 
The swn all tyme wythowtyn were 
Is in the selff bath lycht and clere. 

wWHILL thai thus at the sege can ly, 
The Erie off Boss, that wes worthy, 



[B. VIII. 

Get sley inynowrys, and thai syne 

Wndyre the erde he gert thaim myne, 

And stall thare wattyr away haly, 

Qwhill all thare dykis war lewyd all dry. 5540 

And qwhen thai in the town had sene 

Thaire wattyr stollyne away so clene, 

That was the mast [defens] thai hade, 

A gret abaysyn it thame made. 

Schyre Thomas [Uchtrede], a gud man, 
That Wardane off the towne wes than, 
Saw his fays abowt hym ly, 
And hym-selff stade than sa stratly, 
That his wyttaille was nere gane, 
And hope off rescours hade rycht nane. 5550 

For to sawffe his comwnate', 
Than wyth the Wardane tretyde he, 
And yhald the towne in till his hand, 
And fre past hame in till his awyne land, 
And all his, that war in to that place, 
As thare cunnand fermyd was. 

Qwhen thai thus had lefft the town, 
The mwde wall dykis thai kest down ; 
And all the streynthis, that thai hade, 
Thai ewyn layche to the erde has made : 5560 

And syne gert convay Schyr Thomas 
Till his land, as his cunnand was. 

Perth than wes the cuntre 
Sa wast, that wondyr wes to se ; 
For in till welle gret space thare-by 
Wes nothir hows lewyd, na herbry. 
Off dere there wes than swilk foysown, 

OH. xxxvn.] 



That thai wald nere cum to the town. 

Sa gret defawte wes nere that stede, 

That mony ware in hungyr dede. 5570 

A karle, thai sayd, wes nere there-by, 
That wald set settys comownaly 
Chyldyr and women for to sla, 
And swanys, that he mycht oure-ta, 
And ete thame all, that he get mycht ; 
Crystyne Klek tyl nane he hycht. 
That sary lyff contenwyd he, 
Qwhill wast but folk wes the cuntre. 

The Wardane than fra Perth is gane 
To Stryvelyne wyth off his ost ilkane, 5580 

That castelle till assege stowtly, 
That than Schyre Thomas off Eukby 
Held wyth othyr worthy men, 
That off the stwff war wyth hyni then. 
The Wardane than wyth-owtyn lete 
Assege abowte the castelle sete : 
Bot off Ross the Erie Willame 
Fra hym wyth his court passid hame. 
Thai, that at that assege lay, 
Fast war bykkerand ilk day. 5 5 DO 

At ane assawte, that thare thai made, 
Willame off Keth, that yharnyd hade 
To clyme than, sum sayd, owre the wall, 
Harnast in his armyng all 
Wes clymmand wpwart ; bot a stane, 
That come fra hycht, has hym oure-tane, 
And twa fawld down it can hym bere, 
And stekyd hym on his awyn spere : 
' And off that wounde sone deyde he. 
Swa off his dede wes gret pyte" ; 5600 


For he wes bathe wycht and hardy, 
And full off all gud chewalry. 
Sete dede befor rehersid he be, 
At this assage thus deyde he. 

Lang assegeand thaire thai lay, 
That thai wyth-in, as I herd say, 
Fayhlyde sa fullyly the mete, 
That thai had na thing for till ete. 
Qwhen the Rukby saw, it wes swa, 
That Fortown forsyd hyr to be fa, 5610 

And that sa straytly stad he was, 
F. 246. b. Othire to dey, or yheld the plas, 
He tretyd, and it syne yhalde he, 
In his awyne land for to pas fre. 

The Wardane has this castelle tane, 
A wycht hows made off lyme and stane, 
And set in till sa stythe a place, 
That rycht wycht off it-selff it was. 
Fra he saw, that he mycht noucht 
Brek the wallis, as qwhille he thoucht, 5620 

For-thi till Morys off Murrawe 
In kepyng he that castell gave, 
That syne enforsyt it grettumly, 
A D For ryche he wes, and full mychty. 
[13X9- The Wardane syne till his cuntre 
Fure, and a qwhille restyd he, 
And sum qwhill passyd throwch the land ; 
For than the kynryk wes growand 
In ryches, and in honeste", 

And off wyttale gret plente". 5630 

And off the Kynryk the mast party 
Wes sworn men to the Kyug Dawy. 

Edynburch and Eoxburch bathe alsua 

CH. xxxvm.] OF SCOTLAND. 457 

Ware stowtly yhit haldyn thame fra : 

Berwyk, Jedword, and Lochmabane, 

Off thir thre yhit thai had noucht anc : 

Tewedale and landis sere 

At Inglis fay yhit haldyn were. 

The lave hale war Scottis men, 

That liwyd sumdelle at lykyn then. 5640 

The qwhethir juperdyis off were 

Fell oft-syis than, as thai dyde ere ; 

Bot all thai tymys comownaly 

The best fell to the Scottis party. 


en be >chu SEilkrne oft 
<Ea0te.lle xrff (Efcjmbttrijh toonnjm 

A.D. A 

1341. J\_ THOWSAND thre hundyr wyntyr gane, 
And fowrty yhere to tha and ane, 
Worthy Willame off Dowglas 
In till his hart all angry was, 
That Edynburchis Castelle swa 
Dyde to the land anoy and wa, 5650 

Standand in myddis off the land ; 
Swa lang was it in his fais hand. 
He thowcht to cast a juperdy ; 
Wyth Wate he tretyd off Curry, 
That purwoyd a schipe in till Dunde, 
And hardy men thare in put he ; 
Willame Frysare wes ane off tha, 
And Joachym off Kynbuke alsua, 
And Willame Bullok, that wes than 


F. 247. The Kyng off Scotlandis sworne man, 5660 

And mony other men alswa 
Wycht and worthy war wyth tha. 
Thai feyhnyd that thai war marchawns, 
That come thare off thaire awyne chawns 
Owte off Ingland wyth qwhete and wyne, 
And othir syndry wyttalis. Syne 
Till Inchekethe thai come in hy ; 
And this Wate than off Curry 
Went to the Castelle, and can say, 
That marchandis off Ingland war thai, 5670 

That had made thiddyr thare trawaylle 
In that laud wyth syndry wyttaylle ; 
And for till have his mantenyng, 
Thai wald send hym in the mornyng 
A present off wyttaille and off wyne ; 
And wald he mare, he suld syne 
Have at his will, qwhat he wald by ; 
And that the mastyr walde ayrly 
Cum, and a part off his schipemen, 
To spek wyth hym, and bad hym then 5680 

Lat thame cum hardely hym till, 
And thai suld entre at thare wille. 
He bade the portare syne, that he 
Mak thaim al redy the entre ; 
And he sayd, that he suld do swa. 
Than Wate has tane his leve to ga, 
That sped had wondyr welle his nede. 
Downe to the schype in hy he yhede, 
And tauld thaim all, how he had done. 
Syne to the Dowglas send thai sone, 5690 

That in till vallis nere thare-by 
Enbuschid hyin that nycht priwely. 


The schip-men sone in the inornyng 
Tursyt on twa hors thare flyttyng. 
[Ane a payr off coil crelis bare], 
That covryt welle wyth clathis are ; 
The tothir barell ferraris twa, 
Full off wattyr als war tha, 
Before, and thai all twelff folowand, 
Ilkane a gud burdowne in hand, 5700 

And royd frogis on thare armyng 
To covyre thame for persaywyng : 
And all thare berdis schawyn ware. 
Wate off Curry wes wyth thame thare, 
That [conwoyit] thame wpwart the gate, 
And went befor thame to the yhate, 
And fand the portare. " Thir ar thai, 
The Wardane spak off yhistyrday : 
Oppyn the yhete onone," sayd he. 

F. 247. b. Hym hade bene bettyr lattyn it be. 5710 

The mekill yhete oppynnyt he than. 
And he, that nest wes till hym, ran, 
And layd hym at the erd flatly. 
Than a staff tuk Wate off Curry, 
And set wndyr the portculys, 
That cum downe mycht it on na wys. 
Syne the colis and crelis wyth-all 
Apon the turnepyk lete he fall ; 
And ane syne blewe a horne in hy. 
Than in the Castell ras the cry : 5720 

The folk syne sped thame to the yhate ; 
Bot thai fand stowt portaris thare-at, 
That thame recowntryd sturdely. 
Thai fawcht a qwhille rycht cruelly, 
Qwhill that Willame off Dowglas, 


That in the wallis enbuschyd was, 

Has herd the noyis and the ciy ; 

Than to the castelle hastyly 

He sped hym fast. Qwhen he come thare, 

Fechtand he fand that thare ware ; 5730 

Bot he that melle* stawnchid swne, 

And in schort tyme swa has he dwne, 

That the castelle he has tane, 

And wencust the castellanys ilkane. 

Sum he tuk, and sum he slwe, 

[And] sum flede downe oure the hwe. 

The yhettis he gert kepe stowtly. 

Thai off the towne than come in hy : 

Off that wynnyng thai war all blythe, 

And Scottis men become rycht swyth. 5740 


Dowglas duelt a qwhill thare hade, 
Off that castelle wardane he made 
Willame the eldare off Dowglas, 
That wes his brodyr off purchas ; 
And to the Forest he went his way. 
In besy trawelle he wes ay 
Till helpe his land on mony wys, 
And till confounde his innymyis. 
Syne Alysawndyr the Ramsay, 
Wyth syndry gud men off assay, 5750 

In till the Cove off Hawthorneden 
A gret resset had made hym then, 
And had a joly cumpany 
Off wycht yhowng men and off hardy. 
He wes swa full off gret bownte*, 
And namyd off prowes swa wes he, 

CH. xxxvm.] OF SCOTLAND. 461 

That na yhowng man wes in the land, 
That traystyd swa in his awyne hand, 
Na lete, that he mycht prysyde be, 
Bot gywe a qwhill wyth hym war he. 5760 

F. 248. He dyd mony a juperdy. 

And wyth hym in till cumpany 

"War Halyburtown, and Heryng, 

That bathe war stowt, bald, and yhyng ; 

Off Duubare Patrik, and Dyssyngtown, 

And othir fele off gret renowne, 

Passyd, and heryd in Ingland, 

And made all thairrys, that thai fand. 

Thai tuk prais, and presoneris, 

And othir gudis on sere maneris, 5780 

Qwhill thare handis sa fillyde ware, 

Thai thai at that tyme wald tak na mare. 

The castelwartis on [the] Marche herde say, 
How ryddand in thaire land war thai : 
Thai gaddryd thame all samyn then 
Wyth all, that thai mycht be, off men, 
Off castellis, and the hale cwntre*, 
And schupe thame forowth thame to be. 
And thai wyth presoneys and prayis 
Ham wart strawcht held on thaire way is. 5790 

Bot qwhen thai saw the Inglis rowte, 
That semyt bathe stwrdy, stark, and stowi, 
And war fere owte ma than thai, 
Than till his feris sayd Eamsay, 
" We mon sumdelle in till this fycht 
Wyrk wyth awysment and wyth slycht. 
Yhe se, that thai ar ma than we ; 
Bot tharoff abaysyd suld we noucht be. 
We sail fenyhe ws, as we wald fle", 


And wythdraw ws a litill we" : 5800 

Fast folow ws than sail thai, 

And sone swa mone thai brek aray. 

On owre hors bakkis than sail we 

Schwte on thame, or thai togyddyr be 

Knyte agayne." Thus have thai dwne. 

In fycht thai ar assemblyd swne. 

The Inglis folk all partyd ware, 

And wyd scalyd here and thare. 

And, for to tell yhow than schortly, 

The Inglis war wencust halyly. 5810 

Schyr Eobert tane wes the Mayneris, 

And syndry othir gud sqwyeris, 

Schyr Willame Herown wyth a strake 

In to the cheke his way can tak. 

Sum folk in to that stede 

Behynd thame hawe thai lewyd dede. 

Bot in the fycht and in the chas 

A gret cumpany takyn was ; 

And Eamsay wyth the ovyrhand 

Come hame agayne in his awyne land. 5820 

. HE Kyng off Prawns that tyme gave 
For Jhon than the Erie off Murrawe 
F. 248. b. Schyr Willame the ]twntagu qwytly, 
That Erie wes than off Salisbyry, 
And a Lord als off gret powste". 

Me-thynk all Scottis men suld be 
Haldyn gretly to that Kyng, 
That thaire Kyng, qwhan that he wes yhyng, 
And set at sa gret distres, 
That send owt off his land he wes, 5830 

CH. xxxvin.] OF SCOTLAND. 463 

He ressaywyd hym honestly, 
And tretyd hym rycht curtasly : 
And syne off his debonarete 1 
For the Erie off Murrawe he 
Gave Mwntagu all frely. 
Cryst his sawle ressaywe for-thi. 

Qwhen thus this Erie hame cummyn ways, 
Till the Wardane all swne he gais, 
For he wes till hym nere cusyne. 
He duelt thare als a qwhille : and syne 5840 

He went hym till Anandyrdale, 
That his herytage wes all hale. 
Bot for Schyre Willame the Bowne, 
That Erie wes off Northamtown, 
Helde the Castelle off Louchmabane, 
And all the land till hym has tane, 
As gy vyn hym off the Inglis Kyng, 
He fand thare stalwart barganyng. 
Nevyrethe[les] thare duelt he, 
And offfc in gret perplexyte' : 5850 

Bot magre thairris, I tak on hand, 
He tuk the malis off the land 
Till his oys [apertly] ; 
Thame tuk he noucht all uterly. 

The Myddill Marche kepyt the Dowglas, 
That offtsyis in the* Forest was, 
And abawndown[yt] welle off that land 
Gret part till Scottis mennys hand. 
In Ingland offt tymys trawalyd he, 
And rychyd hym and his menyhe'. 5860 

Eamsay on the Est Marche thare-by 
Dyd mony joly juperty. 
And in till all this tyme thir thre 


Pressyt thaim nest the Marche to be. 

Than the remaynande off the land 

Wes in till gret myrth abowndand : 

For the iuwart off the kynryk 

The land had rest, the folk ware ryke, 

And foysowne wes off froyt and fude, 

And abowndance off allkyn gud. 5870 

In all this tyme Willame Bell, 
That wes chosyn, as yhe herd telle, 
Efftyr that Jamys Bene wes dede, 
Till hawe bene Byschape in his stede 
F. 249. Off Saynctandrewys Se wacand, 

Wes in the Court off Eome bydand. 

Nevyrtheles, as he thowcht, 

That Byschapryk optenyd he noucht ; 

For blynd off bathe his eene fell he. 

Swa nyne yhere wakand wes that Se. 5880 

Willame the Lawndalis, qwhen that fell, 
That tyme Persowne off Kynkell, 
In Frawns wes a yhowng clerk than, 
Off lynage a gret gentill man, 
Anelyd to this Byschaperyk, 
Wakand swa lang in oure kynryke. 
Hys frendis movyd the Kyng off Frawns 
For this Willame to mak instawns 
And thra prayere to the Pape, 
This Willame that he wald mak Byschape 5890 
Off Saynctandrewis Se wacand. 
The Kyng [als] Dawy off Scotland, 
That duelland wes in Normandy, 
Wrate to the Pape than specyally 
For this Lawndalis, that he mycht be 
Promovyd to this wacand Se. 


Yhit bade that Se still wacande 
Off Saynctandrewys in Scotland, 
Qwliill efftyr that the Chapytere 
Gret instawns made, and thra prayere, 5900 

Till the twelfft Benet Pape 
This Lawndalis for till mak Byschape 
At thaire instans ; for that 8e" 
Wakyde to lang in thaire cuntre", 
And the kyrk in to that qwhille 
Ay stud in dowte and in peryle, 
And scathis tholyd and dysese 
All tyme, that it wacand wes : 
Na in till a wacatiowne 

Thai wald noucht mak electyown 5910 

Twyis, for thai trowyd, that war 
Sum-thyng to the lauch contrare. 
To the Pape thai wrat for-thi 
All the mare effectwisly. 
The Pape ressawyd thaire lettris welle, 
And sped thare instans ilke delle : 
And swa thai gert this Willame be 
Promovyde to this lang wacand Se\ 
And that to be clerly wyttyng, 
In till his bullis than wes wryttyng, 5920 

That be the specyall thra prayere 
Off hale Saynctandrewys chapytere 
Off Koine the twelfft Benet Pape 
Willame the Lawndalis made Byschape. 
Than Byschape he wes, qwhill past oure 
In hys tyme fourty yhere and foure. 
F. 249. b. Off his endyng yhe may here 

In tyme to cum off that matere. 
The Lordis this tyme off Scotland 

VOL. II. 2 G 


Thowcht, it war gud to tak on hand 5930 

To send efftyr thare Kyng Dawy, 

That duelland than wes in Normandy, 

Syne the mast part off his land 

Wes wonnyn owt off his fais hand. 

Thai send hym worde than bure the se ; 

And efftyr swne hym bowne made he, 

And at the Kyng off Frawns has tane 

Hys leve, and to the se is gane 

Wyth twa schyypis prewely. 

He arryvyd at Berwy : 5940 

The Qwene Jhon wyth hym browcht he. 

Than blythe wes all his comownate' ; 

Thai hym ressawyd wyth blythnes. 

Welle waxyn wp that tyme he wes, 
And thowles than, for his yowthed 
To that Nature wald hym lede : 
Justyng, dawnsyng, and playnge 
He luwyd welle, for he wes yhyng : 
And wyth swylk gammys solasand 
He rade offt blythly throw his land. 5950 



toan apcm filash fcag. 

A.D. A 

1342. A THOWSAND and thre hundyr yhere 

And twa and fourty to tha clere, 
Rycht arly on the Pash day 
Alysawndyre the Ramsay 
Throwch covyne off ane, that to name 

CH. xxxix.] OF SCOTLAND. 467 

Hwde wes hatyne the Edname, 

Come to Roxburch, qwhen it wes myrk. 

And wyth his menyhe thare gert he wyrk 

Wyth helpe off Hwde, that his men all, 

Wyth leddris dame wp oure the wall : 5960 

Downe oure the wall syne ar thai gane, 

And wyth fors has the Castelle tane. 

Off all the folk, war thame agayne, 

Sum hawe thay tane, sum hawe thai slayne. 

Thai tuk the gud all that thai fand. 

Feltown wes that tyme in Ingland ; 

Tharfore ethchapyd he the dede. 

And qwhen Eamsay had made that sted 
Obeysand till his will all hale, 
The mast fors than off Tevedale 5970 

Come to the Kyng Dawyis fay : 
And he made Alysawndyr the Eamsay 
Off all Tevedale his Schyrrawe, 
And Eoxburch als he till hym gawe. 
F. 250. Syne rade he thryis wyth stalwart hand 

Owt owre the marchis off Ingland. 
And fyrst he rade in his manere 
Wndyr off Murrawe the Erlis banere, 
And brynt Penyre ; and wyth-all 
Than off the Eois he brynt the Hall. 5980 

Syne efftyrwart a rade off were 
He made wyth displayid banere, 
Qwhare the knychtis, that he had made, 
Owtwartis to wyn thare schone than rade 
Wyth a rycht sturdy cumpany. 
Eobert off Ogill wes nere thare-by 
Wyth a gret rowte : and qwhen he sawe 
Thai knychtis swa cum, in till a schawe 


He wythdrw hym ; for wys wes he 

And in till weris awysse". 5990 

Wyth-in myris in till a qwhawe, 

That wes lyand nere that schawe, 

The knychtis, that sawe his wyth-drawyng, 

Thai folowyd fast on in a lyng, 

And prekyd saw owt off aray, 

Qwhill off thare folk in myris lay, 

That thare lewyd noucht fyfty 

Togyddyr in all that cumpany. 

Than Ogill turnyd, and abade : 

And thai in hy apon hym rade, 6000 

And justyd off were apertly. 

Thare wes a bargane off felny. 

On bathe the halffis slayne war men. 
Bot the knychtis the wers had then, 
For thare folk wencust ware ilkane : 
And fyve knychtis in fycht war tane, 
Stwart, Eglyntown, and Cragy 
Boyde, [and] Fowlartown. Thir worthy 
Ogill has had till his presowne, 
And syne delyweryd thame for rawnsoune. 6010 

_L HE Kyng but mare skaith hame is went. 
Swne efftyr fell a mawvetalent 
Betwix the Dowglas and Eamsay 
Ay mare and mare, qwhill on a day 
Dowglas hym spyid as he rade 
Till Hawyk, qwhare ordanyd [he] hade 
Till hald a court, qwhare off his men 
The mast part to the towne went then : 
And to the kyrk his way tuk he 

OH. xxxix.] OF SCOTLAND. 469 

Bot wyth a few off his menyhe. 6020 

Thare come apon hym the Dowglas, 
That for that werk welle purwayd was, 
And tuk hym thare wyth hard fychtyng : 
F. 250. b. He wondyd wes in that takyng. 
Till the Hermytage alsa fast 
Wyth hym "bwndyn than thai past ; 
And in presowne thare deyde he. 
Off his dede wes gret pete. 
To tell yow thare-off the manere, 
It is bot sorow for till here. 6030 

He wes the grettast menyd man, 
That ony couth have thowcht off than 
Off his state, or off mare be fare : 
All menyt hym, bath bettyr and war ; 
The ryche and pure hym menyde bath, 
For off his dede wes mekill skath. 

Bot playnt, na dule, na yhit menyng 
Mycht helpe noucht ; tharfor Dawy Kyng, 
Qwhen he wes dede, and dwne off day, 
Than tiU Jhon the Berklay 6040 

The yhemsale gave off the castelle 
Off Eoxburch ; and he it keipyt welle. 

Newyretheles the Kyng Dawy 
Tuk in hart rycht hewely 
Ramsayis dede, that slayne wes swa : 
Tharfor he pressyt hym to sla 
This ilke Williame off Dowglas. 
Bot warly [he] hym wyth-drawyn was, 
Ay qwhill the Stwart off Scotland, 
That mast till help hym tuk on hand, 6050 

Prayid for hym sa ythanly, 
That the Kyng his malancoly 


Forgawe, and tuk hym till his grace. 
Off Koxburgh syne he Schyrrawe was, 
And had the castelle in kepyng. 

Syne in till Ingland past the Kyng 
Off were, and a gret herschipe made : 
Bot to say suth, at that rade 
Nane awenture fell than off fychtyng, 
That men suld mak off great menyng. 6060 

Bot, but tynsell, his men and he 
Eepayryde hame till thare cuntre. 


the nidi oft fttrame. 

A.D. A 

1346. J\, THOWSAKD and thre hundyr yhere 

And sex and fourty to tha clere, 
The Kyng off Frawns set hym to ras 
And set a sege befor Calays, 
And wrate in Scotland till oure Kyng 
Specyally be thra praying 
To pas on were in till Ingland ; 
For, he sayd, he suld tak on hand 6070 

On othir halff thame for to warray : 
- 251. Sa apon bathe thai halfis than suld thai 
Be straytly stad. Oure Kyng Dawy, 
That wes yhowng, stowt and rycht joly, 
And yharnyd for to se fychtyng, 
Grawntyt the Kyng off Frawncys yharnyng, 
And gaddryd his folk haly bedene. 

He mycht rycht welle content have bene, 


That he wes in till Ingland thryis 

Off were apon his innymyis, 6080 

Syne nane thai tymys tuk on hand 

To pas off were in till Ingland. 

Qwhy couth he noucht have in to pes 

Haldyn his land, as it than wes, 

And hym-selwyn owt off dawngere ? 

Qwha standis welle, he suld noucht stere. 

Bot for he saw than, that Fortown 

Sa ferly wyth his folk had down, 

That throwch wyimyng in juperdyis 

Scho had thame heyid on sic awyis, 6090 

That thai nere wonnyn had thaire land, 

He trowyd, scho wald have "bene standand : 

Bot that wes noucht off kynd hyr lawe. 

Oure Kyng Dawy couth noucht that knawe. 

Qwha will off Fortown wndyrstand, 
It is hyr lauch to be inovand : 
Scho war fals, gyve scho suld be 
Stedfast standand in a gre. 
Eeprowyd scho suld noucht be for-thi 
Off falshede, or off trychery, 6100 

For till owrtyrwe that is abowe, 
Syn Nature gywys hyr swa till move, 
Qwhill gywand gret thyng, and qwhill smale, 
Fulys to gere trow, that scho sail 
Ay trewly in that fredwme left. 
Bot qwhen thai trayst hyr all thair best, 
All that is gywyn be that lady, 
Scho owrtyrwys [it] suddanly. 
Off oure folk rycht swa it fell, 
As I swne efftyr sail yhow telle. 6110 

Qwhat was thare mare ? The Kyng Dawy 


Gaddryd his ost in full gret hy ; 
And wyth thame off the north cuntre" 
Till Saynt-Jhonystown than come he. 
Raynald off the Ilys than, 
That wes commendyt a gud man, 
Come till hym owt off fere cuntre 
Wyth hym at that rade to be. 
The Erie off Ross wes thare allsua, 
That to this Raynald wes full f a ; 6120 

F. 251. b. Tharfore he gert hym swa aspy 
In till Elyhok that nwnry, 
Qwhare that he wes lyand then, 
He gert sla hym and his sewyn men> 
And to Ros wyth his menyhe 
Agayne in hy than turnyd he. 

This Raynald menyd wes gretly, 
For he wes wycht man and worthy. 
And fra men saw this infortown, 
Sjnndry can in thare hartis schwne, 6130 

And cald it iwill forbysnyng, 
That in the fyrst off thare steryng 
That worthy man suld be slayne swa, 
And swa gret rowtis past thaim fra. 
Thus amang thaim mwrmwryd thai. 
Bot the Kyng held furth his way, 
And for that tynsell wald noucht lete 
To do it, that he on wes set. 

He passyd swne the Scottis Se, 
And to the Marchis hym sped he, 6140 

Qwhare-in the Pele wes off Lyddale, 
His ost till hym assemblyd hale : 
Thare-in wes Waltyr off Selby 
On the Inglis mennys party. 


That Pelle assaylyd thai sa fast, 
Qwhill it wes wonnyn at the last ; 
And all thai slwe, that thai fand then, 
To sawff yhowng childyr and women. 

Than consalyd Willame off Dowglas, 
That off weris mast wys than was, 6150 

To turne agayne in thaire cuntr^ : 
He sayd, that wyth thair honeste* 
Thai mycht agayne repayre rycht welle, 
Syne thai off fors hade tane that Pelle. 
Bot othir lordis, that war by, 
Sayd, he had fillyd fullyly 
His baggis, and thairris all twme war. 
Thai sayd, that thai mycht rycht welle fare 
Till Lwndyn, for in Ingland than 
Off gret mycht wes left na man, 61 60 

For, thai sayd, all war in Frawns, 
Bot sowteris, skynneris, or marchawns. 

The Dowglas thare mycht noucht be herd. 
Bot on thaire way all furth thai ferd ; 
And in the Abbay off Hexhame 
All thare folk thai gert aname, 
And in till all thare ost thai fand 
Off men armyd bot twa thowsande : 
That wes to fewe a folk to fycht 
Agayne off Ingland the mekill mycht. 6170 

Efftyr swne thai passyd syne, 
And held to Durame, or thai wald fyne ; 
F. 252. And in a park well nere thare-by 
Thai lugyd thame, and tuk herbry. 

Thai had bene in till Ingland 
Welle fourteyne dayis traveland, 
That thai couth get na wyttyng 


Off Inglis mennys gadryng : 
The qwhethir thai assemblid were 
In till a park besyd thame nere 6180 

Era Trent northwartis all the floure 
Off folk, that owcht war off waloure. 
The Archbyschape off Yhork wes thare ; 
The Lord the Percy ; and als thare war 
The Lord the Ferres, and Eukby ; 
The Lord alsua the Lucy ; 
And the Lord the Nevyle alsua ; 
Cowpland, Ogill, and othir ma, 
That I kan noucht rehers yow here. 
Off archeris thare assemblid were G 190 

Twenty thowsand, that rollyd war, 
But men off armys, that war thar, 
Qwhare-off in abowndance had thai. 

The Scottis men, that in the park than lay, 
"VVyst rycht noucht off that gadryng, 
Made thame gret myrth and solasyng. 

Willame off Dowglas, that than was 
Ordanyd in forray for to pas, 
And swa he dyd in the mornyng 
Wyth the mast part off thare gadryng, 62 00 

And towart that place he held the way 
All strawcht, qwhare that his fais lay. 
And thai, that bowne war well arly, 
Wyth thaire battaillis suddanly 
At the Ferry off the Hill thai mete. 
The forryowris thare hard war sete ; 
For thai war off na fors to fycht, 
In to gret hy thai tuk the flycht. 
Than thai rudly on thame rade, 
And swilk martyry on thame made, 6210 


That thare, and by at Swndyr-sand, 
Fywe hundyr deyd wyth dynt off hand. 
Dowglas ethchapyd fra the chas. 

Thare ost than all affrayid was : 
Bot noucht for-thi the worthy men 
Thare folk stowtly arayid then, 
And delt thame in till eschelis thre : 
The Kyng hym-selff in ane wald be ; 
And to the Erie syne off Murrawe 
And to Dowglas ane othir he gawe ; 6220 

The Stwart hade the thryd eschele, 
That wes the mast be mekill dele. 
Qwhill thai thame redyand swa were, 
F. 252. b. The Inglis archerys come so nere, 

That wyn to thame welle nere mycht thai. 

Than gud Schyre Jhone the Grame can say 
To the Kyng, " Gettis me, but ma, 
Ane hundyre on hors wyth me to ga, 
And all yhone archerys skayle sail I : 
Swa sail we fecht mare sykkerly." 6230 

Thus spak he, bot he mycht get nane. 
His hors in hy than has he tane, 
And hym allane amang thame rade, 
And rwdly rowme about hym made. 
Qwhen he a qwhille had prekyd thare, 
And sum off thame had gert sow sare, 
He to the battaylis rade agayne. 
[Sa fell it, thai his hors hes] slayne. 

The Erie off Murrawe and his menyhe 
Than nere wes that assemble : 6240 

At hey dykis assemblid thai, 
And that brak gretly thaire aray ; 
Tharfor thai war swne dyscumfyte. 


Thai, that held hale, sped thame full tyte 

To the Kyng, that assemblid was 

In till a full anoyus plas, 

Than nane, but hurt, mycht lyfffc his hand, 

Qwhen thai thaire fayis mycht noucht wythstand. 

To the Stwartis rowt than went thai, 

That was assemblyd nere that way. 6250 

Thare had thai rowme to stand in fycht ; 

Thare mycht thai welle assay thare mycht. 

Than bathe the fyrst rowtis rycht thare 

At that assemble* wencust war. 

Thare wes hard fechtyng ; as man sayis, 

Swilk wes nevyre sene befor thai dayis : 

Swa hard fechtyng than wes thare, 

That qwhen the flearis twa myle and mare 

War fled, the banaris war standand, 6260 

And thai ware face to face fychtand, 

As mony sayd ; bot noucht for-thi 

Thai war syne wencust wtarly. 

Mony fled, and noucht agayne 

Eepayrid, and thaire war mony slayne. 

Jhon off Cowpland thare tuk the Kyng 
Off fors, noucht yholdyne in that takyng ; 
The Kyng twa teth owt off his hevyd 
Wyth a dynt off a knyff hym revyd. 
In that fycht slayne war Erlis twa, 
Murrawe and Stratherne war tha : 6270 

And foure war takyn in presowne 
Off Fyffe the fyrst, and syne Wyctown, 
Menteth syne, and Swthyrland ; 
Thir foure Erlis war tane in hand. 
Fywe hundyr slayne ware, as sayd thai, 
F. 253. Bot thai, that deyd in [the] forray : 


Swa thai all, that slayne war thare, 

Nowmryde till a thowsaiid ware. 

Thar Schyr Willame off Dowglas 

Takyne in that fychtyng was : 6280 

Thare takyn was the Kyng Dawy, 

Than wes the bataylle off Kersy : 

Thare wes inony Inglis men ; 

The Scottis trowyde for-thi then, 

That few [war] lefft in till Ingland 

Behynd thame for to kepe [the] land. 

Qwhen this bataille hale wes dwne 
At Durame, efftyr that rycht swne 
Tassyle Lorane, that kepyd than 
Eoxburch Castelle as wardan, 6290 

Gave it to the Lord the Persy, 
And syne come Inglis man in hy. 

Tweddale, the Mers, and Tevedale, 
And off Ettryk the Forest hale, 
Anandyrdale, and Gallway, 
Thai bowndis fast to thaim drew thai. 
At Colbrandispethe and at Soltre 
That tyme thai gert the marchis be : 
At Karlynglippis and at Corscryne 
Thare thai made the marchis syne. 6300 

Bot in Karryk Jhon Kennedy 
Warrayid Gallwa sturdely ; 
He and Alane Stwart, tha twa 
Oft dyd the Galluays mekill wa ; 
(Yhit the BaUioU aU that qwhiU 
In Gallwa wes at the Brynt-yle) 
And othir sere off Scottis men 
Held stalwartly thare bowndis then. 
Bot the fell qwhille, that thai 


Sa dowtand than thare hartis made 6310 

That thai war all rycht wadand 

To fecht in gret rowt hand for hand. 

_L HE Ballyoll syne and the Percy, 
Wyth othir ma in cumpany, 
Passyd on were throw Lowthyane, 
To the Fawkyrk thare way ar gayne ; 
Till Glasgw syne thai held thair way. 
And throwch Cunygame syne past thay, 
And sa furth till the towne off Are ; 
Throwch Nyddysdale syne couth thai [fayre] 6320 
Hamwart in thaire awyne cuntre". 
Thai lefft behynd off thare menyhe' 
Syndry than slayne in sere plas. 
That rad noucht gretly skathfull was 
Till the cuntre, that thai throwcht rade, 
F. 253. b. ;F or thai na gret forrais made. 

The Stwart off Scotland agayne than 
Wes chosyn wpe, and made Wardaii. 
He made schyrrawys, and balyhys, 
And offycerys off syndry wys. 6330 

Off Edynburgh he than gawe 
The castell till Willame off Murrawe 
For to kepe, for stowt he was. 
Tharfor a gret ryot ras 
Betwene hym and men off that cuntre'. 
At Dyrltowne efftyr that deyd he. 
Syne wes Edynburchis Castale 
Gyvyn and the towne all hale 
To Schyr Dawy the Lyndyssay, 
That wes trewe, off stedfast fay : 6340 


In till his tyme wyth the cuntre" 
Na ryot, no na stryfe made he. 


Egnt0tons0 Site hex* mag ghe 
xrfi < jj)mn%8 a mortalite* 


1347. THOWSAND thre hundyr fourty and sevyn 

Yheris efftyr the byrth off God off Hewyn, 
Qwhen Willame off Murrawe wes ly wand, 
In Edynburchis Castell than duelland, 
That yhere Alane off Wyntown 
Tuk the yhowng Lady off Setown, 
And weddyt hyr than till hys wyff, 
For that maryage fell gret stryffe, 6350 

Willame off Murrawe wes than hale 
In Wyntownys help and suppowale. 
Wyntownys Were thai oysyd all 
That ilke ryot for to call : 
For in Lowthyane, as men sayde, 
Ma than a hundyr plwys war layde. 

This Wyntown got noucht for-thi 
Twa barnys fayre on that lady ; 
A swne that wes callyd Willame ; 
The douchtyr Margret had to name. 6360 

And efftyr that all that wes dwne, 
He passyd owt off Scotland swne. 
Swa fell, that beyhond the se 
In till the Haly Land deyd he. 

That yhere a gret pestilens, 
But ony othir wiolens, 


Fell on kokis and hennys bath, 
That men dowtyd for mare skath, 
As for to do in svvilk peryle, 

For till ete swilk volatile ; 6370 

For thai deyd al sua suddanly, 
That off thare dede it wes ferly : 
F. 254. Eycht as men has sene the swyne 
D4 in till Connawche syne. 

A.D. A thowsand and thre hundyre yhere 

I O.J Q 

And aucht and fourty to tha clere, 

In that tyme Willame off Dowglas, 

That Schyr Archebaldis sone was 

The gud Lord off Dowglas brodyr, 

(He gat this Willame, and ane othir, 6380 

That hate Jhon, and eldare than he 

Was, and deyd be-yhond the se) 

This Willame come to Dowglas-dale, 

And till hym tuk that land all hale. 

Till Edynburgh syne he tuk the way 

To Schyr Dawy the Lyndyssay, 

That kepyd Edynburch Castell, 

And he ressaywyd hym fayre and welle. 

All a qwhille thare wyth hym he lay 

Till ese hym wyth solace and play, 6390 

For his erne was this Schyr Dawy. 

Syne, qwhen a tyme was passyd by, 

The Castele in his governyng 

He tuk, and made thare-in duellyng. 

Than, qwhat throw mycht off the burges, 
And the custwme, that tyme that wes, 
In his hand he worthyd mychty, 


And gat hym a gret cumpany : 

And till the Forest syne fure he, 

And lay solusand wyth his menyhe' 

Thare. Than the folk come to the fay, 6400 

For luwand men till hym war thay. 

He till the pes browcht all that land. 

The qwhethir Jhon yhit off Cowpland 

Wes in till Eoxburch nere tharby, 

That wes at this deid rycht angry : 

Bot thowcht he wes off fellown will, 

He mycht yhyt set na lete thare-till. 

Syne qwhen a tyme wes passyd, he 
G-adryd till hym a gret menyhe 6410 

Off his, and off his frendis men ; 
And in Tevedale passyd he then. 
Than the folk of Tevidale 
Ware agaynys hym all hale, 
And stwde stowtly wyth thare mycht 
Agayne hym purwayd in to fycht. 
Thai made cowntenens for fychtyng ; 
Bot qwhen thai come till assemblyng, 
For-owtyn dynt thai turnyd the bak, 
And na bargane set thame to mak : 6420 

And in the chace mony thare 
War takyn, and mony ethchapide ware. 
F. 254. b. Than in that land sa lang lay he, 
That he mast part off that cuntre* 
To sawff thare gudis come hym till, 
And oblyst thame all till his will. 
He tuk thame till the Scottis fay : 
Till hym thare athis off that made thai. 

VOL. II. 2 H 



<S)f the 

In (Sc0tlattb, that tea* tovalmi, 

A.D. A 

1349. -\_ THOWSAND thre hundyre fourty and nyne 

Fra lychtare wes the suet Vyrgyne, G430 

In Scotland the fyrst Pestilens 

Begouth, off sa gret wyolens, 

That, it wes sayd, off lywand men 

The thryd part it dystroyid then, 

Efftyr that in till Scotland 

A yhere, or mare, it wes wedand. 

Before that tyme wes nevyr sene 

A pestilens in oure land sa kene : 

Bathe men, and barnys, and women, 

It sparyd noucht for to kille then. 6440 

A.D. A 

1355. jtV. THOWSAND thre hundyr fifty and fywe 

Yheris fra borne wes God off Ly ve, 

A knycht, Schyre Ewyne cald de Grawnceris, 

Wyth sexty knychtis and sqwyeris, 

Famows men off gret bownte', 

And swa apperand in honest^, 

Come chargyd fra the Kyng off Frawns 

Till ferme and hald the alyawns 

Betwene thame and the Scottis men, 

That lang wes haldyn before then ; 6450 

And that thai wald wyth thare powere 

Mowe stoutly, and hald wp the were. 


Off gold he browcht in to the land 
Off mwtownys fourty full thowsand : 
Thai mwtownys all off fyne gold ware, 
Four schillyngis ilkane worth, but mare. 
The Kyng off Frawns tha to thaim sent 
To gere thame prove mare hardyment ; 
And swa thai dyde for-owtyn were, 
And put [thaim in] to perylis sere 6460 

To plese hym than, and to wyn prys. 
Qwha gyvis swilk gyfftyis, he is wyse. 
He gave wysly his gyfft, for he 
Throw wyte, and his debonarete", 
And tha gyfftis off fare sembland, 
Thare hartis full till hym thai band. 
Thomlyiie Stwart that yhere, syne 
Erie off Angws, be cuwyn 
Off the Erie Patryk, apon a nycht 

F. 255. Passyd tyll Berwyk wyth gret mycht, 6470 

But persaywyn, all prewaly : 
And at the Kow-yhete all sturdely 
Thare leddrys to the wall thai sete, 
And fandyt on the wall to gete. 
Willame off the Towris fyrst wp is gane. 
Thare Eobert off Oglis swne wes slane. 
Fra thai gat wp, swne efftyr thai 
Held downwart in to the town thare way, 
And tuk thare spreth and personeris. 
Bot gret part off thare adwerseris 6480 

To the Castelle throw Dowglas Towre 
Held thare way to get succowre. 
Thai folk ware all that nycht sprethand ; 
Thai made all thairis, that thai fand. 
Off that spreth mony war rychyd thare, 
That pour and sympill befor ware. 


Qwhen the marcherys herd this tythand, 
Till Jhon thai come all off Cowpland, 
And thowcht, that thai than wyth thare mycht 
[Suld] till the castelle cum be nycht : 6490 

Throw Dowglas Towre swa to the town 
Thai suld cum, and till confusyown, 
That thai fand thare, off Scottis men. 
Welle ware off this thai war all then ; 
And swa rycht stowtly thai can assayle 
That towre, that thai wyth gret trawayle 
At the last tuk it apertly, 
And stuffyd it wyth men, that war worthy. 

Thare Schyre Ewyn de Grawnceris, 
Wyth hym the knychtis and sqwyeris, 6500 

That off Frawns [come] fra the Kyng, 
Provyd gret pryse at that fychtyng. 

To Berwyk come the Wardane syne, 
And ordanyd men and stuffe thare in, 
That held the towne rycht sturdely 
Mawgre thaire fays, that war by. 

UHEN to the Kyng Edward it was tald, 
That Scottis men schupe thame till hald 
Berwyk, he assemblyd in hy 

His gret ryalle chewalry, 6510 

Qwhill he had foure scor off thowsand. 
He schup hym, bath be se and land, 
Till assege that town, and wyn. 
Than the few, that war thare in, 
That saw thame, bathe be land and se, 
Wmbesete wyth that menyhe", 
And wyst that thai mycht noucht it halde, 
Thai tretyd fyrst, and syne it yhalde, 


And held thare way in thaire cuntre. 

Syne wyth his ryalle powere he 6520 

Till Edynburch tuk on the way : 
And thare a litill tyme he lay 
F. 255. b. Abydand his schippis wyth wyttayle. 
Bot a storme swa gret thame skayle, 
That thai war drywyn all away : 
Qwhare thai arrywyd, I kan noucht say. 

And qwhen the Kyng saw that wyttaille 
Swa in that cuntre can hym faylle, 
Till Eoxburch in hy past he. 

And thare, before all his menyhe', 6530 

The Ballyolle gave hym all the rycht, 
That he had, or he have mycht, 
In till the kynryk off Scotland, 
And prayid hym fast to tak on hand 
Till wenge [hym] on the Scottis men ; 
That he cald ill and wykyd then. 
The Kyng ressaywyd that gyfft that day, 
And alsa fast held on his way 
Till Ingland wyth his gret menyhe'. 
The Ballyolle wyth hym had he, 6540 

That all his tyme in Ingland lay, 
And saw nevyre Scotland fra that day. 


HE Lord off Dowglas, fra he wes went, 
That sete all halyly his entent 
For till anoy the Inglis men, 
A trayne all slely made he then 
Till a gud knycht Schyre Thomas Gray, 
That in till Norame that tyme lay, 
And off that castelle wes wardane. 


Swa slely haf .thai made that trane, 6550 

That he ischyd rycht sturdely : 

He had in till his cumpany 

Foure scor off hardy armyd men, 

For-owte archeris that he had then. 

Wyth all that rowte he held his way, 

N"ere by qwhare in a buschement lay 

The Lord off Dowglas and his menyhe. 

The Erie Patryk thare wyth hym had he, 

And Schyre Ewyn, we spak off are. 

Swa, qwhen thare fays nere thame ware, 6560 

Thai brak enbuschement suddanly, 

And schot apon thame hardely. 

And qwhen the gud knycht Schyre Thomas 
[Saw] the banere off the Dowglas, 
And the Erie Patrykys banere wyth all, 
He gert till [hym] his swn than call, 
Willame be name, and made hym knycht ; 
Syne till his folk sayd, " We mon fycht : 
Beis tharefore off gud confurd all, 
That nane reprowe ws, quhat may fall. 6570 

In fycht is mensk, and schame in flycht : 
Help ilke man tharefor at his mycht." 

Wyth thai wordis all assemblyd thai. 
Sum held on fute, sum at erde lay, 
Qwhat strakis thai gave, I kan noucht tell : 
Bot at the last swa it befell, 
That Schyre Thomas in fycht was tane, 
And nere hand all his men ilkane. 
The Scottis passyd hame wyth blyth sembland, 
Thaire presoneris wyth thame ledand. 6580 

Mony men than rychid ware 
Throwch the rawnsown, that thai wan thare. 


Twa gud sqwyeris, forsuth I hycht, 
Off Scottis men deyd in to that fycht : 
Ane wes Jhon off Halyburtown, 
A nobil sqwyere off gud renown ; 
Jamys Turnbule the tothir was. 
Thare sawlys till Paradys mot pas. 

Willame the Lord than off Dowglas, 
That willfull and all besy was 6590 

Till bryng till [the] Scottis fay 
Landis, that lang had bene away, 
Gaddryd hym a gret menyhe* ; 
And in till Gallouay wyth thai past he. 
And wyth Schyr Dowgald Makdowyle 
Swa tretyd [he], that in a qwhylle 
He browcht the landis off Gallway 
All hale till Scottis [mennys] fay. 
And till Cwmnokys Kyrk broucht he 
This Schyr Dowgald to mak fewte 6600 

To the Wardane : and Galloway 
Fra thine furth held the Scottis fay. 

Hoge off Kyrkpatryke Nyddysdale 
Held at the Scottis fay all hale, 
Fra the Castelle off Dalswyntown 
Wes takyn, and syne [dongyn] down. 
Syne Karlaverok tane had he. 
He wes a man off gret bownte', 
Honorabill, wys, and rycht worthy : 
He couth rycht mekill off cumpany. 6610 

The Kyng Dawy in Ingland 
, Wes in till Lundyn yhyt bydand, 
Haldyn straytly in persowne ; 
Thare wes na word off his rawnsown : 
Qwhill at the last syne purchesyd he 


For till cum hame in his cuntre 
On hostage, his legis till assay, 
Qwhat helpe for hym set wald thai. 

He made bot schort tyme here duellyng, 
For he sped noucht at his lykyng, 6620 

Agane he passyd syne in Ingland, 
As he before had tane on hand. 
And than a lang qwhille he lay thare, 
Or spek was off his lowsyng mare. 
Syne efftyrwartis all a qwhille 
Wyth a gret folk the Lord off Kyle, 
That syne was Erie off Karryke, 
F. 256. b. And alsua Prynce off [our] kynryk, 
Made in Anandirdale a rade, 
And sa lang tyme thare in he bade, 6630 

Qwhill all the folk off that cuntre 
Consentyt Scottis men to be : 
Thai swore till hald the Scottis fay, 
And that athe efftyr wele held thai. 
Qwhen he had stablyst that cuntre', 
Agayne till his resset held he. 

Advocates Lib. [CHAP. XLIII 

A. 1. 13. MS. 

St. Andrews 

MS. (Dff a fmhting that teas tane then 

$ztnix the Jrenrhe attb 


to this tym that I off tell 
Ane awenture in Franse befell, 
That for the douchtynes of deid 
Is worths' baithe to wryte and reid ; 6640 

All twichit it nocht to this matere, 


Me-think it speidfull to wryte heire, 
That men of armys may rejoysyng 
Half, quhen it cumis to thare heryng. 

In Less-Bertane beyond the Se 
Thaire fell a weire of faire poylye 
Betuix Franse and Ingliss men, 
At set that Ingliss ma ware then 
Than ware the Tranche, yit all thare rowte 
Ware discomfyt in feicht all owt. 6650 

The lord of Bewmanare in feicht 
Throw manheid tuk a Ingliss knycht 
That leit of Tranche men rycht lychtly, 
And oft wald say dyspituisly, 
" Quhat are noucht Ingliss dowchtyast men, 
Thocht God wald sleip in tyll hys den, 
Yit think me and I ware to ta 
Ane Ingliss man worthe Tranche twa." 
This spak he oft, quhil on a day 
This lord of Bewmanare can till him say, 6660 
" Thow spekis, schir, all to largely, 
Men may perchance fynd neirehand by 
Men of als mekyll bownte" 
As thow may fynd in your cuntre." 
The knycht saide, " Schir, be my fay 
That walde I fayne ware at assay 
Quhare we mycht fecht wyth ewyn menye, 
And ane of thame thare wald I be." 
Bewmanare than amowit was, 
And said him, " Thow may fynd percase 6670 
Thi fyll of feichting gyf thow dare." 
" Ya, wald God," said he, " thare I ware." 
" schir," says Bewmanere, " perfay 
Sen thow wald fayne be at assay 


Yit sail I mak th^ cunnand. 

Thow sail pas haym in Ingland 

And of the best men in thi cuntre 

Cheys the ay tyll the xxx* 1 be, 

And I sail cheys me als mony 

Off kyn and freyndis heire me by ; 6680 

And set we heire a certane place 

To meit, and, gyff God gift's me grace 

To haiff wictory wyth iny menye ; 

Gyf thow slayne in the bargane be, 

Thi ransone sail I gif the quhyte, 

I sail noucht ask thareof a niyte ; 

And gif thow be tayne to presone 

Than sail thow dowbyll me thi ransone, 

Sa sail men se gyf als fele 

Off Tranche wyth Ingliss men may dele 6690 

A, mychty God of Hewyn !" quoth he, 

" How youre worschip and youre bownte 

Suld be encressit mony fauld ' 

Gyff ye wil of your cunnand hauld." 

" This," saide he, " I sail sykkyrly." 

Thaire cunnandys band thai than in hy, 

And thareto set a certane place ; 

By Kayne in Normondy it was. 

Quhen thai devisit had the day, 
This knycht tyll Inglande went his way 6700 

And taulde en opynne this tithande, 
And fra the worde spred throw the land 
That, but weire tayn, was sic a thing, 
Young men that yarnyt to wyn lowyng, 
Walde proffere thare serwyce for to gyff 
Tyll thaire lordis tyll thai mycht leiff 
For to purchas thaim, that thai mycht 


In nowmyre of thai xxx feicht. 

Than in tyll Ingland sea did he 
That he chesyt in gret daynte 6710 

Xxx, all thir wichtast men 
That he couthe wail in Ingland then ; 
And Bewmanere in tyll his lande, 
Off his freyndys that ware neire hande, 
And of hys kyn, chesyt xxx w 
Wicht and apert, stark and douchty, 
And prewaly he gert inqueyre 
Off all tha men that wyth him were 
Quhilk lufnt peramourys, and quhare, 
And quhare he so hard thare luffarys ware, 6720 
He maide purches sa sutelly, 
That gif scho madyn ware his lady 
That he sa luffit, than purchest he 
That scho sulde at the feichting be ; 
And gyf scho bunding ware in wedding, 
Hyr lorde sulde thiddire hyre wyth him bring ; 
For quhare syc thingys ware a-do, 
Him thoucht it feryt weil thare-to, 
That throw the sycht of fayre ladyis 
Sulde reif men thoucht off cowardys. 6730 

Thus broucht he all thare ladyis thaire 
In thaire sycht that sulde feicht, but mare, 
For he supposit at thare sycht 
Suld gif thaim hardyment and mycht. 

The day come sone, and in the place 
A stalwart barres maide thaire was 
Off mekyll bastyn rapis thringin 
Throw stowpis that rycht deipe ware dungin 
Wythin the erd rycht stalwartly, 
And thiddire come of athyre party 6740 


Xxx* 1 one ilk syd for to fecht ; 

The Tranche men ware gayly dicht 

Wyth cowerit hors in irn and steile, 

Bot the Inglismen had na deile 

Cowerit hors, as I hard say, 

For-thi alssone as cummyn ware thai 

To thaire renk end, thai lychtyt doune, 

And to feicht on fute maide thaim bowne 

The Tranche men rycht sa has done 

That saw thaim lycht thai lychtit sone, 6750 

And samyn went wyth speris straucht, 

And a lang quhyle foynyeid and faucht. 

Ane Inglis man had apon a staff 

Ane hammyre heid, and thare-wyth gaif 

Syc pay, that at thare assembling 

He slew ane wythout recowering. 

Sa fast thare fors can thai faynd 

That baithe the partyis failyeid aynd ; 

A lytill thai wythdrew thaim then, 

And on thare suerdis can thaim leyn, 6760 

Bot than ane of the Tranche sqwyeris 

Saw be the feycht, and thare efferis, 

That hard was wictoure for to wyn 

Torowtyn satellite" or gyn ; 

He left his feris quhare thai stude, 

And ewyn towart his hors he ynde. 

The lorde of Bewmanere that saw 

Him as he thoucht sa withdraw, 

Saide, " Cowsyng, I wend noucht in the 

That thow the fyrst suld failyeand be." 6770 

He said, " The ram oft gais a-bak 

That he the maire debaite may mak." 

This anseure made he him schortly, 


And held on tyll his hors in hy, 

Lape on, and agane wallopande 

He come, and fande thame fast feichtand. 

At the syde of the Inglismen 

Sa stoutly in he bruschit then, 

That sturdely thaim scalyt he. 

And quhare he saw the maist semble' 6780 

Off Inglis men, in thare he raide 

And rudly rowme amang thaim maide ; 

For his hors rycht weil armyt was, 

That he thare stabbing dreid the les. 

The Franche men that thaim scalyt saw 

Buschit on thaim, but dreid or aw, 

And discomfit thaim uttraly. 

Nyne ware slayne of thare company, 

And the ramanand all ware tane. 

Off Franche men thare deit nayne, 6790 

Out tak he, that wyth the mell 

Was slayne, as ye herd forouthe tell. 

The Franche men ware prysit gretly 

Off that at quhen thai in syc hy 

Saw thare fallow sa him wyth-draw, 

As it hade beyn for dreid or aw, 

And maide na takyn of abaysing 

For his suddand wyth-drawing, 

Bot faucht furthe fersly as before 

And sonyeit noucht for-thi the more ; 6800 

Thai ware to prys, and sa was he, 

That in sa fell a chaidmelle', 

As man for man, and noucht sa feile, 

As thai ware, and wyth wit couthe deile, 

And wysnes throw quhame thai wan 

This batell that was takin than 


And endyt quhare ladyis joly 

Mycht se rycht weill how manfully 

Thaire luffaris baire thaim in that fycht, 

And I trow thai walde quhen thai mycht 6810 

Eewarde thame in to prewate, 

Solace and eys for thare bownte. 

Now be taking of this fecht 
Men may se ogart pryde and hycht 
Gart this fycht be undyrtane 
For-thi men may s6 wit is nane 
To dyspys utheris uatione, 
For men may weil se, be ressone, 
That thai are men als weil as thai, 
And quhile perchance pruf als weile may G820 
As thai, for-thi sulde nayne dyspyse 
Thaire fays, for the wictoure lyis 
In his wirschipe als weil as hys ; 
For-thi me-think that he wenys mys 
That uthire men litill or noucht is worthe 
That beris him bettyre quhen he cummys furthe.J 


en the tttfbtll lignij Jhxm xrff Jratmce 
takgn at fJogtms thr0to rhatonre. 


1356. . THOWSAND thre hundyre and fyfty yhere 

And the sext off oure Lord dere 

Wes borne, and all thir dedis dwne, 

The Kyng Edward off Wyndesoris swne, 6830 

That wes Prynce off Walis than, 

Off prys a well commendyt man, 


Off wertu, manhede, and bownte, 
Wyth a gret powere passyd cure Se. 

The Kyng off Frawns, that tyme Jhon, 
Agayne hym gadryd his ost onon, 
That was may than he be fere. 
Togyddyr thai mete swne at Poytere. 
Wyth-owtyn dowte the Inglis men 
Fayne away wald have bene then ; 6840 

Bot that thai mycht noucht than lychtly, 
Thai war abowte thame swa mony 
Off welle bodyn Frawns men, 
Agayne ane ay as to set ten, 
Na nane proffyre wald thai here 
Off mesowre for pryd off thare powere. 

The Marschalle off Frawus amang thaim than, 
Off bownte* a commendyt man, 
Pressyd hym, as for till have 
Off manhede prys befor the lave, 6850 

Amang the wynys wyth his menyhe 
Hapnyd amang thaim in nielli : 
Swa fell, that all tha thar ware slayne. 
The Prynce off Walis tharoff wes fayne ; 
As that cowntr6 yhed wyth hym thare, 
He trowyd the bettyr forthirmare. 

Alsa fast thai made thame rycht 
Bowne, and fell in grettar fycht. 
Qwhat was thare mare ? The Inglis men 
The bettyr had off that jowrne" then ; 6860 

Swa that Jhon the Kyng off Frawns. 
Thare wes takyn apon chawns. 
Syne to Lwndyn browcht wes he, 
F. 257. And kepyd wyth gret solempntye* 
Wyth lordis, and mony Inglis men, 


That blyth was off his cummyn then. 
He bade, and deyd thare in presowne, 
Swa payid he noucht than full rawnsown. 

Swilk is the cas offt off bataile, 
That pryd may offt-tymys well gere faille, 6870 
That is apperand rycht lykly ; 
Swa dois offtsyis succudry. 
Mesurabill is gud to be, 
And here proffyre off honeste*. 

The Lord off Dowglas in that fycht 
Wes off the Kyng off Frawns made knycht : 
Swa he ethchapyd apon cas, 
That he noucht takyn that tyme was. 
Bot Archebald, his emys swne, 
Wes takyn, or that fycht wes dwne. 6880 

Schyr Willame that tyme the Karnsay 
Be wertu gat hym well away ; 
Swa lang he bade noucht in presown, 
And lytill payid for his rawnsown. 
And yhit wyth all honeste" 
Gottyn welle away wes he ; 
And syne he Lord wes off Galloway, 
And luwyd rycht welle than this Eamsay. 

HIT in presowne wes Kyng Dawy. 
And qwhen a lang tyme wes gane by, 6890 

Fra presowne and perplexyte" 
To Berwyk Castelle browcht wes he 
Wyth the Erie off Northamtown, 
For to trete thare off his rawnsown. 
Sum Lordis off Scotland come thare, 
And als Prelatis, that wysast ware. 


Foure dayis or fy ve thare tretyd thai ; 
Bot thai accordyt be na way, 
For Inglis folk all angry ware, 
And ay spak rwdly mare and mare, 6900 

Qwhill at the last the Scottis party, 
. That drede thare fais fellonly, 
All prewaly went hame thare way. 
At that tyme thare na mare dyd thai : 
The Kyng to Lwndyn than wes had, 
That thare a lang tyme efftyr bade. 

A.D. T71 

[1357.] JjJFFTYE swne wyth medyatyown 

Off messyngeris, off his rawnsown 
Wes tretyd, qwhill a set day 

Till Berwyk hym agayne browcht thay. 6910 

And thare wes tretyd swa, that he 
Suld off presowne delyveryd be, 
F. 257. b. And frely till hys landis fownd, 

Till pay ane hundreth thowsand pownd 

Off sylver in till fourteyne yhere. 

And [qwhill] the payment [payit] were, 

To mak so laiig trwis tuk thai, 

And affermyd wyth sele and fay : 

Gret hostage thare levyd he, 

That on thaire awne dispens suld be : 6920 

Tharfore, qwhill thai hostage ware, 

Expens but nowmbyre mad thai thare. 

The Kyng wes than delyveryd fre', 

And held his way till his cuntre. 

Wyth hym off Inglis broucht he nane, 

Wyth-owt a chambyre-boy allane. 

The qwhethyr apon the morn, qwhen he 
VOL. II. 2 I 


Suld wend till his Cownsall Prewe, 

The folk, as thai war wont to do, 

Pressyt rycht rudly in thare to : 6930 

Bot he rycht suddandly can arrace 

Owt off a maceris hand a mace, 

And sayd rwdly, " How do we now ? 

Stand still, or the prowdast off yhow 

Sail on the hevyd have wyth this mace." 

Than wes thare nane in all that place, 

Bot all thai gave hym rowme in hy ; 

Durst nane pres forthir that war by ; 

His counsalle dure mycht oppyn stand, 

That nane durst till it be pressand. 6940 

Eadure in prynce is a gud thyng ; 
For but radure all governyng 
Sail al tyme bot dispysyd be : 
And quhare that men may radure se, 
Thai sail drede to trespas, and swa 
Pesybill a kyng his land may ma. 
Thus radure dred than gert hym be. 
Off Ingland bot a page broucht he. 
And be his sturdy [contenyng] 
He gert thame all hawe swylk dredyng, 6950 

That thare wes nane, durst neych hym nere, 
Bot qwha be name that callyd were. 
He lede wyth radure swa his land 
In all tyme, that he wes ryngnand, 
That nane durst welle wythstand his will, 
All wonnyn bowsum to be hym till. 

Mysdoaris ay he chasty wald. 
The trwys he pressyd hym fast till hald ; 
The qwhethir offt ryot wald thai ma 
To pryk, and poynd, bathe to and fra ; 6960 


Bot at the dayis off redres 
The mast part ay redressyd wes. 
The Kyng at Melros offt wald ly, 
F. 258. Qwhen gret men off the tothir party 
Come dayis off trwys for till hald. 
Enfors his marcheris sa he wald. 


.en in tgll Jjraton0 Jfak $30nhtome ra0e, 
(Elufftane xmr the arli0 toa0. 

A.D. A 

1357. J\. THOWSAND thre hundyr fyfty and sevyn 

Yheris fra borne wes God off Hevyn, 

The fellown Karlis rays in Frawnce, 

Thare makand fellown distroybulance. 6970 

The gret gentilis thai slw down, 

And put thame till confusiown : 

The gentill ladyis thai wald ly by, 

And syne demembyre thame foullely ; 

Thare armys and thare pappis alsua 

Thai wald stryk off, and schere thaim fra : 

Barnys in 7 creddill lyand thare 

To sla thame than thai wald noucht spare, 

Bot on thare speris thai wald thaim tak, 

And to thare newys down wald thaim schak. 6980 

All thus a qwhille in to that land 

Tha rwd Carlis war wedand, 

That thai lete nane Alyen 

Frely throwch thare land pas then, 

That ony way thai mycht ourtak, 

Bot hym behovyd ane athe to mak, 


That he had na drope [hym] wyth-in 

Of blud cummyn off gentill kyn. 

Thaire Prynce Jak Bonhowme had to name, 

That wes all contrare till his fame ; 6990 

For Bon-howme in [to] propyrte* 

A gud man suld callyd be, 

Bot swilk a man wes he noucht 

Be the myraklis that he wroucht. 

Bot God, [that] welle is off pete 1 , 
This tholyd noucht lestand ay to be : 
He rayssyd the spyryt off a man, 
That cummyn off reaws gret wes than, 
The Kyng off Nawerne. Wyth the mast 
Gentlis off Frawns and the noblast 7000 

On thai Carlis alsa fast 
Wyth his powere gret he past, 
And all tha Carlis he gert sla, 
Qwhare-evyr the Gentlis thaim mycht ourta, 
And broucht thaim till confusyown. 
Till this Jak Bon-howme he maid a crown 
Off a brandreth all red hate ; 
Wyth that takyn he gave hym state 
Off his fell presumptyown. 

Swa mete till hym he made that crowne, 7010 
F. 258. b. And sete it swa on his hevyd, 

That it fra hym the lyff thare revyd. 

That ilk yhere in oure Kynryk 
Hoge wes slayne off Kilpatrik 
Be Schyr Jakkis the Lyndyssay 
In till Karlaverok ; and away 
For till have bene wyth all his mycht 
This Lyndyssay pressyt all a nycht 
Furth on hors rycht fast rydaiid. 


Nevyrtheles yhit thai hym fand, 7020 

Noucht thre myle fra that ilk place. 
Thare tane, and broucht agayne he was 
Till Karlaverok be tha men, 
That frendis war till Kilpatrik then : 
Thare wes he kepyd rycht straytly. 
His wyff passyd till Kyng Dawy, 
And prayid hym off his realte, 
Off lauche that scho mycht serwyd be. 
The Kyng Dawy [than] alsa fast 
Till Drwmfres wyth his Court he past, 7030 

As lawche wald. Qwhat was thare mare ? 
This Lyndyssay to dede he gert do thare. 
A welle gret qwhille this Kyng Dawy 
Governyd his Kynrik rycht stowtly. 
Agayne the stowt rycht stowt wes he ; 
Till sympill he schawyd debonarte. 
He gave till gud men largely, 
And wald mak so prewely 
Hys gyfft, that he wald lat nane wyte, 
Be hym, qwham till he wald gyve it : 7040 

And wnaskyd he gave offt-syis ; 
Hys gyfft wes fere the mare to prys. 
Throw gyvyn and debonarte" 
His mennys hartis till hym wan he. 


02toh.en the <Jtotu Xhmte in Inglatvb pa0t, 
tuk mbjmg at the last. 

A.I). A 

1358. A. THOWSAND thre hundyr and fyfty yhere 

And aucht to tha wyth-owtyn were, 


The Kyng Davy in Yngland raid, 
As offt tym in oys he had, 
And at Lundoun play hym wald he ; 
For thare wes rycht gret specialte 7050 

Betwen hym and the King Edward. 
Swa than as he past thiddyrwart, 
Dam Johne the Quen wyth hym had he, 
Hir modyr and hir brodyr to s^ : 
Than wes scho blyth thiddyr to faire. 
And wythin schort tym deit thare. 
Wyth hir eldrys scho beryit was. 
F. 259. Tyl Paradis hir sawl mot pas. 

For scho wes swete, and debonare, 

Curtas, hamely, plesande, and faire. 7060 

A.D. A 

1359. J\^ THOUSAND thre hundyr fyfty and nyne 

Fra lichtere wes the swet Virgyne, 

The Kyng Edwarde of Yngland 

Passit in Frans wyth stalwart hand, 

And wyth a gret multitud of men 

Mekyl of France ourerad he then, 

And gret skaith did in all the land 

Na-kyn thing of froyt sparand, 

Abbays, and mony solempnit place, 

That stroyit, but recoverance, wace. 7070 

Thare wes nane, in France that levid, 

That durst for thame hald up thare hevid ; 

Na nane resistence had thai, 

Bot to Paris the straucht way 

Blythly past the Ynglis men. 

Thai of Paris maid thame then, 
Wytht uthir statis ma of France, 



For thare Kingis delyveraDce, 

And for the pes of thare kynrike. 

The King of Yngland thowcht this like 7080 

Tyl hym in profyte to redownd : 

Hamwart sone than can he fownd. 

In his awyn land than bad he, 

Mare for to here off that Trette. 

A.D. A 

i860. JLJL THOUSAND thre hundyr and sexty yere 

Eftere the birth of oure Lord dere, 

Thare com a Cardinale in to France 

To travale on the delyverance 

Off the King off France, Johne : 

Wyth mychty lordis he past onone 7090 

In til Yngland efterwarte 

To trete wyth the King Edward 

Off the deliverance for ransoun 

Off the King Johne, that tym in presoun. 

The King of Yngland grantit to be 
On that matere at trette' 
For the King Johnys delyverance : 
All Gaskone wyth the pertanance 
To be seysit and westyte 

He and all his airis, qwyte 7100 

Perpetualy fra the realm of France, 
For thare Kingis delyverance, 
F. 259. b. Ande of the Kyng of France to be 
Lowsyt off homage and fewte. 
This wes grauntit and gevyn thare ; 
And to this wes gevyne mare. 
Al the Duchery off Gyen, 
And the Lordschip of Berry then, 


The townys of Gynis and Gales. 

The King off Yngland askyt na les 7110 

Off landis for redemptioune 

Off the King Johne, that tym in preson, 

Wyth gret sowmys off mone", 

As of gold mylyonys thre. 

The King off Yngland wes oblist thare 
The armys off Fraunce, that he bare, 
Qwytly to lay all doun 
Fra hym and his successioune. 
And al the rycht that he mycht have 
In to the realm of Fraunce, or crave, 7120 

Fra hym and al his airis [to] be, 
Qwytly than renuncyt he. 

1361- -LJL THOUSAND thre hundyr sexty and ane, 
In to the Court of Eome wes tane 
A Frere Minore, that oysit to tel 
Sere thingis to fal, or thai fel. 
He sayd, that wythyn nyne yere 
In to the warld thair suld fal sere 
Ferlys, that suld disess all men, 
That in the warld ware livand than. 7130 

The Pape Innocent the Sext for-thi 
Gert hym be presownyt sikkyrly, 
And haldyn in to keiping fast, 
Qwhil al tha yeris suld be oure-past. 

That ilke yere in til Yngland 
The secund dede wes fast wedand. 
Off the ostage bydand thare 
For the King Dawy dede than ware : 
The Erlys son of Suthirland 


In that dede deit in Yngland ; 7140 

And of Morave Schir Thomas 
Dede that yere in London was. 

A.D. The tothir yere next folowand, 


The dede wes entret in Scotland, 

Begynnand at the Candilmes, 
To the Yule, or efftyr, it wedand wes, 
F. 260. Quhare mony men, barnys, and women 
That like yere ware qwellit then. 

In tyl Kynlos that yere for-thi 
In Morave held the King Davy 7150 

His Yule. And of Sanctandrewis than 
The Bischope de Landalis, that gud man, 
In Elgyne held his Yule that yere. 
Wyth thir twa mony lordis sere 
Held them in the North Land, 
Quhill this ded wes in South wedand. 

That ilke yere the Kyng Davy 
The castel assegit off Kyldrumy. 
For the Erl off Mar, Thomas, 

Past out off the kynrike wes, 7160 

That Castle deliverit wes to the Kyng. 
Off it he gave than the keping 
Tyl Waltere Monethe a knycht, 
That wes bath manly, wys, and wycht 
And tyl hald Ingrame off Wintoun, 
A manly sqwyere off renown. 

Bot quhen the Erie off Mar, Thomas, 
Agane in Scotland cummyn was, 
The King gert that castel fre 

Til hym than deliverit be, 7170 

Wyth al the law of his land, 
This Erie gat in his awyn hand. 
VOL. II. 2 K 


A.D. A 

1363. J\, THOUSAND thre hundyr sexty and thre 

Yeris efftyr the Nativite", 
In Inchemortho the King Davy 
Weddit Dame Mergret off Logy 
In the moneth off Aprile. 
Thai ware togiddyr bot schort quhile. 
That ilke yere, quhen that wes don, 
A Parliament gart he hald at Scone. 7180 

Thare til the Statis off his land, 
That in consal ware sittand, 
He movit and said, He wald, that ane 
Off the Kyng Edwardis sonnys ware tane 
To be King in to his sted 
Off Scotland, eftyr that he ware dede. 
Til that said all his liegis, Nay : 
Na thai consent wald be na way, 
That ony Ynglis mannys sone 
In [to] that honoure suld be done, 7190 

Or succede to bere the Crown 
Off Scotland in successione, 
Sine of age and off wertew thare 
The lauchful airis apperand ware. 
F. 260. t>. Quhen this denyit wes utraly, 

The King wes rycht wa and angry ; 
Bot his yarnyng nevyrtheles 
Denyit off al his liegis wes. 

Era than his land in realte 

He led, and rewlyt in equite". 7200 

Scherreff cowrtis throch al his land 
He gert be cours hald, and folowand 
Ilka yere a justry 


He gert hald [rycht] fellonely : 
And syne his Parliament at Scone, 
Quhare al wald be delyverit sone. 
He wes manly, war, and wys. 

A.D. Thus in al forme of justris 

1370. jj e } e ft- hjg j an( j Qfc ]^g ending^ 

And yald his sawl til Hewynnis King. 7210 

He wes tane al to hastely : 

He had bot sevyn yere and fourty, 

Quhen he out of this liffe can pas. 

At Edinburgh deit and dolvyn was, 

Fra Criste wes born off Mary clere 

A thousand and thre hundyr yere 

And syne thre score and ten thare til. 

Lord God ! gif it be thi wil, 

Thou bring his saul to Paradis, 

Quhare ay lestand joy [now] is. 7220 

[(Explicit ICtbet )rtatm*.]